Cystine

Cystine is the oxidized dimer form of the amino acid cysteine. The sum methionine + cystine is the second limiting amino acid in pigs.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 4.9 0.7 3.9-6.2 5.4 0.7 4.2-5.8 g/kg 0.9 0.1 0.8-1 g/16g N 12 5 6
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 2 2.2 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 2.1 2.3 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 2.2 2.4 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 2.4 2.7 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 1.9 2.1 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 2.7 2.9 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Apple pomace, dried 1.1 1.2 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1 1
Bakery byproduct 2.3 0.6 1.3-3.6 2.5 0.6 1.8-3.8 g/kg 2 0.3 1.7-2.8 g/16g N 12 8 12
Bananas, immature, dried 1 1.1 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1 1
Barley 2.2 0.3 1.7-3.1 2.6 0.3 1.9-3.5 g/kg 2.3 0.2 1.7-2.8 g/16g N 196 130 201
Barley distillers grains, dried 4.5 0.5 3.5-5 4.9 0.5 4-5.3 g/kg 1.7 0.2 1.5-2 g/16g N 7 8 8
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 0.9 3.5 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Barley rootlets, dried 3.4 0.5 2.7-4.4 3.8 0.5 3.1-4.5 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 10 9
Beet pulp, dried 0.9 0.1 0.8-1.1 1 0.1 0.9-1.2 g/kg 1.1 0.2 0.9-1.4 g/16g N 3 5 7
Beet pulp, pressed 0.2 0.04 1 0.1 0.9-1.4 g/kg 1.1 0.1 1-1.4 g/16g N 9 9
Biscuit byproduct 2 0.1 1.7-2.9 2.1 0.2 1.8-2.2 g/kg 2 0.2 1.5-2.2 g/16g N 9 6 7
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 2.9 0.4 2.8-3.7 3.2 0.3 3.1-3.9 g/kg 0.5 0.1 0.5-0.8 g/16g N 5 5 5
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 2.4 2.6 0.4 2-3.3 g/kg 0.6 0.1 0.5-0.9 g/16g N 9 9
Blood meal 9.9 2 4.4-13.5 10.6 2.1 1.1-15.2 g/kg 1.1 0.2 0.6-1.9 g/16g N 36 34 39
Brewers grains, dried 3.8 2.8-4.7 4.2 2.8-5.2 g/kg 1.6 1-2.5 g/16g N 3 3 3
Brewers yeast, dried 2.8 1.5 2.6-6.5 3 1.6 2.9-6.9 g/kg 0.6 0.4 0.5-1.9 g/16g N 14 5 14
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 7.8 0.7 7-8.3 8.6 0.8 7.2-9.5 g/kg 2.3 0.3 2-2.9 g/16g N 5 7 7
Carob pod meal 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1 1
Cassava, starch 66-70% 0.5 0.2-0.5 0.5 0.2-0.6 g/kg 1.8 0.4 0.8-1.9 g/16g N 4 4 6
Cassava, starch 70-74% 0.4 0.2 0.2-0.7 0.5 0.3 0.2-0.8 g/kg 1.8 0.6 0.8-2.7 g/16g N 6 6 8
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 2.1 2.4 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 2 2.2 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Chickpea, kabuli type 2.2 0.9 1.3-4.3 2.6 1.1 1.4-4.9 g/kg 1.2 0.4 0.7-1.9 g/16g N 18 25 25
Citrus pulp, dried 0.6 0.7 g/kg 1 0.1 0.8-1.1 g/16g N 5
Citrus pulp, fresh 0.1 0.6 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Cocoa hulls 1.7 2 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 2.7 3 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Common bean 2.5 2.8 2.5-2.9 g/kg 1.1 0.08 1-1.2 g/16g N 4 5
Common vetch 3.1 3.6 2.6-5 g/kg 1.3 0.9-1.6 g/16g N 2 2
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 2.8 0.4 2.1-3.2 3 0.4 2.4-3.5 g/kg 1.4 0.2 0.9-1.4 g/16g N 4 5 5
Copra meal, oil < 5% 2.8 3.1 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Corn gluten feed 3.5 0.6 1.9-5.5 4 0.7 2-5.8 g/kg 1.9 0.2 1.3-2.6 g/16g N 80 70 69
Corn gluten meal 11.1 1.5 6.4-13.8 12.2 1.7 7-15.3 g/kg 1.8 0.2 1.1-2.3 g/16g N 79 63 82
