Tomato pulp, dehydrated

Dried byproduct of the processing of tomato fruits (Solanum lycopersicum Karst.) for juice extraction or canning, consisting of the peels and the fruit pulp.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.7 100 % - 3 90.4 -95.2 11 2.6
Crude protein 19 20.5 % - 3.4 14.2 -31.6 11 3.6 15.6 -35 24
Crude fibre 37.6 40.6 % - 5.9 28.5 -46.8 7 6.3 30.4 -56.9 20
Crude fat 10.2 11 % - 2.2 7 -13.8 7 2.4 5.7 -15 16
Ash 4.4 4.8 % - 1.5 2.6 -8 11 1.6 2.8 -8.4 23
Insoluble ash 0.6 0.7 % - 1
NDF 51.3 55.3 % - 5.6 40.6 -56.5 8 5.9 43.2 -71.6 21
ADF 42 45.3 % - 6.7 29.4 -53.1 8 7.1 32 -60.4 21
Lignin 24.4 26.3 % - 4.9 19.4 -33 7 5.3 20.6 -40.5 17
Water insoluble cell walls 50.5 54.5 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 0.5 0.6 % - 0 -1.1 2 0 -1.2 3
Gross energy (kcal) 4810 5180 kcal/kg - 1 4750 -5330 4
Gross energy (MJ) 20.1 21.7 MJ/kg - 1 19.9 -22.3 4
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 13.5 14.6 g/kg - 22 2 -59.1 5 23.8 2.2 -62.8 6
Phosphorus 4.8 5.2 g/kg - 1.9 3.7 -8.8 5 2.1 4 -9.3 6
Magnesium 2 2.2 g/kg - 1.7 -2.4 2 1.8 -2.5 2
Potassium 9.3 10.1 g/kg - 6.7 -11.6 3 7.1 -12.8 3
Sodium 1.44 1.55 g/kg - 0.6 -2.3 2 0.66 -2.44 2
Chlorine 2.2 2.3 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 2.9 3.2 g/kg - 1
Dietary cation-anion difference 59 63 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 241 260 mEq/kg -
Manganese 67 72 mg/kg - 1 1
Copper 10 11 mg/kg - 1 1
Iron 210 227 mg/kg - 1 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 8.6 9.3 g/kg 14 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 3.7 4 g/kg 6 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 13.9 15 g/kg 22.6 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 33 35.6 g/kg 53.7 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.2 1.3 g/kg 2 % FA
Fatty acids 6.1 6.6 g/kg 60 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.65 0.7 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.54 0.58 per kg -
PDIA Systali 36 39 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 76 82 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 42 46 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.482 0.52 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1930 2080 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1150 1240 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 950 1020 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.1 8.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.8 5.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4 4.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 49.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 49.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 34 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.1 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.68 0.73 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.57 0.62 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 32 35 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 74 80 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 47 51 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.6 0.65 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.48 0.52 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 42 45 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 81 88 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 31 34 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.63 0.68 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.52 0.56 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 40 44 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 103 111 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 66 71 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1910 2060 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8 8.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 51.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 51 %
N digestibility ruminants - 66.1 % 64-71.1 2
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 50 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 49 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 62 % 59-66 3
Immediately degradable N (a) - 42 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 39 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.092 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 35 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.1 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 7.4 8 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.9 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1620 1740 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1490 1600 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 750 810 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1870 2020 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1680 1810 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 890 960 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 6.8 7.3 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 6.2 6.7 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 3.2 3.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.8 8.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7 7.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 3.7 4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 33.6 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 39 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 38.7 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 45 %
N digestibility growing pig - 39.6 %
N digestibility adult pig - 47.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2160 2330 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9 9.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 55 %
Energy digestibility horse - 53 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.72 0.77 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 83 89 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1850 2000 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1720 1860 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 7.7 8.4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.2 7.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 38.5 %
N digestibility rabbit - 54.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 9.7 10.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Threonine 6.4 6.9 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 1 6.5 -8.1 2 3.3-3.4 2
Methionine 3.6 3.9 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 1 3.6 -4.4 2 1.5-2.3 2
Cystine 3.2 3.5 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 3.2 -3.9 2 1.4-2 2
Methionine + cystine 6.8 7.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 6.8 -8.3 2 2.9-4.3 2
Tryptophan 1.9 2.1 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 7.3 7.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1 3.6-4.1 2
Valine 8.1 8.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 8.6 -9.7 2 4.1-4.4 2
Leucine 12.3 13.3 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 1 5.8-7.1 2
Phenylalanine 9.6 10.3 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1 10 -11.4 2 4.2-5.8 2
Tyrosine 10.4 11.2 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 20 21.6 g/kg 10.5 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 5.6 6 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 1 4.6 -7.7 2 2-3.9 2
Arginine 17.8 19.2 g/kg 9.4 g/16g N 1 17 -22.5 2 7.2-11.5 2
Alanine 8.2 8.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 19 20.5 g/kg 10 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 27 29.1 g/kg 14.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 9.8 10.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1 10.4 -11.7 2 4.9-5.3 2
Serine 8.6 9.3 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 9.1 9.8 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
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