Valine

Valine, a branched amino acid. Valine is usually the 5th limiting amino acid after tryptophan for pigs and the 4th one after threonine for broilers. It can also be limiting in ruminants.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 31.2 1.9 29.1-33.4 33.9 2 31.6-36.5 g/kg 6 g/16g N 13 5
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 9.3 0.8 7.1-9.7 10.3 0.9 7.7-10.4 g/kg 6.1 0.6 4.3-6.1 g/16g N 6 6 7
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 9.8 1.5 7.1-12.6 10.9 1.6 7.7-13.1 g/kg 6.1 0.8 4.3-7.1 g/16g N 10 11 12
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 11 2.1 9.2-14.3 12.1 2.3 9.9-15.9 g/kg 6 1 5.1-7.5 g/16g N 5 6 6
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 12.6 10.4-16 13.9 11.4-18 g/kg 6 4.9-7.6 g/16g N 4 4 4
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 8.6 9.4 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 14.4 15.9 g/kg 6 g/16g N 1
Ammonium ferric citrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Apple pomace, dried 3 2.9-3.7 3.3 3.3-4.1 g/kg 4.2 3.8-4.7 g/16g N 3 4 4
Bakery byproduct 5.1 1.7 2.7-8.2 5.6 4.6-6.9 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.9-5.1 g/16g N 8 4 8
Bananas, immature, dried 1.1 1.3 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1
Barley 5 0.7 3.6-6.7 5.7 0.8 4.4-7.4 g/kg 5.1 0.2 4-5.3 g/16g N 100 26 93
Barley distillers grains, dried 13.5 2.2 9.6-18.8 14.7 2.4 11-19.9 g/kg 5.2 0.7 3.8-6.5 g/16g N 9 10 10
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 2.6 10.6 g/kg 5.2 0.7 3.8-6.5 g/16g N 10
Barley rootlets, dried 9.8 10.9 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.2-5 g/16g N 7
Beet pulp, dried 5.4 0.6 4.1-5.8 6.1 0.7 4.9-6.6 g/kg 6.9 0.9 4.8-7.1 g/16g N 3 5 8
Beet pulp, pressed 1.5 0.2 6 0.4 5-6.3 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 9
Biscuit byproduct 4.2 2-5.3 4.6 2.3-5.7 g/kg 4.5 3.9-5.1 g/16g N 3 2 3
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 31.9 8 19-40.7 34.8 8.3 19.4-45.4 g/kg 6 1.2 3.4-7.2 g/16g N 7 7 7
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 22.5 3.7 18-31.4 24.4 3.7 18.8-34.1 g/kg 6 1.2 5.2-9.1 g/16g N 10 16 18
Blood meal 74.7 9.9 46.4-93.1 80 10 52-105 g/kg 8.5 0.8 6.5-10.3 g/16g N 46 45 50
Brewers grains, dried 11.4 1.2 9.4-12.2 12.6 1.2 10-13.2 g/kg 4.8 0.8 3.8-5.8 g/16g N 4 6 7
Brewers yeast, dried 20.9 2.7 7.3-24.9 22.5 2.8 16.9-23.7 g/kg 4.7 1.1 1.5-5.8 g/16g N 13 5 15
Buckwheat hulls 4.1 4.7 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 1 1
Ca Al Fe phosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Calcium carbonate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Calcium chloride anhydrous 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Calcium chloride dihydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Calcium iodate anhydrous 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Calcium iodate hexahydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Calcium iodide 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Calcium magnesium phosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Calcium selenite 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Calcium sulfate anhydrous 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Calcium sulfate dihydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 18.1 1.7 17.4-21.1 19.9 1.8 17-23.1 g/kg 5.3 0.5 4.8-6.4 g/16g N 6 9 9
Canola meal, oil < 5% 18.8 2 15.4-21.7 20.8 2.1 13.4-24.3 g/kg 5.1 0.4 3.2-5.8 g/16g N 33 54 54
Carob pod meal 3 3.6 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 1 1
Cassava, starch 66-70% 1.1 0.3 0.4-1.2 1.3 0.4 0.5-1.3 g/kg 4.4 0.5 3.5-5.1 g/16g N 5 5 7
Cassava, starch 70-74% 1.1 0.3 0.4-1.2 1.2 0.4 0.5-1.3 g/kg 4.4 0.5 3.5-5.1 g/16g N 5 5 7
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 4.6 5.2 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 4.5 5 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Chickpea, kabuli type 7.5 1.3 7.2-11.1 8.6 1.5 6.5-12.7 g/kg 4 0.5 2.9-5 g/16g N 27 36 36