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 5.7 6.1 5.2-7.1 g/kg 1.7 1.6-1.9 g/16g N 4 4
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 7.3 7.9 g/kg 1.7 1.5-1.8 g/16g N 4
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 6.2 0.7 5.4-6.9 6.8 0.8 5-7.8 g/kg 1.7 0.1 1.3-1.8 g/16g N 12 13 14
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 7.4 1.3 4.6-8.5 8.2 1.5 5.1-11 g/kg 1.7 0.3 1.1-2.3 g/16g N 18 19 19
Cottonseed, whole 2.9 3.1 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 2.9 3.1 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Cowpea seed 2.5 0.3 1.9-2.8 2.8 0.3 2.1-3.1 g/kg 1.1 0.1 0.8-1.4 g/16g N 8 8 10
Faba bean, coloured flowers 3.2 0.4 2.4-4 3.7 0.5 2.8-4.6 g/kg 1.3 0.2 1-1.6 g/16g N 26 31 31
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 3.2 3.7 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Faba bean, white flowers 3.4 0.4 2.6-4.1 4 0.5 3-4.7 g/kg 1.3 0.2 1-1.7 g/16g N 21 21 21
Feather meal 35.2 7.1 27.5-50 38.3 7.7 6.6-51.6 g/kg 4.5 0.5 3.4-5.7 g/16g N 21 30 33
Fish meal, protein 62% 5.5 1.3 4-9 5.9 1.4 1.2-10 g/kg 0.9 0.2 0.5-1.4 g/16g N 49 46 54
Fish meal, protein 65% 5.6 1.1 4-9 6.1 1.2 1.2-10 g/kg 0.9 0.1 0.5-1.4 g/16g N 79 69 84
Fish meal, protein 70% 5.8 1 4-7.9 6.3 1 1.2-10 g/kg 0.8 0.1 0.5-1.4 g/16g N 103 87 108
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 5.2 3.1-6.4 5.4 3.2-6.8 g/kg 0.6 0.4-0.9 g/16g N 2 2 2
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 6.7 7 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1
Fodder beet, raw 0.1 0.8 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Grape pomace, dried 1.5 1.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1 1
Grape pulp, dried 1.5 1.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Grape seeds 1.1 1.2 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Grapeseed oil meal 1.3 1.4 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Grass, dehydrated 1.2 0.5 0.9-2.4 1.4 0.5 1-2.8 g/kg 0.9 0.2 0.6-1.1 g/16g N 14 13 14
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 5.4 4-6.4 5.8 4.4-7.2 g/kg 1.2 0.9-1.4 g/16g N 4 4 4
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 3.9 1.3 2.1-5.4 4.4 2.4-5.5 g/kg 0.8 0.3 0.4-1.2 g/16g N 5 4 5
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 5.3 3.3-6.9 6 3.8-7.2 g/kg 1.1 0.7-1.4 g/16g N 4 4 4
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 7.2 4.6 2.1-11.6 7.8 4.9 2.2-12.5 g/kg 1.1 0.7 0.3-1.8 g/16g N 5 6 6
Lentils 2.9 3.3 2.9-3.7 g/kg 1.2 1-1.5 g/16g N 4 4
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 5.9 6.8 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 6 0.9 4.6-6.7 6.5 1 5-8.9 g/kg 1.9 0.3 1.3-2.3 g/16g N 12 14 15
Linseed, whole 4 0.7 3.4-4.2 4.3 0.7 3.7-5.7 g/kg 1.9 0.3 1.6-2.4 g/16g N 7 7 8
Linseed, whole, extruded 4 4.3 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N
Liquid potato feed 0.3 1.7 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Lupin, blue 5.4 0.7 3.1-5.4 6 0.7 3.3-6 g/kg 1.8 0.2 1-1.9 g/16g N 29 36 36
Lupin, white 5.5 0.7 3.1-7.1 6.3 0.8 3.6-8.7 g/kg 1.7 0.3 1-2.3 g/16g N 30 55 55
Lupin, white, extruded 5.5 6.3 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Maize 1.9 0.1 1.3-2.1 2.2 0.2 1.5-2.3 g/kg 2.5 0.2 1.8-2.7 g/16g N 145 43 136
Maize bran 2.3 0.4 1.8-3.1 2.6 0.5 2-3.4 g/kg 2.3 0.4 1.8-2.9 g/16g N 7 7 6
