Gross energy (MJ)

Gross energy, obtained by the total combustion in an calorimeter (usually adiabatic), expressed in megajoules per kg. 1 MJ = 238.92 kcal.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 20.2 0.5 19.3-20.5 21.9 0.5 20.2-21.9 MJ/kg - 7 13
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 16.8 0.5 15.8-17.3 18.5 0.5 17.4-19 MJ/kg - 8 19
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 16.8 0.5 15.8-17.3 18.5 0.5 17.4-19 MJ/kg - 12 22
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 16.8 18.5 0.3 18.2-19 MJ/kg - 1 7
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 17 18.8 0.4 18.2-19.1 MJ/kg - 1 5
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 16.8 18.4 0.3 18-18.8 MJ/kg - 1 5
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 17.3 19.1 19.1-19.3 MJ/kg - 2
Apple pomace, dried 17.7 1.1 19.4 1.1 19.2-21.8 MJ/kg - 5
Bakery byproduct 17.3 17.2-17.9 19.1 MJ/kg - 3
Bananas, immature, dried 15.3 17 16.7-19 MJ/kg - 1 2
Barley 16 0.3 14.6-17.1 18.3 0.2 17.6-19.2 MJ/kg - 108 334
Barley distillers grains, dried 19.3 0.9 19-20.2 21.1 0.8 18.5-21.8 MJ/kg - 9 12
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 5.2 5.2-5.4 21.3 MJ/kg - 2
Barley rootlets, dried 16.5 0.7 16.4-18.3 18.4 0.5 17.3-19.6 MJ/kg - 7 13
Beet pulp, dried 15.2 0.7 13.4-16.3 17.1 0.7 14.8-18.1 MJ/kg - 27 36
Beet pulp, pressed 4.1 17.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
Biscuit byproduct 18.7 20.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 19.7 19.1-23 21.7 20.5-24.4 MJ/kg - 4 4
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 23.5 2.3 21.7-26 25.7 1.8 23.8-29.4 MJ/kg - 6 6
Blood meal 22.5 2.1 19.3-24.1 24.1 2 17.7-26.1 MJ/kg - 20 23
Brewers grains, dried 18.4 1.5 16.4-20.2 20.3 1.5 17.7-20.9 MJ/kg - 5 7
Brewers yeast, dried 18.4 16.1-19.5 19.8 18.1-20.4 MJ/kg - 3 3
Buckwheat hulls 17.1 19.4 MJ/kg -
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 20 1.2 19.1-20.1 22 1.2 19.1-22.2 MJ/kg - 4 7
Carob pod meal 14.9 17.5 MJ/kg - 1
Cassava, starch 66-70% 14.7 0.5 14-16.4 16.8 0.4 15.8-18.2 MJ/kg - 22 50
Cassava, starch 70-74% 14.9 0.4 14.3-16.4 17 0.4 15.8-18.2 MJ/kg - 18 46
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 16.7 18.8 MJ/kg -
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 17 18.9 MJ/kg -
Chickpea, kabuli type 17.1 0.5 16.5-18.7 19.6 0.4 18.3-20.4 MJ/kg - 6 15
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 15.2 17.2 MJ/kg -
Citrus pulp, dried 15.8 0.4 15.1-16.6 17.6 0.4 16.6-18.5 MJ/kg - 18 21
Citrus pulp, fresh 3.3 18.4 14.7-19.7 MJ/kg - 1 2
Cocoa hulls 16.7 0.8 15.8-16.9 18.8 0.7 17.5-19.7 MJ/kg - 3 7
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 15.7 17.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
Cod liver oil 39.3 39.3 MJ/kg -
Common bean 16.2 18.2 MJ/kg - 1 1
Common vetch 16.1 18.5 17.9-20.1 MJ/kg - 1 3
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 18.5 1.7 16.5-21.5 20.2 1.8 18.1-24.3 MJ/kg - 18 23
Copra meal, oil < 5% 17 1 16.3-19.4 18.8 1.1 18-21.2 MJ/kg - 10 12
