Water insoluble cell walls

Water insoluble cell walls, according to the Carré method, used as a predictor for the metabolizable energy of poultry feeds. This method is described in the AFNOR norm NFV 18-111.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 9.5 9.4-9.7 10.3 % - 2 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 43 1.2 40.8-43.8 47.4 % - 5
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 42 1.3 40.8-43.8 46.3 45.6-48.1 % - 5 3
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 39.5 43.5 % - 1 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 37.3 41.3 % - 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 43.6 47.7 % - 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 38.5 42.6 % - 1
Ammonium ferric citrate 0 0 % -
Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate 0 0 % -
Apple pomace, dried 62.8 58.5-67 69 % - 2 1
Bakery byproduct 5.9 6.5 % - 1 1
Bananas, immature, dried 8.3 9.2 % -
Barley 15.3 1.4 12.4-21.2 17.5 1.6 14.1-24.4 % - 480 358
Barley distillers grains, dried 36.1 39.5 % -
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 15.1 61.2 % -
Barley rootlets, dried 37.9 34.9-41 42.3 % - 2
Beet pulp, dried 57.6 4 51.7-61.3 64.8 4.4 56.7-68.8 % - 9 6
Beet pulp, pressed 16.3 2.2 66.9 % -
Biscuit byproduct 7 7.6 % - 1
Black soldier fly larvae, fat < 20%, dried 24.2 26.4 % -
Black soldier fly larvae, fat > 20%, dried 15.5 16.8 % -
Blood meal 0 0 % -
Brewers grains, dried 48.7 53.6 % -
Brewers yeast, dried 6.9 7.5 % -
Buckwheat hulls 78.3 89 % - 1 1
Ca Al Fe phosphate 0 0 % -
Calcium carbonate 0 0 % -
Calcium chloride anhydrous 0 0 % -
Calcium chloride dihydrate 0 0 % -
Calcium iodate anhydrous 0 0 % -
Calcium iodate hexahydrate 0 0 % -
Calcium iodide 0 0 % -
Calcium magnesium phosphate 0 0 % -
Calcium selenite 0 0 % -
Calcium sulfate anhydrous 0 0 % -
Calcium sulfate dihydrate 0 0 % -
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 28.3 31.1 % -
Canola meal, oil < 5% 29.8 33 % -
Carob pod meal 34.8 4.5 31.9-42.6 40.9 36.2-45.2 % - 5 4
Cassava pulp, dried 32.1 36 % -
Cassava, starch 66-70% 7.1 8.1 % - 1
Cassava, starch 70-74% 5.9 6.8 % - 1
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 32.5 36.6 % -
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 49.5 55.1 % -
Chickpea, kabuli type 10.2 0.6 9.1-11.8 11.7 0.7 10.4-13.3 % - 52 53
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 31.1 35.1 % -
Citrus pulp, dried 43.3 48 % -
Citrus pulp, fresh 2.1 11.9 % -
Cobalt carbonate FG 0 0 % -
Cobalt glucoheptonate 0 0 % -
Cobalt oxide FG 0 0 % -
Cobalt selenite 0 0 % -
Cobalt sulfate heptahydrate 0 0 % -
Cocoa hulls 40.5 45.6 % - 1 1
Cocoa meal, oil < 5% 36 40.8 % -
Cod liver oil 0 0 % -
Common bean 13.3 15 % -
Common vetch 13.5 15.4 % - 1
Copper acetate 0 0 % -
Copper carbonate 0 0 % -
Copper chloride dihydrate 0 0 % -
Copper chloride tribasic 0 0 % -
Copper citrate 0 0 % -
Copper lysine 0 0 % -
Copper methionine 0 0 % -
Copper oxide 0 0 % -
Copper proteinate 0 0 % -
Copper sulfate 0 0 % -
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 39.8 43.4 8.7 41.8-63.6 % - 5
Copra meal, oil < 5% 38.9 42.9 42.7-51.4 % - 3
Copra oil 0 0 % -
Corn gluten feed 34.5 2.6 19-37.4 39.3 2.9 34.8-43 % - 15 13
Corn gluten meal 3.5 2.7-4.3 3.9 2.9-4.8 % - 3 2
Cottonseed hulls 85 93.5 % -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 37.6 40.5 % - 1 1
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 24.4 26.5 % -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 36.2 34.7-39.7 40.1 38.2-42.9 % - 3 3
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 27.5 5.5 19.7-41.7 30.4 6 21.3-45.6 % - 21 23
Cottonseed, whole 49.5 53.8 % -