Maize bran, starch production 2.4 2.7 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 5 0.5 4.2-6.2 5.6 0.6 4.6-7.1 g/kg 2 0.2 1.6-2.3 g/16g N 19 19 19
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 5.4 0.7 3.7-6.7 6.1 0.8 4.1-7.6 g/kg 2 0.2 1.6-2.4 g/16g N 115 102 110
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 3 0.4 1.9-3.1 3.2 0.4 2.2-3.4 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 9 8
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 2.7 3 g/kg 2.2 0.1 2-2.3 g/16g N 5
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 2.9 1.8-3 3.3 2-3.3 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 4 4
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 2 0.2 1.7-2.2 2.3 0.2 1.9-2.5 g/kg 2.2 0.3 1.7-2.6 g/16g N 9 7 9
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 1.7 1.9 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 4.6 4.8 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 4.3 4.9 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
Maize germs 2.6 2.7 g/kg 2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Maize, extruded 1.9 2.2 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N
Maize, flaked 1.9 2.2 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N
Maize, high moisture 1.5 2.3 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Mealworm larvae, dried 36.6 38.6 24.7 3.5-87 g/kg 7.7 5.4 0.8-19.2 g/16g N 17 17
Milk powder, skimmed 2.6 0.3 1.7-7.8 2.8 0.3 1.9-3.7 g/kg 0.8 0.3 0.7-2.2 g/16g N 38 29 39
Milk powder, whole 2 0.8 1.4-3.6 2.1 g/kg 0.8 0.5 0.7-1.8 g/16g N 6 6
Millet, pearl 2.7 0.6 0.8-3.2 3 0.7 0.9-3.6 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 9 13
Millet, proso 2.9 3.2 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N
Molasses, beet 0.7 0.9 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1
Molasses, sugarcane 0.4 0.5 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1
Mustard bran 3.7 4.1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Oat groats 3.5 4 g/kg 3.1 0.3 2.8-3.7 g/16g N 6
Oat hulls 2.3 2.5 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1
Oats 3.1 0.4 2.3-3.9 3.6 0.5 2.5-4.7 g/kg 3.3 0.3 2.3-3.4 g/16g N 29 28 33
Oats, flaked 3.1 3.6 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 1.1 1.3 g/kg 1.1 1.1-1.1 g/16g N 2
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 0.9 1 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 1.2 1.4 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 1 1.3 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 1.9 0.6 1.1-2.8 2.1 0.6 1.2-3.1 g/kg 1.2 0.3 0.7-1.6 g/16g N 19 17 22
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 2.1 1.9-2.3 2.3 2.2-2.6 g/kg 1.3 1.2-1.6 g/16g N 2 2 2
Pea 2.8 0.3 2-4.3 3.2 0.4 2.4-5.1 g/kg 1.4 0.1 1.1-1.9 g/16g N 313 322 344
Pea protein concentrate 7.2 7.1-9.2 7.8 7.6-9.9 g/kg 0.9 0.9-1.2 g/16g N 3 3 3
Pea, extruded 2.8 3.2 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Potato protein concentrate 10.5 1.6 7.9-18 11.4 1.7 8.6-19.4 g/kg 1.4 0.2 1.1-2.3 g/16g N 45 35 46
Potato pulp, dried 0.6 0.7 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Potato tuber, dried 1.2 1.4 0.3 0.9-1.6 g/kg 1.3 0.4 0.9-1.7 g/16g N 6 6
Processed animal proteins, pig 5.8 0.9 3.2-6.2 6.1 g/kg 1.1 0.2 0.6-1.1 g/16g N 13 13
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% 14.5 4.9 4.8-22.2 15.7 5.3 5.2-25 g/kg 2.7 1 0.9-4 g/16g N 21 18 20
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% 9.2 4.1 4.9-18.6 9.8 4.4 5.1-20 g/kg 1.5 0.7 0.8-3.1 g/16g N 10 8 10