Copra oil 39.2 39.3 MJ/kg -
Corn gluten feed 16.4 0.5 15.8-18.2 18.7 0.4 18.1-19.8 MJ/kg - 20 33
Corn gluten meal 20.9 0.9 20-22.6 23 0.6 21.9-24.8 MJ/kg - 31 36
Cottonseed hulls 18.4 20.3 MJ/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 19.9 0.6 18.2-20.7 21.4 0.4 20-21.8 MJ/kg - 14 15
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 20.2 1.2 18.7-22.6 21.9 1.2 20.3-24.4 MJ/kg - 34 35
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 18.4 0.7 17.6-20.1 20.4 0.7 19.5-21.6 MJ/kg - 9 10
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 18.6 1 16.4-20.2 20.5 1 18.3-22.2 MJ/kg - 39 45
Cottonseed, whole 21.9 23.8 22.6-24.6 MJ/kg - 3
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 21.9 23.8 MJ/kg -
Cowpea seed 16.3 1.1 15.6-17.2 18.2 1.1 17.3-20.8 MJ/kg - 9 12
DL-methionine 23.6 23.7 MJ/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 16.2 0.5 15.4-16.8 18.7 0.3 16.6-19.1 MJ/kg - 64 78
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 16.2 18.7 MJ/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 16.1 0.4 15.5-16.6 18.7 0.2 18.2-19 MJ/kg - 23 24
Feather meal 21.7 1 20.5-25.4 23.6 0.9 22.3-26.9 MJ/kg - 22 26
Fish meal, protein 62% 18.6 1 17.8-20.1 20.2 0.9 19.5-22.9 MJ/kg - 17 24
Fish meal, protein 65% 18.9 0.9 18.3-20.8 20.5 0.9 19.5-22.9 MJ/kg - 19 26
Fish meal, protein 70% 19.7 1.2 17.7-20.8 21.4 1.3 18.3-23.3 MJ/kg - 10 17
Fish oil, anchovy 39.3 39.3 MJ/kg -
Fish oil, capelin 39.3 39.3 MJ/kg -
Fish oil, herring 39.3 39.3 MJ/kg -
Fish oil, menhaden 39.3 39.3 MJ/kg -
Fish oil, rockfish 39.3 39.3 MJ/kg -
Fish oil, salmon 39.3 39.3 MJ/kg -
Fish oil, sardine 39.3 39.3 MJ/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 22.7 22-23.7 23.6 22.4-25.2 MJ/kg - 2 2
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 24.5 25.7 MJ/kg - 1 1
Fodder beet, raw 2.7 0.5 2.5-3.4 16.7 MJ/kg - 10
Grape pomace, dried 17.3 18.9 18.7-21 MJ/kg - 1 3
Grape pulp, dried 16.7 18.6 MJ/kg -
Grape seeds 20 21.7 MJ/kg - 1
Grapeseed oil meal 17.3 19.5 MJ/kg -
Grass, dehydrated 16.8 0.8 15.4-17.4 18.7 0.7 16-19.3 MJ/kg - 12 32
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 20 1.7 18.8-22.6 21.7 1.8 18.9-25.9 MJ/kg - 6 12
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 18.1 20.3 MJ/kg - 1
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 18.1 0.8 16.5-19.8 20.2 0.9 18.4-21.7 MJ/kg - 25 30
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 16.9 0.9 14.6-18.8 18.3 0.7 17-19.6 MJ/kg - 27 27
L-lysine HCl 20 20.1 MJ/kg -
L-threonine 17.2 17.3 MJ/kg -
L-tryptophan 27.2 27.3 MJ/kg -
L-valine 24.4 24.8 MJ/kg -
Lard 39.3 39.2-40 39.3 MJ/kg - 4
Lentils 16.3 15.1-16.5 18.4 16.6-18.9 MJ/kg - 2 3
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 17.1 19.5 MJ/kg -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 19 1.9 17.5-21.6 20.9 2 18.6-24.5 MJ/kg - 9 15
Linseed, whole 24.8 0.9 24.2-27.3 27 1 26-29.4 MJ/kg - 8 9
Linseed, whole, extruded 24.8 27 MJ/kg -
Liquid potato feed 3 2-3.2 16.8 MJ/kg - 2
Lupin, blue 18.3 0.8 16.6-18.8 20.3 0.7 17.9-20.8 MJ/kg - 11 21