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 49.5 53.8 % -
Cowpea seed 12.2 13.5 % -
Diammonium phosphate 0 0 % -
Dicalcium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 % -
Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate 0 0 % -
Diiodosalicylic acid 0 0 % -
Disodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 % -
Disodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 % -
DL-methionine 0 0 % -
Dolomite limestone 0 0 % -
Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide 0 0 % -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 15.9 1.2 14.4-17.8 18.4 1.3 16.9-20.6 % - 13 15
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 15.9 1.2 14.4-17.8 18.4 1.3 16.9-20.6 % - 13 15
Faba bean, white flowers 15 1 12-15.9 17.5 1.1 14.4-18.5 % - 13 14
Feather meal 5.9 6.4 % -
Ferric chloride 0 0 % -
Ferric citrate 0 0 % -
Ferric phosphate 0 0 % -
Ferric polyphosphate 0 0 % -
Ferric pyrophosphate 0 0 % -
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate 0 0 % -
Ferrous carbonate 0 0 % -
Ferrous chloride 0 0 % -
Ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0 0 % -
Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate 0 0 % -
Fish meal, protein 62% 4.6 4.9 % -
Fish meal, protein 65% 4.5 4.9 % -
Fish meal, protein 70% 4.6 4.9 % -
Fish oil, anchovy 0 0 % -
Fish oil, capelin 0 0 % -
Fish oil, herring 0 0 % -
Fish oil, menhaden 0 0 % -
Fish oil, rockfish 0 0 % -
Fish oil, salmon 0 0 % -
Fish oil, sardine 0 0 % -
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 0 0 % -
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 0 0 % -
Fodder beet, raw 2.4 15.1 % -
Grape pomace, dried 54.6 59.9 % -
Grape pulp, dried 45.5 50.6 % -
Grape seeds 62.9 68.7 % -
Grapeseed oil meal 76.1 86.1 % - 1 1
Grass, dehydrated 48 53.4 % -
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 16 17.3 % -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 15.9 15.5-16.4 17.8 % - 2
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 21.8 24.4 % -
Jatropha oil meal, oil < 5%, dehulled, detoxified 11.8 12.8 % -
L-lysine HCl 0 0 % -
L-threonine 0 0 % -
L-tryptophan 0 0 % -
L-valine 0 0 % -
Lard 0 0 % -
Lentils 12.5 14.1 % -
Limestone 0 0 % -
Linseed meal, oil < 5% 21 23.9 % -
Linseed meal, oil > 5% 20.8 22.8 % -
Linseed, whole 16.6 18 % - 1 1
Linseed, whole, extruded 16.6 18 % - 1 1
Liquid potato feed 1.7 10.1 % -
Lupin, blue 32.5 36 % -
Lupin, white 29.9 2.3 27.2-38.4 33.9 2.2 30.1-39.8 % - 41 40
Lupin, white, extruded 29.9 33.9 % -
Magnesium acetate 0 0 % -
Magnesium carbonate RG 0 0 % -
Magnesium citrate 0 0 % -
Magnesium hydroxide 0 0 % -
Magnesium lactate 0 0 % -
Magnesium oxide 0 0 % -
Magnesium oxide, granular 0 0 % -
Magnesium oxide, powder 0 0 % -
Magnesium phosphate 0 0 % -
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 % -
Magnesium sulfate monohydrate RG 0 0 % -
Maize 8.3 0.6 7-10.6 9.6 0.6 8-11.7 % - 163 118
Maize bran 38 37.7-69.5 41.8 41.6-76.9 % - 2 2
Maize bran, starch production 43.3 49.5 % - 1
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 32.4 36.7 % -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 31.2 34.8 % - 1
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 25.5 28 % -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 25 27.9 % -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 31.8 35.8 % -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 21.3 24.4 % - 1 1
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 9.4 10.7 % -
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 39.9 41.2 % - 1 1
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 38.3 43.6 % -
Maize germs 36.1 37.9 % -
Maize starch 0 0 % -