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 3.5 3.9 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Citrus pulp, dried 2.7 0.4 1.4-2.7 3 0.5 1.6-3 g/kg 4.3 0.7 2.8-4.9 g/16g N 6 6 7
Citrus pulp, fresh 0.5 2.8 g/kg 4.3 0.7 2.8-4.9 g/16g N 7
Cobalt carbonate FG 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Cobalt glucoheptonate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Cobalt oxide FG 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Cobalt selenite 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Cobalt sulfate heptahydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Cocoa hulls 6 6.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 9.3 10.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Cod liver oil 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Common bean 11.4 1.5 8.3-13.1 12.8 1.7 8.9-15.1 g/kg 5.1 0.7 3.4-6.7 g/16g N 10 23 24
Common vetch 13 7.5-20 14.9 9.9-22.1 g/kg 5.3 3.4-7 g/16g N 2 4 4
Copper acetate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Copper carbonate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Copper chloride dihydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Copper chloride tribasic 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Copper citrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Copper lysine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Copper methionine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Copper oxide 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Copper proteinate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Copper sulfate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 9.6 0.8 8.9-10.5 10.5 0.9 9.9-12 g/kg 4.7 0.3 4.3-5.1 g/16g N 5 6 6
Copra meal, oil < 5% 9.9 11 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Copra oil 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Corn gluten feed 8.9 1.2 4.6-11.8 10.1 1.4 4.9-13.8 g/kg 4.7 0.4 3.8-5.2 g/16g N 77 67 68
Corn gluten meal 27.9 3 19.7-32.8 30.7 3.2 21.4-35.9 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.9-5.3 g/16g N 91 75 93
Cottonseed hulls 1.9 2.1 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 14.9 16.1 15.6-18.3 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 4
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 18.9 2.1 16.2-22.2 20.5 2.2 17.3-23.7 g/kg 4.5 0.4 3.8-4.9 g/16g N 8 8 8
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 16.4 2.6 12.3-21 18.1 2.9 13.9-23.3 g/kg 4.5 0.4 3.5-5 g/16g N 15 16 17
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 19.3 2.1 14-25.2 21.3 2.3 15.6-27.3 g/kg 4.5 0.4 3.7-5.2 g/16g N 64 66 66
Cottonseed, whole 8.1 8.9 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 8.1 8.9 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Cowpea seed 10.5 11.7 1.1 9.7-13 g/kg 4.7 0.6 3.4-5.5 g/16g N 7 9
Diammonium phosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Dicalcium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Diiodosalicylic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Disodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Disodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
DL-methionine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Dolomite limestone 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Faba bean, coloured flowers 11.5 1.5 9.8-14.4 13.3 1.8 10.9-16.6 g/kg 4.5 0.4 3.8-5.5 g/16g N 24 24 24
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 11.5 1.5 9.8-14.4 13.3 1.8 10.9-16.6 g/kg 4.5 0.4 3.8-5.5 g/16g N 24 24 24
Faba bean, white flowers 12.1 1.4 9.5-14.7 14.1 1.6 11.1-16.8 g/kg 4.5 0.5 3.7-5.5 g/16g N 19 19 19
Feather meal 57.6 10.3 41.4-77 62.6 11.1 45.3-85.7 g/kg 7.3 1.2 4.8-10.6 g/16g N 24 36 39