Lupin, white 18.7 0.8 17.9-19.7 21.2 0.3 20.4-21.5 MJ/kg - 23 29
Lupin, white, extruded 18.7 21.2 MJ/kg -
Maize 16.1 0.3 15.6-17.9 18.6 0.2 18-20.1 MJ/kg - 100 304
Maize bran 17.3 1.6 15.4-20.2 19.1 1.6 17.3-23.8 MJ/kg - 20 21
Maize bran, starch production 16.4 18.7 MJ/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 17 19.2 1.4 19.1-23 MJ/kg - 9
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 19.4 1 17.4-21.6 21.6 1.1 19.9-23.9 MJ/kg - 37 42
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 20.4 1.6 18.6-24.8 22.4 1.6 21-26.5 MJ/kg - 9 9
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 17.3 19.4 1.3 18-21.9 MJ/kg - 9
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 16.2 18.2 MJ/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 17.2 0.8 16.8-19.6 19.7 0.8 19.1-22.1 MJ/kg - 11 12
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 16.3 18.7 MJ/kg - 1
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 20.4 21 20.9-21.5 MJ/kg - 1 3
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 17 19.4 MJ/kg -
Maize germs 27.6 28.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
Maize starch 15.4 17.5 0.3 16.5-17.9 MJ/kg - 10
Maize, extruded 16.1 18.6 MJ/kg -
Maize, flaked 16.1 18.6 MJ/kg -
Maize, high moisture 12.4 18.6 MJ/kg -
Mealworm larvae, dried 26.7 1.8 23.1-31.2 28.2 1.9 23.2-32.4 MJ/kg - 3 19
Methionine Hydroxy Analog MHA 20.9 23.7 MJ/kg -
Milk powder, skimmed 17.3 0.4 17-18.2 18.3 0.4 18.1-19 MJ/kg - 3 5
Milk powder, whole 22.2 23.2 MJ/kg -
Millet, pearl 17.1 0.9 15.1-19 19.1 0.9 17-21.2 MJ/kg - 21 21
Millet, proso 17.5 0.2 17.2-17.5 19.3 0.1 18.9-19.3 MJ/kg - 7 7
Molasses, beet 11.7 0.6 11-13.3 15.5 0.5 14.7-16.6 MJ/kg - 9 10
Molasses, sugarcane 10.7 0.5 10.5-11.9 14.9 0.6 14.7-16.5 MJ/kg - 7 8
Mustard bran 17.9 20 MJ/kg -
Oat groats 16.1 18.8 MJ/kg -
Oat hulls 16.7 18.5 18.3-18.6 MJ/kg - 1 2
Oats 17.1 0.4 16.1-17.7 19.5 0.3 18.5-19.9 MJ/kg - 48 88
Oats, flaked 17.1 19.5 MJ/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 16.7 18.7 MJ/kg -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 18 20.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 16.2 18.3 MJ/kg -
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 19.9 25.4 MJ/kg -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 18.2 2.1 15.8-22.9 19.9 2.2 12.5-25.4 MJ/kg - 29 36
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 17.1 1.7 14-19.1 18.9 1.8 15.4-21.5 MJ/kg - 11 12
Palm oil 39.2 39.3 39.2-40.8 MJ/kg - 4
Pea 16 0.3 15.5-17 18.3 0.2 17.4-19 MJ/kg - 88 178
Pea protein concentrate 21.2 22.8 MJ/kg -
Pea, extruded 16 18.3 MJ/kg -
Potato protein concentrate 20.4 22.2 MJ/kg -
Potato pulp, dried 15.3 17.6 MJ/kg - 1
Potato tuber, dried 15.1 0.4 14-15.9 17 0.3 16.3-17.4 MJ/kg - 3 17
Poultry fat 39.3 39.3 38.7-39.8 MJ/kg - 1 3
Processed animal proteins, pig 18 18.9 MJ/kg -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% 22.5 3 18-29.4 24.4 3.2 18.8-30.1 MJ/kg - 15 23
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% 21.6 1.9 21.5-22.6 23 1.9 22.7-27.7 MJ/kg - 4 6
