Grapeseed oil meal

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of grape seeds (Vitis vinifera L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.5 100 % - 3 85.6 -92.8 31 2.8
Crude protein 10.6 12 % - 1.2 8.8 -14.3 33 1.3 9.3 -16.6 32
Crude fibre 43.1 48.7 % - 5.6 33.6 -52.2 32 6.2 38.9 -59.9 32
Crude fat 1.5 1.6 % - 1 0.3 -5.2 19 1.2 0.3 -4.3 19
Ash 3.7 4.1 % - 0.6 2.8 -5.3 26 0.7 3.2 -5.8 26
NDF 65.1 73.6 % - 4.8 61.4 -75.7 14 5.2 66.1 -83.6 16
ADF 57.5 65 % - 5.3 52.4 -66.1 14 5.8 56.5 -76.6 15
Lignin 40.2 45.5 % - 8.8 19.2 -58.1 24 9.9 20.8 -64.2 24
Water insoluble cell walls 76.2 86.1 % - 1 1
Starch 2.2 2.5 % - 1.9 -2.8 4 2.2 -3.2 4
Total sugars 0.6 0.7 % - 0.3 0.3 -1.2 6 0.3 0.3 -1.3 6
Gross energy (kcal) 4130 4670 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 17.3 19.5 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 8.6 9.7 g/kg - 1.4 6.5 -11.4 11 1.5 7 -12.7 12
Phosphorus 2 2.3 g/kg - 0.5 1.5 -3.3 11 0.6 1.7 -3.6 12
Magnesium 0.6 0.7 g/kg - 1
Potassium 5.4 6.1 g/kg - 4.5 -6.9 4 5 -8 4
Sodium 0.14 0.16 g/kg - 0.12 0.03 -0.26 7 0.14 0.03 -0.4 8
Chlorine 0.2 0.2 g/kg - 0.1 -0.3 2 0.1 -0.3 2
Electrolyte balance 138 156 mEq/kg -
Manganese 21 24 mg/kg - 1
Zinc 15 17 mg/kg -
Copper 15 17 mg/kg - 10 2 -22 4 11 2 -29 5
Iron 169 191 mg/kg - 1 1
Selenium 0.04 0.04 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.08 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 7.4 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.07 0.07 g/kg 0.6 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 3.9 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 1.7 1.9 g/kg 15.6 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 7.9 8.9 g/kg 72.2 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Fatty acids 1.1 1.2 g/kg 75 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.12 0.14 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.05 0.05 per kg -
PDIA Systali 8 9 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 35 40 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -2 -2 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.57 0.645 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 420 480 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 220 250 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 80 90 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 1.8 2 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 0.9 1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 0.4 0.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 17.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 15.8 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 50 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 19 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.3 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.15 0.17 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.06 0.07 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 7 8 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 36 40 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 0.6 0.7 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.08 0.1 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.02 0.03 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 9 10 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 36 40 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -8 -9 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.16 0.19 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.08 0.09 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 9 10 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 35 39 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 18 20 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 560 630 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 2.3 2.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 19 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 17.2 %
N digestibility ruminants - 35.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 15 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 50 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 48 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 10 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 66 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.08 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 20 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 62.2 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.4 1.6 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.7 5.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.6 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1480 1670 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1380 1560 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 660 750 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1720 1940 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1550 1750 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 760 850 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 6.2 7 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 5.8 6.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 2.8 3.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.2 8.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 6.5 7.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 3.2 3.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 35.8 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 41.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 41.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 47 %
N digestibility growing pig - 22.2 %
N digestibility adult pig - 35.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 56 %
Energy digestibility horse - 53.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.67 0.76 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 32 37 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 800 910 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 780 880 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 3.4 3.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 3.3 3.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 19.4 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 15.9 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4.2 4.7 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Threonine 3.7 4.2 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Methionine 1.1 1.3 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Cystine 1.3 1.4 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 2.4 2.7 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1 1.1 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.8 4.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Valine 4 4.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Leucine 6.9 7.8 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Tyrosine 2.2 2.4 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 5.8 6.5 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N
Histidine 2.2 2.4 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Arginine 5.5 6.3 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N
Alanine 4.7 5.3 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 5.4 6.1 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 16.6 18.8 g/kg 15.7 g/16g N
Glycine 6.8 7.7 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N
Serine 3.8 4.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Proline 3.8 4.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
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