NDF

Neutral detergent fibre, fraction of the cell walls according to Van Soest, considered to be roughly equivalent to the sum of hemicellulose, true cellulose and lignin.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 17 3.2 10.6-22.6 18.4 3.5 11.5-24.5 % - 13 10
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 42.1 3.2 31.3-54 46.4 3.5 34.1-55.4 % - 601 574
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 41 3.4 28.6-54 45.3 3.7 33.2-55.1 % - 660 577
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 38.7 5 27.1-54 42.6 5.5 30.3-54.7 % - 238 207
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 35.8 6.3 26.8-54 39.6 6.9 29.7-56.8 % - 141 135
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 42.7 4.2 29.3-55.9 46.7 4.6 31.7-61.2 % - 177 163
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 37 5.2 28.8-54 41 5.7 32-54.5 % - 77 71
Apple pomace, dried 55.1 10.5 34.2-66.8 60.5 11.5 30.1-74.6 % - 104 114
Bakery byproduct 6.3 4.7 3.4-15.2 7 5.2 4.5-17.9 % - 4 7
Bananas, immature, dried 9.2 10.2 1.8 6.8-11.8 % - 1 7
Barley 18.7 1.9 11.6-24.2 21.5 2.2 13.3-27.8 % - 509 378
Barley distillers grains, dried 39.2 7.3 24.2-49.3 42.9 7.9 26.4-56.3 % - 9 10
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 16 15.9-17.5 65.1 61.8-68.9 % - 4 4
Barley rootlets, dried 39.6 4.9 30.6-48.2 44.1 5.3 35.5-53.7 % - 53 47
Beet pulp, dried 41.8 3.4 26.9-49.1 47.1 3.7 30.1-55.7 % - 237 229
Beet pulp, pressed 12 49.5 2.9 48.4-55.7 % - 1 6
Biscuit byproduct 8.6 13.1 4.3-31 9.4 14.4 4.5-46.1 % - 16 11
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 24.8 21.2-29.1 27.3 23.5-32.5 % - 3 3
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 16.9 13.3-18.3 18.5 15.1-21.2 % - 3 3
Blood meal 0 0 % - 1 1
Brewers grains, dried 51.8 7.4 32.5-64.4 57 7.8 34.4-75.4 % - 20 81
Brewers yeast, dried 8.1 7.7 0.01-18.8 8.8 8.3 0.01-20.7 % - 8 8
Buckwheat hulls 72.8 7.4 59-79.4 82.7 8.4 66.4-92.6 % - 9 10
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 23.2 8.4 20.9-34.8 25.4 9.2 23.7-48.8 % - 5 6
Carob pod meal 28.4 3.4 22-37.5 33.4 3.7 23.1-44.1 % - 66 51
Cassava, starch 66-70% 7.8 2.4 2.7-11.7 8.9 2.7 3.1-13.9 % - 24 55
Cassava, starch 70-74% 6.7 2.5 2.7-11.7 7.6 2.8 3.1-13.9 % - 20 51
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 33.2 7.5 16.7-41.9 37.4 8.4 18.6-49.9 % - 18 18
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 49.7 10.8 37.9-70.8 55.4 12 41.5-77.4 % - 8 7
Chickpea, kabuli type 9.9 2.5 6.9-15.6 11.3 2.8 7.7-19.7 % - 86 93
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 31.6 29.3-35.1 35.7 33.1-39.4 % - 4 3
Citrus pulp, dried 19.5 1.9 15.5-27.5 21.6 2.1 17.5-31.7 % - 102 104
Citrus pulp, fresh 3.5 1.2 2.9-7.1 19.5 5.6 18.4-36.3 % - 8 8
Cocoa hulls 41.2 4.4 22.1-49.3 46.5 4.8 22.8-56.3 % - 83 88
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 36.8 7.9 29.2-49.3 41.7 8.9 32-53.7 % - 10 6
Common bean 17.8 4 14.2-23 20 4.4 16.1-25.8 % - 6 6
Common vetch 18.8 21.5 10.7 13.6-43.9 % - 11
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 49.3 5.4 41.4-56.3 53.8 5.8 35.9-62.3 % - 21 39
Copra meal, oil < 5% 48.5 53.6 6 44.6-65.8 % - 11
Corn gluten feed 35 4.7 24.3-46.8 39.9 5.3 27.6-51.8 % - 186 213
Corn gluten meal 3.6 2.3 1-7.7 4 2.5 1.1-8.4 % - 28 42
Cottonseed hulls 77 5 69-84.2 84.7 5.1 71.6-91.6 % - 11 19
