Grape pulp, dried

Dried byproduct of winery or grape juice manufacture obtained from the pressure of grapes (Vitis vinifera L.). Grape pulp typically contains the pulp and skins, but not the seeds (pips) or the branches. It is sometimes synonym of grape marc or grape pomace, though the latter product often contains also the seeds and branches.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90 100 % - 2.1 87.4 -91.6 37 1.9
Crude protein 12.4 13.7 % - 1.2 10.6 -16.3 22 1.3 11.8 -18.3 22
Crude fibre 18.3 20.3 % - 2.7 15.4 -28.4 32 3 17.2 -32 32
Crude fat 4.6 5.1 % - 0.9 3.6 -6.2 21 1 3.9 -8.3 22
Ash 7.2 8 % - 1.4 5.6 -12 18 1.5 6.3 -13.2 19
NDF 46.3 51.5 % - 4 40.5 -53.8 29 4.4 45 -59.2 29
ADF 38.8 43.1 % - 5.6 31.5 -51.8 29 6.2 35 -56.9 29
Lignin 24.7 27.5 % - 6.6 17.2 -41.6 42 7.3 19.4 -45.7 42
Starch 1.4 1.6 % -
Total sugars 9.5 10.5 % - 4.6 2.9 -14.3 10 5.1 3.2 -16.1 10
Gross energy (kcal) 4000 4440 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16.7 18.6 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 10.4 11.5 g/kg - 5.7 5.4 -22 7 6.4 6 -24.2 8
Phosphorus 2.8 3.1 g/kg - 0.2 2.5 -3 7 0.3 2.7 -3.3 8
Potassium 20.7 23 g/kg - 20 -21 4 22 -23.4 4
Sodium 0.2 0.23 g/kg - 0.06 0.15 -0.32 6 0.07 0.17 -0.35 6
Copper 21 23 mg/kg - 5 14 -27 9 6 16 -30 9
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.08 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.6 2.8 g/kg 7.4 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.6 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 1.3 1.5 g/kg 3.9 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 5.4 6 g/kg 15.6 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 25 27.8 g/kg 72.2 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Fatty acids 3.5 3.8 g/kg 75 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.42 0.47 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.32 0.35 per kg -
PDIA Systali 15 16 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 52 57 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -45 -50 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.546 0.607 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1290 1430 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 740 820 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 560 620 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.4 6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 3.1 3.4 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 2.3 2.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 43 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 40.5 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 21 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 27 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.44 0.49 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.34 0.38 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 15 16 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 53 58 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -45 -50 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.38 0.42 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.27 0.3 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 15 17 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 52 57 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -46 -52 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.44 0.49 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.33 0.37 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 16 18 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 26 29 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 37 41 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1360 1510 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 5.7 6.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 44.4 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 41.9 %
N digestibility ruminants - 54.3 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 15 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 22 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 16 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 12 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.057 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 26 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 10 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 35 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.05 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 73.8 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 5.7 6.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.8 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1860 2060 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1750 1940 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1120 1240 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2050 2280 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1880 2090 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1210 1350 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 7.3 8.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.7 5.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 8.6 9.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7.9 8.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.1 5.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 46.5 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 51.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 51 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 56 %
N digestibility growing pig - 44.6 %
N digestibility adult pig - 54 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 48.3 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 66 %
Energy digestibility horse - 63.4 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.72 0.8 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 60 67 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1740 1930 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1690 1880 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 7.3 8.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.1 7.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 43.5 %
N digestibility rabbit - 24.4 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4.9 5.4 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Threonine 4.3 4.8 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Methionine 1.3 1.4 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Cystine 1.5 1.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 2.8 3.1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1.2 1.3 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 4.5 5 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Valine 4.7 5.2 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Leucine 8 8.9 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 4.2 4.7 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Tyrosine 2.5 2.8 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 6.7 7.5 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N
Histidine 2.5 2.8 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Arginine 6.4 7.2 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N
Alanine 5.4 6.1 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 6.3 7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 19.3 21.5 g/kg 15.7 g/16g N
Glycine 7.9 8.8 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N
Serine 4.5 5 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Proline 4.4 4.9 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
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