Apple pomace, dried

Dried byproduct of apple juice or cider manufacture obtained by pressing apples (Malus communis Poir.). Apple pomace contains the peels, pulp and seeds.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 91 100 % - 3.1 80.4 -95.3 275 2.8
Crude protein 7.3 8 % - 2.1 3.3 -10.5 158 2.3 3.6 -16 179
Crude fibre 30.6 33.7 % - 7.7 14 -45 283 8.5 14.2 -49.6 293
Crude fat 3 3.3 % - 1.2 1.1 -5.8 61 1.3 1.2 -7 73
Ash 2.1 2.3 % - 1.4 0.7 -9 81 1.5 0.8 -9.9 98
Insoluble ash 0.3 0.3 % - 0.3 0.07 -0.9 5 0.2 -0.9 2
NDF 55.1 60.5 % - 10.5 34.2 -66.8 104 11.5 30.1 -74.6 114
ADF 47.7 52.4 % - 11.7 23.4 -60.3 105 12.8 24.5 -67.1 115
Lignin 21.3 23.4 % - 5.3 7.4 -35.3 219 5.8 6.4 -39.4 227
Water insoluble cell walls 62.8 69 % - 58.5 -67 2 1
Starch 7.8 8.5 % - 6.2 0.8 -16.1 7 6.8 0.9 -18.4 9
Total sugars 6.1 6.7 % - 4.2 2.4 -25.2 124 4.6 2.6 -26.9 124
Gross energy (kcal) 4220 4640 kcal/kg - 250 260 4590 -5210 5
Gross energy (MJ) 17.7 19.4 MJ/kg - 1.1 1.1 19.2 -21.8 5
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 1 g/kg - 0.7 0.2 -3.1 37 0.8 0.2 -3.5 43
Phosphorus 1.2 1.4 g/kg - 0.4 0.9 -2 38 0.4 0.1 -2.2 44
Magnesium 0.6 0.7 g/kg - 0.2 0.2 0.4 -1 6
Potassium 3 3.3 g/kg - 2.2 1.1 -7.4 33 2.4 1.2 -8.2 36
Sodium 2.66 2.92 g/kg - 5.9 0.08 -22 31 6.48 0.04 -24.17 35
Chlorine 0.5 0.6 g/kg - 0.7 0 -1.9 28 0.8 0 -2.2 26
Sulfur 5.4 5.9 g/kg - 1 1
Dietary cation-anion difference -157 -172 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 178 196 mEq/kg -
Manganese 5 5 mg/kg - 2 -9 3
Zinc 3 4 mg/kg - 3 -5 2 2 -5 3
Copper 4 4 mg/kg - 2 -5 3
Iron 65 71 mg/kg - 15 55 -93 4 17 60 -100 5
Selenium 0.04 0.04 mg/kg - 1 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 2.2 2.4 g/kg 75 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.67 0.73 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.58 0.64 per kg -
PDIA Systali 22 24 g/kg -
PDI Systali 65 72 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -48 -52 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.435 0.479 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 1940 2130 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1180 1290 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1030 1130 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.1 8.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 4.9 5.4 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 4.3 4.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 56.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 54.4 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 46 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 39 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
UFL FL1 Systali 0.69 0.76 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.61 0.67 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 20 22 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 65 71 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -47 -51 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.63 0.69 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.53 0.59 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 25 27 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 67 74 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -52 -57 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.65 0.71 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.56 0.61 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 26 28 g/kg - 1
PDIN INRA 2007 41 45 g/kg - 1
PDIE INRA 2007 67 73 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1910 2100 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8 8.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 57.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 55.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 50.1 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 55 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 43 % 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 40 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 70.6 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1970 2170 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1870 2050 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1130 1240 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2180 2390 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2010 2210 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1230 1350 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.3 9.1 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.7 5.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 9.1 10 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 8.4 9.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.1 5.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 46.7 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 51.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 51.5 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 56 %
N digestibility growing pig - 42.5 %
N digestibility adult pig - 59.4 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 23.3 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1050 1150 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1020 1120 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 4.4 4.8 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 4.3 4.7 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 57 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 55.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.72 0.79 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 23 26 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1480 1630 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 1440 1580 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 6.2 6.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 6 6.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 35.2 %
N digestibility rabbit - 46.7 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.6 3.9 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1 1
Threonine 2.3 2.5 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine 1.5 1.6 g/kg 2 g/16g N 1 1
Cystine 1.1 1.2 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 2.5 2.8 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1
Isoleucine 2.7 3 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1 1
Valine 3.1 3.4 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1
Leucine 3.3 3.7 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine 2 2.2 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1 1
Tyrosine 1.9 2.1 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 3.9 4.3 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 2.3 2.5 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1 1
Arginine 1.9 2.1 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1
Glycine 2.2 2.4 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1
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