ADF

Acid Detergent Fiber, fraction of the cell walls according to Van Soest, considered to be roughly equivalent to the sum of true cellulose and lignin. ADF is generally higher than crude fibre.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 3.8 0.9 1.7-5.1 4.1 1 1.9-5.6 % - 17 13
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 31 2.7 8.6-41.2 34.1 3 23.2-42.2 % - 600 567
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 29.9 2.9 8.6-41.2 33 3.2 23-42.2 % - 666 581
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 27.5 3.8 8.6-41.2 30.2 4.1 19.7-41.3 % - 238 208
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 24.5 4.8 8.6-41.2 27.1 5.3 19.3-39 % - 144 139
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 31.5 3.4 8.6-41.2 34.5 3.7 20.4-42.2 % - 179 165
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 25.8 3.6 8.6-41.2 28.5 4 21.3-39 % - 78 71
Apple pomace, dried 47.7 11.7 23.4-60.3 52.4 12.8 24.5-67.1 % - 105 115
Bakery byproduct 1.2 1.8 1.1-5.5 1.3 % - 4
Bananas, immature, dried 6.3 7 5-7.9 % - 1 4
Barley 5.6 0.8 3.7-8.1 6.5 0.9 4.3-9.2 % - 503 372
Barley distillers grains, dried 16.3 6.1 6.3-25.6 17.8 6.7 6.9-33.9 % - 9 14
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 6.8 1 6.6-7.9 27.6 2.9 24.7-32.4 % - 5 5
Barley rootlets, dried 14.6 1.9 10.4-18 16.3 2 12.4-19.9 % - 52 46
Beet pulp, dried 21.1 1.2 12.9-26 23.8 1.3 14.4-28.2 % - 236 228
Beet pulp, pressed 6 24.8 1.6 22.4-26.6 % - 1 6
Biscuit byproduct 1.9 2.1 % -
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 13.2 8.6-17.8 14.5 9.3-19.9 % - 3 3
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 8.5 8-8.7 9.3 8.8-10.1 % - 3 3
Blood meal 0 0 % -
Brewers grains, dried 20 3.4 14.1-26.1 22 3.7 14.8-31.4 % - 18 79
Brewers yeast, dried 2.3 2.2 0.01-6.1 2.5 2.3 0.01-5.7 % - 7 7
Buckwheat hulls 57 7.4 46.1-67.7 64.7 8.3 51.8-75.2 % - 9 10
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 15.6 4 13.1-19.4 17.1 4.4 14.4-26.6 % - 4 5
Carob pod meal 27.7 4.7 20.5-33.8 32.5 5.3 15.9-39.7 % - 62 48
Cassava, starch 66-70% 5.2 1.7 1.6-7.1 6 1.9 1.8-8.9 % - 24 52
Cassava, starch 70-74% 4.2 1.7 1.6-7.1 4.8 2 1.8-8.9 % - 20 48
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 12.8 2.5 6.3-17.4 14.4 2.8 7-20.1 % - 18 18
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 27.8 5.9 20.1-36.2 31 6.5 22.7-39.6 % - 6 5
Chickpea, kabuli type 3.9 0.7 2.9-6.2 4.5 0.8 3.3-6.9 % - 80 88
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 24.7 23.7-26.8 27.9 26.8-30.3 % - 4 3
Citrus pulp, dried 14.3 1.7 12.2-21.5 15.9 1.9 13.2-23.7 % - 97 97
Citrus pulp, fresh 2.5 1.2 0.6-4.2 14.1 6.2 4-25.3 % - 6 14
Cocoa hulls 32.2 3.6 15.1-39.4 36.2 3.9 15.6-42.5 % - 85 91
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 27.6 6 20-36.1 31.2 6.7 21.9-36.7 % - 9 6
Common bean 6.7 1.3 4.6-8.8 7.6 1.5 4.8-9.9 % - 8 8
Common vetch 7.4 2.3 3.4-10.1 8.4 2.6 3.8-12.4 % - 7 9
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 25.5 3.5 21.5-28.7 27.8 3.7 23.2-38.1 % - 17 29
Copra meal, oil < 5% 24.9 4.6 24.5-36.2 27.5 5.1 24.1-41.3 % - 9 11
Corn gluten feed 9.3 1.3 7.4-12.7 10.6 1.5 8.1-14.6 % - 183 204
Corn gluten meal 1.3 1.1 0.2-3.4 1.4 1.2 0.2-3.7 % - 30 47
Cottonseed hulls 59.3 6.6 53.9-68.4 65.3 7.1 46.4-73.8 % - 11 22