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% 26.8 28.7 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 7.4 1.1 6.2-10.8 8.1 1.2 6.7-11 g/kg 2.4 0.3 1.9-2.9 g/16g N 30 30 32
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 8.1 0.6 6.7-10 9.1 0.7 7.8-10.8 g/kg 2.4 0.1 1.8-2.6 g/16g N 131 56 132
Rapeseed, whole 4.7 0.5 3.9-5.9 5.1 0.6 4.3-6.4 g/kg 2.5 0.2 2.2-2.9 g/16g N 33 27 28
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 4.7 5.1 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 2.1 0.8 0.6-3.6 2.3 0.9 0.6-4.1 g/kg 1.4 0.3 1.2-2.2 g/16g N 12 12 12
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 2.1 2.3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 0.9 0.5-1.9 1 0.6-2.1 g/kg 1.6 1-2.2 g/16g N 4 4 4
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1.6 0.6 0.7-2.6 1.8 0.6 0.8-2.8 g/kg 1.5 0.4 1-2.1 g/16g N 8 8 8
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 2 0.7 0.6-3.3 2.3 0.7 0.7-3.6 g/kg 1.4 0.4 0.4-2.1 g/16g N 29 28 29
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 1.1 1.2 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N
Rice hulls 0.6 0.7 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1.5 1.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1.8 0.5 1.3-2.6 2 0.6 1.5-2.9 g/kg 1.4 0.4 0.9-2 g/16g N 6 6 6
Rice, broken 1.4 0.5 0.7-2.2 1.6 0.5 0.8-2.4 g/kg 1.8 0.5 0.9-2.6 g/16g N 9 10 10
Rice, brown 1.5 0.5 0.9-2 1.7 0.6 1-2.7 g/kg 1.6 0.6 1-2.6 g/16g N 4 15 19
Rice, paddy 1.4 1.6 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N
Rye 2 0.3 1.6-2.2 2.3 0.4 2-3.5 g/kg 2.3 0.2 2-2.8 g/16g N 13 17 21
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 7.5 8.1 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 2 2.2 0.6 0.9-2.5 g/kg 1.6 0.1 1.3-1.7 g/16g N 1 6 6
Shrimp meal 3.8 4.2 2.5-6.9 g/kg 1 0.7-1.1 g/16g N 3 4
Sorghum 1.8 0.3 1.2-2.8 2 0.4 1.4-3.1 g/kg 1.9 0.3 1.3-2.6 g/16g N 40 53 56
Soybean hulls 2.1 0.4 1.7-3.5 2.3 0.5 1.9-3.8 g/kg 1.8 0.2 1.5-2.1 g/16g N 18 18 18
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 6.7 0.8 4.7-8 7.2 0.9 5.1-8.8 g/kg 1.5 0.2 1.1-1.8 g/16g N 19 16 16
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 6.8 0.6 5.1-7.2 7.7 0.6 5.6-8.3 g/kg 1.6 0.1 1.1-1.6 g/16g N 34 27 35
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 7.3 0.5 5.4-8.6 8.3 0.5 6.4-9.5 g/kg 1.6 0.07 1.2-1.9 g/16g N 156 40 143
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 7.3 8.3 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 7.3 0.5 5.4-8.6 8.3 0.5 6.4-9.5 g/kg 1.6 0.07 1.2-1.9 g/16g N 156 40 143
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 7.7 0.7 4.2-8.2 8.7 0.8 4.4-9.4 g/kg 1.6 0.1 0.8-1.7 g/16g N 93 66 92
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 8.7 0.5 6.5-8.9 9.3 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 28
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 10.7 11.4 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 13 14.1 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Soybean, whole, extruded 5.3 0.6 4.7-8.1 5.9 0.7 5-8.8 g/kg 1.5 0.1 1.3-1.9 g/16g N 37 30 33
Soybean, whole, flaked 5.2 5.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N
Soybean, whole, toasted 5.3 0.6 4.3-6.4 6 0.7 4.7-7.1 g/kg 1.5 0.1 1.2-1.7 g/16g N 28 21 28
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 5.3 0.3 4.8-5.7 5.8 g/kg 1.5 0.1 1.3-1.7 g/16g N 6 1 6
