Feed profile

Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 86.3 100 % - 1.2 78.6 -98.7 7222 2
Crude protein 7.6 8.8 % - 0.6 5.7 -10.8 7801 0.7 6.7 -12.2 6752
Crude fibre 2.3 2.6 % - 0.4 1.3 -3.5 1665 0.5 1.4 -4 1504
Crude fat 3.6 4.1 % - 0.3 2.4 -5 3470 0.4 2.8 -5.8 3278
Ash 1.2 1.4 % - 0.1 0.8 -1.8 1888 0.2 0.9 -2.1 1721
Insoluble ash 0.05 0.06 % - 0.04 0 -0.2 121 0.05 0 -0.2 121
NDF 10.7 12.4 % - 1.4 6.7 -15.4 261 1.6 7.7 -16.5 161
ADF 2.6 3.1 % - 0.6 1.7 -4.4 260 0.7 1.9 -8.7 161
Lignin 0.5 0.6 % - 0.3 0.03 -1.3 209 0.3 0.03 -1.5 111
Water insoluble cell walls 8.3 9.6 % - 0.6 7 -10.6 163 0.6 8 -11.7 118
Starch 63.8 73.9 % - 1.6 57.1 -70.8 6531 1.5 57.7 -79.9 5566
Starch, enzymatic method 59.3 68.8 % - 2.6 55.8 -66.7 46 2.9 64 -78 59
Total sugars 1.7 2 % - 0.5 0.3 -3.4 261 0.6 0.3 -4 195
Gross energy (kcal) 3840 4450 kcal/kg - 70 3730 -4280 102 60 4310 -4810 306
Gross energy (MJ) 16.1 18.6 MJ/kg - 0.3 15.6 -17.9 102 0.2 18 -20.1 306
Calcium 0.4 0.5 g/kg - 0.4 0 -8.4 934 0.5 0 -9.6 930
Phosphorus 2.5 2.9 g/kg - 0.3 1.1 -4.6 320 0.3 1.3 -3.6 220
Phytate phosphorus 1.9 2.2 g/kg 75 % P 0.4 1.6 -2.8 5 0.4 1.8 -3.2 8 11 64-94 8
Magnesium 1 1.2 g/kg - 0.2 0.6 -1.6 139 0.2 0.7 -1.8 158
Potassium 3.1 3.6 g/kg - 0.4 2.1 -5.4 183 0.5 2.4 -5.2 166
Sodium 0.03 0.04 g/kg - 0.05 0 -0.34 214 0.06 0 -0.4 190
Chlorine 0.5 0.6 g/kg - 0.1 0.3 -0.9 128 0.1 0.3 -0.9 99
Sulfur 1.1 1.3 g/kg - 0.2 1 -1.4 6 0.2 1.1 -1.6 6
Dietary cation-anion difference -0.8 -0.9 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 67 77 mEq/kg -
Manganese 9 10 mg/kg - 9 3 -110 53 10 3 -56 68
Zinc 20 24 mg/kg - 8 8 -45 38 9 9 -55 53
Copper 3 3 mg/kg - 1 2 -8 40 2 2 -9 45
Iron 35 40 mg/kg - 110 15 -115 77 127 21 -790 37
Selenium 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 0.05 0.05 mg/kg - 0.02 0.02 -0.09 5 0.03 0.02 -0.1 6
Molybdenum 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 0.4 0.2 -1 5
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.1 % FA 1 1 0.1 0.1-0.4 18
C16:0 palmitic acid 3.2 3.8 g/kg 10.5 % FA 0.6 3 -4.3 7 0.7 3.5 -5.8 8 0.8 8.6-13.6 202
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.6 0.6 g/kg 1.8 % FA 0.08 0.4 -0.6 7 0.09 0.5 -0.7 7 0.2 1.3-2.7 201
C18:1 oleic acid 8 9.3 g/kg 26.1 % FA 1.2 7.4 -9.8 7 1.3 8.6 -13.2 8 3 20-35.4 202
C18:2 linoleic acid 18.3 21.2 g/kg 59.5 % FA 2.3 16.6 -23.8 13 2.7 19.4 -27.2 13 3.4 49.4-67.6 208
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 1.3 % FA 0.06 0.3 -0.5 7 0.07 0.4 -0.6 7 0.3 0.3-1.9 202
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.6 % FA 0.1 -0.3 3 0.1 -0.3 3 0.2 0.1-1.2 186
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 3.1 3.6 % 86 % fat 1 4 81-91 5
Vitamin A 2.3 2.7 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 17.1 19.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3.6 4.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 1.4 1.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4.6 5.3 mg/kg - 4.4 -5.5 2 5.1 -6.2 2
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 20.7 24 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 5.8 6.7 mg/kg - 3.3 -7.4 2 3.7 -8.5 2
Folic acid 0.2 0.3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.06 0.07 mg/kg -
Choline 532 617 mg/kg -
Xanthophylls 23 26 mg/kg - 4 2 -44 2081 5 2 -53 662
Viscosity, real applied - 0.6 mL/g 0.2 0.1-0.7 18
Phytase activity 20 20 IU/kg - 30 0 -90 7 30 0 -110 8
UFL INRA 2018 1.11 1.29 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.14 1.33 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 37 42 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 82 95 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -48 -55 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.29 0.336 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2880 3340 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1960 2270 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2010 2330 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 11.7 13.6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.9 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8 9.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 87.2 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 47 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 61 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 58 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 10.1 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.13 1.31 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.16 1.35 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 33 38 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 81 93 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -47 -55 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.08 1.25 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.1 1.27 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 42 48 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 84 98 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -49 -57 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.09 1.26 per kg - 1 0.06 1.03 -1.27 11