Ferric chloride 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ferric citrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ferric phosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ferric polyphosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ferric pyrophosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ferrous carbonate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ferrous chloride 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Fish meal, protein 62% 31.1 3.6 21-41 33.8 3.8 22.8-44.7 g/kg 5 0.5 3.3-6.5 g/16g N 83 79 89
Fish meal, protein 65% 32.4 3.3 21-41 35.2 3.5 22.8-44.7 g/kg 5 0.4 3.3-6.3 g/16g N 127 116 133
Fish meal, protein 70% 34.3 3.1 26.4-45 37.2 3.3 28.2-48.5 g/kg 5 0.4 4-6.3 g/16g N 122 108 129
Fish oil, anchovy 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Fish oil, capelin 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Fish oil, herring 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Fish oil, menhaden 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Fish oil, rockfish 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Fish oil, salmon 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Fish oil, sardine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 27.9 21.7-29.6 28.9 22.5-31.4 g/kg 3.4 2.7-4.2 g/16g N 2 2 2
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 28 29.4 g/kg 3.8 3.4-6.1 g/16g N 1 1 2
Fodder beet, raw 0.9 5.4 g/kg 6.9 0.9 4.8-7.1 g/16g N 8
Grape pomace, dried 4.7 3.4-5.8 5.2 g/kg 3.8 2.4-4.7 g/16g N 2 1 2
Grape pulp, dried 4.7 5.2 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Grape pulp, dried 4.6 5.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Grape seeds 3.5 3.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Grapeseed oil meal 3.9 4.4 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Grass, dehydrated 7.3 2.8 4.5-13 8.1 3.1 4.9-14.6 g/kg 5 0.9 3.7-6.2 g/16g N 14 13 14
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 17.7 2.3 13.1-21.5 19.3 2.5 14.6-24 g/kg 4 0.5 3.4-5.3 g/16g N 10 12 12
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 19.1 2.4 15.8-21.9 21.4 2.6 17.7-24.5 g/kg 3.9 0.3 3.3-4.2 g/16g N 6 5 6
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 18.7 2.3 16.4-21.7 21 2.5 15.7-22.7 g/kg 3.9 0.5 3.1-4.4 g/16g N 4 5 5
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 27.9 2.2 24.1-29.9 30.2 2 26.2-31.6 g/kg 4.4 0.3 4-4.8 g/16g N 5 6 6
L-lysine HCl 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
L-threonine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
L-tryptophan 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
L-valine 965 980 g/kg 134 g/16g N
Lard 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Lentils 9.7 11 1.6 9.6-14.2 g/kg 4.2 0.3 3.8-4.8 g/16g N 8 8
Limestone 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 16.3 13.9-16.9 18.5 g/kg 5.1 0.6 4.3-5.8 g/16g N 4 5
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 16.5 2.4 12.5-20 18 2.6 13.4-22 g/kg 5.1 0.5 4-5.7 g/16g N 21 23 24
Linseed, whole 10.8 1.6 8-13.1 11.8 1.8 8.7-14.1 g/kg 5.2 0.4 4.6-5.8 g/16g N 6 8 8
Linseed, whole, extruded 10.8 1.6 8-13.1 11.8 1.8 8.7-14.1 g/kg 5.2 0.4 4.6-5.8 g/16g N 6 8 8
Liquid potato feed 1.1 6.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Lupin, blue 13.4 1.5 7.3-14.7 14.9 1.6 8.4-16.7 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.3-4.6 g/16g N 36 44 44
Lupin, white 14.4 2 9.7-16.1 16.4 2.2 10.7-20.4 g/kg 4.3 0.4 3.2-5 g/16g N 24 50 50
Lupin, white, extruded 14.4 16.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 1