Sunflower hulls 1 0.7-1.2 1.1 0.8-1.3 g/kg 2 1.6-2.8 g/16g N 2 2 2
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 5.7 6.1 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 4.1 4.4 g/kg 1.7 1.6-2 g/16g N 4
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 6.2 1 3.4-9.1 6.8 1.1 5.2-10 g/kg 1.7 0.2 1.3-2.2 g/16g N 59 43 58
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 4.6 0.7 3.4-6.7 5.2 0.8 3.8-7.4 g/kg 1.7 0.2 1.3-2.2 g/16g N 44 28 42
Sunflower seed, whole 2.6 2.8 g/kg 1.8 0.3 1.6-2.3 g/16g N 10
Sweet potato, dried 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.3-1.4 g/kg 1.5 0.4 0.8-2.2 g/16g N 1 9 23
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 3.2 3.5 3.2-3.9 g/kg 1.7 1.4-2 g/16g N 1 2 2
Triticale 2.6 0.4 2.1-4.1 3 0.5 2.4-4.6 g/kg 2.6 0.2 1.9-2.8 g/16g N 72 65 96
Vinasse, different origins 2.9 4.3 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 0.7 1.1 -2.1 g/kg 0.2 -0.3 g/16g N 1 2 2
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 0.6 0.9 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 0.8 1.2 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 0.9 1.3 1.1-1.3 g/kg 0.2 0.2-0.2 g/16g N 1 2 2
Wheat bran 3.2 0.3 2.1-4 3.7 0.4 2.8-4.6 g/kg 2.1 0.3 1.5-2.6 g/16g N 52 44 53
Wheat bran from starch production 3.2 3.7 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat bran, durum 3.2 3.7 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 6.5 1.4 3.3-9.7 7.1 1.5 3.7-11.1 g/kg 2 0.3 1.1-3 g/16g N 29 26 30
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 5.7 0.6 4.4-6.6 6.2 0.6 4.8-6.9 g/kg 1.9 0.1 1.5-2.2 g/16g N 30 9 30
Wheat feed flour 2.7 3.1 0.5 3-4.3 g/kg 2 0.1 2-2.3 g/16g N 6 6
Wheat feed flour, durum 3 3.4 3.4-3.7 g/kg 2 g/16g N 3
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 3.3 3.8 g/kg 2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat gluten 16.1 4.7 13.4-29 17.2 5 14.2-31.8 g/kg 2 0.4 1.7-3.7 g/16g N 23 9 24
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 3.7 0.4 2.8-4.4 4 0.5 3.1-4.8 g/kg 2.1 0.1 1.8-2.3 g/16g N 27 22 27
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 3.1 0.2 2.6-3.3 3.5 0.2 2.9-3.7 g/kg 2.1 0.09 1.9-2.2 g/16g N 14 11 14
Wheat middlings (average) 3.2 0.3 2.1-4 3.6 0.4 2.9-4.6 g/kg 2 0.2 1.6-2.6 g/16g N 52 26 53
Wheat middlings, durum 3.1 3-3.8 3.6 3.5-4.3 g/kg 2 2-2.3 g/16g N 2 2 2
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 3.2 0.4 2.1-4 3.7 0.4 2.9-4.6 g/kg 2 0.2 1.6-2.6 g/16g N 46 20 47
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 3.1 0.3 2.1-3.7 3.5 0.3 2.9-4.3 g/kg 2 0.1 1.6-2.4 g/16g N 44 18 45
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 3.2 0.3 2.1-3.7 3.6 0.3 2.9-4.3 g/kg 2 0.1 1.6-2.4 g/16g N 40 14 41
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 3 0.3 2.1-3.7 3.4 0.3 2.9-4.3 g/kg 2 0.1 1.6-2.4 g/16g N 40 14 41
Wheat, durum 3.1 3.6 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N
Wheat, soft 2.5 0.3 1.8-3.4 2.8 0.3 2.3-3.6 g/kg 2.3 0.1 1.9-2.4 g/16g N 146 34 144
Whey permeate 1 1 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
Whey powder, acid 1.6 0.6 0.5-2.3 1.6 0.5-2.4 g/kg 1.8 0.5 0.7-2.3 g/16g N 18 3 18
Whey powder, sweet 1.9 0.6 0.8-3.3 2 0.7 0.8-3.4 g/kg 1.8 0.3 0.9-2.2 g/16g N 45 11 45
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 2.6 2.7 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 2.4 2.5 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N