Valine

Valine, a branched amino acid. Valine is usually the 5th limiting amino acid after tryptophan for pigs and the 4th one after threonine for broilers. It can also be limiting in ruminants.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 31.2 1.9 29.1-33.4 33.8 2 31.6-36.5 g/kg 6 g/16g N 13 5
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 9.3 0.8 7.1-9.7 10.3 0.9 7.7-10.4 g/kg 6.1 0.6 4.3-6.1 g/16g N 6 6 7
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 9.8 1.5 7.1-12.6 10.8 1.6 7.7-13.1 g/kg 6 0.8 4.3-7.1 g/16g N 10 11 12
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 11 2.1 9.2-14.3 12.1 2.3 9.9-15.9 g/kg 6 1 5.1-7.5 g/16g N 5 6 6
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 12.5 10.4-16 13.9 11.4-18 g/kg 6 4.9-7.6 g/16g N 4 4 4
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 8.6 9.4 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 14.3 15.9 g/kg 6 g/16g N 1
Apple pomace, dried 3.1 3.4 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1
Bakery byproduct 5.1 1.8 2.7-8.2 5.6 4.6-6.9 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.9-5.1 g/16g N 7 3 7
Bananas, immature, dried 2.7 2.9 g/kg 6.3 g/16g N 1 1
Barley 5 0.7 3.6-6.7 5.7 0.8 4.4-7.4 g/kg 5.1 0.2 4-5.3 g/16g N 97 26 93
Barley distillers grains, dried 13.5 2.2 9.6-18.8 14.7 2.4 11-19.9 g/kg 5.2 0.7 3.8-6.5 g/16g N 9 10 10
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 2.6 10.6 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N
Barley rootlets, dried 9.9 11 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.2-5 g/16g N 7
Beet pulp, dried 5.4 0.6 4.1-5.8 6.1 0.7 4.9-6.6 g/kg 6.9 0.9 4.8-7.1 g/16g N 2 5 8
Beet pulp, pressed 1.5 0.2 6 0.4 5-6.3 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 9
Biscuit byproduct 4.3 4.2-5.3 4.8 g/kg 4.5 4.4-5.1 g/16g N 2 1 2
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 31.7 5.4 24.3-40.7 34.8 5.2 31.2-45.4 g/kg 6 0.7 5-7.2 g/16g N 6 6 6
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 22.5 3.7 18-31.4 24.7 3.7 18.8-34.1 g/kg 6 1.2 5.2-9.1 g/16g N 10 16 18
Blood meal 74.9 10.4 46.4-93.1 80.2 10.5 52-105 g/kg 8.5 0.8 6.5-10.3 g/16g N 46 44 49
Brewers grains, dried 11.5 1.2 9.4-12.2 12.6 1.2 10-13.2 g/kg 4.8 0.8 3.8-5.8 g/16g N 4 6 7
Brewers yeast, dried 20.9 2.7 7.3-24.9 22.5 2.8 16.9-23.7 g/kg 4.7 1.1 1.5-5.8 g/16g N 13 5 15
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 18.1 1.7 17.4-21.1 19.8 1.8 17-23.1 g/kg 5.3 0.5 4.8-6.4 g/16g N 6 9 9
Carob pod meal 3 3.6 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 1 1
Cassava, starch 66-70% 1.1 0.3 0.4-1.2 1.2 0.4 0.5-1.3 g/kg 4.4 0.5 3.5-5.1 g/16g N 5 5 7
Cassava, starch 70-74% 1.1 0.3 0.4-1.2 1.2 0.4 0.5-1.3 g/kg 4.4 0.5 3.5-5.1 g/16g N 5 5 7
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 4.6 5.2 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 4.5 5 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Chickpea, kabuli type 7.5 1.3 7.2-11.1 8.6 1.5 6.5-12.7 g/kg 4 0.5 2.9-5 g/16g N 27 34 34
Citrus pulp, dried 2.7 0.4 1.4-2.7 2.9 0.5 1.6-3 g/kg 4.3 0.7 2.8-4.9 g/16g N 6 6 7
Citrus pulp, fresh 0.5 2.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Cocoa hulls 6 6.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 9.3 10.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Common bean 11 1.6 8.3-13.1 12.4 1.8 8.9-14.8 g/kg 5 0.9 3.4-6.7 g/16g N 10 12 13
Common vetch 13 7.5-20 14.9 9.9-22.1 g/kg 5.3 3.4-7 g/16g N 2 4 4
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 9.6 0.8 8.9-10.5 10.5 0.9 9.9-12 g/kg 4.7 0.3 4.3-5.1 g/16g N 5 6 6
Copra meal, oil < 5% 9.9 10.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Corn gluten feed 8.8 1.2 4.6-11.8 10.1 1.4 4.9-13.8 g/kg 4.7 0.4 3.8-5.2 g/16g N 77 67 68