UFL INRA 2007 1.05 1.22 per kg - 1 0.06 1.11 -1.32 11
UFV INRA 2007 1.11 1.28 per kg - 1 0.08 0.99 -1.29 11
UFV INRA 2007 1.06 1.23 per kg - 1 0.07 1.09 -1.35 11
PDIA INRA 2007 43 50 g/kg - 16 28 -79 15
PDIN INRA 2007 59 69 g/kg - 9 51 -69 4 11 59 -99 15
PDIE INRA 2007 82 95 g/kg - 13 76 -103 4 15 88 -148 15
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2870 3320 kcal/kg - 150 160 3030 -3590 20
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12 13.9 MJ/kg - 140
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.7 13.5 MJ/kg - 0.6 0.7 12.7 -15 20
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91 % 5.3 81-99 21
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.5 % 5.6 76.3-97.1 21
N digestibility ruminants - 68 % 23.5-94 3
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 79 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 44 % 10 25-67 33
Immediately degradable N (a) - 11 % 13 6-43 8
Potentially degradable N (b) - 82 % 24 25-88 8
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.04 h-1 0.012 0.026-0.07 8
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 % 57-60 2
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 23 % 20-40 2
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 77 % 60-79 2
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.055 h-1 0.03-0.057 2
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 56 % 13 38-76 11
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 20 % 17 -6-45 6
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 76 % 17 54-103 6
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.055 h-1 0.028 0.018-0.08 6
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 73.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.9 2.2 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.2 0.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 10 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1090 1264 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1213 1406 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 80 93 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -40 -46 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.6 5.3 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 2.1 2.4 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 77 89.3 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.33 3.86 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.74 2.02 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.65 1.91 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.87 2.17 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.29 1.49 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 53 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 60 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.7 8.9 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 141 164 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -10 -12 g/kg -
DE growing pig (kcal) 3370 3900 kcal/kg - 140 3040 -3610 31 150 3490 -4140 36
ME growing pig (kcal) 3290 3810 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2630 3050 kcal/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (kcal) 3500 4060 kcal/kg - 1 3920 -4170 3
ME adult pig (kcal) 3400 3940 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2710 3140 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.1 16.3 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.8 15.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 11 12.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.7 17 MJ/kg - 1
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.2 16.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11.3 13.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 87.7 % 2.4 80-91.8 33
Energy digestibility adult pig - 91.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 90.3 % 1.7 86.3-92 12
OM digestibility adult pig - 93.6 %
N digestibility growing pig - 80.5 % 5.5 69.9-90 25
N digestibility adult pig - 91.3 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 86 % 4.7 71.6-91.5 17
Crude fat digestibility pig - 59.1 % 8.7 42-77 14
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.7 0.8 g/kg 28 % 1 1 17-37 4
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 1.1 1.2 g/kg 42 %