Maize, extruded 8.3 0.6 7-10.6 9.6 0.6 8-11.7 % - 163 118
Maize, flaked 8.3 9.6 % -
Maize, high moisture 6.5 9.6 % -
Manganese carbonate 0 0 % -
Manganese chloride dihydrate 0 0 % -
Manganese chloride tetrahydrate 0 0 % -
Manganese methionine 0 0 % -
Manganese oxide MnO 0 0 % -
Manganese oxide MnO-Mn2O3 0 0 % -
Manganese oxide MnO2 0 0 % -
Manganese proteinate 0 0 % -
Manganese sulfate monohydrate 0 0 % -
Mealworm larvae, dried 10.6 11.2 % -
Methionine Hydroxy Analog MHA 0 0 % -
Milk powder, skimmed 0 0 % -
Milk powder, whole 0 0 % -
Millet, pearl 14.6 16.3 % - 1 1
Millet, proso 29.1 32.2 % -
Molasses, beet 0 0 % -
Molasses, sugarcane 0 0 % -
Molybdenum metal 0 0 % -
Molybdenum trioxide 0 0 % -
Monoammonium phosphate 0 0 % -
Monocalcium phosphate 0 0 % -
Monodicalcium phosphate 0 0 % -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 % -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous FG 0 0 % -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 % -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate FG 0 0 % -
Mustard bran 43.2 48.2 % - 1 1
Oat groats 21 24.5 % -
Oat hulls 63.4 69.8 % - 1 1
Oats 31.3 3.4 21.4-38.4 35.7 3.8 28-44 % - 74 62
Oats, flaked 31.3 3.4 21.4-38.4 35.7 3.8 28-44 % - 74 62
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5% 61.7 69.1 % -
Olive oil cake, with pits, oil > 5% 59.1 67.2 % -
Olive pulp, oil < 10% 47.9 54.1 % -
Olive pulp, oil > 10% 42.5 54.2 % -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 59.1 2 57.1-62.4 64.5 61.3-66.3 % - 5 4
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 58.4 64.5 % -
Palm oil 0 0 % -
Pea 13.1 1.1 9.5-17.4 15 1.3 11.5-20.1 % - 408 538
Pea protein concentrate 11.1 11.9 % -
Pea, extruded 13.1 15 % -
Pentacalcium orthoperiodate 0 0 % -
Phosphate, defluorinated 0 0 % -
Potassium iodide 0 0 % -
Potato protein concentrate 0 0 % -
Potato pulp, dried 23.9 27.5 % -
Potato tuber, dried 6.6 7.4 % -
Poultry fat 0 0 % -
Processed animal proteins, pig 5.3 5.5 % -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60% 3.9 4.2 % -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 60-70% 4 4.2 % -
Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein > 70% 4 4.2 % -
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 31.4 27.3-33.1 34.1 % - 2
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 31.9 2.1 29.2-38.2 35.9 2.3 32.4-43.4 % - 34 34
Rapeseed oil 0 0 % -
Rapeseed, whole 17.7 10.4-20.8 19.2 11.2-22.6 % - 3 3
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 17.7 10.4-20.8 19.2 11.2-22.6 % - 3 3
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 30.1 33.9 % - 1
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 24.7 1.5 22.8-31.1 27.5 1.5 26-29.9 % - 12 5
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 51.7 56.5 % - 1
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 31.7 35.2 29-40.6 % - 3
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 23.2 25.9 % -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 46.8 51.2 % -
Rice hulls 62.8 68.6 % -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 16.9 19.3 % -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 17.7 19.7 % -
Rice, brown 5.8 6.6 % - 1 1
Rice, paddy 22.4 25.5 % -
Rice, polished, broken 4.2 4.8 % -
Rye 12.8 11.3-13.6 14.7 13.5-15.8 % - 4 3
Seashells, ground 0 0 % -
Selenium methionine 0 0 % -
Selenium yeast 0 0 % -
Sesame meal, oil > 5% 20 21.5 % -
Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5% 35.6 38.3 % -
Shrimp meal 0 0 % -
Sodium bicarbonate 0 0 % -
Sodium chloride 0 0 % -
Sodium iodide 0 0 % -
Sodium molybdate dihydrate 0 0 % -
Sodium selenate 0 0 % -
Sodium selenite 0 0 % -
Sodium sulfate 0 0 % -
Sodium-calcium-magnesium phosphate 0 0 % -