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% 22.3 23.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 19.7 1.4 16.5-21.5 21.5 1.5 18.5-24.3 MJ/kg - 14 18
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 17.2 0.6 16.9-19.5 19.3 0.7 18.2-21 MJ/kg - 43 56
Rapeseed oil 39.2 38.8-47.1 39.3 38.8-39.8 MJ/kg - 4 2
Rapeseed, whole 26.8 0.8 25.3-28.5 29 0.8 27.3-30.6 MJ/kg - 14 14
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 26.8 29 MJ/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 15.3 1.1 14.8-19.2 17.2 1.2 15.9-21.1 MJ/kg - 11 14
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 15.8 17.6 17.3-18.1 MJ/kg - 1 2
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 15.5 0.9 14.7-17.5 16.9 0.8 16.4-19.6 MJ/kg - 30 32
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 18 2.6 13.1-23.8 20 2.9 14.2-26.6 MJ/kg - 20 23
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 19.6 2 16.2-23 21.9 2.1 18.6-25.6 MJ/kg - 17 20
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 16.3 1.2 15.5-19 17.8 1.2 16.5-20.4 MJ/kg - 13 14
Rice hulls 15.5 1.2 13.7-16.6 16.9 1.3 14.7-18.1 MJ/kg - 6 7
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 16.7 19.1 MJ/kg -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 18.3 18-20.7 20.4 MJ/kg - 3
Rice, broken 15.8 1.6 15.2-19.3 18.1 1.8 16.8-22.1 MJ/kg - 10 11
Rice, brown 16.2 1.7 15.4-19.6 18.3 1.8 17.7-22.3 MJ/kg - 6 6
Rice, paddy 15.6 0.6 15-16.3 17.7 0.5 17.1-18.4 MJ/kg - 5 6
Rye 15.6 0.2 15.4-16.1 18 MJ/kg - 5
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 19.4 1 17.5-21.4 20.8 1 18.7-22 MJ/kg - 9 11
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 21.9 0.8 23.6 0.7 22.8-24.3 MJ/kg - 5
Shrimp meal 14.6 13.6-18.1 16 14.5-19.6 MJ/kg - 2 2
Sorghum 16.5 0.6 15.7-17.7 18.7 0.3 17.9-19.6 MJ/kg - 41 67
Soybean hulls 16.1 0.4 15.2-17.3 18.1 0.4 17.5-18.7 MJ/kg - 7 10
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 19.7 0.6 18.5-20.3 21.1 0.4 20.2-21.5 MJ/kg - 4 6
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 17.1 0.6 17-18.1 19.5 0.6 17.8-20.8 MJ/kg - 10 15
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 17.3 0.6 15.9-19.4 19.7 0.6 17-22.6 MJ/kg - 67 131
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 17.3 19.7 MJ/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 17.3 0.6 15.9-19.4 19.7 0.6 17-22.6 MJ/kg - 67 131
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 17.4 0.3 17-19.1 19.8 0.3 19.2-20.8 MJ/kg - 19 20
Soybean molasses 7.8 13.5 MJ/kg -
Soybean oil 39.2 0.4 39-40.2 39.3 0.3 39.2-40.2 MJ/kg - 9 10
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 18.5 18.4-18.8 19.9 18.9-20.3 MJ/kg - 3 3
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 19.2 1.1 17.8-22.1 20.6 1.2 18.9-23.6 MJ/kg - 14 14
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 20.4 22 MJ/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 20.8 0.7 20.5-23.7 23.3 0.6 23.1-25.2 MJ/kg - 19 23
Soybean, whole, flaked 21 23.1 MJ/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 21 0.7 19.4-23 23.7 0.7 21.4-24.6 MJ/kg - 23 28
