C18:3 linolenic acid

Linolenic acid C18:3, a polyunsaturated fatty acid. α-linolenic acid (ALA) is an omega-3 fatty acid, common in many plant oils. γ-linolenic acid (GLA) is an omega-6 fatty acid.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 28.3 5.3 28.3-48 30.7 g/kg 48.6 5.2 35.6-55.3 % FA 15 16
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 4.1 4.5 g/kg 37 8.8 25.7-51.4 % FA 7
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 4.1 4.5 g/kg 37 9 25.7-51.4 % FA 6
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 5 5.5 g/kg 37 % FA
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 5.6 6.2 g/kg 37 % FA
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 4 4.3 g/kg 37 % FA
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 6.6 7.3 g/kg 37 % FA
Bakery byproduct 2.3 2.6 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Barley 0.7 0.4 0.6-1.7 0.8 0.4 0.6-2 g/kg 5.6 % FA 13 13
Barley distillers grains, dried 3.5 1 2.1-4.4 3.9 1.1 2.3-4.9 g/kg 7.2 1.3 5.2-8.2 % FA 5 5 5
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 1 4.1 g/kg 7.2 % FA
Barley rootlets, dried 1.7 0.2 1.3-1.8 1.9 0.2 1.4-2 g/kg 23.5 5.6 17.9-31.3 % FA 5 5 5
Beet pulp, dried 0.4 0.4 g/kg 10.5 % FA
Beet pulp, pressed 0.05 0.2 g/kg 10.5 % FA
Biscuit byproduct 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1 1
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 1.3 1.4 g/kg 1 % FA 1
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 3.2 3.5 g/kg 1 0.7-1.4 % FA 4
Brewers grains, dried 2 2.2 g/kg 5.6 % FA
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 32.7 35.9 g/kg 33.2 24.2-41.3 % FA 4
Cassava, starch 66-70% 0.4 0.4 g/kg 7.6 4.2-11 % FA 1 2
Cassava, starch 70-74% 0.4 0.4 g/kg 7.6 4.2-11 % FA 1 2
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 2.3 2.5 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 2.6 2.9 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Chickpea, kabuli type 2.6 2.9 g/kg 5.5 % FA 1 1 1
Citrus pulp, dried 0.8 0.1 0.7-1 0.9 0.1 0.8-1.1 g/kg 6.4 0.4 6.3-7.2 % FA 5 5 5
Citrus pulp, fresh 0.3 1.7 g/kg 6.4 % FA
Cocoa hulls 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.5 % FA
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.5 % FA
Cod liver oil 5 5 g/kg 0.5 % FA 1 1 1
Common bean 1.8 2.1 2-4.4 g/kg 14.9 12.4-17.3 % FA 1 2 2
Common vetch 0.8 0.9 g/kg 8 % FA 1 1 1
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.1 % FA
Copra meal, oil < 5% 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.1 % FA
Copra oil 1 1 g/kg 0.1 % FA
Corn gluten feed 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Corn gluten meal 1 1.1 g/kg 2.2 0.3 1.8-2.9 % FA 7
Cottonseed hulls 0.05 0.06 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 0.05 0.05 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 0.05 0.05 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Cottonseed, whole 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Cowpea seed 2.2 2.5 g/kg 19.6 18.2-21 % FA 1 2
Faba bean, coloured flowers 0.4 0.07 0.3-0.5 0.4 0.08 0.4-0.6 g/kg 3.5 0.6 2.6-4.9 % FA 27 6 27
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 0.4 0.4 g/kg 3.5 % FA
Faba bean, white flowers 0.3 0.1 0.3-0.5 0.3 0.1 0.3-0.6 g/kg 3.5 0.7 2.7-4.4 % FA 7 7 7
Fish meal, protein 62% 1.3 1.5 1-1.6 g/kg 1.9 1.5-2.2 % FA 2 2
Fish meal, protein 65% 1.3 1.4 1-1.6 g/kg 1.9 1.5-2.2 % FA 2 2
Fish meal, protein 70% 1.3 1.4 1-1.6 g/kg 1.9 1.5-2.2 % FA 2 2
Fish oil, anchovy 8 6-8 8 6-8 g/kg 0.8 0.6-0.8 % FA 2 2 2
Fish oil, capelin 3 3 g/kg 0.3 % FA 1 1 1
Fish oil, herring 7 7 g/kg 0.7 % FA 1 1 1
Fish oil, menhaden 8 8 g/kg 0.8 % FA 1 1 1
Fish oil, rockfish 5 5 g/kg 0.5 % FA
Fish oil, salmon 6 6 g/kg 0.6 % FA
Fish oil, sardine 9 9 g/kg 0.9 % FA
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 1.5 1.6 g/kg 1.9 % FA
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 3 3.1 g/kg 1.9 % FA
Fodder beet, raw 0.03 0.2 g/kg 10.5 % FA
Grape pomace, dried 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Grape pulp, dried 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Grape seeds 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Grapeseed oil meal 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Grass, dehydrated 6.2 6.8 g/kg 40.8 % FA 1
