NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal)

Net energy for lactation (NEL), ruminants, according to the INRA Systali system (2017), expressed in kcal/kg. Calculated for a feeding level = 2 (DM intake in % liveweight).

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 2400 2600 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 1170 1290 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 1190 1310 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 1260 1380 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 1340 1480 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 1170 1280 kcal/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 1310 1440 kcal/kg -
Apple pomace, dried 1180 1290 kcal/kg -
Bakery byproduct 2160 2380 kcal/kg -
Bananas, immature, dried 1680 1870 kcal/kg -
Barley 1680 1920 kcal/kg -
Barley distillers grains, dried 1630 1790 kcal/kg -
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 350 1420 kcal/kg -
Barley rootlets, dried 1390 1550 kcal/kg -
Beet pulp, dried 1620 1820 kcal/kg -
Beet pulp, pressed 440 1810 kcal/kg -
Biscuit byproduct 2350 2580 kcal/kg -
Brewers grains, dried 1330 1460 kcal/kg -
Brewers yeast, dried 1930 2070 kcal/kg -
Buckwheat hulls 820 930 kcal/kg -
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 2000 2190 kcal/kg -
Carob pod meal 1250 1460 kcal/kg -
Cassava, starch 66-70% 1660 1890 kcal/kg -
Cassava, starch 70-74% 1720 1970 kcal/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 1260 1420 kcal/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 990 1100 kcal/kg -
Chickpea, kabuli type 2120 2430 kcal/kg -
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 1610 1820 kcal/kg -
Citrus pulp, dried 1790 1980 kcal/kg -
Citrus pulp, fresh 380 2130 kcal/kg -
Cocoa hulls 580 650 kcal/kg -
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 690 790 kcal/kg -
Cod liver oil 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Common bean 1940 2190 kcal/kg -
Common vetch 1940 2220 kcal/kg -
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 1720 1880 kcal/kg -
Copra meal, oil < 5% 1550 1710 kcal/kg -
Copra oil 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Corn gluten feed 1610 1840 kcal/kg -
Corn gluten meal 2600 2860 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed hulls 940 1030 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 1680 1810 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 1910 2070 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 1510 1670 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 1640 1810 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed, whole 1780 1930 kcal/kg -
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 1780 1930 kcal/kg -
Cowpea seed 1970 2190 kcal/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 1910 2210 kcal/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 1910 2210 kcal/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 1900 2200 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, anchovy 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, capelin 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, herring 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, menhaden 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, rockfish 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, salmon 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fish oil, sardine 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Fodder beet, raw 300 1870 kcal/kg -
Grape pomace, dried 680 750 kcal/kg -
Grape pulp, dried 740 820 kcal/kg -
Grape seeds 450 490 kcal/kg -
Grapeseed oil meal 220 250 kcal/kg -
Grass, dehydrated 1460 1620 kcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 2160 2350 kcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 1860 2090 kcal/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 1650 1850 kcal/kg -
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 1710 1850 kcal/kg -
Lard 6350 6350 kcal/kg -
Lentils 1960 2220 kcal/kg -
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 1590 1810 kcal/kg -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 1870 2050 kcal/kg -
Linseed, whole 2740 2980 kcal/kg -
Linseed, whole, extruded 2740 2980 kcal/kg -
Liquid potato feed 320 1800 kcal/kg -
Lupin, blue 2140 2370 kcal/kg -
Lupin, white 2220 2520 kcal/kg -
Lupin, white, extruded 2220 2520 kcal/kg -
Maize 1880 2180 kcal/kg -
Maize bran 1760 1930 kcal/kg -
Maize bran, starch production 1590 1820 kcal/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 1790 2030 kcal/kg -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 2160 2410 kcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 2350 2580 kcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 1900 2130 kcal/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 1660 1870 kcal/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 1960 2240 kcal/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 1980 2260 kcal/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 2160 2230 kcal/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 1730 1970 kcal/kg -
Maize germs 3360 3520 kcal/kg -
Maize starch 2120 2400 kcal/kg -
Maize, extruded 1880 2180 kcal/kg -
Maize, flaked 1880 2180 kcal/kg -
Maize, high moisture 1460 2170 kcal/kg -
Milk powder, skimmed 2110 2230 kcal/kg -
