Soybean molasses

Syrupy byproduct of the manufacture of protein concentrate obtained by aqueous alcohol extraction of soybean seeds (Glycine max (L.) Merr.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 57.6 100 % - 4 34.3 -73.7 110 9.8
Crude protein 4.4 7.7 % - 0.9 2.6 -8 123 1.5 4.8 -14.7 110
Crude fibre 0 0 % - 1 1
Crude fat 0.4 0.7 % - 1 1
Ash 11.3 19.6 % - 7.5 -17.2 4 10.2 -29.2 4
Insoluble ash 0 0 % -
NDF 0.5 0.8 % - 1 1
ADF 0.2 0.4 % - 1 1
Lignin 0 0 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 27.7 48.2 % - 3.8 16.5 -32.7 82 5.8 22.9 -58.2 83
Gross energy (kcal) 1910 3320 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 8 13.9 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.8 3.1 g/kg - 1.5 -2.6 2 2.8 -3.5 2
Phosphorus 3.3 5.8 g/kg - 1.5 -5.2 2 2 -9.5 2
Phytate phosphorus 2 3.5 g/kg 60 % P
Magnesium 4 7 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 41.6 72.3 g/kg - 1 1
Sodium 1.48 2.57 g/kg - 1 1
Chlorine 2.5 4.4 g/kg - 1 1
Electrolyte balance 1060 1841 mEq/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0.01 5
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.3 0-1.1 14
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.4 0.8 g/kg 11.2 % FA 2.2 9.6-20.8 22
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.08 0-0.2 7
C18:0 stearic acid 0.1 0.3 g/kg 3.8 % FA 0.4 3.2-4.8 22
C18:1 oleic acid 0.9 1.6 g/kg 23.1 % FA 1.6 19.8-27.3 23
C18:2 linoleic acid 2.1 3.6 g/kg 54 % FA 2.9 42.9-58.2 22
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.5 g/kg 7.2 % FA 0.9 4.8-8.7 22
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.01 0.02 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.09 0.1-0.4 11
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.04 0.1-0.2 6
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 0.02 0.03 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.4-0.5 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-0.3 2
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
Fatty acids 0.4 0.7 g/kg 95 % fat 92-98 2
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.41 0.71 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.39 0.68 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 3 5 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 34 59 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -15 -26 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.022 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1120 1950 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 720 1250 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 690 1190 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.6 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 2.9 5.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 2.8 4.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 78.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 70.5 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 93 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.42 0.72 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.4 0.69 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 2 3 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 33 58 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -15 -26 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.39 0.68 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.37 0.64 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 5 8 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 36 62 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -17 -29 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.45 0.79 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.44 0.77 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.44 0.77 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.43 0.75 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 26 44 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 34 59 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1240 2150 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 5.1 8.8 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 5.2 9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 79.7 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 76.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 55.3 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 100 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 100 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 0 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.05 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 48.2 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.3 4 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1 1.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 453 786 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 483 839 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 25 43 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -10 -18 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 2.1 3.7 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0.7 1.3 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 41.8 72.6 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 1.81 3.15 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.89 1.55 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 0.84 1.46 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.97 1.68 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.62 1.07 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 0 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 0 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 3.2 5.6 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 62 107 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -3 -5 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1570 2720 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1530 2650 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1060 1850 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1610 2810 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1570 2730 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1100 1910 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 6.6 11.4 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 6.6 11.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 6.4 11.1 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 6.5 11.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.4 7.7 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.4 7.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 6.8 11.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 6.8 11.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 6.6 11.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 6.6 11.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4.6 8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4.6 8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 82 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 84.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 % 79-88.4 3
OM digestibility adult pig - 87.1 %
N digestibility growing pig - 50 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 56.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2 3.5 g/kg 60 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 3 5.2 g/kg 90 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1340 2330 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1340 2330 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 5.6 9.8 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 5.6 9.8 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 5.6 9.7 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 5.6 9.7 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.8 1.4 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.8 1.4 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 82.2 %
Energy digestibility horse - 79.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.63 1.1 per kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1640 2840 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1590 2770 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 6.9 11.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 6.7 11.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 85.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 70 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 890 1550 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 3.7 6.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 46.6 %
N digestibility salmonids - 76.4 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 2.8 4.8 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 0.2 5.3-7 212
Threonine 1.7 2.9 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.1 3.3-4.5 156
Methionine 0.6 1.1 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.06 1-1.5 155
Cystine 0.7 1.2 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.08 1.2-1.9 147
Methionine + cystine 1.3 2.3 g/kg 3 g/16g N
Tryptophan 0.6 1.1 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.04 1.2-1.5 123
Isoleucine 2 3.5 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 0.2 3.6-5.2 158
Valine 2.1 3.7 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.2 4.4-5.6 156
Leucine 3.4 5.9 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 0.2 7.1-8.3 156
Phenylalanine 2.2 3.9 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 0.1 4.5-5.6 156
Tyrosine 1.6 2.7 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 0.1 3.1-4.1 117
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 3.8 6.6 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N
Histidine 1.2 2.1 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.1 2.3-3 158
Arginine 3.2 5.6 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 0.3 6.2-8.3 154
Alanine 1.9 3.4 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.2 3.7-5.6 151
Aspartic acid 5 8.7 g/kg 11.3 g/16g N 0.4 9.6-12.8 139
Glutamic acid 7.9 13.7 g/kg 17.8 g/16g N 0.5 15.2-18.9 147
Glycine 1.9 3.2 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.1 3.8-4.8 150
Serine 2.1 3.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 0.2 3.9-6 148
Proline 2.2 3.8 g/kg 5 g/16g N 0.2 4.4-5.7 142
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 4.3 g/kg 90 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 2.6 g/kg 87 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0.6 1 g/kg 91 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.6 1.1 g/kg 89 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 2.1 g/kg 90 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 0.9 g/kg 88 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 3.1 g/kg 88 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 3.3 g/kg 88 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 5.3 g/kg 91 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 2 3.5 g/kg 91 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 2.5 g/kg 91 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 6 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.9 g/kg 91 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 3 5.2 g/kg 93 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 3 g/kg 88 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 4.4 7.7 g/kg 88 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 7.3 12.7 g/kg 92 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 2.9 g/kg 91 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 3.2 g/kg 90 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 2 3.5 g/kg 90 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 4.1 g/kg 86 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 2.4 g/kg 83 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 1 g/kg 89 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.9 g/kg 77 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.9 g/kg 83 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.9 g/kg 85 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 3 g/kg 86 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 3.2 g/kg 86 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 5.2 g/kg 88 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 3.4 g/kg 88 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 2.4 g/kg 88 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 5.8 g/kg 88 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.8 g/kg 85 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 5 g/kg 89 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 2.9 g/kg 86 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 7.1 g/kg 82 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 7.1 12.3 g/kg 90 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 2.7 g/kg 84 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 3 g/kg 84 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 3.3 g/kg 86 %
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