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 23.6 3.3 16.2-27.3 25.4 3.5 17.1-30.3 % - 15 15
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 13.7 4.4 5.9-23.8 14.9 4.8 6.2-25.3 % - 52 53
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 22.7 2.8 13.6-26.4 25.2 3.1 14.6-28.5 % - 30 39
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 16.1 3.2 8.2-23.6 17.8 3.5 8.8-26.6 % - 54 60
Cottonseed, whole 32.6 3.4 27.9-40.5 35.4 3.7 26.7-44.7 % - 36 58
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 32.6 35.4 % -
Cowpea seed 5.6 1.2 3.6-6.9 6.2 1.3 4-8 % - 9 9
Faba bean, coloured flowers 9.7 1 7-12.2 11.2 1.1 7.6-13.9 % - 79 113
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 9.7 11.2 % -
Faba bean, white flowers 8.9 1 7.3-10.3 10.3 1.1 7.8-11.8 % - 18 20
Feather meal 5.1 2.6 1.9-10 5.5 2.8 2-10.6 % - 8 8
Fodder beet, raw 1.2 0.3 1-1.5 7.1 1 5.4-8.4 % - 10 11
Grape pomace, dried 49.6 5.7 37.7-63.5 54.4 6.2 42.1-70.4 % - 103 91
Grape pulp, dried 38.8 5.6 31.5-51.8 43.1 6.2 35-56.9 % - 29 29
Grape seeds 54.3 4.9 40.5-64.7 59 5.2 44.7-73.8 % - 51 54
Grapeseed oil meal 57.5 5.3 52.4-66.1 65 5.8 56.5-76.6 % - 14 15
Grass, dehydrated 27.6 3.1 19.9-37.8 30.7 3.3 23.1-41.7 % - 36 79
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 9.3 2.8 4.9-13.9 10.1 3 5.2-15 % - 35 40
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 9.4 2 5.3-11.7 10.6 2.3 5.9-14.8 % - 27 25
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 14.8 1.9 12.1-21 16.6 2.1 8.5-22.5 % - 107 121
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 6.3 1.7 4.8-10.2 6.8 1.8 5.3-11.5 % - 9 9
Lentils 4.6 1 3.3-5.6 5.2 1.1 3.3-6.2 % - 5 10
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 13.6 15.5 % -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 13.4 1.4 8.7-16.2 14.7 1.5 9.7-18.3 % - 40 44
Linseed, whole 12.8 2.2 7.5-14.9 13.9 2.4 8.3-17 % - 15 17
Linseed, whole, extruded 12.8 13.9 % -
Liquid potato feed 1 5.9 4.7-8.1 % - 3
Lupin, blue 16.9 2.8 12.1-23.3 18.7 3.1 13.7-26.1 % - 27 30
Lupin, white 14.5 2 9.9-21.1 16.4 2.1 11.3-23.3 % - 64 76
Lupin, white, extruded 14.5 16.4 % -
Maize 2.7 0.6 1.9-4.4 3.1 0.7 2.3-8.7 % - 200 149
Maize bran 9.3 4.1 4.9-19.6 10.2 4.5 5.4-22 % - 40 43
Maize bran, starch production 12.1 1.2 9.8-12.2 13.9 1.4 13.4-17 % - 4 7
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 9.6 3 7.4-18.1 10.9 3.4 8.2-25.1 % - 35 46
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 9.4 3.3 4.7-21.9 10.5 3.7 5.2-26.9 % - 134 136
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 7.2 3.4 4.2-18.2 7.9 3.7 4.7-19.4 % - 23 23
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 6.8 2.6 2.9-11.9 7.7 2.9 3.4-13 % - 9 10
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 8.9 10 % -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 5.4 1.9 4-14.2 6.1 2.2 4.5-16.3 % - 45 54
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 1.3 0.4-1.7 1.4 0.5-1.9 % - 3 3
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 10.9 2.2 10.6-17.8 11.3 % - 8
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 10.4 1.6 8.4-12.8 11.8 1.9 9.8-14.7 % - 7 9
Maize germs 10.8 9.5-12 11.3 9.9-12.7 % - 2 2
Maize, extruded 2.7 3.1 % -
Maize, flaked 2.7 3.1 % -