Corn gluten meal 27.9 3.1 19.7-32.8 30.6 3.2 21.4-35.9 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.9-5.3 g/16g N 89 74 92
Cottonseed hulls 1.5 1.6 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 14.9 16.1 15.6-18.3 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 4
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 18.9 2.1 16.2-22.2 20.5 2.3 17.3-23.7 g/kg 4.5 0.4 3.8-4.9 g/16g N 7 7 7
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 16.2 2.8 12.3-21 17.9 3 13.9-23.3 g/kg 4.4 0.3 3.5-4.7 g/16g N 12 13 14
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 19.2 2.1 14-25.2 21.1 2.3 15.6-27.3 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.2 g/16g N 52 54 54
Cottonseed, whole 8.1 8.8 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 8.1 8.8 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Cowpea seed 10.5 11.7 1.1 9.7-13 g/kg 4.7 0.6 3.4-5.5 g/16g N 7 9
Faba bean, coloured flowers 11.5 1.5 9.8-14.4 13.3 1.8 10.9-16.6 g/kg 4.5 0.4 3.8-5.5 g/16g N 24 24 24
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 11.5 13.3 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Faba bean, white flowers 12.1 1.4 9.5-14.7 14.1 1.6 11.1-16.8 g/kg 4.5 0.5 3.7-5.5 g/16g N 19 19 19
Feather meal 57.6 10.5 41.4-77 62.6 11.3 45.3-85.7 g/kg 7.3 1.2 4.8-10.6 g/16g N 24 35 38
Fish meal, protein 62% 31.2 3.4 25.4-41 33.8 3.6 27.2-44.7 g/kg 5 0.4 4.2-6.5 g/16g N 82 78 88
Fish meal, protein 65% 32.4 3.1 26.2-41 35.2 3.3 28.2-44.7 g/kg 5 0.4 4-6.3 g/16g N 126 115 132
Fish meal, protein 70% 34.6 3.1 26.4-45 37.5 3.3 28.2-48.5 g/kg 5 0.4 4-6.3 g/16g N 122 107 128
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 27.9 21.7-29.6 28.9 22.5-31.4 g/kg 3.4 2.7-4.2 g/16g N 2 2 2
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 28 29.4 g/kg 3.8 3.4-6.1 g/16g N 1 1 2
Fodder beet, raw 0.8 4.7 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N
Grape pomace, dried 4.7 3.4-5.8 5.2 g/kg 3.8 2.4-4.7 g/16g N 2 1 2
Grape pulp, dried 4.7 5.2 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Grape seeds 3.5 3.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Grapeseed oil meal 4 4.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Grass, dehydrated 7.3 2.8 4.5-13 8.1 3.1 4.9-14.6 g/kg 5 0.9 3.7-6.2 g/16g N 14 13 14
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 17.8 2.3 13.1-21.5 19.4 2.5 14.6-24 g/kg 4 0.5 3.4-5.3 g/16g N 10 12 12
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 19.1 2.4 15.8-21.9 21.4 2.6 17.7-24.5 g/kg 3.9 0.3 3.3-4.2 g/16g N 6 5 6
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 18.8 2.3 16.4-21.7 21 2.5 15.7-22.7 g/kg 3.9 0.5 3.1-4.4 g/16g N 4 5 5
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 27.9 2.2 24.1-29.9 30.2 2 26.2-31.6 g/kg 4.4 0.3 4-4.8 g/16g N 5 6 6
L-valine 965 980 g/kg 134 g/16g N
Lentils 10.7 12.2 10.2-14.2 g/kg 4.6 0.6 4-5.4 g/16g N 4 5
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 16.3 18.6 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 16.4 2.4 12.5-20 18 2.6 13.4-22 g/kg 5.1 0.3 4.7-5.7 g/16g N 13 14 15
Linseed, whole 10.8 1.6 8-13.1 11.8 1.8 8.7-14.1 g/kg 5.2 0.4 4.6-5.8 g/16g N 6 8 8
Linseed, whole, extruded 10.8 11.8 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N
Liquid potato feed 1.1 6.4 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Lupin, blue 13.5 1.5 7.3-14.7 14.9 1.6 8.4-16.7 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.3-4.6 g/16g N 36 44 44
Lupin, white 14.4 2 9.7-16.1 16.4 2.2 10.7-20.4 g/kg 4.3 0.4 3.2-5 g/16g N 27 53 53
Lupin, white, extruded 14.4 16.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Maize 3.8 0.4 2.9-4.7 4.5 0.5 3.4-5.4 g/kg 5 0.3 4.2-5.8 g/16g N 153 52 144
Maize bran 4.8 1.2 4.7-7.9 5.3 1.3 5.2-8.7 g/kg 4.7 1.1 4.1-7.5 g/16g N 7 7 7