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 33.5 5 26.9-42.7 36.1 5.3 28.3-48.1 % - 16 19
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 21.4 6.4 10.4-35.3 23.3 6.9 10.8-38.2 % - 51 55
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 32.3 4.9 21.7-45 35.8 5.4 23.2-48.6 % - 28 36
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 24.3 4.9 12.7-39.1 26.8 5.3 13.8-44 % - 55 64
Cottonseed, whole 42 3.7 35.5-50.2 45.6 3.9 36.4-54.8 % - 33 52
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 42 45.6 % -
Cowpea seed 12.7 3.3 8.7-19.3 14.1 3.6 9.7-21.2 % - 9 8
Faba bean, coloured flowers 13.4 2.5 10.2-20.8 15.5 2.9 10-23.8 % - 77 99
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 13.4 15.5 % -
Faba bean, white flowers 12.9 2.2 10-16.6 15 2.6 11.1-19.2 % - 16 18
Feather meal 6.7 7.3 % - 1 1
Fodder beet, raw 2.1 0.6 2-3.2 13.3 2.4 10.2-17.2 % - 10 11
Grape pomace, dried 57.4 5.7 43-68.5 63 6.1 47.7-75.8 % - 103 91
Grape pulp, dried 46.3 4 40.5-53.8 51.5 4.4 45-59.2 % - 29 29
Grape seeds 64.1 4.7 49.2-70.7 69.7 4.9 54.2-82.2 % - 51 54
Grapeseed oil meal 65.1 4.8 61.4-75.7 73.6 5.2 66.1-83.6 % - 14 16
Grass, dehydrated 48.8 5.6 42.8-71.1 54.2 6.1 46-73.5 % - 26 67
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 16.7 2.7 9.3-19.9 18.1 2.9 9.8-21 % - 31 34
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 16.7 6.1 9.7-33.3 18.7 6.9 10.7-37.5 % - 28 27
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 22.6 5.7 17.2-40 25.3 6.4 12.5-42.9 % - 104 118
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 12.6 3.7 9-18.3 13.7 4 9.3-20.9 % - 25 25
Lentils 13 6 10.9-25.3 14.7 6.8 8.1-27.4 % - 5 11
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 21.8 24.8 % -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 21 4 14.9-29.9 23 4.3 16.9-35.2 % - 36 45
Linseed, whole 21.6 7.1 16.1-49.1 23.5 7.7 17.3-41.3 % - 15 14
Linseed, whole, extruded 21.6 23.5 % -
Liquid potato feed 1.9 11 7.4 7-24.2 % - 5
Lupin, blue 21.3 3.6 14.2-34.6 23.6 4 15.8-38.3 % - 28 31
Lupin, white 19.3 2.6 14.5-27.4 21.9 2.8 16.4-30.5 % - 76 88
Lupin, white, extruded 19.3 21.9 % -
Maize 10.7 1.4 6.7-14.4 12.5 1.6 7.7-16.5 % - 201 149
Maize bran 34.4 11.2 18.3-61 37.8 12.2 19-67.8 % - 43 46
Maize bran, starch production 45.3 4.3 40.5-52.2 51.8 4.9 51.4-67.2 % - 5 8
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 31.8 5.1 23.2-40.3 36.1 5.7 24.5-51 % - 33 44
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 31.9 6.1 19.6-45.2 35.6 6.8 22.7-51.1 % - 105 101
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 26.7 6 13.2-40.9 29.3 6.5 15.3-43.7 % - 24 24
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 25.5 10.7 13.2-47.6 28.5 12 13.9-53.5 % - 9 13
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 32.8 36.8 % -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 19.5 5.7 12.3-34.6 22.3 6.5 13.7-40.4 % - 41 50
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 3.9 4.4 % -
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 39.4 40.7 11 19-57 % - 10
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 37.4 9.2 25.7-54.4 42.6 10.5 29.4-61.1 % - 8 10
Maize germs 38.9 31.8-40 40.8 33.6-44.1 % - 3 3
Maize, extruded 10.7 12.5 % -
Maize, flaked 10.7 12.5 % -
Maize, high moisture 8.3 12.4 11.8-17.6 % - 4