Milk powder, whole 3000 3130 kcal/kg -
Millet, pearl 1910 2130 kcal/kg -
Millet, proso 1860 2050 kcal/kg -
Molasses, beet 1270 1680 kcal/kg -
Molasses, sugarcane 1000 1380 kcal/kg -
Mustard bran 1460 1640 kcal/kg -
Oat groats 1750 2050 kcal/kg -
Oat hulls 880 970 kcal/kg -
Oats 1540 1750 kcal/kg -
Oats, flaked 1540 1750 kcal/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 350 400 kcal/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 480 540 kcal/kg -
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 700 790 kcal/kg -
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 1040 1330 kcal/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 1500 1630 kcal/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 1370 1510 kcal/kg -
Palm oil 6350 6360 kcal/kg -
Pea 1910 2190 kcal/kg -
Pea protein concentrate 2520 2710 kcal/kg -
Pea, extruded 1910 2190 kcal/kg -
Potato protein concentrate 2490 2710 kcal/kg -
Potato pulp, dried 1180 1350 kcal/kg -
Potato tuber, dried 1700 1910 kcal/kg -
Poultry fat 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 1940 2120 kcal/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 1550 1740 kcal/kg -
Rapeseed oil 6350 6360 kcal/kg -
Rapeseed, whole 3290 3560 kcal/kg -
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 3290 3560 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 970 1090 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1170 1300 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 680 740 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1290 1430 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1720 1920 kcal/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 820 900 kcal/kg -
Rice hulls 490 540 kcal/kg -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1610 1840 kcal/kg -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1740 1940 kcal/kg -
Rice, broken 1900 2170 kcal/kg -
Rice, brown 1980 2230 kcal/kg -
Rice, paddy 1410 1600 kcal/kg -
Rye 1790 2070 kcal/kg -
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 2180 2340 kcal/kg -
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 600 640 kcal/kg -
Sorghum 1870 2130 kcal/kg -
Soybean hulls 1690 1900 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 2250 2410 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 1950 2220 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 1970 2240 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 1970 2240 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 1970 2240 kcal/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 1990 2260 kcal/kg -
Soybean molasses 690 1210 kcal/kg -
Soybean oil 6340 6360 kcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 2110 2280 kcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 2180 2340 kcal/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 2330 2520 kcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 2380 2660 kcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, flaked 2400 2630 kcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 2390 2700 kcal/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 2460 2710 kcal/kg -
Sunflower hulls 240 270 kcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 1610 1720 kcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 1390 1510 kcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 1370 1520 kcal/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 990 1120 kcal/kg -
Sunflower oil 6320 6360 kcal/kg -
Sunflower seed, whole 2810 3030 kcal/kg -
Sweet potato, dried 1690 1920 kcal/kg -
Tallow 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 1150 1240 kcal/kg -
Triticale 1790 2060 kcal/kg -
Urea 460 470 kcal/kg -
Vinasse, different origins 1100 1630 kcal/kg -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 1190 1700 kcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 950 1530 kcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 1130 1660 kcal/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 1210 1710 kcal/kg -
Wheat bran 1390 1600 kcal/kg -
Wheat bran from starch production 1420 1620 kcal/kg -
Wheat bran, durum 1410 1630 kcal/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 1760 1930 kcal/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 1870 2030 kcal/kg -
Wheat feed flour 2020 2310 kcal/kg -
Wheat feed flour, durum 1980 2280 kcal/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 2000 2320 kcal/kg -
Wheat gluten 2650 2820 kcal/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 1680 1850 kcal/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 1700 1920 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings (average) 1600 1820 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, durum 1590 1830 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 1610 1830 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 1690 1920 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 1600 1810 kcal/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 1700 1940 kcal/kg -
Wheat straw 790 870 kcal/kg -
Wheat, durum 1840 2100 kcal/kg -
Wheat, soft 1820 2090 kcal/kg -
Whey permeate 1850 1890 kcal/kg -
Whey powder, acid 1780 1840 kcal/kg -
Whey powder, sweet 1840 1900 kcal/kg -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 2170 2270 kcal/kg -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 2520 2620 kcal/kg -