Maize bran, starch production 5.2 6 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 12.1 1.5 10.6-15.9 13.7 1.7 11.7-18.2 g/kg 4.9 0.4 4-5.4 g/16g N 18 19 21
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 13.4 1.6 5.5-17.7 15 1.8 6.3-20.2 g/kg 4.9 0.5 2.4-5.7 g/16g N 117 104 112
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 6.6 1.8 5-15.8 7.3 1.9 5.4-11.1 g/kg 4.8 0.8 3.6-6.1 g/16g N 13 10 11
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 6 1 3.7-6.5 6.8 1.1 4.2-7.1 g/kg 4.8 0.5 4.1-5.5 g/16g N 5 5 6
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 6.6 5-7.9 7.4 5.5-8.7 g/kg 4.8 4.2-5.2 g/16g N 4 4 4
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 4.5 0.5 3.8-5.5 5.1 0.5 4.7-6.3 g/kg 4.9 0.6 4.6-6.1 g/16g N 10 8 10
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 3.6 3.3-3.6 4.1 3.8-4.2 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 2 2
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 11.9 12.3 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 11.1 1.5 11-14.9 12.6 12.6-14.5 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 5 4
Maize germs 6.2 6.5 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Maize, extruded 3.8 4.5 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Maize, flaked 3.8 4.5 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Maize, high moisture 3.1 4.6 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Mealworm larvae, dried 41.7 44 12.1 22.2-58.6 g/kg 8.8 2.8 3.8-12.8 g/16g N 18 18
Milk powder, skimmed 20.9 2.1 13.7-25 22 2.1 16-26.4 g/kg 6.2 0.5 4.7-7.3 g/16g N 39 31 41
Milk powder, whole 14.3 3.9 8.5-18.8 14.9 g/kg 5.9 0.8 4.3-6.2 g/16g N 6 6
Millet, pearl 6.1 0.9 4-7.8 6.8 1 4.4-8.9 g/kg 5.4 0.4 4-5.9 g/16g N 15 22 22
Millet, proso 6.8 1 6.7-7.6 7.5 1.1 4.7-8.4 g/kg 5.4 0.6 3.6-5.6 g/16g N 3 11 12
Molasses, beet 1.9 2.5 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Molasses, sugarcane 1.3 1.7 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1
Mustard bran 7.7 8.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Oat groats 5.8 6.8 g/kg 5.3 0.7 4.6-6.5 g/16g N 6
Oat hulls 2.7 3 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1
Oats 5 1.1 3.9-7.3 5.7 1.2 4.5-10 g/kg 5.3 0.5 4.3-6.2 g/16g N 34 36 39
Oats, flaked 5 5.7 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 6.8 7.7 g/kg 6.7 6.7-6.7 g/16g N 2
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 5.2 6 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 7.3 8.3 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 6.1 7.8 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 7.8 1.1 6.3-9.7 8.5 1.2 6.9-11.1 g/kg 5 0.5 4.2-6.1 g/16g N 18 17 23
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 8.2 7.7-8.4 9 8.7-9.6 g/kg 5 4.9-5.9 g/16g N 2 2 2
Pea 9.6 0.9 6.5-12.4 11.1 1.1 7.5-13.9 g/kg 4.7 0.3 3.8-5.5 g/16g N 295 312 335
Pea protein concentrate 31.5 33.9 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Pea, extruded 9.6 9.2-11.1 11.1 10.5-12.4 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 2 2
Potato protein concentrate 50.6 3.4 40-56.9 55.1 3.6 43.8-63.6 g/kg 6.6 0.3 5.8-7.5 g/16g N 46 35 47
Potato pulp, dried 1.3 1.5 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Potato tuber, dried 4.3 4.8 4.1-6.8 g/kg 4.6 4.3-5.3 g/16g N 3 4
Processed animal proteins, pig 23.4 1.6 19.5-25.5 24.6 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.9-5 g/16g N 14 14
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% 29 4.8 19.6-37.1 31.6 5.1 21.1-38.8 g/kg 5.5 0.8 3.7-6.9 g/16g N 24 21 23
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% 32.6 3 26.9-37 34.9 3.1 27.8-39.8 g/kg 5.2 0.5 4.2-6.1 g/16g N 17 15 17
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% 37.2 39.8 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 15.8 1.3 15-20.1 17.2 1.4 16.2-22.3 g/kg 5.1 0.3 4.7-5.9 g/16g N 29 30 32