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3160 3660 kcal/kg - 180 2520 -3540 13 210 2810 -3930 32
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3090 3590 kcal/kg - 120 2950 -3360 11 130 3340 -3770 13
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 13.2 15.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.9 15 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.6 0.7 g/kg 24 % P
Available P broiler 0.6 0.7 g/kg 24 % P
OM digestibility horse - 89.7 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 86.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.12 1.29 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 53 62 g/kg -
DE rabbit (kcal) 3200 3710 kcal/kg - 3070 -3660 2 3390 -4260 4
ME rabbit (kcal) 3120 3620 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.4 15.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.1 15.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 83.4 % 76.2-92 3
N digestibility rabbit - 71.4 % 62.4-84.2 4
DE salmonids (kcal) 1500 1740 kcal/kg - 1 1
DE salmonids (MJ) 6.3 7.3 MJ/kg - 1 1
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 39 % 1
N digestibility salmonids - 95 % 1
Lysine 2.3 2.7 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 0.2 1.9 -3.3 163 0.3 2.2 -3.5 54 0.3 2.4-3.8 147
Threonine 2.9 3.3 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 0.3 2.2 -3.5 156 0.3 2.6 -3.8 52 0.2 3-4.2 145
Methionine 1.6 1.9 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 0.2 1.2 -2 159 0.2 1.3 -2.3 55 0.2 1.4-2.8 148
Cystine 1.9 2.2 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.2 1.3 -2.1 150 0.2 1.5 -2.4 45 0.2 1.8-2.7 138
Methionine + cystine 3.5 4.1 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 0.3 2.2 -4 149 0.3 2.5 -4.4 44 0.3 2.7-4.9 137
Tryptophan 0.5 0.6 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 0.06 0.4 -0.9 122 0.07 0.5 -0.8 33 0.06 0.5-0.9 123
Isoleucine 2.8 3.3 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 0.3 2.1 -3.7 157 0.4 2.4 -4.1 54 0.2 3-4.4 145
Valine 3.8 4.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N 0.4 2.9 -4.7 157 0.5 3.4 -5.4 53 0.3 4.2-5.8 145
Leucine 9.3 10.8 g/kg 12.2 g/16g N 1.1 6.6 -14.2 156 1.2 7.7 -13 52 0.8 9.7-14.1 144
Phenylalanine 3.7 4.3 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.4 2.6 -4.8 158 0.5 3 -5.1 53 0.3 3.7-5.6 146
Tyrosine 3.2 3.7 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.4 1.8 -3.6 108 0.5 2.1 -3.8 18 0.3 2.5-4.6 103
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 6.9 8 g/kg 9 g/16g N 0.8 4.5 -8.3 108 0.9 5.2 -8.7 17 0.5 6.6-10 102
Histidine 2.2 2.6 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 0.2 1.8 -2.8 158 0.3 2.1 -3.2 54 0.2 2.4-3.5 146
Arginine 3.7 4.2 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.3 2.7 -5.6 159 0.4 3.1 -5 55 0.3 3.8-5.6 148
Alanine 5.6 6.5 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 0.6 4.2 -7.4 155 0.7 4.9 -8.2 51 0.4 5.9-9.1 143
Aspartic acid 4.9 5.7 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 0.5 3.9 -6.9 157 0.6 4.5 -7.9 53 0.4 5.7-8.5 146
Glutamic acid 14.1 16.3 g/kg 18.5 g/16g N 1.5 9.9 -18.5 156 1.7 11.5 -19.1 52 1.1 13.7-20.9 145
Glycine 2.9 3.4 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 0.3 2.5 -4 157 0.3 2.9 -4.3 52 0.3 3.2-4.8 145
Serine 3.8 4.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N 0.4 2.9 -5.1 152 0.4 3.4 -5.5 47 0.3 3.6-6.3 140
Proline 7 8.2 g/kg 9.2 g/16g N 0.6 4.8 -8.6 146 0.7 5.6 -9 43 0.5 7-9.7 136
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.2 g/kg 80 % 0.2 1.7 -2.2 6 0.3 1.9 -2.6 6 7 64-87 20
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.7 g/kg 83 % 0.4 1.8 -2.9 6 0.5 2 -3.3 6 7 60-91 20
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.7 g/kg 91 % 0.2 1.2 -1.7 6 0.3 1.4 -2 6 5 73-96 19
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 2 g/kg 89 % 6 73-94 16
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.7 g/kg 90 % 0.4 2.4 -3.4 5 0.5 2.7 -3.9 5 4 79-94 14
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.4 0.5 g/kg 80 % 7 76-99 10
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.9 g/kg 88 % 0.4 2.4 -3.4 6 0.4 2.7 -3.9 6 5 75-93 20
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.9 g/kg 87 % 0.5 3.3 -4.5 6 0.6 3.6 -5.2 6 5 74-94 20
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 8.6 10 g/kg 93 % 1.8 7.3 -12.4 6 2 8.7 -14.3 6 5 80-96 20
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.9 g/kg 91 % 0.6 3.1 -4.6 6 0.7 3.6 -5.3 6 4 80-95 19
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.4 g/kg 90 % 0.3 2.5 -3.4 6 0.4 2.8 -3.9 6 5 79-94 17
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.3 7.3 g/kg 91 % 0.9 5.8 -8 5 1.1 6.5 -9.2 5 4 80-95 14
