Rumen protein balance Systali

Difference between intake protein and protein in the duodenum, not including the NH3 fraction of the latter, according to the INRA Systali system (2017). Calculated for a feeding level = 2 (DM intake in % liveweight).

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 80 87 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 14 16 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 19 21 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 30 33 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 45 50 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 6 6 g/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 65 72 g/kg -
Apple pomace, dried -48 -52 g/kg -
Bakery byproduct -16 -18 g/kg -
Barley -20 -23 g/kg -
Barley distillers grains, dried 48 52 g/kg -
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 4 18 g/kg -
Barley rootlets, dried 59 66 g/kg -
Beet pulp, dried -50 -56 g/kg -
Beet pulp, pressed -13 -54 g/kg -
Biscuit byproduct -27 -30 g/kg -
Brewers grains, dried 31 34 g/kg -
Brewers yeast, dried 258 278 g/kg -
Buckwheat hulls -34 -39 g/kg -
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 152 167 g/kg -
Carob pod meal -61 -71 g/kg -
Cassava, starch 66-70% -76 -86 g/kg -
Cassava, starch 70-74% -77 -88 g/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% -4 -4 g/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% -0.5 -0.5 g/kg -
Chickpea, kabuli type 54 61 g/kg -
Chicory pulp, dehydrated -52 -59 g/kg -
Citrus pulp, dried -57 -63 g/kg -
Citrus pulp, fresh -12 -68 g/kg -
Cocoa hulls 20 22 g/kg -
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 120 136 g/kg -
Cod liver oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Common bean 68 77 g/kg -
Common vetch 78 89 g/kg -
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 22 24 g/kg -
Copra meal, oil < 5% 24 27 g/kg -
Copra oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Corn gluten feed 48 54 g/kg -
Corn gluten meal 108 118 g/kg -
Cottonseed hulls -63 -69 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 123 133 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 171 186 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 140 155 g/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 175 193 g/kg -
Cottonseed, whole 60 65 g/kg -
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 23 25 g/kg -
Cowpea seed 87 97 g/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 111 129 g/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 81 93 g/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 121 141 g/kg -
Fish oil, anchovy -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, capelin -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, herring -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, menhaden -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, rockfish -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, salmon -14 -14 g/kg -
Fish oil, sardine -14 -14 g/kg -
Fodder beet, raw -11 -71 g/kg -
Grape pomace, dried -43 -47 g/kg -
Grape pulp, dried -45 -50 g/kg -
Grape seeds -14 -15 g/kg -
Grapeseed oil meal -2 -2 g/kg -
Grass, dehydrated 2 2 g/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 219 238 g/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 253 284 g/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 249 278 g/kg -
Lentils 97 109 g/kg -
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 101 115 g/kg -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 98 108 g/kg -
Linseed, whole 72 78 g/kg -
Linseed, whole, extruded 26 28 g/kg -
Liquid potato feed -3 -17 g/kg -
Lupin, blue 138 153 g/kg -
Lupin, white 177 200 g/kg -
Lupin, white, extruded 135 154 g/kg -
Maize -46 -53 g/kg -
Maize bran -38 -42 g/kg -
Maize bran, starch production -11 -13 g/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 53 59 g/kg -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 66 74 g/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 13 14 g/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 3 3 g/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 12 13 g/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% -42 -48 g/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% -54 -61 g/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 89 92 g/kg -
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 48 55 g/kg -
Maize germs 2 3 g/kg -
Maize starch -90 -102 g/kg -
Maize, extruded -60 -69 g/kg -
Maize, flaked -64 -74 g/kg -
Maize, high moisture -22 -34 g/kg -
Milk powder, skimmed 209 220 g/kg -
Milk powder, whole 124 129 g/kg -
Millet, pearl -34 -38 g/kg -
Millet, proso 5 5 g/kg -
Molasses, beet 19 25 g/kg -
Molasses, sugarcane -35 -48 g/kg -
Mustard bran 36 40 g/kg -
Oat groats -5 -6 g/kg -
Oats -12 -14 g/kg -
Oats, flaked -13 -15 g/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% -17 -19 g/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% -26 -30 g/kg -
Olive pulp, oil < 10% -15 -17 g/kg -
Olive pulp, oil > 10% -18 -23 g/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% -12 -13 g/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% -9 -10 g/kg -
Palm oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Pea 72 83 g/kg -
Pea protein concentrate 537 577 g/kg -
Pea, extruded 55 63 g/kg -
Potato protein concentrate 276 301 g/kg -
Potato pulp, dried -49 -56 g/kg -
Potato tuber, dried -25 -28 g/kg -
Poultry fat -14 -14 g/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 126 138 g/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 150 169 g/kg -
Rapeseed oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Rapeseed, whole 60 65 g/kg -
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 19 20 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 4 4 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1 1 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% -37 -41 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% -0.01 -0.01 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 18 20 g/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% -22 -25 g/kg -
Rice hulls -48 -52 g/kg -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% -30 -34 g/kg -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1 1 g/kg -
Rice, broken -34 -39 g/kg -
Rice, brown -24 -27 g/kg -
Rice, paddy -27 -30 g/kg -
Rye -29 -34 g/kg -
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 213 228 g/kg -
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 28 30 g/kg -
Sorghum -42 -48 g/kg -
Soybean hulls -28 -32 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 195 210 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 197 224 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 215 244 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 200 228 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 70 80 g/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 230 261 g/kg -
Soybean oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 262 283 g/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 334 358 g/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 419 452 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 99 111 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, flaked 162 178 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 144 163 g/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 99 109 g/kg -
Sunflower hulls -16 -18 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 170 182 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 104 112 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 195 216 g/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 133 150 g/kg -
Sunflower oil -14 -14 g/kg -
Sunflower seed, whole 42 45 g/kg -
Sweet potato, dried -60 -68 g/kg -
Tallow -14 -14 g/kg -
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 42 46 g/kg -
Triticale -18 -21 g/kg -
Urea 2543 2557 g/kg -
Vinasse, different origins 334 494 g/kg -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 387 554 g/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 218 350 g/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 316 464 g/kg -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 364 516 g/kg -
Wheat bran 30 34 g/kg -
Wheat bran from starch production 28 32 g/kg -
Wheat bran, durum 28 33 g/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 140 153 g/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 132 144 g/kg -
Wheat feed flour 5 6 g/kg -
Wheat feed flour, durum 18 21 g/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 29 34 g/kg -
Wheat gluten 191 203 g/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 38 41 g/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 19 22 g/kg -
Wheat middlings (average) 31 35 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, durum 31 36 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 33 37 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 27 30 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 30 34 g/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 22 25 g/kg -
Wheat straw -52 -58 g/kg -
Wheat, durum 14 15 g/kg -
Wheat, soft -12 -13 g/kg -
Whey permeate -60 -62 g/kg -
Whey powder, acid -26 -27 g/kg -
Whey powder, sweet -9 -9 g/kg -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 28 29 g/kg -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 20 20 g/kg -