Carob pod meal

Byproduct of the extraction of mannogalactan from carob seeds (Ceratonia siliqua L.), consisting of dried and ground carob pods.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 85.2 100 % - 6.9 72.9 -96.9 260 6.6
Crude protein 4.3 5 % - 0.8 0.9 -6.7 240 0.9 1 -8 221
Crude fibre 8.7 10.3 % - 1.7 5.2 -15.2 124 1.9 6.7 -15.9 57
Crude fat 0.5 0.6 % - 0.5 0.1 -2.9 138 0.5 0.1 -3.5 122
Ash 3 3.5 % - 0.8 0.9 -6.1 201 0.9 1 -7.3 192
Insoluble ash 0.01 0.01 % - 0.01 -0.01 2
NDF 28.4 33.4 % - 3.4 22 -37.5 66 3.7 23.1 -44.1 51
ADF 27.7 32.5 % - 4.7 20.5 -33.8 62 5.3 15.9 -39.7 48
Lignin 15.9 18.6 % - 3.3 8.2 -30.2 61 3.8 8.4 -23.8 45
Water insoluble cell walls 34.7 40.7 % - 4.5 31.9 -42.6 5 36.2 -45.2 4
Starch 1.4 1.6 % - 0.9 0.01 -3 18 1.1 0.01 -3.6 18
Total sugars 38.7 45.4 % - 6.3 19 -54.8 105 7.1 28.3 -57.2 37
Gross energy (kcal) 3570 4180 kcal/kg - 1
Gross energy (MJ) 14.9 17.5 MJ/kg - 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 4.3 5.1 g/kg - 2.2 1.2 -10.3 42 2.6 1.4 -12.2 42
Phosphorus 0.8 0.9 g/kg - 0.3 0.4 -1.3 39 0.3 0.4 -1.6 38
Phytate phosphorus 0.6 0.7 g/kg 80 % P
Magnesium 0.6 0.7 g/kg - 0.3 0.3 -1.3 13 0.3 0.3 -1.5 14
Potassium 8.2 9.7 g/kg - 1.7 3.3 -11.5 14 2 3.7 -12.2 15
Sodium 0.27 0.31 g/kg - 0.45 0 -1.69 22 0.53 0 -1.9 22
Chlorine 1.6 1.8 g/kg - 0.3 1.1 -2.2 5 0.4 1.3 -2.3 5
Sulfur 3.1 3.6 g/kg - 1 1
Dietary cation-anion difference -16 -18 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 179 210 mEq/kg -
Manganese 10 11 mg/kg - 2 5 -11 5 3 6 -13 6
Zinc 7 8 mg/kg - 9 1 -30 8 11 1 -33 9
Copper 3 3 mg/kg - 2 0.6 -5 7 3 0.7 -9 8
Iron 16 18 mg/kg - 11 4 -41 12 13 5 -46 10
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 0.4 0.5 g/kg 80 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.71 0.83 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.66 0.78 per kg -
PDIA Systali 11 13 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 58 68 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -61 -71 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.231 0.271 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1980 2320 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1250 1460 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1170 1370 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.3 9.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.2 6.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.9 5.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 68.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 65.2 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 56 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.73 0.85 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.68 0.8 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 10 12 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 58 68 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -61 -71 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.68 0.79 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.62 0.73 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 13 15 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 59 69 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -63 -74 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.71 0.83 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.66 0.77 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 13 15 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 25 30 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 64 75 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2000 2350 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.4 9.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 66.6 %
N digestibility ruminants - 40.5 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 60 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 55 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 65 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 36.5 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.4 2.8 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.2 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.5 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1650 1940 kcal/kg - 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 1600 1880 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1140 1330 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1850 2170 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1770 2080 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1230 1440 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 6.9 8.1 MJ/kg - 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 6.7 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.8 5.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.7 9.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7.4 8.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.1 6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 46.4 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 51.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 51.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 56 %
N digestibility growing pig - 67.6 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 94.4 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 % 1
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 71 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 68.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.79 0.93 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 10 12 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2090 2450 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2060 2420 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.8 10.3 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 8.6 10.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 58.6 %
N digestibility rabbit - 31 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.5 1.8 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1.2 -1.9 2 3.4-4.2 2
Threonine 1.3 1.6 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine 0.9 1 g/kg 2 g/16g N 1 1
Cystine 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 1.4 1.6 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 0.8 0.9 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Isoleucine 1.5 1.8 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1
Valine 3 3.6 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 1 1
Leucine 2.6 3 g/kg 6 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine 1.4 1.7 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 1 1
Tyrosine 1.2 1.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 2.6 3.1 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 0.9 1.1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1 1
Arginine 1.2 1.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1 1
Alanine 2.1 2.4 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1 1
Aspartic acid 3.5 4.1 g/kg 8.2 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 2.7 3.2 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N 1 1
Glycine 1.2 1.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1 1
Serine 1.7 2 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1 1
Proline 6 7 g/kg 13.9 g/16g N 1 1
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