Water insoluble cell walls

Water insoluble cell walls, according to the Carré method, used as a predictor for the metabolizable energy of poultry feeds. This method is described in the AFNOR norm NFV 18-111.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 9.5 9.4-9.7 10.3 % - 2 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 43 1.2 40.8-43.8 47.3 % - 5
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 17-19% dry matter 42 1.3 40.8-43.8 46.4 45.6-48.1 % - 5 3
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 40 44.1 % - 1 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 37.4 41.4 % - 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein < 16% dry matter 43.5 47.7 % - 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter 38.5 42.6 % - 1
Apple pomace, dried 62.8 58.5-67 69 % - 2 1
Bakery byproduct 5.8 6.3 % - 1 1
Bananas, immature, dried 8.4 9.3 % -
Barley 15.3 1.4 12.4-21.2 17.5 1.5 14.1-22.3 % - 440 328
Barley distillers grains, dried 36.1 39.5 % -
Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh 15.1 61.2 % -
Barley rootlets, dried 37.9 34.9-41 42.2 % - 2
Beet pulp, dried 57.7 4 51.7-61 64.9 4.4 56.7-68.8 % - 6 6
Beet pulp, pressed 16.2 2.2 66.9 % -
Biscuit byproduct 8 8.7 % - 1
Buckwheat hulls 78.3 89 % - 1 1
Camelina oil meal, oil > 5% 30.1 33 % -
Carob pod meal 34.7 4.5 31.9-42.6 40.7 36.2-45.2 % - 5 4
Cassava, starch 66-70% 7.1 8.1 % - 1
Cassava, starch 70-74% 5.9 6.8 % - 1
Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14% 32.5 36.6 % -
Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14% 48.9 54.5 % -
Chickpea, kabuli type 10.2 0.6 9.1-11.8 11.7 0.7 10.4-13.3 % - 52 53
Citrus pulp, dried 43.6 8.6 21.7-44.8 48.3 24.4-50.2 % - 6 4
Citrus pulp, fresh 1.2 6.7 % -
Cocoa hulls 50.5 56.8 % - 1 1
Common bean 13.4 15.1 % -
Common vetch 13.5 15.4 % - 1
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 39.8 43.4 8.7 41.8-63.6 % - 5
Copra meal, oil < 5% 38.9 43 42.7-51.4 % - 3
Corn gluten feed 34.5 2.6 19-37.4 39.3 2.9 34.8-43 % - 15 13
Corn gluten meal 3.5 2.7-4.3 3.9 2.9-4.8 % - 3 2
Cottonseed hulls 85 93.5 % -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 37.6 40.5 % - 1 1
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 24.4 26.5 % -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 36.2 34.7-39.7 40.2 38.2-42.9 % - 3 3
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 27.5 5.5 19.7-41.7 30.4 6 21.3-45.6 % - 21 23
Cottonseed, whole 49.5 53.8 % -
Cottonseed, whole, extruded 49.5 53.8 % -
Cowpea seed 13 14.5 % -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 15.9 1.2 14.4-17.8 18.4 1.3 16.9-20.6 % - 13 15
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 15.9 18.4 % -
Faba bean, white flowers 15 1 12-15.9 17.5 1.1 14.4-18.5 % - 13 14
Fodder beet, raw 7.4 45.7 % -
Grapeseed oil meal 76.2 86.1 % - 1 1
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 16 15.5-16.4 17.9 % - 2
Lentils 12.4 14 % -
Linseed, whole 16.6 18 % - 1 1
Linseed, whole, extruded 16.6 18 % -
Lupin, blue 32.4 35.9 % -
Lupin, white 30.2 2.3 27.2-38.4 34.3 2.2 30.1-39.8 % - 41 40
Lupin, white, extruded 30.2 34.3 % -
Maize 8.3 0.6 7-10.6 9.6 0.6 8-11.7 % - 141 104
Maize bran 36.7 40.3 % -
Maize bran, starch production 43.3 49.5 % - 1
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 32.3 36.6 % -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 31.3 34.9 % - 1
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 14-30% 26.1 28.7 % -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 25 27.9 % -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 31.8 35.8 % -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 22.2 25.4 % - 1 1
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 9.4 10.7 % -
Maize germ meal, oil 5-20% 40.1 41.4 % - 1 1
Maize germ meal, oil < 5% 38.2 43.6 % -
Maize germs 39.6 41.5 % -
Maize, extruded 8.3 9.6 % -
Maize, flaked 8.3 9.6 % -
Maize, high moisture 6.5 9.6 % -
Millet, pearl 8.3 9.3 % - 1 1
Millet, proso 29.1 32.2 % -
Mustard bran 43.2 48.2 % - 1 1
