Sheanut oil meal, oil > 5%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of sheanut seeds (Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertn.) for the production of sheanut butter. This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 93 100 % - 3.5 90.8 -96.1 11 3.1
Crude protein 12.5 13.5 % - 3.2 5.7 -16.2 11 3.4 5.9 -17.7 19
Crude fibre 9.6 10.3 % - 2.9 5.7 -14.8 11 3.1 6.3 -17.3 14
Crude fat 10.8 11.6 % - 2.7 6.3 -15.7 11 2.9 6.6 -16.6 19
Ash 5.4 5.9 % - 0.7 4.2 -6.4 11 0.7 4.6 -6.7 19
Insoluble ash 0.8 0.9 % - 0.4 0.2 -1.1 3 0.4 0.2 -1.3 5
NDF 36.4 39.2 % - 5.9 34 -45.6 5
ADF 30.3 32.6 % - 4.7 27.3 -35.8 4 5 28.7 -39.1 5
Lignin 17.1 18.4 % - 1 1
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 0 0 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 5240 5630 kcal/kg - 190 170 5460 -5810 5
Gross energy (MJ) 21.9 23.6 MJ/kg - 0.8 0.7 22.8 -24.3 5
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.3 2.5 g/kg - 0.8 1.5 -3.8 5 0.9 1.6 -4.1 12
Phosphorus 1.9 2 g/kg - 0.5 1.4 -2.8 5 0.5 1.4 -3.1 12
Magnesium 1.5 1.6 g/kg - 0.1 1.4 -1.6 4 0.1 1.4 -1.7 7
Potassium 13.4 14.4 g/kg - 8.5 0.4 -19.5 4 9.1 0.4 -20.8 6
Sodium 1.16 1.25 g/kg - 0.48 -1.96 2 0.5 -2.14 3
Manganese 164 176 mg/kg - 1 25 -328 2
Zinc 256 276 mg/kg - 1 27 -525 2
Copper 176 189 mg/kg - 1 6 -372 2
Iron 427 459 mg/kg - 1 1
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 1 1 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 3.7 4 g/kg 4.3 % FA 0.7 2.7-8.4 599
C18:0 stearic acid 33 35.5 g/kg 38.1 % FA 5.9 24-49.3 599
C18:1 oleic acid 42.1 45.3 g/kg 48.6 % FA 5.5 38.8-62.3 599
C18:2 linoleic acid 6.2 6.6 g/kg 7.1 % FA 1 3.2-13 599
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.1 0.06-0.7 509
Fatty acids 8.7 9.3 g/kg 80 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.34 0.37 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.2 0.22 per kg -
PDIA Systali 18 19 g/kg -
PDI Systali 49 53 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 28 30 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.329 0.354 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 1090 1180 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 600 640 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 360 390 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 4.6 4.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 2.5 2.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 1.5 1.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 28.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 27.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 72 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 53 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.7 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.37 0.4 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.23 0.25 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 16 17 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 48 52 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 30 32 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.28 0.31 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.15 0.17 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 21 23 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 52 56 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 21 23 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.38 0.41 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.24 0.26 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 19 20 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 69 74 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 30 32 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1240 1330 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 5.2 5.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 30 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 28.6 %
N digestibility ruminants - 40.6 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 73 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 55 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 77 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.3 1.4 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.2 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.1 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2850 3070 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2700 2910 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1770 1910 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3160 3400 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2920 3140 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2000 2160 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 11.9 12.8 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 11.3 12.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.4 8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.2 14.2 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.2 13.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.4 9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 54.5 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 60.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 58.3 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 65 %
N digestibility growing pig - 69.9 %
N digestibility adult pig - 84.5 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 69.3 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 66 %
Energy digestibility horse - 64.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.67 0.72 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 67 73 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2540 2730 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2480 2660 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 10.6 11.4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.4 11.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 48.6 %
N digestibility rabbit - 37.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4.9 5.3 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1 1.1 2.7 -6 6 0.3 3.4-4.2 6
Threonine 4.8 5.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1 1.4 2.3 -5.9 6 0.6 2.8-4.3 6
Methionine 2.6 2.8 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 1 0.7 1.4 -3.2 6 0.2 1.6-2.3 6
Cystine 2 2.2 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 1 0.6 0.9 -2.5 6 0.1 1.3-1.7 6
Methionine + cystine 4.6 5 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1 1.2 2.3 -5.7 6 0.3 3.2-4 6
Tryptophan 1.8 1.9 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1.8 -2 4 1.4-1.5 4
Isoleucine 5.6 6 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.4 0.4 5.6 -6.7 5 0.3 3.9-4.7 5
Valine 7 7.5 g/kg 5.6 g/16g N 0.4 0.4 7.1 -8.2 5 0.4 4.9-5.8 5
Leucine 9.4 10.2 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 0.8 0.8 9 -11.3 5 0.7 6.3-8 5
Phenylalanine 4.6 4.9 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.3 0.3 4.5 -5.4 5 0.3 3.1-3.9 5
Tyrosine 3.9 4.2 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 8.5 9.1 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 3.4 3.7 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.2 0.3 3.4 -4.1 5 0.2 2.4-2.9 5
Arginine 10.5 11.3 g/kg 8.4 g/16g N 1 1.1 9.9 -12.8 5 0.9 6.9-9 5
Alanine 5.3 5.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 1
Aspartic acid 10.5 11.3 g/kg 8.4 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 16.7 18 g/kg 13.4 g/16g N 1 1
Glycine 5.9 6.4 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.6 0.7 5.4 -7.2 5 0.6 3.7-5.1 5
Serine 4 4.3 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 1
Proline 5 5.3 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1 1
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