Maize, high moisture 2.1 1.9-2.4 3.1 2.7-4.8 % - 3 4
Mealworm larvae, dried 6.1 6.5 6.4-6.6 % - 2
Milk powder, skimmed 0 0 % -
Milk powder, whole 0 0 % -
Millet, pearl 4 1.1 3-6.3 4.5 1.3 2-7.1 % - 18 20
Millet, proso 10.9 1.3 9.3-12.6 12 1.5 10.3-13.9 % - 7 7
Molasses, beet 0 0 % -
Molasses, sugarcane 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0-0.5 % - 10
Mustard bran 30.3 27.1-32.3 33.9 29.3-36.1 % - 4 4
Oat groats 4.6 5.4 % -
Oat hulls 32.5 4 22.2-42.3 36 4.4 24.7-46.9 % - 48 52
Oats 14.3 2.7 8.7-29.7 16.4 3 10-32.2 % - 196 223
Oats, flaked 14.3 16.4 % -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 48.5 6.1 39.9-60.1 54.4 6.5 42.5-64.1 % - 14 11
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 46.5 7.8 32.4-59.7 52.8 8.1 34.8-64.2 % - 12 14
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 37.4 9.6 24.3-49.8 42.3 10.7 27.1-54.9 % - 3 5
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 33.2 42.3 % -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 40.2 3 28.7-47.1 43.9 3.2 32.2-51.5 % - 146 71
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 39.8 4.5 36.2-49 44 4.8 40.1-55.8 % - 27 22
Pea 6.4 1 4-8.8 7.3 1.1 4.6-10.7 % - 104 73
Pea protein concentrate 0.3 0-0.4 0.3 0-0.5 % - 3 3
Pea, extruded 6.4 7.3 % -
Potato protein concentrate 0.3 0.4 % - 1 1
Potato pulp, dried 18.3 2.8 13.8-20.7 21 3.2 16-25.2 % - 4 8
Potato tuber, dried 3.3 0.6 2.2-4 3.7 0.7 2.5-4.9 % - 9 34
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 18 1.9 12-20.9 19.6 2.1 12.9-22.4 % - 32 34
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 18.5 1.7 11.2-22.9 20.8 1.9 12.1-26.6 % - 241 281
Rapeseed, whole 13 3.4 8.4-20.4 14.1 3.6 8.9-21.7 % - 103 88
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 13 14.1 % -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 16.3 4.6 11.6-28.3 18.3 5.2 11.6-31.8 % - 27 32
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 11.5 1.6 6.3-12.3 12.8 % - 17
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 34.5 5.8 23.3-46.6 37.7 6.2 24.9-57.8 % - 59 65
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 17.5 3.9 10.1-23.6 19.5 4.3 11.9-26.1 % - 36 38
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 9.2 2.2 4.3-16.3 10.2 2.4 4.9-17.9 % - 56 102
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 30.5 5.8 20.2-40 33.3 6.3 21.7-42.2 % - 18 19
Rice hulls 43.7 9.9 29.9-60.7 47.7 10.7 31.6-72 % - 10 19
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 5.1 0.7 5.8 % -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 5.6 1.7 1.5-7.1 6.2 1.8 1.7-7.7 % - 10 10
Rice, broken 1.8 0.9 0.5-3.2 2.1 1 0.5-3.7 % - 19 20
Rice, brown 1.6 1.4 0.5-3.9 1.8 1.6 0.6-4.4 % - 6 7
Rice, paddy 11.8 13.4 2.2 10.8-18.2 % - 19
Rye 3.2 0.5 2.1-3.9 3.6 0.6 2.4-4.4 % - 20 22
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 9.4 1.3 7.3-10.9 10.1 1.4 7.7-11.5 % - 8 8
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 30.3 4.7 27.3-35.8 32.6 5 28.7-39.1 % - 4 5
Sorghum 3.8 1 2.2-6.2 4.3 1.1 2.5-7.1 % - 67 88
Soybean hulls 41.2 3.7 28.7-48 46.4 4.2 32.2-55.4 % - 154 165
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 7.5 1.9 4.9-10.8 8 2 5.8-11.7 % - 6 7
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 7.8 2 6.9-13.9 8.8 2.2 7.6-15.2 % - 17 38