Magnesium acetate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Magnesium carbonate RG 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Magnesium citrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Magnesium hydroxide 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Magnesium lactate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Magnesium oxide 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Magnesium oxide, granular 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Magnesium oxide, powder 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Magnesium phosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Magnesium sulfate monohydrate RG 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Maize 3.8 0.4 2.9-4.7 4.4 0.5 3.4-5.4 g/kg 5 0.3 4.2-5.8 g/16g N 157 53 145
Maize bran 4.8 1.2 4.7-7.9 5.2 1.3 5.2-8.7 g/kg 4.7 1.1 4.1-7.5 g/16g N 7 7 7
Maize bran, starch production 5.2 6 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 12.1 1.5 10.6-15.9 13.7 1.7 11.7-18.2 g/kg 4.9 0.4 4-5.4 g/16g N 18 19 21
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 13.5 1.6 5.5-17.7 15 1.8 6.3-20.2 g/kg 4.9 0.5 2.4-5.7 g/16g N 117 105 113
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 6.6 1.8 5-15.8 7.3 1.9 5.4-11.1 g/kg 4.8 0.8 3.6-6.1 g/16g N 13 10 11
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 6.1 1 3.7-6.5 6.8 1.1 4.2-7.1 g/kg 4.8 0.5 4.1-5.5 g/16g N 5 5 6
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 6.6 5-7.9 7.4 5.5-8.7 g/kg 4.8 4.2-5.2 g/16g N 4 4 4
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 4.5 0.5 3.8-5.5 5.1 0.5 4.7-6.3 g/kg 4.9 0.6 4.6-6.1 g/16g N 10 8 10
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 3.6 3.3-3.6 4.1 3.8-4.2 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 2 2
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 11.8 12.2 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 11 12.5 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N
Maize germs 6.2 6.5 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Maize starch 0.3 0.4 g/kg 5 0.3 4.2-5.8 g/16g N 145
Maize, extruded 3.8 0.4 2.9-4.7 4.4 0.5 3.4-5.4 g/kg 5 0.3 4.2-5.8 g/16g N 157 53 145
Maize, flaked 3.8 4.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Maize, high moisture 3.1 4.6 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Manganese carbonate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Manganese chloride dihydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Manganese chloride tetrahydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Manganese methionine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Manganese oxide MnO 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Manganese oxide MnO-Mn2O3 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Manganese oxide MnO2 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Manganese proteinate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Manganese sulfate monohydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Mealworm larvae, dried 41.9 44.3 12 23.8-58.6 g/kg 8.9 2.7 5-12.8 g/16g N 18 18
Methionine Hydroxy Analog MHA 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Milk powder, skimmed 21.1 2.1 13.7-25 22.2 2.1 16-26.4 g/kg 6.2 0.5 4.7-7.3 g/16g N 39 31 41
Milk powder, whole 14.3 3.9 8.5-18.8 14.9 g/kg 5.9 0.8 4.3-6.2 g/16g N 6 6
Millet, pearl 6.1 0.9 4-7.8 6.8 1 4.4-8.9 g/kg 5.4 0.4 4-5.9 g/16g N 15 22 23
Millet, proso 7 1 6.7-7.6 7.7 1.1 4.7-8.4 g/kg 5.4 0.6 3.6-5.6 g/16g N 3 11 12
Molasses, beet 1.9 2.5 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Molasses, sugarcane 1.3 1.8 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1
Molybdenum metal 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Molybdenum trioxide 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Monoammonium phosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Monocalcium phosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Monodicalcium phosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous FG 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Monosodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Monosodium phosphate hydrate FG 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Mustard bran 7.7 8.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Oat groats 5.8 6.8 g/kg 5.3 0.6 4.6-6.5 g/16g N 7