Mealworm larvae, dried 11.4 12 7.4-15 % - 4
Milk powder, skimmed 0 0 % -
Milk powder, whole 0 0 % -
Millet, pearl 15.4 4 10.5-24.6 17.2 4.4 9.4-27.6 % - 13 15
Millet, proso 20.8 22.9 % -
Molasses, beet 0 0 % -
Molasses, sugarcane 0.2 0.07 0.3 0.1 0.2-0.5 % - 8
Mustard bran 42 5.8 34.6-49.8 46.9 6.4 37.4-55.5 % - 5 5
Oat groats 11 9.2-11.3 12.8 % - 4
Oat hulls 63.7 9.2 44.5-74.7 70.4 10.1 49.7-90.3 % - 44 66
Oats 31.4 4.5 22.5-42.8 35.8 5.1 23.6-48.6 % - 190 218
Oats, flaked 31.4 35.8 % -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 62.4 8.2 55.1-79.7 70 8.8 58.7-83.4 % - 13 10
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 59.9 8.1 44.1-72.8 68 8 49.7-78.3 % - 12 14
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 48.7 26.9-61.4 55 30-67.6 % - 3 3
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 43.2 55 % -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 66.8 4.3 45.9-75.2 72.9 4.6 51.4-82.3 % - 145 70
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 66.1 3.6 61.9-72.8 72.9 3.7 67.6-81.7 % - 27 22
Pea 12.7 2.9 8.2-20 14.6 3.3 9.3-22.3 % - 102 74
Pea protein concentrate 1.2 0-2.3 1.3 0-2.5 % - 3 3
Pea, extruded 12.7 14.6 % -
Potato protein concentrate 2.9 3.1 1.2-5.1 % - 1 2
Potato pulp, dried 24.7 3.4 20.1-29.5 28.4 3.9 23.3-35.4 % - 4 8
Potato tuber, dried 7.4 3.2 6.4-16.5 8.3 3.6 4.4-18.1 % - 9 24
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 26.8 4.3 18.6-37.5 29.3 4.6 19.9-40.4 % - 36 36
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 28.2 3.5 18.6-36.7 31.6 3.9 20.5-45.4 % - 237 276
Rapeseed, whole 18.5 4.7 11.6-28.7 20 5.1 12.3-30.5 % - 105 89
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 18.5 20 % -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 29 6.6 19.3-51.4 32.6 7.4 21.2-57.7 % - 27 32
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 23.7 4.4 19.4-28.8 26.4 4.9 21.6-37.9 % - 16 12
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 49.8 8.4 30.7-62.9 54.4 9 33.5-80.9 % - 57 64
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 30.5 5.3 21-42.2 33.9 5.9 23.8-46.4 % - 35 38
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 20.5 3.9 12.3-32.1 22.9 4.3 13.3-35.3 % - 60 107
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 45.2 5.8 33.6-56.8 49.5 6.3 36-59.9 % - 18 20
Rice hulls 60.1 10.6 43.3-72.9 65.6 11.4 46-80 % - 10 19
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 16.3 2.3 18.6 % -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 17.1 5.5 9.8-28.9 19 6.1 10.7-32.4 % - 10 10
Rice, broken 5.4 3.2 0.6-10.7 6.2 3.7 0.7-12.4 % - 17 19
Rice, brown 3.3 2.9 0.3-8.3 3.7 3.2 0.4-9.3 % - 6 7
Rice, paddy 20.7 7.2 13-29.1 23.5 8.1 15-42.8 % - 6 20
Rye 13.3 1.9 10.7-15.6 15.4 2.2 9.5-18 % - 15 17
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 20.8 3.6 17.9-28.1 22.4 3.9 18.8-29 % - 9 9
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 36.4 39.2 5.9 34-45.6 % - 5
Shrimp meal 10.4 11.4 % - 1 1
Sorghum 9.7 1.8 5.8-14 11 2.1 6.6-16.3 % - 67 93
Soybean hulls 57.9 5 42.6-69.4 65.2 5.5 48.2-74 % - 169 177
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 12.7 4.3 8.4-20.5 13.7 4.6 9.8-21.7 % - 5 6
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 13 2 9.7-18.8 14.8 2.3 10.9-20.7 % - 21 38
