Lignin

Lignin, usually obtained by the Van Soest method. Acid Detergent Lignin (ADL) is composed of both soluble and insoluble lignins.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 1.4 0.6 0.5-2.7 1.5 0.6 0.6-2.9 % - 17 13
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 7.9 1.2 3.3-12.6 8.7 1.3 4.6-13.9 % - 483 459
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 7.7 1.2 3.3-23.5 8.5 1.4 4.8-13.9 % - 565 494
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 7.3 1.5 3.3-14.3 8 1.6 4.9-13 % - 192 172
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 6.7 1.6 3.3-11.7 7.4 1.8 4.5-13 % - 110 112
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 8 1.4 3.3-11.7 8.8 1.5 4.7-13 % - 128 118
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 6.9 1.5 3.3-11.7 7.7 1.7 5.2-13 % - 49 48
Apple pomace, dried 21.3 5.3 7.4-35.3 23.4 5.8 6.4-39.4 % - 219 227
Bakery byproduct 0.5 0.8 -1.2 0.5 0.8 -2.2 % - 4 7
Bananas, immature, dried 3.2 3.6 2.5-4.7 % - 1 2
Barley 1.1 0.3 0.5-1.9 1.2 0.3 0.5-2.1 % - 479 347
Barley distillers grains, dried 3.2 1.7 0.8-8.1 3.5 1.9 0.9-9.3 % - 13 17
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 1.5 1.2-1.7 5.9 5.1-6.8 % - 3 3
Barley rootlets, dried 2.2 0.5 0.4-2.5 2.5 0.5 0.5-3 % - 73 74
Beet pulp, dried 2.4 0.9 1-5.5 2.7 1.1 1.1-6 % - 218 212
Beet pulp, pressed 0.4 1.8 0.1 1.7-2 % - 1 6
Biscuit byproduct 0.7 3.2 0.7-7.9 0.7 3.5 0.7-9 % - 10 10
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 1.6 0-2.6 1.7 0-2.9 % - 3 3
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 2.5 1.1-4.3 2.7 1.3-5 % - 3 3
Blood meal 0 0 % -
Brewers grains, dried 5.1 2.2 2.1-5.9 5.6 2.4 2.2-12.4 % - 16 71
Brewers yeast, dried 0.7 0.6 0.01-1.5 0.7 0.7 0.01-1.7 % - 7 7
Buckwheat hulls 24.8 2.3 22.3-28.4 28.2 2.6 24.9-33.3 % - 9 10
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 7 7.6 % - 1 1
Carob pod meal 15.9 3.3 8.2-30.2 18.6 3.8 8.4-23.8 % - 61 45
Cassava, starch 66-70% 1.4 0.8 -3.8 1.6 0.9 -4.2 % - 11 41
Cassava, starch 70-74% 1.1 0.8 0.05-3.8 1.2 0.9 0.06-4.2 % - 10 40
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 3 1.1 0.9-7 3.4 1.2 1-7.9 % - 118 118
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 4.9 1.8 1.9-11.1 5.5 2 2.1-11.6 % - 130 128
Chickpea, kabuli type 0.2 0.2 0.02-0.7 0.2 0.2 0.02-0.8 % - 73 73
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 12.4 3.1-23 14 7.4-25.8 % - 4 3
Citrus pulp, dried 2.3 1.5 0.7-7.5 2.5 1.6 0.8-8 % - 170 177
Citrus pulp, fresh 0.4 2 1.4 1-5.7 % - 1 9
Cocoa hulls 16.3 2.4 10.6-23.4 18.3 2.6 11.9-25.1 % - 143 148
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 14.4 3.1 12.4-30.4 16.3 3.6 13.9-24.1 % - 15 11
Common bean 0.2 0.09-0.3 0.2 0.1-0.3 % - 4 4
Common vetch 1.5 1.7 1.3 0.9-4 % - 5
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 5.9 2.1 3.3-12.5 6.4 2.3 2.8-13.7 % - 108 120
Copra meal, oil < 5% 5.7 2.1 5.3-12.1 6.3 2.4 4.7-13.2 % - 18 20
Corn gluten feed 1.1 0.5 0.4-3.1 1.3 0.6 0.4-3.4 % - 298 314
Corn gluten meal 0.2 0.1 0.09-0.5 0.2 0.2 0.01-0.7 % - 16 33
Cottonseed hulls 16.4 3 10.1-40 18.1 3.3 11.5-23.2 % - 9 15