Oat hulls 2.6 2.8 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1
Oats 5 1.1 3.9-7.3 5.7 1.2 4.5-10 g/kg 5.3 0.5 4.3-6.2 g/16g N 34 36 39
Oats, flaked 5 1.1 3.9-7.3 5.7 1.2 4.5-10 g/kg 5.3 0.5 4.3-6.2 g/16g N 34 36 39
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 6.9 7.7 g/kg 6.7 6.7-6.7 g/16g N 2
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 5.2 6 g/kg 6.7 6.7-6.7 g/16g N 2
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 7.3 8.3 g/kg 6.7 6.7-6.7 g/16g N 2
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 6.1 7.8 g/kg 6.7 6.7-6.7 g/16g N 2
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 7.8 1.1 6.3-9.7 8.5 1.2 6.9-11.1 g/kg 5 0.5 4.2-6.1 g/16g N 18 17 23
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 8.3 7.7-8.4 9.1 8.7-9.6 g/kg 5 4.9-5.9 g/16g N 2 2 2
Palm oil 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Pea 9.6 0.9 6.5-12.4 11 1 7.5-13.9 g/kg 4.7 0.3 3.8-5.5 g/16g N 296 313 336
Pea protein concentrate 31.5 33.8 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Pea, extruded 9.6 9.2-11.1 11 10.5-12.4 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 2 2
Pentacalcium orthoperiodate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Phosphate, defluorinated 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Potassium iodide 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Potato protein concentrate 50.6 3.4 40-56.9 55.1 3.6 43.8-63.6 g/kg 6.6 0.3 5.8-7.5 g/16g N 46 35 47
Potato pulp, dried 1.2 1.4 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Potato tuber, dried 4.3 4.8 4.1-6.8 g/kg 4.6 4.3-5.3 g/16g N 3 4
Poultry fat 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Processed animal proteins, pig 23.4 3.2 19.5-25.5 24.6 3.4 21.8-30.1 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.9-5 g/16g N 14 5 15
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% 29 4.8 19.6-37.1 31.6 5.1 21.1-38.8 g/kg 5.5 0.8 3.7-6.9 g/16g N 24 21 23
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% 32.7 4.3 18.5-37 34.9 4.5 19.3-39.8 g/kg 5.2 0.7 3-6.1 g/16g N 18 16 18
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% 37.3 39.9 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 15.9 1.8 12.3-20.1 17.3 1.9 13.5-22.3 g/kg 5.1 0.4 4.2-5.9 g/16g N 33 35 37
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 17.3 0.8 15.1-20.2 19.5 0.9 17.2-22 g/kg 5.1 0.1 4.7-5.5 g/16g N 131 53 129
Rapeseed oil 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Rapeseed, whole 9.9 1.3 7.1-11.8 10.7 1.4 7.5-12.2 g/kg 5.3 0.4 3.8-5.7 g/16g N 21 14 16
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 9.9 1.3 7.1-11.8 10.7 1.4 7.5-12.2 g/kg 5.3 0.4 3.8-5.7 g/16g N 21 14 16
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 8 1.8 3.1-9.2 9 2 3.3-10.4 g/kg 5.5 0.8 4.1-6.9 g/16g N 11 11 11
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 8.1 7.8-10.2 9 8.8-11.5 g/kg 5.5 5.5-5.6 g/16g N 3 3 3
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 3.7 2.5-8.4 4 2.8-9.1 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 4 4
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 6.2 1.3 4.4-7.9 6.9 1.4 4.8-8.8 g/kg 5.6 0.6 4.8-6.7 g/16g N 12 12 12
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 7.6 1.3 4.5-10.2 8.5 1.4 4.9-11.4 g/kg 5.5 0.4 4.7-6.3 g/16g N 32 34 32
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 4.3 4.7 g/kg 6 g/16g N
Rice hulls 2.4 2.6 g/kg 7 g/16g N
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 5.7 4.4-6.9 6.6 4.9-8.1 g/kg 5.7 5.6-5.8 g/16g N 2 2 2
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 7 0.9 6.5-8.4 7.8 0.9 7.1-9.6 g/kg 5.6 0.5 5.2-6.5 g/16g N 6 6 6
Rice, brown 5.4 6.1 1.3 3.8-8.1 g/kg 5.9 0.5 4.4-6.2 g/16g N 17 21
Rice, paddy 4.4 0.4 4-4.8 5 0.4 4.6-5.4 g/kg 5.8 0.9 4.1-6.7 g/16g N 5 5 5