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 21.6 23.8 MJ/kg -
Sunflower hulls 18.2 0.7 17.8-18.9 20 0.7 19.5-21.9 MJ/kg - 7 8
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 19.6 20.9 0.9 19.7-22 MJ/kg - 5
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 20.5 1 20-21.2 22.2 0.9 20.2-22.8 MJ/kg - 8 12
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 17.5 0.6 16.8-20.4 19.4 0.6 18.8-21.8 MJ/kg - 21 37
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 17.2 0.5 17.2-18.5 19.4 0.5 17.8-20.6 MJ/kg - 20 35
Sunflower oil 39 39.3 MJ/kg - 1
Sunflower seed, whole 26.6 1.2 24.7-28.8 28.7 1.2 26.5-30 MJ/kg - 6 7
Sweet potato, dried 15.3 1.1 14.9-17.8 17.4 1.1 15.3-18.9 MJ/kg - 4 8
Tallow 39.3 0.4 38.4-39.5 39.3 0.3 38.8-39.7 MJ/kg - 8 9
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 20.1 21.7 19.9-22.3 MJ/kg - 1 4
Triticale 15.7 0.3 15.3-16.7 18.1 0.2 17.7-18.8 MJ/kg - 32 70
Urea 10.5 10.6 MJ/kg -
Vinasse, different origins 13.2 19.5 MJ/kg -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 14.2 20.3 MJ/kg - 1 1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 10.9 17.5 17.5-18.3 MJ/kg - 2
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 12.9 18.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 13.8 19.5 MJ/kg -
Wheat bran 16.4 0.3 15.4-17.4 18.9 0.3 18-19.5 MJ/kg - 32 69
Wheat bran from starch production 16.5 18.9 MJ/kg -
Wheat bran, durum 16.7 19.3 MJ/kg -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 18.8 20.5 0.4 20-21.5 MJ/kg - 15
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 18.5 0.5 18.5-19.4 20.1 MJ/kg - 5
Wheat feed flour 16.6 0.9 16-17.2 18.9 1 16.2-20.8 MJ/kg - 3 16
Wheat feed flour, durum 16.6 19.1 MJ/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 16.6 19.2 MJ/kg -
Wheat gluten 21.4 20.1-22.8 22.8 21.4-24.4 MJ/kg - 3 4
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 17.2 18.9 MJ/kg -
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 16.9 16.2-17.1 19 18.8-19.1 MJ/kg - 3 4
Wheat middlings (average) 16.8 0.4 16.2-18 19.1 0.3 18.4-20.3 MJ/kg - 20 39
Wheat middlings, durum 16.8 19.3 MJ/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 17 0.4 16.2-18 19.3 0.3 18.4-20.3 MJ/kg - 17 33
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 16.9 0.4 16.2-18 19.2 0.4 18.4-20.3 MJ/kg - 14 33
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 16.9 0.4 16.2-18 19.2 0.4 18.4-20.3 MJ/kg - 14 30
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 16.8 0.4 16.2-18 19.1 0.4 18.4-20.3 MJ/kg - 14 30
Wheat straw 16.6 1 13.9-17.4 18.4 0.9 15.3-18.8 MJ/kg - 6 20
Wheat, durum 16.2 18.5 MJ/kg - 1
Wheat, soft 15.8 0.3 15.1-17.6 18.2 0.3 16.6-19.5 MJ/kg - 121 404
Whey permeate 15.3 15.6 MJ/kg -
Whey powder, acid 14.9 15.4 0.5 14.5-15.7 MJ/kg - 7
Whey powder, sweet 15.3 0.7 13.4-18.1 15.8 0.7 14.3-16.2 MJ/kg - 6 6
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 17.4 16-17.6 18.1 16.5-18.6 MJ/kg - 2 2
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 19.4 20.1 MJ/kg -