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 7.4 2.6 4.6-11.5 8 2.8 4.7-12 % - 20 20
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 4.9 1.7 2-9.1 5.3 1.8 2.2-9.5 % - 63 64
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 7.1 1.4 3.8-9.7 7.9 1.6 4.2-10.7 % - 27 31
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 5.5 1.1 3.3-8.6 6 1.2 3.2-9.8 % - 48 53
Cottonseed, whole 9.6 2.4 6.6-13.6 10.5 2.6 7.1-16.9 % - 29 49
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 9.6 10.5 % -
Cowpea seed 0.4 0.1 0.3-0.6 0.5 0.1 0.3-0.7 % - 7 7
Faba bean, coloured flowers 0.8 0.5 0.05-2.3 0.9 0.6 0.06-2.6 % - 58 77
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 0.8 0.9 % -
Faba bean, white flowers 0.7 0.6 0.1-2.2 0.8 0.7 0.1-2.6 % - 15 17
Fodder beet, raw 0.2 1 % - 1 1
Grape pomace, dried 31.3 5.8 16.5-47.3 34.3 6.3 18.3-54.7 % - 115 103
Grape pulp, dried 24.7 6.6 17.2-41.6 27.5 7.3 19.4-45.7 % - 42 42
Grape seeds 40.6 6.1 26.5-54.4 44.1 6.6 28.8-62.3 % - 52 55
Grapeseed oil meal 40.2 8.8 19.2-58.1 45.5 9.9 20.8-64.2 % - 24 24
Grass, dehydrated 3.3 1.2 1.6-7.9 3.7 1.3 1.8-8.6 % - 34 77
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 2.8 1.1 0.5-4.5 3.1 1.2 0.5-4.9 % - 32 35
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 2.9 1.1 0.4-6.1 3.3 1.2 0.5-6.7 % - 78 77
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 5.2 1.4 2.1-12.2 5.9 1.5 2.1-13.1 % - 157 169
Lentils 1.4 1-1.8 1.6 1.2-2 % - 2 2
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 5.8 1 3-6.5 6.6 1.1 3.4-7.5 % - 29 29
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 5.4 0.8 2.8-7.2 6 0.9 3.1-8 % - 65 67
Linseed, whole 5.3 1.2 2.7-6.2 5.7 1.3 2.9-8 % - 20 23
Linseed, whole, extruded 5.3 5.7 % -
Liquid potato feed 0.3 1.6 0.6-1.7 % - 3
Lupin, blue 1 0.6 0.09-2.1 1.1 0.7 0.1-2.3 % - 16 17
Lupin, white 0.9 0.4 0.3-1.8 1 0.5 0.3-2.2 % - 29 38
Lupin, white, extruded 0.9 1 % -
Maize 0.5 0.3 0.03-1.2 0.6 0.3 0.03-1.4 % - 155 103
Maize bran 1.5 0.9 0.6-4.3 1.7 1 0.7-4.8 % - 44 45
Maize bran, starch production 1.1 0.3 0.7-1.6 1.3 0.3 0.9-1.8 % - 4 7
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 2 1.1 0.3-3.9 2.3 1.3 0.4-5.4 % - 21 27
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 2.7 1.2 0.9-4.7 3 1.3 1-5.1 % - 39 40
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 1.1 1.2 0.6-4.6 1.2 1.3 0.7-4.7 % - 15 15
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 1.1 0.8 0.2-2.3 1.2 0.8 0.2-2.5 % - 5 6
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 1.4 0.6 0.03-1.5 1.6 0.6 0.04-1.7 % - 5 5
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 0.9 0.5 0.3-2.3 1.1 0.6 0.3-3.3 % - 49 56
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 0.3 0.4 % - 1 1
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 2.6 0.9 1.5-3.4 2.7 0.9 1.6-4 % - 6 6
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 2 0.9 0.8-4 2.3 1 0.9-4.5 % - 14 15
Maize germs 2.1 2.2 % - 1 1
Maize, extruded 0.5 0.6 % -
Maize, flaked 0.5 0.6 % -
Maize, high moisture 0.4 0.2 0.06-0.7 0.6 0.3 0.1-1 % - 14 14
Mealworm larvae, dried 0 0 % -