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 0.6 0.6 g/kg 0.8 % FA
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.8 % FA
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 0.06 0.06 g/kg 0.8 % FA
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 0.06 0.1-0.3 % FA 5
Lard 8.4 6.5 7.8-20.9 8.4 6.5 0-21 g/kg 0.8 0.6 0-2.1 % FA 3 8 8
Lentils 1 1.1 g/kg 8.5 6.9-10 % FA 1 1 2
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 16.7 19 g/kg 54.2 % FA
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 47.2 51.8 7.8 37.9-59.3 g/kg 54.2 5.3 46.7-63 % FA 6 6
Linseed, whole 180 196 g/kg 55.3 2.7 50.9-59.2 % FA 1 13
Linseed, whole, extruded 180 196 g/kg 55.3 % FA
Liquid potato feed 0.2 1.2 g/kg 17.2 % FA
Lupin, blue 2.3 2.6 g/kg 4.8 % FA 1 1
Lupin, white 6.6 1.2 6.2-9.2 7.5 1.3 7-10 g/kg 8.7 1.6 7.4-11.2 % FA 5 5 5
Lupin, white, extruded 6.6 7.5 g/kg 8.7 % FA
Maize 0.4 0.06 0.3-0.5 0.5 0.07 0.4-0.6 g/kg 1.3 0.3 0.3-1.9 % FA 7 7 200
Maize bran 0.5 0.5 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize bran, starch production 0.2 0.3 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 0.4 0.5 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 1.2 1.4 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 2.2 2.4 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1 1 1
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 0.8 0.9 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 0.2 0.3 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 0.8 0.2 0.5-1 1 0.2 0.6-1.2 g/kg 1.3 0.3 1.3-2.1 % FA 6 6 6
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 1 1 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 0.2 0.3 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize germs 4.9 5.2 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1 1 1
Maize starch 0.04 0.05 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize, extruded 0.4 0.5 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize, flaked 0.4 0.5 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Maize, high moisture 0.3 0.4 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Mealworm larvae, dried 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1 0.7 0.1-1.9 % FA 1 1 6
Milk powder, skimmed 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.1 % FA
Milk powder, whole 2.5 2.6 g/kg 1.1 % FA
Mustard bran 10.2 11.4 g/kg 9.2 % FA
Oat groats 0.4 0.4 g/kg 1.5 % FA 1
Oat hulls 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Oats 0.6 0.2 0.3-1.1 0.7 0.3 0.4-1.2 g/kg 1.5 0.3 1-1.9 % FA 7 7 7
Oats, flaked 0.6 0.7 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.8 0.8-0.8 % FA 2
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 0.6 0.7 g/kg 0.8 % FA
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 0.2 0.3 g/kg 0.8 % FA
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 1.6 2.1 g/kg 0.8 % FA
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.4 % FA
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.4 % FA
Palm oil 2.5 2.8 0-5 2.5 2.8 0-7 g/kg 0.3 0.2 0-0.7 % FA 3 6 53
Pea 0.8 0.2 0.7-1.6 1 0.3 0.9-1.9 g/kg 8.7 1.6 5.4-10.8 % FA 23 19 25
Pea, extruded 0.8 1 g/kg 8.7 % FA
Potato protein concentrate 0.6 0.6 g/kg 17.2 % FA
Potato pulp, dried 0.4 0.4 g/kg 17.2 % FA
Potato tuber, dried 0.4 0.06 0.4 0.07 0.3-0.5 g/kg 17.2 2.6 13.4-24 % FA 23 23
Poultry fat 14.8 9.3 5-28.5 14.8 9.3 0-28.5 g/kg 1.5 0.9 0-2.9 % FA 7 10 10
Processed animal proteins, pig 0.9 1 g/kg 0.8 % FA
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% 2.5 1.7-5.3 2.7 1.8-5.9 g/kg 1.5 1.1-2.9 % FA 3 3 3
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% 1.6 1.8 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% 1.2 1.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 8.8 9.6 g/kg 9.2 % FA 1
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 1.6 1.8 g/kg 9.2 % FA
Rapeseed oil 91.4 11.2 86.7-108 91.6 11.2 62-108 g/kg 9.2 1.7 3.9-12.5 % FA 17 23 67
Rapeseed, whole 38.3 2.9 36.3-44.6 41.5 3.1 40-49.5 g/kg 9.2 1.8 2.9-11.6 % FA 9 9 48
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 38.3 41.5 g/kg 9.2 % FA
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 0.1 0.04 0.09-0.2 0.1 0.04 0.1-0.2 g/kg 1.5 0.8 1.5-3.7 % FA 5 5 5