Oat groats 21 24.5 % -
Oat hulls 61.8 68.4 % - 1 1
Oats 31.4 3.4 21.4-38.4 35.8 3.9 28-44 % - 70 59
Oats, flaked 31.4 35.8 % -
Palm kernel meal, oil 5-20% 59 2 57.1-62.4 64.4 61.3-66.3 % - 5 4
Palm kernel meal, oil < 5% 58.4 64.5 % -
Pea 13.1 1.1 9.5-17.4 15 1.3 11.5-20.1 % - 413 543
Pea protein concentrate 11.1 11.9 % -
Pea, extruded 13.1 15 % -
Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20% 32 27.3-33.1 35 % - 2
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 32.2 2.1 29.2-38.2 36.2 2.4 32.4-43.4 % - 34 33
Rapeseed, whole 24.9 26.9 % -
Rapeseed, whole, extruded 24.9 26.9 % -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 30.1 33.8 % - 1
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 24.6 1.5 22.8-31.1 27.5 1.5 26-29.9 % - 12 5
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 51.7 56.4 % - 1
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 31.7 35.2 29-40.6 % - 3
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 23.1 25.8 % -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 47 51.4 % -
Rice hulls 62.4 68.1 % -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 16.9 19.3 % -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 17.7 19.8 % -
Rice, broken 2.3 2.6 % - 1 1
Rye 12.8 11.3-13.6 14.8 13.5-15.8 % - 4 3
Sorghum 7.1 1.1 4.4-9.1 8 1.3 5.2-11.6 % - 72 56
Soybean hulls 63 3.7 60.2-70.1 70.9 4.1 67-79.8 % - 19 15
Soybean meal, oil 5-20% 19 20.4 % - 1 1
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 18.9 21.5 % -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 18.4 1.3 13.2-21.1 20.9 1.5 18.4-25.2 % - 28 30
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 18.4 20.9 % -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 18.4 1.3 13.2-21.1 20.9 1.5 18.4-25.2 % - 28 30
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 15.2 17.3 17.1-17.6 % - 1 2
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 50-60% 15.1 16.3 % - 1
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 60-70% 16.1 17.3 % -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 11.6 12.5 % -
Soybean, whole, extruded 17.4 14.5-23.5 19.5 % - 2 1
Soybean, whole, flaked 18.1 19.9 % -
Soybean, whole, toasted 17.3 2.4 14.4-22.1 19.6 2.7 16.1-24.9 % - 14 13
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 17.7 19.5 % -
Sunflower hulls 76.6 84.4 78.8-90.1 % - 1 2
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 28.8 30.7 % -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 44.1 5.5 30.2-44.8 47.8 5.9 33.3-50.3 % - 9 9
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 27.9 30.8 11.1 24-54.7 % - 5
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 46.5 3.7 29.3-51.9 52.3 4.1 40.2-57.6 % - 33 31
Sunflower seed, whole 23.7 5.1 13.3-28.4 25.5 5.5 14-29.9 % - 14 14
Tomato pulp, dehydrated 50.5 54.5 % -
Triticale 11 1.1 8.9-14.1 12.6 1.2 10.2-16.2 % - 182 131
Wheat bran 39 4.9 27.3-46.5 44.9 5.6 30.6-52.7 % - 20 19
Wheat bran from starch production 38.1 43.6 % - 1 1
Wheat bran, durum 39.7 45.8 % -
Wheat distillers grains, starch < 7%, dried 31.3 2.7 25.6-34.4 34.3 2.9 26.9-36.5 % - 11 9
Wheat distillers grains, starch > 7%, dried 27.7 30.2 % -
Wheat feed flour 6.7 7.7 1.8-12.7 % - 1 2
Wheat feed flour, durum 8.7 10 % -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 7.5 8.6 % -
Wheat gluten 9.1 9.7 % -
Wheat gluten feed, type 20% starch 28.4 26.1-28.7 31.2 % - 2 1
Wheat gluten feed, type 30% starch 27 1.2 24.1-28.3 30.5 1.4 27.4-32.2 % - 15 15
Wheat middlings (average) 30.2 5.8 19.9-33.6 34.3 6.6 22.5-38.9 % - 8 7
Wheat middlings, durum 30.3 34.8 % -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 30.5 5 21.3-33.6 34.7 24.3-38.9 % - 5 3
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 26.1 21.3-33.6 29.6 24.3-38.5 % - 4 4
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 30.9 21.3-33.6 35 24.3-38.5 % - 3 2
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 24.9 19.9-33.6 28.3 22.5-38.5 % - 4 3
Wheat, durum 10.2 11.7 % - 1
Wheat, soft 10 0.9 7.6-12.4 11.5 1 9.3-15 % - 239 215