Buckwheat hulls

Hulls of buckwheat seeds (Fagopyrum esculentum L.). This is a byproduct of the processing of buckwheat for milling or other purposes.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88 100 % - 1.7 84.6 -94.2 207 1.6
Crude protein 6.2 7 % - 2.2 2.7 -13.2 225 2.5 3 -15 215
Crude fibre 43 48.9 % - 5.4 28.3 -53.2 214 6.1 32.3 -60.5 204
Crude fat 0.9 1 % - 0.4 0.4 -1.7 10 0.5 0.5 -1.9 10
Ash 2.3 2.6 % - 0.5 1.6 -5.8 200 0.5 1.8 -6.7 190
NDF 72.8 82.7 % - 7.4 59 -79.4 9 8.4 66.4 -92.6 10
ADF 57 64.7 % - 7.4 46.1 -67.7 9 8.3 51.8 -75.2 10
Lignin 24.8 28.2 % - 2.3 22.3 -28.4 9 2.6 24.9 -33.3 10
Water insoluble cell walls 78.3 89 % - 1 1
Starch 2.6 3 % - 1.8 0.8 -6.7 16 2 0.9 -7.5 16
Total sugars 0.9 1 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4080 4630 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 17.1 19.4 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.9 2.2 g/kg - 0.7 0.6 -2.9 7 0.7 -3.2 4
Phosphorus 1.9 2.2 g/kg - 1.5 0.6 -5 7
Potassium 2.7 3.1 g/kg -
Sodium 0.2 0.23 g/kg - 0.1 -0.4 3 0.11 -0.47 3
Chlorine 0.7 0.8 g/kg - 0.6 -1 3 0.7 -1.1 3
Electrolyte balance 58 66 mEq/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 0.7 0.8 g/kg 80 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.46 0.53 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.36 0.41 per kg -
PDIA Systali 11 12 g/kg -
PDI Systali 49 55 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -34 -39 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.531 0.603 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 1410 1600 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 820 930 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 630 720 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.9 6.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 3.4 3.9 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 2.6 3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 43.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 41.8 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 61 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 24 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
UFL FL1 Systali 0.49 0.55 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.38 0.44 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 10 11 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 49 56 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -34 -38 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.42 0.48 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.31 0.36 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 13 14 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 50 57 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -37 -42 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.45 0.52 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.35 0.4 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 12 14 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 32 36 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 45 51 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1410 1600 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 5.9 6.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 45 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 43.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 35.4 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 45 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 25 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 53.1 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.1 1.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1190 1350 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1100 1250 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 520 590 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1460 1660 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1300 1480 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 620 710 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 5 5.7 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 4.6 5.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 2.2 2.5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 6.1 6.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 5.5 6.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 2.6 3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 29.2 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 35.7 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 34.8 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 41 %
N digestibility growing pig - 21.1 %
N digestibility adult pig - 47 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 46 %
Energy digestibility horse - 44.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.57 0.64 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 8 9 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 830 950 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 800 910 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 3.5 4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 3.3 3.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 20.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 40.7 %
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