Rice, broken

Byproduct of the polishing process in the manufacture of polished rice (Oryza sativa L.), consisting of small or broken grains.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.5 100 % - 3.7 78.3 -95.3 131 3.4
Crude protein 7.9 9 % - 1.4 2.4 -12 127 1.6 2.5 -13.8 130
Crude fibre 1.4 1.6 % - 1.5 0.1 -10.1 103 1.8 0.1 -11.4 104
Crude fat 1.7 1.9 % - 1.5 0.1 -7.7 109 1.7 0.1 -8.9 111
Ash 1.2 1.4 % - 0.9 0.2 -4.7 101 1.1 0.2 -5.4 102
Insoluble ash 0.6 0.7 % - 0.7 0.02 -2.8 33 0.8 0.02 -3.2 34
NDF 5.4 6.2 % - 3.2 0.6 -10.7 17 3.7 0.7 -12.4 19
ADF 1.8 2.1 % - 0.9 0.5 -3.2 19 1 0.5 -3.7 20
Lignin 0.4 0.5 % - 0.3 0.01 -0.9 15 0.3 0.01 -1 16
Water insoluble cell walls 2.3 2.6 % - 1 1
Starch 74.8 85.5 % - 4.2 61.1 -81.3 66 4.4 75.9 -92.4 62
Total sugars 0.6 0.7 % - 0.5 0.2 -1.7 8 0.5 0.2 -1.9 8
Gross energy (kcal) 3780 4320 kcal/kg - 380 3630 -4620 10 420 4020 -5280 11
Gross energy (MJ) 15.8 18.1 MJ/kg - 1.6 15.2 -19.3 10 1.8 16.8 -22.1 11
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.4 0.5 g/kg - 0.4 0.05 -1.8 67 0.4 0.06 -2 68
Phosphorus 2.5 2.8 g/kg - 1.4 0.5 -6.9 70 1.5 0.5 -7.9 71
Phytate phosphorus 1.4 1.5 g/kg 55 % P 1 1 1
Magnesium 1.2 1.3 g/kg - 0.8 0.02 -3 33 0.9 0.02 -3.4 34
Potassium 2.7 3 g/kg - 1.6 0.2 -6.4 32 1.8 0.2 -7.3 32
Sodium 0.42 0.48 g/kg - 0.18 -0.96 4 0.2 -1.05 4
Chlorine 0.4 0.4 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 0.8 0.9 g/kg - 1 1
Dietary cation-anion difference 26 30 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 76 87 mEq/kg -
Manganese 8 10 mg/kg - 0.1 -14 3 0.1 -16 3
Zinc 15 17 mg/kg - 3 -16 2 3 -30 3
Copper 11 13 mg/kg - 1 -19 3 2 -25 4
Iron 44 50 mg/kg - 14 -107 3 16 -424 4
Selenium 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.04 0.05 mg/kg - 1 1
Molybdenum 0.8 0.9 mg/kg - 1 1
Iodine 0.05 0.06 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C12:0 lauric acid 0.01 0.02 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.7 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.7 3.1 g/kg 18.1 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.3 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.9 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 6 6.9 g/kg 40.2 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 5.4 6.1 g/kg 35.9 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 0.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Fatty acids 1.5 1.7 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 2 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 1 1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 14 16 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 19 21 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 5 5 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.2 0.3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.05 0.06 mg/kg -
Choline 975 1114 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.08 1.23 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.1 1.26 per kg -
PDIA Systali 21 24 g/kg -
PDI Systali 70 80 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -34 -39 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.201 0.23 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2800 3200 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1900 2170 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1940 2220 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.7 13.4 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.9 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.1 9.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 89.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 86.5 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 70 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 66 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 73 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.09 1.25 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.12 1.28 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 19 22 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 70 80 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -34 -39 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.04 1.19 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.06 1.21 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 25 29 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 71 81 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -34 -38 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.06 1.22 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.08 1.23 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 23 26 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 54 61 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 64 73 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2800 3210 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.7 13.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 87.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 67.6 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 57 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 71 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 70 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 66.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.8 2.1 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.2 0.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3530 4040 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3450 3940 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2810 3210 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3540 4050 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3460 3950 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2800 3200 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.8 16.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.4 16.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 11.8 13.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.8 17 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.5 16.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11.7 13.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 93.3 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 93.7 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 97.8 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 98 %
