Olive pulp, oil < 10%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of olive fruits (Olea europaea L.). This product does not contain pits. It has a relatively low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure, possibly followed by solvent extraction.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.5 100 % - 5.3 82.5 -92.2 11 4.9
Crude protein 10.9 12.3 % - 1.7 8.9 -14.5 11 1.9 10.2 -15.8 13
Crude fibre 18.9 21.4 % - 3.6 13.2 -27.2 11 4 14.7 -30 13
Crude fat 3.7 4.2 % - 2.1 2.5 -8.1 4 2.4 2 -8.8 6
Ash 7.1 8 % - 3 4.9 -15.1 7 3.3 5.7 -16.4 9
NDF 48.7 55 % - 26.9 -61.4 3 30 -67.6 3
ADF 37.4 42.3 % - 9.6 24.3 -49.8 3 10.7 27.1 -54.9 5
Lignin 21.6 24.4 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 3.8 4.3 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 3880 4380 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16.2 18.3 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 11.1 12.5 g/kg - 5 -19.9 2 5.5 -21.6 3
Phosphorus 1.5 1.7 g/kg - 1.3 -2.2 2 1.2 -2.4 3
Magnesium 0.7 0.8 g/kg - 1
Sodium 0.09 0.1 g/kg - 1
Manganese 29 33 mg/kg - 1
Zinc 22 25 mg/kg - 1
Copper 23 26 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 0.3 0.4 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.4 2.7 g/kg 8.4 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.7 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.7 0.8 g/kg 2.5 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 21.9 24.8 g/kg 78 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 2.3 2.6 g/kg 8.3 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 0.3 g/kg 0.8 % FA
Fatty acids 2.8 3.2 g/kg 75 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.4 0.45 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.29 0.33 per kg -
PDIA Systali 8 9 g/kg -
PDI Systali 45 50 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -15 -17 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.424 0.479 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 1220 1380 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 700 790 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 520 580 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.1 5.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 2.9 3.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 2.2 2.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 42.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 39.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 50 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 39 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 0 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.9 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.42 0.47 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.32 0.36 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 7 8 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 45 51 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -12 -14 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.36 0.4 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.25 0.28 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 9 10 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 45 51 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -21 -24 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.41 0.47 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.31 0.35 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 10 11 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 36 40 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 34 38 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1290 1450 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 5.4 6.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 43.5 % 33.7-69.4 3
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 40.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 50.3 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 15 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 48 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 10 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 66 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.08 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 40 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 72.6 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1 1.1 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 6.1 6.9 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.1 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1950 2200 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1820 2060 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1110 1250 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2120 2400 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1930 2180 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1210 1370 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.2 9.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 7.6 8.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.6 5.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 8.9 10 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 8.1 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.1 5.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 50.2 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 54.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 54.6 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 59 %
N digestibility growing pig - 49.3 %
N digestibility adult pig - 59 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 39.5 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 63 %
Energy digestibility horse - 60.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.65 0.74 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 46 52 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1680 1900 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1640 1850 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 7 8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 6.9 7.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 43.3 %
N digestibility rabbit - 27 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 0.9 1 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N
Threonine 6.8 7.6 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N
Methionine 1.6 1.8 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N
Cystine 1.2 1.4 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1.1 1.2 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 6.7 7.5 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Valine 7.3 8.3 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Leucine 11.4 12.9 g/kg 10.5 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 6.3 7.1 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N
Tyrosine 3.4 3.9 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 1.1 1.3 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Histidine 1.8 2 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Arginine 7.7 8.8 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N
Alanine 6.2 7 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 13.5 15.2 g/kg 12.4 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 14.2 16.1 g/kg 13.1 g/16g N
Glycine 6.7 7.5 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Serine 8.1 9.1 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N
Proline 1.9 2.2 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
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