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 0.4 0.4 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1.5 1.7 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 2 1.4-2.8 2.2 1.5-3 g/kg 1.5 1.2-1.9 % FA 3 3 4
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 0.8 0.9 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rice hulls 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 0.3 0.4 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1.2 1.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rice, broken 0.2 0.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rice, brown 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rice, paddy 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Rye 0.6 0.7 g/kg 6.1 % FA
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 0.4 0.4 g/kg 0.4 % FA
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.3 0.1 0.06-0.7 % FA 509
Shrimp meal 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.5 0.4-0.6 % FA 1 1 2
Sorghum 0.7 0.4-0.8 0.8 0.5-0.9 g/kg 2.6 1.8-3 % FA 3 3 3
Soybean hulls 1.3 1.5 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 4.9 5.3 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 0.9 1.1 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 0.9 1 g/kg 7.4 % FA 1
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 0.9 1 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 0.9 1 g/kg 7.4 % FA 1
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 0.9 1 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Soybean oil 73.8 8.5 47.3-86.9 74 8.5 47.7-87 g/kg 7.4 1 4.8-8.7 % FA 14 19 21
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 0.9 0.9 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 0.6 0.6 g/kg 7.4 0.2 6.8-7.4 % FA 5
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 1.3 1.4 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Soybean, whole, extruded 13.1 2.6 11-18.3 14.7 2.9 11.9-20.4 g/kg 7.4 1.3 6.6-10.2 % FA 16 16 20
Soybean, whole, flaked 12.9 14.2 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Soybean, whole, toasted 14.1 15.9 g/kg 7.4 7.3-7.7 % FA 2
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 14.7 16.2 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Sunflower hulls 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.3 % FA
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.3 % FA
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.3 % FA
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.3 % FA
Sunflower oil 3 2.9 1.1-10.3 3 2.9 1.1-10.3 g/kg 0.3 0.3 0.1-1 % FA 7 8 9
Sunflower seed, whole 1.3 0.3 1.2-1.8 1.4 0.3 1.3-1.9 g/kg 0.3 0.1 0-0.4 % FA 5 5 7
Sweet potato, dried 0.7 0.8 g/kg 9.7 % FA
Tallow 6.5 6.5 3.4 0-14.2 g/kg 0.7 0.3 0-1.4 % FA 31 32
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 1.2 1.3 g/kg 2 % FA
Triticale 0.7 0.8 g/kg 7.9 0.4 7.3-8.3 % FA 5
Wheat bran 1.5 0.2 1.3-1.9 1.8 0.3 1.5-2.1 g/kg 5.9 0.5 5.7-6.8 % FA 5 5 5
Wheat bran from starch production 1.3 1.5 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat bran, durum 2.1 2.4 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 1.9 2.1 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 1.6 1.5-2.4 1.8 g/kg 5.9 % FA 3
Wheat feed flour 1.1 1.3 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat feed flour, durum 1.3 1.5 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 1.5 1.8 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 1.5 1.7 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 1 1.1 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat middlings (average) 1.8 0.4 1.2-2.4 2.1 0.4 1.3-2.6 g/kg 5.9 0.7 5.4-7.4 % FA 6 6 6
Wheat middlings, durum 2 2.3 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 1.9 1.8-2.2 2.2 2.1-2.4 g/kg 5.9 5.4-6.6 % FA 3 3 3
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 1.7 2 g/kg 5.9 % FA 1 1 1
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 1.8 2 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 1.6 1.8 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat, durum 0.8 0.9 g/kg 5.9 % FA
Wheat, soft 0.6 0.2 0.5-1 0.7 0.2 0.5-1.2 g/kg 5.9 1 5.4-8.5 % FA 11 10 9
Whey permeate 0.08 0.08 g/kg 0.6 % FA
Whey powder, acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.6 % FA
Whey powder, sweet 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.9 % FA