N digestibility growing pig - 87.7 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 88.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 38.6 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3370 3850 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3300 3770 kcal/kg - 2950 -3890 3
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.1 16.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.8 15.8 MJ/kg - 12.4 -16.3 3
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 95 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 91.6 % 1
Horse Forage Unit 1.19 1.36 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 55 63 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3230 3690 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3150 3600 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.5 15.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.2 15.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 85.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 72.6 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3 3.4 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.5 2.2 -4.2 9 0.6 2.5 -4.7 10 0.3 3.3-4.3 10
Threonine 2.8 3.2 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.6 2.1 -3.9 9 0.7 2.1 -4.4 10 0.4 2.9-4.3 10
Methionine 1.9 2.2 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 0.5 1.4 -2.7 9 0.6 1.6 -3.2 11 0.3 2-3 11
Cystine 1.4 1.6 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 0.5 0.7 -2.2 9 0.5 0.8 -2.4 10 0.5 0.9-2.6 10
Methionine + cystine 3.3 3.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.7 2.5 -4.5 7 0.8 2.8 -5 7 0.6 3.7-5.3 7
Tryptophan 1.4 1.6 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 0.7 -3 7 1.1 0.8 -3.4 7 1.2 0.9-3.8 7
Isoleucine 3.5 4 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1.5 2.9 -6.8 9 1.8 2.7 -7.7 11 1.3 3.7-7 11
Valine 4.6 5.2 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 1.1 3.6 -6.4 9 1.2 3 -7.3 11 0.7 4.2-7 11
Leucine 6.2 7.1 g/kg 7.9 g/16g N 1.2 4.8 -8 9 1.4 4.4 -9.1 11 0.6 6.2-8.3 11
Phenylalanine 4 4.6 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 0.9 3.2 -5.4 9 1 2.5 -6.1 11 0.5 3.5-5.6 11
Tyrosine 3.3 3.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.2 1.6 -5.7 8 1.4 1.8 -6.5 10 1.1 2.1-5.9 10
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7.3 8.4 g/kg 9.3 g/16g N 2.2 6.5 -11.1 6 2.5 5.1 -12.6 7 1.5 7.2-11.5 7
Histidine 1.8 2 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.5 1.3 -2.4 9 0.6 0.7 -2.7 11 0.4 1-2.6 11
Arginine 6.2 7.1 g/kg 7.9 g/16g N 1.7 4.2 -8.8 9 1.9 3.5 -10 11 1.5 4.9-10.7 11
Alanine 4.4 5 g/kg 5.6 g/16g N 0.9 3.5 -5.9 8 1.1 3.2 -6.7 10 0.4 4.5-5.8 10
Aspartic acid 7.1 8.1 g/kg 9.1 g/16g N 1.8 5.1 -10.2 8 2 5.3 -11.5 10 1.3 7.5-11 10
Glutamic acid 14.1 16.1 g/kg 17.9 g/16g N 2.6 9.8 -17 8 3 9.8 -19.2 10
Glycine 3.5 4 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.8 2.6 -4.8 8 1 1.8 -5.4 10 0.6 2.5-4.6 10
Serine 3.8 4.4 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.9 2.5 -5.1 8 1.1 2.3 -5.8 10 0.6 3.2-5.3 10
Proline 3.6 4.1 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 0.8 2.9 -5.2 7 0.9 3.2 -5.9 9 0.5 4.1-5.4 9
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.2 g/kg 94 % 1 94-95 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 3 g/kg 94 % 1 2.7 -4.1 2 92-95 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2 g/kg 94 % 1 1.7 -2.1 2 93-95 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.5 g/kg 94 % 1 1.3 -1.6 2 93-94 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.5 g/kg 94 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.5 g/kg 95 % 1 1 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.8 g/kg 94 % 1 93-95 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 5 g/kg 95 % 1 4.3 -5 2 94-95 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.9 6.7 g/kg 95 % 1 94-95 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.3 g/kg 94 % 1 93-95 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 3.1 g/kg 82 % 1 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.5 7.4 g/kg 88 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 94 % 1 93-95 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.9 g/kg 97 % 1 5.8 -9.2 2 96-99 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.7 g/kg 94 % 1 94-95 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.7 g/kg 95 % 1 6.8 -9.3 2 95-95 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 13.4 15.3 g/kg 95 % 1 94-96 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.9 g/kg 97 % 1 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.6 4.1 g/kg 95 % 1 94-97 2
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.3 g/kg 97 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3 g/kg 91 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.8 g/kg 82 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.3 g/kg 84 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3.1 g/kg 83 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.8 g/kg 93 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.8 g/kg 92 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.3 g/kg 90 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4.1 g/kg 89 % 1
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.9 g/kg 93 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.7 g/kg 94 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.4 g/kg 87 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 6.3 7.2 g/kg 88 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 11.9 13.7 g/kg 85 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.5 g/kg 87 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.7 g/kg 85 % 1
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