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 7.4 2 6.5-13 8.4 2.3 3.4-14.8 % - 117 232
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 7.4 8.4 % -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 7.4 2 6.5-13 8.4 2.3 3.4-14.8 % - 117 232
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 5 1.1 3.2-5.1 5.7 1.2 3.6-8.1 % - 8 11
Soybean molasses 0 0 % -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 4.5 2.8-5.4 4.9 % - 2 1
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 5.2 5.6 % -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 1.9 2 % -
Soybean, whole, extruded 7.2 0.9 5.1-8.2 8 1 5.6-9.6 % - 48 47
Soybean, whole, flaked 7.8 8.6 % -
Soybean, whole, toasted 7.2 1.3 4.9-11.3 8.1 1.5 5.5-12.7 % - 45 44
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 7.4 8.1 % - 1 1
Sunflower hulls 56 3.9 47.3-66.2 61.7 4.2 52.6-72.4 % - 35 43
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 21.8 16.5-34.6 23.3 18.5-37.2 % - 3 3
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 29.2 4.7 13.3-31 31.6 5.1 14.3-33.1 % - 14 12
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 21.1 3.7 15-32.5 23.3 4.1 12-33.2 % - 74 91
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 30 3 17.4-38.7 33.8 3.4 18-43.9 % - 596 598
Sunflower seed, whole 19.2 1.7 15.4-20.5 20.7 1.8 16-21.8 % - 16 18
Sweet potato, dried 4.3 0.9 3.2-5.4 4.9 1 2.4-7.6 % - 13 22
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 42 6.7 29.4-53.1 45.3 7.1 32-60.4 % - 8 21
Triticale 3.3 0.4 2.4-4.7 3.9 0.5 2.7-5.3 % - 178 127
Urea 0 0 % -
Vinasse, different origins 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 0 0 % -
Wheat bran 11.8 1.4 7-16.4 13.6 1.6 8.1-18.7 % - 648 758
Wheat bran from starch production 11.5 1.1 9.7-13.9 13.2 1.2 11-15 % - 11 10
Wheat bran, durum 12 13.9 % - 1 1
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 12.8 3.4 7.3-19.8 14 3.7 8-21.4 % - 48 46
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 8.1 1.4 5.6-22.3 8.8 1.5 6.1-26 % - 503 502
Wheat feed flour 1.5 0.9 0.4-2.6 1.8 1 0.4-3.2 % - 6 7
Wheat feed flour, durum 2.2 2.5 % -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 1.8 2.1 % -
Wheat gluten 0.6 0.1-1.2 0.7 0.1-1.3 % - 2 2
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 8.5 0.7 7.4-9 9.4 % - 5
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 8 0.8 6.5-10.5 9.1 0.9 7.4-12 % - 92 78
Wheat middlings (average) 9 2.1 4.4-13.1 10.2 2.4 5.2-15.2 % - 87 145
Wheat middlings, durum 9 10.4 % -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 9.1 1.9 4.7-13.1 10.3 2.2 5.3-15.2 % - 54 111
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 7.7 2.1 4.7-13.1 8.8 2.3 5.3-15.2 % - 44 104
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 9.2 2 4.7-13.1 10.5 2.3 5.3-15.2 % - 29 87
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 7.3 2.1 4.4-13.1 8.3 2.4 5.2-15.2 % - 33 90
Wheat straw 45.1 4.3 26.3-56.1 50 4.3 36.8-60.5 % - 92 146
Wheat, durum 3.6 4.2 3.1-4.3 % - 4
Wheat, soft 3.3 0.4 2.2-5 3.8 0.5 2.5-5.6 % - 313 220
Whey permeate 0 0 % -
Whey powder, acid 0 0 % -
Whey powder, sweet 0 0 % -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 0 0 % -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 0 0 % -