Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali

Difference between intake protein and protein in the duodenum, not including the NH3 fraction of the latter, according to the INRA Systali system (2017). Calculated for a feeding level = 1 (DM intake in % liveweight).

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 102 110 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 18 20 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 23 26 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 35 39 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 51 57 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 9 10 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 72 80 g/kg -
Apple pomace, dried -47 -51 g/kg -
Bakery byproduct -15 -17 g/kg -
Barley -19 -21 g/kg -
Barley distillers grains, dried 56 61 g/kg -
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 6 23 g/kg -
Barley rootlets, dried 64 71 g/kg -
Beet pulp, dried -48 -53 g/kg -
Beet pulp, pressed -13 -53 g/kg -
Biscuit byproduct -26 -29 g/kg -
Brewers grains, dried 39 43 g/kg -
Brewers yeast, dried 267 288 g/kg -
Buckwheat hulls -34 -38 g/kg -
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 165 181 g/kg -
Carob pod meal -61 -71 g/kg -
Cassava, starch 66-70% -78 -89 g/kg -
Cassava, starch 70-74% -79 -91 g/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% -3 -3 g/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 0.4 0.5 g/kg -
Chickpea, kabuli type 57 65 g/kg -
Chicory pulp, dehydrated -51 -57 g/kg -
Citrus pulp, dried -56 -62 g/kg -
Citrus pulp, fresh -12 -68 g/kg -
Cocoa hulls 24 27 g/kg -
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 126 142 g/kg -
Cod liver oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Common bean 75 85 g/kg -
Common vetch 84 96 g/kg -
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 30 33 g/kg -
Copra meal, oil < 5% 31 34 g/kg -
Copra oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Corn gluten feed 52 59 g/kg -
Corn gluten meal 137 151 g/kg -
Cottonseed hulls -63 -69 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 136 146 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 188 203 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 154 171 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 192 211 g/kg -
Cottonseed, whole 62 67 g/kg -
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 28 31 g/kg -
Cowpea seed 91 102 g/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 117 135 g/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 91 105 g/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 127 147 g/kg -
Fish oil, anchovy -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, capelin -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, herring -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, menhaden -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, rockfish -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, salmon -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, sardine -14 -14 g/kg -
Fodder beet, raw -11 -69 g/kg -
Grape pomace, dried -43 -48 g/kg -
Grape pulp, dried -45 -50 g/kg -
Grape seeds -13 -14 g/kg -
Grapeseed oil meal 0.6 0.7 g/kg -
Grass, dehydrated 6 6 g/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 238 258 g/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 274 308 g/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 269 301 g/kg -
Lentils 100 113 g/kg -
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 116 132 g/kg -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 113 124 g/kg -
Linseed, whole 76 83 g/kg -
Linseed, whole, extruded 35 38 g/kg -
Liquid potato feed -3 -15 g/kg -
Lupin, blue 146 162 g/kg -
Lupin, white 183 208 g/kg -
Lupin, white, extruded 149 169 g/kg -
Maize -46 -53 g/kg -
Maize bran -37 -40 g/kg -
Maize bran, starch production -10 -11 g/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 61 69 g/kg -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 75 84 g/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 16 18 g/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 5 6 g/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 14 16 g/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% -41 -47 g/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% -54 -62 g/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 96 99 g/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 60 68 g/kg -
Maize germs 4 5 g/kg -
Maize starch -93 -105 g/kg -
Maize, extruded -60 -69 g/kg -
Maize, flaked -63 -73 g/kg -
Maize, high moisture -23 -34 g/kg -
Milk powder, skimmed 215 227 g/kg -
Milk powder, whole 128 133 g/kg -
Millet, pearl -33 -36 g/kg -
Millet, proso 5 6 g/kg -
Molasses, beet 20 27 g/kg -
Molasses, sugarcane -35 -48 g/kg -
Mustard bran 41 46 g/kg -
Oat groats -4 -5 g/kg -
Oats -12 -14 g/kg -
Oats, flaked -13 -15 g/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% -16 -18 g/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% -26 -29 g/kg -
Olive pulp, oil < 10% -12 -14 g/kg -
Olive pulp, oil > 10% -16 -21 g/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% -6 -6 g/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% -2 -2 g/kg -
Palm oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Pea 75 86 g/kg -
Pea protein concentrate 556 598 g/kg -
Pea, extruded 59 68 g/kg -
Potato protein concentrate 322 351 g/kg -
Potato pulp, dried -50 -57 g/kg -
Potato tuber, dried -26 -29 g/kg -
Poultry fat -14 -14 g/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 137 150 g/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 163 183 g/kg -
Rapeseed oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Rapeseed, whole 64 69 g/kg -
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 24 26 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 9 10 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 6 7 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% -36 -40 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1 1 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 20 22 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% -22 -24 g/kg -
Rice hulls -47 -52 g/kg -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% -28 -32 g/kg -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 2 2 g/kg -
Rice, broken -34 -39 g/kg -
Rice, brown -26 -29 g/kg -
Rice, paddy -28 -32 g/kg -
Rye -28 -33 g/kg -
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 228 244 g/kg -
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 30 32 g/kg -
Sorghum -42 -47 g/kg -
Soybean hulls -24 -28 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 216 232 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 217 248 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 237 269 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 223 253 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 93 106 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 253 288 g/kg -
Soybean oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 288 311 g/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 366 392 g/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 457 493 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 117 131 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, flaked 176 193 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 160 180 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 117 129 g/kg -
Sunflower hulls -17 -18 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 179 191 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 110 119 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 205 227 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 140 158 g/kg -
Sunflower oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Sunflower seed, whole 42 46 g/kg -
Sweet potato, dried -61 -70 g/kg -
Tallow -14 -14 g/kg -
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 47 51 g/kg -
Triticale -18 -21 g/kg -
Urea 2617 2632 g/kg -
Vinasse, different origins 344 508 g/kg -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 399 570 g/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 225 361 g/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 325 478 g/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 375 531 g/kg -
Wheat bran 32 37 g/kg -
Wheat bran from starch production 30 35 g/kg -
Wheat bran, durum 31 36 g/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 151 165 g/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 141 153 g/kg -
Wheat feed flour 7 8 g/kg -
Wheat feed flour, durum 21 24 g/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 32 37 g/kg -
Wheat gluten 224 239 g/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 41 45 g/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 22 25 g/kg -
Wheat middlings (average) 34 39 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, durum 34 39 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 36 41 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 30 34 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 33 38 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 25 28 g/kg -
Wheat straw -52 -58 g/kg -
Wheat, durum 16 18 g/kg -
Wheat, soft -10 -12 g/kg -
Whey permeate -61 -62 g/kg -
Whey powder, acid -26 -27 g/kg -
Whey powder, sweet -8 -8 g/kg -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 30 31 g/kg -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 21 22 g/kg -