Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali

Difference between intake protein and protein in the duodenum, not including the NH3 fraction of the latter, according to the INRA Systali system (2017). Calculated for a feeding level = 4 (DM intake in % liveweight) and a percentage of concentrates in the diet of 40%.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 40 43 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 7 7 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 11 12 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 21 23 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 35 38 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter -1 -2 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 53 58 g/kg -
Apple pomace, dried -52 -57 g/kg -
Bakery byproduct -21 -23 g/kg -
Barley -23 -27 g/kg -
Barley distillers grains, dried 31 34 g/kg -
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 1 5 g/kg -
Barley rootlets, dried 50 56 g/kg -
Beet pulp, dried -55 -62 g/kg -
Beet pulp, pressed -14 -59 g/kg -
Biscuit byproduct -30 -33 g/kg -
Brewers grains, dried 19 21 g/kg -
Brewers yeast, dried 240 259 g/kg -
Buckwheat hulls -37 -42 g/kg -
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 133 146 g/kg -
Carob pod meal -63 -74 g/kg -
Cassava, starch 66-70% -74 -84 g/kg -
Cassava, starch 70-74% -75 -86 g/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% -7 -8 g/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% -4 -4 g/kg -
Chickpea, kabuli type 47 53 g/kg -
Chicory pulp, dehydrated -57 -64 g/kg -
Citrus pulp, dried -60 -66 g/kg -
Citrus pulp, fresh -13 -71 g/kg -
Cocoa hulls 10 11 g/kg -
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 109 123 g/kg -
Cod liver oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Common bean 57 64 g/kg -
Common vetch 66 76 g/kg -
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 10 11 g/kg -
Copra meal, oil < 5% 11 12 g/kg -
Copra oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Corn gluten feed 39 45 g/kg -
Corn gluten meal 74 82 g/kg -
Cottonseed hulls -66 -73 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 104 112 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 148 161 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 120 133 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 152 167 g/kg -
Cottonseed, whole 54 58 g/kg -
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 14 15 g/kg -
Cowpea seed 79 88 g/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 101 116 g/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 67 77 g/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 110 128 g/kg -
Fish oil, anchovy -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, capelin -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, herring -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, menhaden -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, rockfish -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, salmon -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, sardine -14 -14 g/kg -
Fodder beet, raw -12 -76 g/kg -
Grape pomace, dried -44 -49 g/kg -
Grape pulp, dried -46 -52 g/kg -
Grape seeds -17 -18 g/kg -
Grapeseed oil meal -8 -9 g/kg -
Grass, dehydrated -6 -7 g/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 191 208 g/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 223 250 g/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 219 245 g/kg -
Lentils 89 100 g/kg -
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 80 91 g/kg -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 78 85 g/kg -
Linseed, whole 63 69 g/kg -
Linseed, whole, extruded 14 15 g/kg -
Liquid potato feed -4 -21 g/kg -
Lupin, blue 124 137 g/kg -
Lupin, white 163 186 g/kg -
Lupin, white, extruded 115 131 g/kg -
Maize -48 -55 g/kg -
Maize bran -43 -47 g/kg -
Maize bran, starch production -15 -17 g/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 40 45 g/kg -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 51 57 g/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 7 8 g/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% -2 -2 g/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 6 6 g/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% -45 -51 g/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% -54 -61 g/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 76 78 g/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 32 37 g/kg -
Maize germs -3 -3 g/kg -
Maize starch -85 -96 g/kg -
Maize, extruded -62 -72 g/kg -
Maize, flaked -66 -76 g/kg -
Maize, high moisture -22 -33 g/kg -
Milk powder, skimmed 196 207 g/kg -
Milk powder, whole 115 120 g/kg -
Millet, pearl -38 -42 g/kg -
Millet, proso 1 1 g/kg -
Molasses, beet 15 20 g/kg -
Molasses, sugarcane -36 -50 g/kg -
Mustard bran 26 29 g/kg -
Oat groats -8 -9 g/kg -
Oats -15 -17 g/kg -
Oats, flaked -16 -18 g/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% -21 -24 g/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% -29 -33 g/kg -
Olive pulp, oil < 10% -21 -24 g/kg -
Olive pulp, oil > 10% -21 -27 g/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% -21 -23 g/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% -19 -20 g/kg -
Palm oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Pea 66 76 g/kg -
Pea protein concentrate 504 542 g/kg -
Pea, extruded 47 53 g/kg -
Potato protein concentrate 220 240 g/kg -
Potato pulp, dried -50 -57 g/kg -
Potato tuber, dried -26 -29 g/kg -
Poultry fat -14 -14 g/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 109 119 g/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 131 147 g/kg -
Rapeseed oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Rapeseed, whole 51 56 g/kg -
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 8 8 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% -5 -5 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% -7 -8 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% -41 -44 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% -4 -4 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 13 14 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% -25 -27 g/kg -
Rice hulls -50 -54 g/kg -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% -33 -38 g/kg -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% -2 -3 g/kg -
Rice, broken -34 -38 g/kg -
Rice, brown -24 -28 g/kg -
Rice, paddy -27 -31 g/kg -
Rye -32 -37 g/kg -
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 189 203 g/kg -
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 21 23 g/kg -
Sorghum -44 -50 g/kg -
Soybean hulls -35 -39 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 166 178 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 167 190 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 183 208 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 168 191 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 43 48 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 197 224 g/kg -
Soybean oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 225 243 g/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 290 311 g/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 366 395 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 76 85 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, flaked 141 155 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 122 138 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 76 84 g/kg -
Sunflower hulls -18 -20 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 155 165 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 93 101 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 178 197 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 121 136 g/kg -
Sunflower oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Sunflower seed, whole 38 41 g/kg -
Sweet potato, dried -60 -68 g/kg -
Tallow -14 -14 g/kg -
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 31 34 g/kg -
Triticale -20 -23 g/kg -
Urea 2427 2440 g/kg -
Vinasse, different origins 317 468 g/kg -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 368 526 g/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 207 331 g/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 300 440 g/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 346 490 g/kg -
Wheat bran 24 27 g/kg -
Wheat bran from starch production 22 25 g/kg -
Wheat bran, durum 23 26 g/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 122 133 g/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 118 128 g/kg -
Wheat feed flour 1 1 g/kg -
Wheat feed flour, durum 13 15 g/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 23 27 g/kg -
Wheat gluten 131 139 g/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 30 33 g/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 13 15 g/kg -
Wheat middlings (average) 25 28 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, durum 25 28 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 26 30 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 21 23 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 24 27 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 17 19 g/kg -
Wheat straw -54 -59 g/kg -
Wheat, durum 8 9 g/kg -
Wheat, soft -15 -18 g/kg -
Whey permeate -62 -64 g/kg -
Whey powder, acid -29 -30 g/kg -
Whey powder, sweet -12 -13 g/kg -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 23 24 g/kg -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 15 16 g/kg -