Milk powder, skimmed 0 0 % - 1
Milk powder, whole 0 0 % -
Millet, pearl 0.9 0.6-1.2 1 0.6-1.3 % - 2 2
Millet, proso 2.1 2.3 % -
Molasses, beet 0 0 % -
Molasses, sugarcane 0.1 0.07 0.1 0.1 0.1-0.4 % - 9
Mustard bran 14.5 1.2 10.5-18.2 16.2 1.3 13.7-20.1 % - 76 76
Oat groats 1.6 1.9 % -
Oat hulls 6.4 1.7 3.9-10.3 7.1 1.9 2.2-12.1 % - 49 70
Oats 2.3 0.8 0.8-4.3 2.6 1 0.9-5.5 % - 205 224
Oats, flaked 2.3 2.6 % -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 24.2 2.7 20.5-31.3 27.1 2.8 23.6-35.3 % - 34 31
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 23.5 3.4 19.7-29.2 26.7 3.4 20.5-32.4 % - 11 11
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 21.6 24.4 % -
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 19.2 24.4 % -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 12.9 2.2 5.6-19 14.1 2.4 6.3-20.5 % - 142 70
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 12.8 2.2 9.6-20.4 14.1 2.4 6.2-17.8 % - 30 25
Pea 0.4 0.3 0-1.8 0.5 0.4 0-2 % - 488 539
Pea protein concentrate 0.2 0-0.5 0.2 0-0.5 % - 3 3
Pea, extruded 0.4 0.2-0.4 0.5 0.2-0.5 % - 2 2
Potato protein concentrate 0.2 0.2 % - 1 1
Potato pulp, dried 5.1 2.8 0.5-8.5 5.9 3.2 0.6-10 % - 7 11
Potato tuber, dried 0.9 0.4 0.1-1.2 1 0.5 0.1-2.2 % - 9 34
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 8.3 1.9 3.9-10.5 9 2.1 4.3-13.7 % - 31 27
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 8.6 1.1 6.2-12 9.7 1.3 5.9-13.8 % - 269 296
Rapeseed, whole 5.9 1.5 4.1-9.9 6.4 1.6 4.1-10.8 % - 110 93
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 5.9 6.4 % -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 5.5 1.5 4.2-10.1 6.2 1.6 3.3-11.3 % - 35 40
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 4.1 0.8 2.1-6.2 4.5 0.9 3.2-6.9 % - 24 20
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 11.2 1.9 8.2-14.7 12.2 2 4.9-16.1 % - 56 62
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 5.9 1.8 2.6-9.6 6.6 2 3.1-10.7 % - 23 25
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 3.3 0.9 1.2-5.7 3.7 1 1.4-6 % - 53 102
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 10 2.3 7.1-12.2 10.9 2.5 7.6-17.9 % - 15 17
Rice hulls 14.1 2.5 10.2-17.9 15.3 2.7 10-19.2 % - 6 14
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 2.1 0.2 2.4 % -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 2.2 0.7 0.6-3.1 2.5 0.8 0.7-3.5 % - 10 10
Rice, broken 0.4 0.3 0.01-0.9 0.5 0.3 0.01-1 % - 15 16
Rice, brown 1.6 1.4-1.8 1.8 1.6-2 % - 2 2
Rice, paddy 4.8 5.5 4.9-5.8 % - 1 3
Rye 1.1 0.2 0.7-1.4 1.2 0.3 0.8-1.6 % - 17 18
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 1.8 0.3 1.4-2.3 1.9 0.3 1.5-2.4 % - 12 12
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 17.1 18.4 % - 1 1
Sorghum 1 0.6 0.2-2.3 1.1 0.7 0.2-3.5 % - 88 109
Soybean hulls 2.1 0.9 0.8-6 2.4 1 0.7-5.5 % - 188 195
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 0.7 0.5 0.1-1.6 0.8 0.6 0.1-1.8 % - 5 7
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 0.7 0.4 0.3-1 0.8 0.5 0.3-2.1 % - 6 25
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 0.6 0.3 0.2-1.6 0.6 0.4 0.1-1.8 % - 119 211