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.3 g/kg 89 % 0.2 1.7 -2.3 6 0.2 2 -2.7 6 5 75-94 19
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.8 g/kg 91 % 0.2 3 -3.7 6 0.3 3.4 -4.2 6 4 78-95 20
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 5 5.8 g/kg 89 % 0.9 4.9 -7.1 6 1 5.5 -8.2 6 4 79-95 18
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 5 g/kg 87 % 0.7 4 -5.6 6 0.8 4.4 -6.4 6 6 72-94 18
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 13 15.1 g/kg 93 % 2.3 12 -18.2 6 2.7 13.5 -21 6 3 84-96 18
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.8 g/kg 82 % 0.5 1.8 -2.8 5 0.6 2 -3.3 5 9 58-93 16
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.9 g/kg 89 % 0.6 3 -4.5 6 0.7 3.4 -5.2 6 5 74-96 18
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 6.3 7.2 g/kg 89 % 1 4.7 -7.3 6 1.2 5.6 -8.4 6 5 79-97 9
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.4 g/kg 90 % 6 71-99 16
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.7 g/kg 83 % 7 69-93 16
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.8 g/kg 94 % 3 88-100 16
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.9 g/kg 86 % 6 75-94 16
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.7 g/kg 90 % 5 83-95 5
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.4 0.5 g/kg 85 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3 g/kg 93 % 5 79-100 16
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 4 g/kg 90 % 5 76-99 16
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.7 10.1 g/kg 94 % 3 86-97 16
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 4 g/kg 93 % 5 83-100 16
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.3 g/kg 88 % 4 82-95 12
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 7.2 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.3 g/kg 90 % 3 86-97 16
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.9 g/kg 93 % 3 86-96 16
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 6.1 g/kg 93 % 3 85-97 15
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 5.1 g/kg 89 % 6 78-97 15
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 13.4 15.5 g/kg 95 % 3 90-100 15
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.9 g/kg 86 % 5 77-90 9
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 4 g/kg 91 % 6 79-100 16
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 6.4 7.4 g/kg 91 % 3 84-96 13
Origin France, conventional farming, ex storage agency
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 4.35 5.05 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2.87 3.32 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 443 513 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0129 0.015 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 56.73 65.77 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0002 0.0002 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, organic fertilizers, ex field
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.12 3.61 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 1.34 1.55 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 289 335 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0119 0.0138 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 52.41 60.76 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0001 0.0002 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, cover cropping, ex field
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.43 3.98 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 4.03 4.67 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 288 334 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0128 0.0148 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 55.54 64.38 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0002 0.0002 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, protein crop, ex field
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.29 3.82 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 3.94 4.57 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 278 322 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0121 0.014 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 52.38 60.73 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0002 0.0002 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, average, ex field
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.43 3.98 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 4.85 5.62 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 294 340 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.012 0.0139 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 51.75 60 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0002 0.0002 m²yr/kg -