Rice, polished, broken 4.7 1.2 3.6-6.4 5.4 1.4 3-8 g/kg 5.8 0.7 4.2-7 g/16g N 8 15 17
Rye 4.2 4.8 0.5 3.9-5.9 g/kg 4.9 0.3 4.3-5.2 g/16g N 17 21
Seashells, ground 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Selenium methionine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Selenium yeast 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 18 1.9 17.5-23.2 19.3 2 18.2-24.3 g/kg 4.3 0.3 4-5 g/16g N 8 10 11
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 7 0.4 7.5 0.4 7.1-8.2 g/kg 5.6 0.4 4.9-5.8 g/16g N 5 5
Shrimp meal 19.7 18-27 21.5 16.2-30.9 g/kg 4.9 0.5 4.2-5.5 g/16g N 4 4 5
Sodium bicarbonate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Sodium chloride 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Sodium iodide 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Sodium molybdate dihydrate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Sodium selenate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Sodium selenite 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Sodium sulfate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Sodium-calcium-magnesium phosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Sorghum 5.1 0.9 3.4-6.5 5.8 1 3.8-8.8 g/kg 5.4 0.5 3.8-6.2 g/16g N 51 81 85
Soybean hulls 4.8 5.4 1 5.4-7.8 g/kg 4.2 0.3 3.9-4.6 g/16g N 5 5
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 21.1 1.5 16.3-24.5 22.6 1.6 21.2-25.8 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.2-5.3 g/16g N 16 12 12
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 21 1.6 17-25.7 23.9 1.8 19.5-28.6 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.2-5.5 g/16g N 47 41 49
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 22.3 1.3 19-26.6 25.3 1.5 22-29.5 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.4-5.6 g/16g N 171 53 156
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 22.3 1.3 19-26.6 25.3 1.5 22-29.5 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.4-5.6 g/16g N 171 53 156
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 22.3 1.3 19-26.6 25.3 1.5 22-29.5 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.4-5.6 g/16g N 171 53 156
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 23.4 1.9 18.5-29.1 26.6 2.1 21.1-32.1 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.1-5.8 g/16g N 88 62 89
Soybean molasses 2.1 3.7 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.4-5.6 g/16g N 156
Soybean oil 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 26.1 3.1 20.9-31.6 28.1 3.3 22.3-32.4 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.2-5.4 g/16g N 31 7 30
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 31.2 5.7 17.9-38.9 33.5 6.1 19.2-40.5 g/kg 4.8 0.7 2.7-5.7 g/16g N 33 20 33
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 37.8 5.5 33.5-45.5 40.8 37-47.6 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.7-5.5 g/16g N 6 4 6
Soybean, whole, extruded 17.3 1.4 14.6-19.8 19.4 1.5 16.7-21.9 g/kg 4.8 0.3 4.4-5.5 g/16g N 26 22 25
Soybean, whole, flaked 17.3 19.4 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N
Soybean, whole, toasted 17.2 1.2 15.6-21.4 19.5 1.3 17.5-22.7 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.5-5.2 g/16g N 29 22 29
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 17.3 0.4 16.9-18.1 19.1 g/kg 4.8 0.2 4.6-5.1 g/16g N 6 1 6
Sunflower hulls 1.8 1.4-2 2 1.6-2.2 g/kg 3.5 3.4-4.5 g/16g N 2 2 2
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 16.5 17.6 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 11.4 12.4 12.3-14.5 g/kg 4.8 4.4-5.2 g/16g N 4 4
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 18 2.1 11.3-23.7 19.9 2.3 15.8-25.8 g/kg 4.9 0.4 3.8-5.7 g/16g N 62 46 63
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 13.3 1.4 10.9-17.5 14.9 1.6 12.3-19.4 g/kg 4.9 0.3 4.4-5.9 g/16g N 51 36 50
