Olive pulp, oil > 10%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of olive fruits (Olea europaea L.). This product does not contain pits. It has a relatively high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 78.5 100 % - 17.5 60.7 -92.5 15 18.2
Crude protein 9.1 11.6 % - 2.4 5.1 -14.9 15 2.7 8.2 -17.9 15
Crude fibre 16.8 21.4 % - 4 9.6 -25.5 10 4.3 15.5 -28.5 10
Crude fat 27.1 34.5 % - 6.9 20.2 -30.1 5 7.6 28.8 -47.7 5
Ash 4.6 5.8 % - 1.5 2.7 -7.4 15 1.8 3.4 -8.8 15
NDF 43.2 55 % -
ADF 33.2 42.3 % -
Lignin 19.2 24.4 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 3.4 4.3 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4750 6060 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 19.9 25.4 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 8.8 11.2 g/kg - 5.4 -12.7 4 6 -14.9 4
Phosphorus 1.1 1.4 g/kg - 0.8 -1.3 4 0.9 -1.6 4
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C16:0 palmitic acid 17.1 21.7 g/kg 8.4 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 1.4 1.8 g/kg 0.7 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 5.1 6.5 g/kg 2.5 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 158 202 g/kg 78 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 16.9 21.5 g/kg 8.3 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.6 2.1 g/kg 0.8 % FA
Fatty acids 20.3 25.9 g/kg 75 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.59 0.76 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.48 0.61 per kg -
PDIA Systali 27 34 g/kg -
PDI Systali 55 70 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -18 -23 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.408 0.52 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 1780 2270 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1040 1330 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 840 1070 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.5 9.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 4.4 5.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 3.5 4.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 42 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 44.2 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 41 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 34 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 6.1 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 9.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 1.8 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.62 0.8 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.51 0.65 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 26 33 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 55 70 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -16 -21 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.54 0.69 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.42 0.53 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 29 37 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 57 72 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -21 -27 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.58 0.74 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.46 0.59 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 30 39 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 48 61 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 30 38 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1770 2260 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.4 9.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 43.4 % 4.7 42.5-57.4 8
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 45.6 %
N digestibility ruminants - 47.3 % 27.1 13.4-76.5 6
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 50 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 40 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 14 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 45 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.08 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 35 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0.7 0.9 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.8 6.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.4 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 10.6 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2660 3390 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2540 3230 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1500 1910 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2800 3570 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2600 3320 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1740 2220 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 11.1 14.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.6 13.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.3 8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.7 14.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 10.9 13.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.3 9.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 55.9 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 58.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 60.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 64 %
N digestibility growing pig - 53.7 %
N digestibility adult pig - 63 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 63 %
Energy digestibility horse - 60.6 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.83 1.06 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 36 46 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2750 3500 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2700 3450 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.5 14.7 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.3 14.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 57.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 29.3 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 0.8 1 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N
Threonine 5.7 7.2 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N
Methionine 1.3 1.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N
Cystine 1 1.3 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N
Tryptophan 0.9 1.2 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 5.6 7.1 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Valine 6.1 7.8 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Leucine 9.5 12.2 g/kg 10.5 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 5.2 6.7 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N
Tyrosine 2.9 3.7 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 0.9 1.2 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Histidine 1.5 1.9 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Arginine 6.5 8.3 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N
Alanine 5.2 6.6 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 11.3 14.4 g/kg 12.4 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 11.9 15.2 g/kg 13.1 g/16g N
Glycine 5.6 7.1 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Serine 6.8 8.6 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N
Proline 1.6 2 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
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