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 17.3 1.2 15.2-21.7 19.4 1.3 17-24.2 g/kg 5.1 0.2 4.6-6 g/16g N 144 69 145
Rapeseed, whole 9.9 0.9 8.2-11.8 10.7 1 8.9-12.2 g/kg 5.3 0.2 4.9-5.7 g/16g N 19 12 14
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 9.9 10.7 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 8 1.8 3.1-9.2 9 2 3.3-10.4 g/kg 5.5 0.8 4.1-6.9 g/16g N 11 11 11
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 8.1 7.8-10.2 9 8.8-11.5 g/kg 5.5 5.5-5.6 g/16g N 3 3 3
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 3.7 2.5-8.4 4 2.8-9.1 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 4 4
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 6.2 1.3 4.4-7.9 6.9 1.4 4.8-8.8 g/kg 5.6 0.6 4.8-6.7 g/16g N 12 12 12
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 8 1.3 4.5-10.2 8.9 1.4 4.9-11.4 g/kg 5.5 0.4 4.7-6.3 g/16g N 33 35 33
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 4.3 4.7 g/kg 6 g/16g N
Rice hulls 2.4 2.7 g/kg 7 g/16g N
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 5.7 4.4-6.9 6.6 4.9-8.1 g/kg 5.7 5.6-5.8 g/16g N 2 2 2
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 7 0.9 6.5-8.4 7.8 0.9 7.1-9.6 g/kg 5.6 0.5 5.2-6.5 g/16g N 6 6 6
Rice, broken 4.6 1.1 3.6-6.4 5.2 1.2 3-7.3 g/kg 5.8 0.7 4.2-7 g/16g N 9 11 11
Rice, brown 5.4 6.2 1.3 3.8-8.1 g/kg 5.9 0.5 4.4-6.2 g/16g N 16 20
Rice, paddy 4.3 0.4 4-4.8 4.9 0.4 4.6-5.4 g/kg 5.8 0.9 4.1-6.7 g/16g N 5 5 5
Rye 4.2 4.8 0.5 3.9-5.9 g/kg 4.9 0.3 4.3-5.2 g/16g N 17 21
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 18.1 19.4 1.8 18.4-24.3 g/kg 4.3 0.3 4-5 g/16g N 9 10
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 7 0.4 7.5 0.4 7.1-8.2 g/kg 5.6 0.4 4.9-5.8 g/16g N 5 5
Shrimp meal 19.1 18-27 20.9 16.2-30.9 g/kg 4.8 4.2-5.1 g/16g N 3 3 4
Sorghum 5 0.9 3.4-6.5 5.7 1 3.8-8.8 g/kg 5.4 0.5 3.8-6.2 g/16g N 51 81 85
Soybean hulls 4.8 5.5 1 5.4-7.8 g/kg 4.2 0.3 3.9-4.6 g/16g N 5 5
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 21.1 1.6 16.3-23.7 22.7 1.6 21.2-25.1 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.2-5.3 g/16g N 9 7 7
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 21 1.6 17-25.7 23.9 1.8 19.5-28.6 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.2-5.5 g/16g N 47 41 49
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 22.3 1.3 19-26.6 25.3 1.5 22-29.5 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.5-5.6 g/16g N 164 49 152
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 22.3 25.3 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 22.3 1.3 19-26.6 25.3 1.5 22-29.5 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.5-5.6 g/16g N 164 49 152
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 23.4 1.9 18.5-29.1 26.6 2.1 21.1-32.1 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.1-5.8 g/16g N 87 61 88
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 26.1 3.1 20.9-31.6 28.1 3.3 22.3-32.4 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.2-5.4 g/16g N 31 7 30
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 31.3 5.9 17.9-38.9 33.5 6.3 19.2-40.5 g/kg 4.8 0.7 2.7-5.7 g/16g N 31 18 31
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 37.4 5.5 33.5-45.5 40.3 37-47.6 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.7-5.5 g/16g N 6 4 6
Soybean, whole, extruded 17.3 1.4 14.6-19.8 19.3 1.5 16.7-21.9 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.4-5.5 g/16g N 26 22 25
Soybean, whole, flaked 17.1 18.8 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N
Soybean, whole, toasted 17.2 1.2 15.6-21.4 19.4 1.3 17.5-22.7 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.5-5.2 g/16g N 29 22 29
