Cocoa meal, oil < 5%

Byproduct of the manufacture of cocoa butter (Theobroma cacao L.), obtained by complete extraction of cocoa beans.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.3 100 % - 3.1 83.4 -92.3 58 2.9
Crude protein 24.3 27.6 % - 2.4 14.7 -27.2 93 2.7 17.5 -30.1 58
Crude fibre 13.6 15.4 % - 2.3 6.2 -18.9 91 2.6 9.6 -21.8 56
Crude fat 0.8 0.9 % - 1.1 0.1 -5 55 1.2 0.1 -5.5 47
Ash 9.5 10.8 % - 1.7 4.7 -11.9 38 1.9 5.2 -13.1 29
Insoluble ash 1.3 1.5 % - 0.3 -3.4 3 0.3 -3.7 3
NDF 36.8 41.7 % - 7.9 29.2 -49.3 10 8.9 32 -53.7 6
ADF 27.6 31.2 % - 6 20 -36.1 9 6.7 21.9 -36.7 6
Lignin 14.4 16.3 % - 3.1 12.4 -30.4 15 3.6 13.9 -24.1 11
Starch 10.1 11.4 % - 1.3 6.9 -12.2 13 1.4 7.8 -12.1 8
Total sugars 0.8 0.9 % - 0.8 -0.8 4 0.9 -0.9 4
Gross energy (kcal) 3760 4260 kcal/kg - 1 1
Gross energy (MJ) 15.7 17.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.1 2.4 g/kg - 0.4 1.4 -2.4 7 0.4 1.5 -2.7 7
Phosphorus 6.5 7.4 g/kg - 0.3 6.3 -6.9 6 0.3 6.9 -7.7 6
Sodium 0.18 0.2 g/kg - 0.09 0.1 -0.3 5
Chlorine 0.3 0.4 g/kg - 0.3 -0.4 4 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.5 1.8 g/kg 25.5 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 2 2.3 g/kg 33.8 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 2 2.3 g/kg 33.3 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 2.3 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 1 % FA
Fatty acids 0.6 0.7 g/kg 75 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.39 0.45 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.29 0.33 per kg -
PDIA Systali 36 41 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 72 81 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 120 136 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.313 0.354 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1210 1370 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 690 790 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 520 590 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.1 5.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 2.9 3.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 2.2 2.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 45.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 43 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 77 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 53 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.7 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.41 0.47 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.32 0.36 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 31 35 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 68 77 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 126 142 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.36 0.4 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.26 0.29 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 44 50 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 79 89 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 109 123 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.42 0.48 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.33 0.37 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 35 40 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 144 163 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 64 73 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1310 1480 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 5.5 6.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 47 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 44.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 68.1 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 65 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 55 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 48.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.4 5 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.2 1.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2330 2640 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2160 2440 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1330 1510 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2530 2860 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2290 2600 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1440 1630 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 9.8 11 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9 10.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 5.6 6.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.6 12 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.6 10.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 6 6.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 62 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 67.2 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 65.3 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 70 %
N digestibility growing pig - 64.8 %
N digestibility adult pig - 69.6 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 71 %
Energy digestibility horse - 68.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.68 0.77 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 129 146 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2020 2290 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1860 2100 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.5 9.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.8 8.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 53.7 %
N digestibility rabbit - 54 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 10.5 11.9 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 7.9 -11 7 11 -12.2 3
Threonine 8.5 9.7 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Methionine 2.2 2.5 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N
Cystine 2.7 3 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 4.9 5.5 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Tryptophan 2.7 3 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 8.5 9.7 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Valine 9.3 10.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Leucine 15.1 17.1 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 10.2 11.6 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Tyrosine 6.6 7.4 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 16.8 19 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N
Histidine 3.9 4.4 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N
Arginine 12.2 13.8 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Alanine 9.7 11 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 20.9 23.7 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 36.5 41.4 g/kg 15 g/16g N
Glycine 7.8 8.8 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N
Serine 9.7 11 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Proline 7.8 8.8 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N
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