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 0.6 0.6 % -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 0.6 0.3 0.2-1.6 0.6 0.4 0.1-1.8 % - 119 211
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 0.4 0.3 0.1-1 0.4 0.3 0.1-1.2 % - 23 25
Soybean molasses 0 0 % -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 0.3 0.2-0.5 0.4 % - 2 1
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 0.2 0.1-0.3 0.2 0.1-0.3 % - 2 2
Soybean, whole, extruded 0.9 0.7 0.3-2.7 1 0.7 0.3-3 % - 65 62
Soybean, whole, flaked 1 1.1 % - 1 1
Soybean, whole, toasted 0.9 0.4 0.2-2 1 0.5 0.2-2.3 % - 41 40
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 0.9 1 % -
Sunflower hulls 20.1 2.2 14.6-25.1 22.1 2.4 16.2-27.5 % - 36 42
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 7 7.5 % - 1
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 9.8 2.6 3.5-13.8 10.6 2.8 3.8-15.8 % - 16 14
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 6.8 1.4 4-11.4 7.5 1.6 2.8-11 % - 91 110
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 10.2 1.3 7-13.3 11.4 1.4 6.8-15.1 % - 467 470
Sunflower seed, whole 6 0.8 4.1-7.8 6.5 0.8 4.4-8.6 % - 132 132
Sweet potato, dried 0.8 0.3 0.09-1 0.9 0.4 0.1-1.6 % - 10 18
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 24.4 4.9 19.4-33 26.3 5.3 20.6-40.5 % - 7 17
Triticale 1 0.2 0.6-1.9 1.2 0.3 0.7-2.1 % - 181 131
Vinasse, different origins 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 0 0 % -
Wheat bran 3.4 0.6 1.8-4.7 3.9 0.6 1.9-5.2 % - 348 447
Wheat bran from starch production 3.3 0.3 3.2-4 3.8 0.3 3.7-4.5 % - 9 9
Wheat bran, durum 3.4 4 % -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 4.9 2.1 1.7-9.9 5.4 2.3 1.9-10.5 % - 34 32
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 3.1 1 1.3-6.3 3.4 1.1 1.4-6.8 % - 78 78
Wheat feed flour 0.4 0.1 0.3-0.7 0.5 0.1 0.3-0.8 % - 9 10
Wheat feed flour, durum 0.4 0.5 % -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 0.4 0.5 % -
Wheat gluten 0.3 0.05-0.5 0.3 0.05-0.6 % - 2 2
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 2.8 0.2 2.4-2.9 3 0.2 2.6-3.2 % - 6 5
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 2.6 0.5 1.9-4.1 3 0.5 2.1-4.6 % - 70 57
Wheat middlings (average) 2.6 0.7 0.8-3.8 3 0.8 0.9-4.3 % - 135 186
Wheat middlings, durum 2.6 0.3 1.7-2.7 3 0.4 1.9-3.1 % - 9 8
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 2.6 0.6 1.2-3.8 3 0.7 1.4-4.3 % - 88 136
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 2.3 0.8 1.1-3.8 2.6 0.9 1.3-4.3 % - 45 97
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 2.7 0.7 1.2-3.8 3 0.8 1.4-4.3 % - 18 67
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 2.1 0.8 0.8-3.8 2.4 1 0.9-4.3 % - 25 74
Wheat straw 6.8 1.4 4.2-10.4 7.5 1.5 4.1-15.3 % - 211 256
Wheat, durum 1.1 1.3 % -
Wheat, soft 1.1 0.2 0.6-1.8 1.2 0.3 0.6-2.1 % - 306 216
Whey permeate 0 0 % -
Whey powder, acid 0 0 % -
Whey powder, sweet 0 0 % -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 0 0 % -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 0 0 % -