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 17.3 0.4 16.9-18.1 19.1 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.6-5.1 g/16g N 6 1 6
Sunflower hulls 1.8 1.4-2 2 1.6-2.2 g/kg 3.6 3.4-4.5 g/16g N 2 2 2
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 16.5 17.6 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 11.4 12.4 12.3-14.5 g/kg 4.8 4.4-5.2 g/16g N 4 4
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 18 2.1 11.3-23.7 19.9 2.3 15.8-25.8 g/kg 4.9 0.3 4.2-5.7 g/16g N 59 44 60
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 13.3 1.5 10.9-17.5 14.9 1.6 12.3-19.4 g/kg 4.9 0.3 4.4-5.9 g/16g N 46 31 45
Sunflower seed, whole 6.8 7.3 g/kg 4.6 0.4 4-5 g/16g N 7
Sweet potato, dried 2.3 0.7 2.6 0.8 1.1-3.7 g/kg 5.2 0.8 4-6.8 g/16g N 26 41
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 8.1 8.7 8.6-9.7 g/kg 4.3 4.1-4.4 g/16g N 1 2 2
Triticale 4.8 1 3.5-8.1 5.5 1.1 3.8-9.3 g/kg 4.8 0.3 3.7-5.1 g/16g N 72 65 97
Vinasse, different origins 2.9 4.2 g/kg 0.7 0.6-0.7 g/16g N 2
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 3.2 4.6 2.7-10.7 g/kg 0.7 0.3-1.5 g/16g N 2 4
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 1.5 2.4 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 2.1 3.1 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 2.4 3.3 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat bran 6.9 0.8 5.5-9.4 7.9 0.9 6.7-10.2 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.4 g/16g N 36 28 37
Wheat bran from starch production 6.9 7.8 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat bran, durum 6.8 7.8 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 14.2 1.7 12.6-19.2 15.5 1.8 13.8-20.9 g/kg 4.3 0.1 4-4.6 g/16g N 28 25 29
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 13 1.7 11.4-16.2 14.2 1.9 12.5-18.9 g/kg 4.3 0.2 4-5 g/16g N 27 8 27
Wheat feed flour 6 0.8 4.8-6.7 6.8 0.9 5.4-7.7 g/kg 4.5 0.4 3.8-4.7 g/16g N 5 5 5
Wheat feed flour, durum 6.7 7.7 g/kg 4.5 4.4-4.6 g/16g N 3
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 7.3 8.4 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat gluten 31.7 3.4 26-37.2 33.8 3.6 28.5-39.7 g/kg 4 0.4 3.4-5.1 g/16g N 26 12 27
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 8.7 1 6.7-9.1 9.5 1.1 7.3-10.1 g/kg 5 g/16g N 11 6
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 7.4 0.7 6.3-8.1 8.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N 7
Wheat middlings (average) 7.1 0.7 4-8.5 8.1 0.8 6.4-10 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.1 g/16g N 58 32 60
Wheat middlings, durum 7 8 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 7.2 0.8 4-8.5 8.2 0.9 6.4-10 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.1 g/16g N 52 26 54
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 6.9 0.7 4-7.9 7.9 0.8 6.4-10 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.1 g/16g N 51 25 53
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 7.1 0.8 4-7.9 8 0.9 6.4-10 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.1 g/16g N 47 21 49
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 6.7 0.8 4-7.9 7.6 0.9 6.4-10 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.1 g/16g N 47 21 49
Wheat, durum 6.1 7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat, soft 4.8 0.7 3.6-7.2 5.6 0.8 4.3-7.7 g/kg 4.4 0.2 3.6-5 g/16g N 174 62 172
Whey permeate 2.4 2.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Whey powder, acid 4.2 0.9 2.5-5.5 4.4 2.6-5.6 g/kg 4.8 0.5 3.4-5.3 g/16g N 18 3 18
Whey powder, sweet 5.4 1.3 3.2-8.6 5.6 1.4 3.3-9.1 g/kg 5 0.5 3.6-6.4 g/16g N 48 14 48
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 7.4 7.7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1 1
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 6.8 7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N