Grapeseed oil meal

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of grape seeds (Vitis vinifera L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.5 100 % - 3 85.6 -92.8 31 2.8
Crude protein 10.6 12 % - 1.2 8.8 -14.3 33 1.3 9.3 -16.6 32
Crude fibre 43.1 48.7 % - 5.6 33.6 -52.2 32 6.2 38.9 -59.9 32
Crude fat 1.5 1.6 % - 1 0.3 -5.2 19 1.2 0.3 -4.3 19
Ash 3.7 4.1 % - 0.6 2.8 -5.3 26 0.7 3.2 -5.8 26
NDF 65.1 73.6 % - 4.8 61.4 -75.7 14 5.2 66.1 -83.6 16
ADF 57.5 65 % - 5.3 52.4 -66.1 14 5.8 56.5 -76.6 15
Lignin 40.2 45.5 % - 8.8 19.2 -58.1 24 9.9 20.8 -64.2 24
Water insoluble cell walls 76.2 86.1 % - 1 1
Starch 2.2 2.5 % - 1.9 -2.8 4 2.2 -3.2 4
Total sugars 0.6 0.7 % - 0.3 0.3 -1.2 6 0.3 0.3 -1.3 6
Gross energy (kcal) 4130 4670 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 17.3 19.5 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 8.6 9.7 g/kg - 1.4 6.5 -11.4 11 1.5 7 -12.7 12
Phosphorus 2 2.3 g/kg - 0.5 1.5 -3.3 11 0.6 1.7 -3.6 12
Magnesium 0.6 0.7 g/kg - 1
Potassium 5.4 6.1 g/kg - 4.5 -6.9 4 5 -8 4
Sodium 0.14 0.16 g/kg - 0.12 0.03 -0.26 7 0.14 0.03 -0.4 8
Chlorine 0.2 0.2 g/kg - 0.1 -0.3 2 0.1 -0.3 2
Electrolyte balance 138 156 mEq/kg -
Manganese 21 24 mg/kg - 1
Zinc 15 17 mg/kg -
Copper 15 17 mg/kg - 10 2 -22 4 11 2 -29 5
Iron 169 191 mg/kg - 1 1
Selenium 0.04 0.04 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.08 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 7.4 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.07 0.07 g/kg 0.6 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 3.9 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 1.7 1.9 g/kg 15.6 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 7.9 8.9 g/kg 72.2 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Fatty acids 1.1 1.2 g/kg 75 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.12 0.14 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.05 0.05 per kg -
PDIA Systali 8 9 g/kg -
PDI Systali 35 40 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -2 -2 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.57 0.645 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 420 480 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 220 250 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 80 90 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 1.8 2 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 0.9 1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 0.4 0.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 17.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 15.8 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 50 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 19 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7.3 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.15 0.17 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.06 0.07 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 7 8 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 36 40 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 0.6 0.7 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.08 0.1 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.02 0.03 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 9 10 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 36 40 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -8 -9 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.16 0.19 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.08 0.09 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 9 10 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 35 39 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 18 20 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 560 630 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 2.3 2.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 19 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 17.2 %
N digestibility ruminants - 35.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 15 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 48 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 10 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 66 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.08 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 20 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 62.2 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.4 1.6 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.7 5.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.6 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1480 1670 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1380 1560 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 660 750 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1720 1940 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1550 1750 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 760 850 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 6.2 7 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 5.8 6.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 2.8 3.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.2 8.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 6.5 7.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 3.2 3.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 35.8 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 41.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 41.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 47 %
N digestibility growing pig - 22.2 %
N digestibility adult pig - 35.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 56 %
Energy digestibility horse - 53.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.67 0.76 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 32 37 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 800 910 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 780 880 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 3.4 3.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 3.3 3.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 19.4 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 15.9 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4.2 4.7 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Threonine 3.7 4.2 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Methionine 1.1 1.3 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Cystine 1.3 1.4 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 2.4 2.7 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1 1.1 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.8 4.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Valine 4 4.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Leucine 6.9 7.8 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Tyrosine 2.2 2.4 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 5.8 6.5 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N
Histidine 2.2 2.4 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Arginine 5.5 6.3 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N
Alanine 4.7 5.3 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 5.4 6.1 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 16.6 18.8 g/kg 15.7 g/16g N
Glycine 6.8 7.7 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N
Serine 3.8 4.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Proline 3.8 4.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
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