Sunflower oil 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Sunflower seed, whole 6.8 7.3 g/kg 4.6 0.4 4-5 g/16g N 7
Sweet potato, dried 2.4 0.7 2.7 0.8 1.1-3.7 g/kg 5.2 0.8 4-6.8 g/16g N 26 41
Tallow 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 8.1 8.7 8.6-9.7 g/kg 4.3 4.1-4.4 g/16g N 1 2 2
Tricalcium phosphate 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Triticale 4.8 1 3.5-8.1 5.5 1.1 3.8-9.3 g/kg 4.8 0.3 3.7-5.1 g/16g N 72 65 98
Urea 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Vinasse, different origins 2.9 4.2 g/kg 0.7 0.6-0.7 g/16g N 2
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 3.2 4.5 2.7-10.7 g/kg 0.7 0.3-1.5 g/16g N 2 4
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 1.6 2.5 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 2.1 3.1 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 2.4 3.4 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat bran 6.9 0.8 5.5-9.4 7.9 0.9 6.7-10.2 g/kg 4.5 0.4 3.6-5.4 g/16g N 38 28 38
Wheat bran from starch production 6.9 7.8 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat bran, durum 6.7 7.8 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 14.2 1.7 12.6-19.2 15.5 1.8 13.8-20.9 g/kg 4.3 0.1 4-4.6 g/16g N 28 25 29
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 13 1.7 11.4-16.2 14.2 1.9 12.5-18.9 g/kg 4.3 0.2 4-5 g/16g N 27 8 27
Wheat feed flour 6 0.8 4.8-6.7 6.8 0.9 5.4-7.7 g/kg 4.5 0.4 3.8-4.7 g/16g N 5 5 5
Wheat feed flour, durum 6.5 7.4 g/kg 4.5 4.4-4.6 g/16g N 3
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 7.2 8.4 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat gluten 31.6 3 26-37.2 33.6 3.2 28.5-39.7 g/kg 4 0.3 3.4-5.1 g/16g N 29 15 30
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 8.7 1 6.7-9.1 9.5 1.1 7.3-10.1 g/kg 5 g/16g N 11 6
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 7.4 0.7 6.3-8.1 8.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N 7
Wheat middlings (average) 7.1 0.7 4-8.5 8.1 0.8 6.4-10 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.1 g/16g N 58 32 60
Wheat middlings, durum 7.1 8.1 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 7.2 0.8 4-8.5 8.2 0.9 6.4-10 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.1 g/16g N 52 26 54
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 6.9 0.7 4-7.9 7.9 0.8 6.4-10 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.1 g/16g N 51 25 53
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 7.1 0.8 4-7.9 8.1 0.9 6.4-10 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.1 g/16g N 47 21 49
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 6.8 0.8 4-7.9 7.7 0.9 6.4-10 g/kg 4.5 0.3 3.8-5.1 g/16g N 47 21 49
Wheat straw 1.5 1.7 g/kg 4.3 4.2-4.5 g/16g N 1 2
Wheat, durum 6.2 7.1 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Wheat, soft 4.9 0.7 3.6-7.2 5.6 0.8 4.3-7.7 g/kg 4.4 0.2 3.6-5 g/16g N 182 63 173
Whey permeate 2.5 2.5 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N
Whey powder, acid 4.4 0.9 2.5-5.5 4.5 2.6-5.6 g/kg 4.8 0.5 3.4-5.3 g/16g N 18 3 18
Whey powder, sweet 5.4 1.3 3.2-8.6 5.6 1.4 3.3-9.1 g/kg 5 0.5 3.6-6.4 g/16g N 48 14 48
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 7.4 7.7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1 1
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 6.8 7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Zinc carbonate FG 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Zinc carbonate RG 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Zinc chloride 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Zinc lysine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Zinc metal 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Zinc methionine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Zinc oxide 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Zinc sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N