Olive oil cake, with pits, oil < 5%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of olive fruits (Olea europaea L.). This product contains pits. It has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 89.3 100 % - 6 76.2 -96 44 5.5
Crude protein 10.2 11.4 % - 2.9 4.1 -13.7 46 3.2 4.7 -15.7 43
Crude fibre 35.6 39.9 % - 5.7 25.4 -52.5 63 6.2 29.8 -56.4 41
Crude fat 2.4 2.7 % - 0.9 1 -4.9 22 1 1.1 -5.4 20
Ash 7.1 7.9 % - 3.2 2.3 -14.7 23 3.6 3 -15.7 21
NDF 62.4 70 % - 8.2 55.1 -79.7 13 8.8 58.7 -83.4 10
ADF 48.5 54.4 % - 6.1 39.9 -60.1 14 6.5 42.5 -64.1 11
Lignin 24.2 27.1 % - 2.7 20.5 -31.3 34 2.8 23.6 -35.3 31
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 3.8 4.3 % - 1 -8.1 3 1.1 -10.6 3
Gross energy (kcal) 3980 4460 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16.7 18.7 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 11.4 12.8 g/kg - 11.7 2 -34.2 7 13.1 2.6 -38 7
Phosphorus 1.4 1.6 g/kg - 1.2 0.3 -4 7 1.3 0.4 -4.4 7
Potassium 10.2 11.5 g/kg - 9 -11.8 3 1
Sodium 1.82 2.04 g/kg - 0.1 -4.6 4 0.33 -2.45 2
Chlorine 3.5 4 g/kg - 1.6 -7 3 1
Electrolyte balance 242 271 mEq/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.5 1.7 g/kg 8.4 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.7 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 2.5 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 13.9 15.6 g/kg 78 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 1.5 1.7 g/kg 8.3 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.8-0.8 2
Fatty acids 1.8 2 g/kg 75 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.2 0.22 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.1 0.12 per kg -
PDIA Systali 24 27 g/kg -
PDI Systali 54 60 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -17 -19 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.501 0.562 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 660 740 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 350 400 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 180 210 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 2.8 3.1 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 1.5 1.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 0.8 0.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 25.5 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 22.8 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 41 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 29 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 6.1 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 9.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 1.8 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.22 0.25 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.12 0.14 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 23 26 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 54 60 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -16 -18 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.16 0.18 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.07 0.08 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 26 29 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 55 62 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -21 -24 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.23 0.26 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.13 0.15 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 27 30 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 47 52 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 40 45 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 770 860 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 3.2 3.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 26.9 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 24.2 %
N digestibility ruminants - 38.8 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 40 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 40 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 14 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 45 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.08 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 30 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 68.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1 1.1 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 6.3 7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.2 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 9.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1480 1660 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1380 1550 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 700 790 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1710 1920 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1540 1730 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 800 900 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 6.2 7 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 5.8 6.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 2.9 3.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.2 8 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 6.4 7.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 3.4 3.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 37.3 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 42.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 42.5 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 48 %
N digestibility growing pig - 24.4 %
N digestibility adult pig - 37.6 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 3.2 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 58 %
Energy digestibility horse - 55.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.66 0.74 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 36 40 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1080 1210 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1030 1160 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 4.5 5.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 4.3 4.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 27 %
N digestibility rabbit - 32.8 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 0.9 1 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 0.8-0.9 2
Threonine 6.3 7.1 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 5.5-6.9 2
Methionine 1.5 1.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1.3-1.6 2
Cystine 1.1 1.3 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 1.1-1.1 2
Methionine + cystine 2.6 2.9 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1 1.1 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 6.2 7 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 6-6.2 2
Valine 6.8 7.7 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 6.7-6.7 2
Leucine 10.7 11.9 g/kg 10.5 g/16g N 10.4-10.5 2
Phenylalanine 5.9 6.6 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 5.7-5.8 2
Tyrosine 3.2 3.6 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 3.1-3.2 2
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 9.1 10.2 g/kg 8.9 g/16g N
Histidine 1.7 1.9 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1.6-1.7 2
Arginine 7.2 8.1 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 7.1-7.1 2
Alanine 5.8 6.5 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 5.6-5.8 2
Aspartic acid 12.6 14.1 g/kg 12.4 g/16g N 12.1-12.6 2
Glutamic acid 13.3 14.9 g/kg 13.1 g/16g N 10.3-15.8 2
Glycine 6.2 7 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 6.1-6.1 2
Serine 7.5 8.5 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 7.3-7.5 2
Proline 1.8 2 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1.6-1.9 2
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