Sorghum 7.5 1.1 4.4-9.1 8.5 1.3 5.2-11.6 % - 74 58
Soybean hulls 63.2 3.7 60.2-70.1 71 4.1 67-79.8 % - 19 15
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 19 20.4 % - 1 1
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 18.9 21.6 % -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 18.5 1.3 13.2-21.1 21 1.5 18.4-25.2 % - 28 31
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 18.5 1.3 13.2-21.1 21 1.5 18.4-25.2 % - 28 31
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 18.5 1.3 13.2-21.1 21 1.5 18.4-25.2 % - 28 31
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 15.3 17.4 17.1-17.6 % - 1 2
Soybean molasses 0 0 % -
Soybean oil 0 0 % -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 8.2 8.9 % - 1
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 9 9.6 % -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 4.4 4.7 % -
Soybean, whole, extruded 17.3 14.5-23.5 19.4 % - 2 1
Soybean, whole, flaked 17.3 19.4 % -
Soybean, whole, toasted 17.3 2.4 14.4-22.1 19.6 2.7 16.1-24.9 % - 14 13
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 17.7 19.5 % -
Sunflower hulls 76.8 84.4 78.8-90.1 % - 1 2
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 28.8 30.7 % -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 44 5.5 30.2-44.8 47.7 5.9 33.3-50.3 % - 9 9
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 27.7 30.6 24-45 % - 4
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 46.3 3.7 37.4-51.9 52 4.1 40.2-57.6 % - 32 31
Sunflower oil 0 0 % -
Sunflower seed, whole 23.4 5.1 13.3-28.4 25.2 5.5 14-29.9 % - 14 14
Sweet potato, dried 8.4 9.5 % -
Tallow 0 0 % -
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 50.5 54.4 % -
Tricalcium phosphate 0 0 % -
Triticale 10.9 1.1 7.7-14.1 12.6 1.3 9-16.2 % - 192 141
Urea 0 0 % -
Vinasse, different origins 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 % 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40% 0 0 % -
Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48% 0 0 % -
Wheat bran 38.8 4.9 27.3-46.5 44.7 5.6 30.6-52.7 % - 20 19
Wheat bran from starch production 38.3 43.8 % - 1 1
Wheat bran, durum 39.5 45.6 % -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 30.9 2.7 25.6-34.4 33.9 2.9 26.9-36.5 % - 11 9
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 27.9 30.4 % -
Wheat feed flour 6.6 7.5 1.8-12.7 % - 1 2
Wheat feed flour, durum 8.6 9.9 % -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 7.1 8.2 % -
Wheat gluten 0.5 0.5 % -
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 28.2 26.1-28.7 31 % - 2 1
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 27 1.2 24.1-28.3 30.5 1.4 27.4-32.2 % - 15 15
Wheat middlings (average) 30.3 5.8 19.9-33.6 34.4 6.6 22.5-38.9 % - 8 7
Wheat middlings, durum 30.2 34.7 % -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 30.6 5 21.3-33.6 34.7 24.3-38.9 % - 5 3
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 26.2 21.3-33.6 29.9 24.3-38.5 % - 4 4
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 31.1 21.3-33.6 35.3 24.3-38.5 % - 3 2
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 25.2 19.9-33.6 28.7 22.5-38.5 % - 4 3
Wheat straw 69.6 77.1 % -
Wheat, durum 10.2 11.7 10.1-12.7 % - 3
Wheat, soft 9.9 0.9 7.6-14.2 11.4 1 9.3-15 % - 278 245
Whey permeate 0 0 % -
Whey powder, acid 0 0 % -
Whey powder, sweet 0 0 % -
Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15% 0 0 % -
Whey, dried, with added fat 15-30% 0 0 % -
Zinc carbonate FG 0 0 % -
Zinc carbonate RG 0 0 % -
Zinc chloride 0 0 % -
Zinc lysine 0 0 % -
Zinc metal 0 0 % -
Zinc methionine 0 0 % -
Zinc oxide 0 0 % -
Zinc sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 % -