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 12.5 2.5 6.8-17.3 14.2 2.9 6.6-19.5 % - 158 264
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 12.5 14.2 % -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 12.5 2.5 6.8-17.3 14.2 2.9 6.6-19.5 % - 158 264
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 9.2 1.5 6-10.3 10.5 1.7 6.2-12.1 % - 13 19
Soybean molasses 0 0 % -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 8.8 5.5-13.7 9.5 % - 2 1
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 9.7 5.9-11.2 10.4 6.2-11.8 % - 2 2
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 5.2 5.6 % -
Soybean, whole, extruded 12.3 2.1 7-14.6 13.7 2.3 7.5-17.2 % - 44 43
Soybean, whole, flaked 13.1 14.4 % -
Soybean, whole, toasted 12.2 2.1 10-17.8 13.8 2.4 10.7-21.1 % - 43 43
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 12.5 13.8 % -
Sunflower hulls 73 4.8 56.9-80.5 80.4 5.1 63.3-90.2 % - 33 39
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 32.7 23.4-42.1 34.8 26.2-45.3 % - 3 3
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 41.1 5.1 29.6-43.2 44.5 5.5 25.3-46.3 % - 14 12
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 31.5 5 21.1-47.4 34.9 5.5 22.3-49.1 % - 75 92
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 41.8 3.8 25.4-51.6 47 4.3 26.3-58.5 % - 597 599
Sunflower seed, whole 29 3 21.6-31.7 31.2 3.2 22.5-33.7 % - 15 16
Sweet potato, dried 9.2 3.2 4.9-15.1 10.4 3.6 3.8-15.7 % - 13 22
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 51.3 5.6 40.6-56.5 55.3 5.9 43.2-71.6 % - 8 21
Triticale 13 1.3 10.1-16.4 15 1.5 11.6-18.5 % - 181 129
Urea 0 0 % -
Vinasse, different origins 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 0 0 % -
Wheat bran 39.8 4.4 24.4-52.5 45.8 5.1 22.8-59.6 % - 661 756
Wheat bran from starch production 38.9 3.1 35.2-43 44.5 3.5 39.9-49.6 % - 11 10
Wheat bran, durum 40.4 46.7 % - 1 1
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 32 6.9 20.5-48.8 35.1 7.6 21.8-52.8 % - 46 45
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 28.3 4.1 20.1-38.9 30.8 4.4 21.8-45.3 % - 72 71
Wheat feed flour 7.3 3.1 4.8-13.6 8.3 3.6 5-15.8 % - 7 8
Wheat feed flour, durum 9.3 10.7 % -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 8 9.3 % -
Wheat gluten 0.4 0.3-0.5 0.4 0.3-0.5 % - 3 3
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 29 31.9 % -
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 27.6 2.4 24-36.7 31.2 2.7 27.5-41.1 % - 92 78
Wheat middlings (average) 30.9 5.9 17.4-43.6 35.1 6.7 20.6-50.3 % - 87 137
Wheat middlings, durum 31 35.6 % -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 31.2 5.2 19.9-43.6 35.5 5.9 22.7-50.3 % - 54 103
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 26.8 5.8 18.4-43.6 30.4 6.6 20.8-50.3 % - 44 96
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 31.7 5.4 19.9-43.6 35.9 6.1 22.7-50.3 % - 29 79
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 25.6 5.9 17.4-43.6 29.1 6.7 20.6-50.3 % - 33 82
Wheat straw 70.3 7.3 33.5-80.5 78 7.5 38.4-87.3 % - 105 159
Wheat, durum 13.9 15.9 % -
Wheat, soft 12.9 1.5 9.2-17.2 14.9 1.7 10.1-19.5 % - 314 221
Whey permeate 0 0 % -
Whey powder, acid 0 0 % -
Whey powder, sweet 0 0 % -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 0 0 % -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 0 0 % -