Carob pod meal

Byproduct of the extraction of mannogalactan from carob seeds (Ceratonia siliqua L.), consisting of dried and ground carob pods.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 85.2 100 % - 4 72.9 -96.9 260 6.6
Crude protein 4.3 5 % - 0.8 0.9 -6.7 240 0.9 1 -8 221
Crude fibre 8.7 10.3 % - 1.7 5.2 -15.2 124 1.9 6.7 -15.9 57
Crude fat 0.6 0.7 % - 0.5 0.1 -2.9 138 0.5 0.1 -3.5 122
Ash 3 3.5 % - 0.8 0.9 -6.1 201 0.9 1 -7.3 192
Insoluble ash 0.01 0.01 % - 0.01 -0.01 2
NDF 28.7 33.7 % - 3.4 22 -37.5 66 3.7 23.1 -44.1 51
ADF 26.8 31.5 % - 4.7 20.5 -33.8 62 5.3 15.9 -39.7 48
Lignin 15.3 18 % - 3.3 8.2 -30.2 61 3.8 8.4 -23.8 45
Water insoluble cell walls 34.8 40.9 % - 4.5 31.9 -42.6 5 36.2 -45.2 4
Starch 1.4 1.6 % - 0.9 0.01 -3 18 1.1 0.01 -3.6 18
Starch, enzymatic method 0.6 0.7 % - 0.4 0.09 -1.2 9 0.4 0.1 -1.3 9
Total sugars 38.7 45.4 % - 6.3 19 -54.8 105 7.1 28.3 -57.2 37
Gross energy (kcal) 3570 4190 kcal/kg - 1
Gross energy (MJ) 14.9 17.5 MJ/kg - 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 4.3 5.1 g/kg - 2.2 1.2 -10.3 42 2.6 1.4 -12.2 42
Phosphorus 0.8 0.9 g/kg - 0.3 0.4 -1.3 39 0.3 0.4 -1.6 38
Phytate phosphorus 0.6 0.7 g/kg 80 % P
Magnesium 0.6 0.7 g/kg - 0.3 0.3 -1.3 13 0.3 0.3 -1.5 14
Potassium 8.2 9.7 g/kg - 1.7 3.3 -11.5 14 2 3.7 -12.2 15
Sodium 0.27 0.31 g/kg - 0.45 0 -1.69 22 0.53 0 -1.9 22
Chlorine 1.6 1.8 g/kg - 0.3 1.1 -2.2 5 0.4 1.3 -2.3 5
Sulfur 3.1 3.6 g/kg - 1 1
Dietary cation-anion difference -16 -18 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 179 210 mEq/kg -
Manganese 10 11 mg/kg - 2 5 -11 5 3 6 -13 6
Zinc 7 8 mg/kg - 9 1 -30 8 11 1 -33 9
Copper 3 3 mg/kg - 2 0.6 -5 7 3 0.7 -9 8
Iron 14 17 mg/kg - 11 4 -41 12 13 5 -46 10
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.7 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 16.4 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.9 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 3.5 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 2.2 2.6 g/kg 47.7 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.7 0.8 g/kg 14.8 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 2.3 % FA
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 1.3 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 2.4 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.7 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.3 % FA
Fatty acids 0.5 0.5 % 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.56 0.65 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.48 0.57 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 11 13 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 53 62 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -54 -63 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.231 0.271 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1610 1890 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 980 1150 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 850 990 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.3 9.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.2 6.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.9 5.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 57.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 53.8 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 56 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.3 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.57 0.67 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.5 0.59 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 10 12 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 53 63 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -54 -63 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.52 0.61 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.44 0.52 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 13 15 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 55 64 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -56 -65 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.71 0.83 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.57 0.66 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.66 0.77 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.49 0.58 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 13 15 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 25 30 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 55 65 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1660 1950 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.4 9.8 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7 8.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 58.7 % 58.5-58.8 2
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 55.2 %
N digestibility ruminants - 19.2 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 60 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 55 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 65 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 40.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0.7 0.8 g/kg 90 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.4 2.8 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.5 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 565 663 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 538 631 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 30 35 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -47 -55 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 3.2 3.8 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.5 1.7 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 50.7 59.5 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.18 2.56 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.99 1.16 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 0.93 1.09 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.06 1.24 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.58 0.68 Mcal/kg -
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 4 4.7 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 81 96 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -6 -7 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1670 1960 kcal/kg - 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 1620 1900 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1150 1350 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1860 2190 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1790 2100 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1240 1450 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 7 8.2 MJ/kg - 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 6.8 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.8 5.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.8 9.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7.5 8.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.2 6.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 46.9 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 52.2 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 51.6 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 56.2 %
N digestibility growing pig - 67.6 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 94.2 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 % 1
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.2 0.3 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0.3 0.4 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1500 1760 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1490 1750 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6.3 7.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6.2 7.3 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.2 0.2 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.2 0.2 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 70.8 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 68.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.79 0.93 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 10 12 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2120 2490 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2090 2460 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.9 10.4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 8.8 10.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 59.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 32.1 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1670 1960 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 7 8.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 46.8 %
N digestibility salmonids - 69.6 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.5 1.8 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1.2 -1.9 2 3.4-4.2 2
Threonine 1.3 1.6 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine 0.9 1 g/kg 2 g/16g N 1 1
Cystine 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 1.4 1.6 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 0.8 0.9 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Isoleucine 1.5 1.8 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1
Valine 3 3.6 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 1 1
Leucine 2.6 3 g/kg 6 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine 1.4 1.7 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 1 1
Tyrosine 1.2 1.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 2.6 3.1 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 0.9 1.1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1 1
Arginine 1.2 1.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1 1
Alanine 2.1 2.4 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1 1
Aspartic acid 3.5 4.1 g/kg 8.2 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 2.7 3.2 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N 1 1
Glycine 1.2 1.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1 1
Serine 1.7 2 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1 1
Proline 6 7 g/kg 13.9 g/16g N 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.2 g/kg 71 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 1.1 g/kg 71 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 0.8 g/kg 81 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.4 0.4 g/kg 68 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.2 g/kg 76 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.6 0.6 g/kg 72 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.4 g/kg 77 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.7 g/kg 75 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.4 g/kg 79 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.3 g/kg 81 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 1.1 g/kg 78 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.1 2.4 g/kg 79 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 0.9 g/kg 77 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.2 g/kg 85 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.8 g/kg 73 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 3.1 g/kg 76 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.7 g/kg 83 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 0.8 1 g/kg 68 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.5 g/kg 75 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 4.5 5.3 g/kg 75 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.3 g/kg 75 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1.1 g/kg 71 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 0.8 g/kg 80 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.4 0.4 g/kg 69 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.2 g/kg 76 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 0.7 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.4 g/kg 77 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.7 g/kg 76 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.3 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.3 g/kg 78 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1 g/kg 74 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.3 g/kg 76 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 0.8 g/kg 75 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1.1 g/kg 79 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.8 g/kg 76 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 3 g/kg 72 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.6 g/kg 80 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1 g/kg 72 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 1.5 g/kg 74 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4.5 5.3 g/kg 76 %
CSVXLSXXML