Barley distillers grains, whisky production, fresh

Fresh byproduct of whisky manufacture, obtained from the distillery of barley grains (Hordeum vulgare L.), and consisting of spent grains.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 24.6 100 % - 4 22 -32.8 19 13.4
Crude protein 5 20.2 % - 0.6 4.1 -6.3 18 1.4 17.8 -23.5 18
Crude fibre 4.4 18 % - 0.7 3.6 -8 15 2.1 16.3 -24.3 15
Crude fat 1.9 7.7 % - 0.5 0.2 -2.2 16 1.9 0.7 -8.9 16
Ash 0.8 3.4 % - 0.2 0.6 -2 18 0.7 2.4 -6.1 18
NDF 16 65.1 % - 15.9 -17.5 4 61.8 -68.9 4
ADF 6.8 27.6 % - 1 6.6 -7.9 5 2.9 24.7 -32.4 5
Lignin 1.5 5.9 % - 1.2 -1.7 3 5.1 -6.8 3
Water insoluble cell walls 15.1 61.2 % -
Starch 0.4 1.8 % -
Total sugars 0.1 0.5 % - 0.1 -0.2 2 0.4 -0.6 2
Gross energy (kcal) 1250 5100 kcal/kg - 1250 -1300 2
Gross energy (MJ) 5.2 21.3 MJ/kg - 5.2 -5.4 2
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.3 1.3 g/kg - 0.2 0.1 -1 17 0.7 0.3 -3.8 17
Phosphorus 0.9 3.7 g/kg - 0.4 0.4 -3.2 17 1.7 1.5 -9.8 17
Magnesium 0.3 1.2 g/kg - 0.07 0.2 -0.5 16 0.3 0.8 -1.8 16
Potassium 0.08 0.3 g/kg - 0.03 0.05 -0.1 15 0.1 0.2 -0.6 15
Sodium 0.03 0.13 g/kg - 0.04 0.01 -0.18 16 0.17 0.05 -0.77 16
Manganese 10 41 mg/kg - 10 -10 2 39 -43 2
Zinc 46 188 mg/kg - 20 -71 2 80 -295 2
Copper 4 15 mg/kg - 3 -5 3 11 -18 3
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.2 0.7 g/kg 1.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 3.1 12.8 g/kg 22.3 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.2 0.8 g/kg 1.5 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 1.7 6.9 g/kg 12 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 8.1 32.9 g/kg 57.3 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 1 4.1 g/kg 7.2 % FA
Fatty acids 1.4 5.7 g/kg 74 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.2 0.81 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.17 0.7 per kg -
PDIA Systali 18 75 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 30 120 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 4 18 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.106 0.43 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 580 2340 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 350 1420 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 300 1240 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 2.4 9.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 1.5 6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 1.3 5.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 56 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 55.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 50 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 84 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 39 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.21 0.84 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.18 0.74 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 17 69 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 28 115 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 6 23 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.19 0.75 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.16 0.64 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 21 86 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 32 130 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 1 5 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.2 0.8 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.17 0.69 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 22 87 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 34 137 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 30 120 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 580 2350 kcal/kg - 580 -630 2 2270 -2580 2
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 2.4 9.8 MJ/kg - 2.4 -2.6 2 9.5 -10.8 2
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 57.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 57.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 65.2 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 75 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 48 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 84 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 40 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 75.6 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.2 0.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 580 2340 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 530 2170 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 350 1410 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 650 2630 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 590 2390 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 390 1570 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 2.4 9.8 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 2.2 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 1.4 5.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 2.7 11 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 2.5 10 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 1.6 6.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 46 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 51.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 50.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 56 %
N digestibility growing pig - 71.7 %
N digestibility adult pig - 80.2 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 56.1 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 350 1440 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 340 1380 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 1.5 6 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 1.4 5.8 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 55 %
Energy digestibility horse - 52.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.17 0.7 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 31 124 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 690 2820 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 660 2690 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 2.9 11.8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 2.8 11.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 55.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 49.7 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.6 6.4 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N
Threonine 1.8 7.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Methionine 0.7 2.9 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Cystine 0.9 3.5 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 0.4 1.8 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N
Tryptophan 0.7 2.7 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Isoleucine 1.9 7.7 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Valine 2.6 10.6 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N
Leucine 3.6 14.6 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 2.4 9.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Tyrosine 1.5 6 g/kg 3 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 1.1 4.4 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N
Histidine 1.2 4.8 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N
Arginine 2.3 9.3 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N
Alanine 2.5 10 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 3.1 12.5 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 9.8 39.7 g/kg 19.6 g/16g N
Glycine 2 8.3 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N
Serine 2.1 8.5 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Proline 4.6 18.9 g/kg 9.3 g/16g N
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