Tomato pulp, dehydrated

Dried byproduct of the processing of tomato fruits (Solanum lycopersicum Karst.) for juice extraction or canning, consisting of the peels and the fruit pulp.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.7 100 % - 1.7 90.4 -95.2 11 2.6
Crude protein 19 20.5 % - 3.4 14.2 -31.6 11 3.6 15.6 -35 24
Crude fibre 37.6 40.6 % - 5.9 28.5 -46.8 7 6.3 30.4 -56.9 20
Crude fat 10.2 11 % - 2.2 7 -13.8 7 2.4 5.7 -15 16
Ash 4.4 4.8 % - 1.5 2.6 -8 11 1.6 2.8 -8.4 23
Insoluble ash 0.6 0.7 % - 1
NDF 51.3 55.3 % - 5.6 40.6 -56.5 8 5.9 43.2 -71.6 21
ADF 42 45.3 % - 6.7 29.4 -53.1 8 7.1 32 -60.4 21
Lignin 24.4 26.3 % - 4.9 19.4 -33 7 5.3 20.6 -40.5 17
Water insoluble cell walls 50.5 54.4 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 0.5 0.6 % - 0 -1.1 2 0 -1.2 3
Gross energy (kcal) 4810 5180 kcal/kg - 1 4750 -5330 4
Gross energy (MJ) 20.1 21.7 MJ/kg - 1 19.9 -22.3 4
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 4.6 5 g/kg - 2.9 2 -9.5 4 3.1 2.2 -10.1 5
Phosphorus 4.8 5.2 g/kg - 1.9 3.7 -8.8 5 2.1 4 -9.3 6
Phytate phosphorus 2.9 3.1 g/kg 60 % P
Magnesium 2 2.2 g/kg - 1.7 -2.4 2 1.8 -2.5 2
Potassium 9.3 10.1 g/kg - 6.7 -11.6 3 7.1 -12.8 3
Sodium 1.44 1.55 g/kg - 0.6 -2.3 2 0.66 -2.44 2
Chlorine 2.2 2.3 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 2.9 3.2 g/kg - 1
Dietary cation-anion difference 59 63 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 241 260 mEq/kg -
Manganese 67 72 mg/kg - 1 1
Copper 10 11 mg/kg - 1 1
Iron 210 227 mg/kg - 1 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 8.6 9.3 g/kg 14 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 3.7 4 g/kg 6 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 13.9 15 g/kg 22.6 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 33 35.6 g/kg 53.7 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.2 1.3 g/kg 2 % FA
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 0.1 % FA
Fatty acids 6.1 6.6 % 60 % fat 4 56-66 5
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.81 0.88 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.72 0.78 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 36 39 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 80 86 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 43 46 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.444 0.479 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2330 2510 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1430 1540 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1270 1370 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.1 8.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.8 5.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4 4.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 58.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 58.6 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 66 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 39 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.1 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.84 0.91 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.76 0.82 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 32 35 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 77 83 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 48 52 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.76 0.82 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.66 0.71 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 42 46 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 85 92 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 33 35 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.63 0.68 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.77 0.83 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.52 0.56 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.67 0.72 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 40 43 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 108 116 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 73 79 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2250 2420 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8 8.6 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.4 10.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 60.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 60 %
N digestibility ruminants - 70 % 64-71.1 2
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 55 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 49 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 66 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 42 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 39 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.092 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 40 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.1 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.4 3.6 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.5 2.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 765 825 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 730 787 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 46 49 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 64 69 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 2.7 2.9 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.1 1.1 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 44.5 48 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.11 2.28 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.96 1.03 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 0.9 0.97 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.95 1.02 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.44 0.47 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 33 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 36 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 5.4 5.8 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 157 169 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 5 6 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2490 2690 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2340 2520 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1220 1320 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2770 2990 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2520 2720 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1420 1530 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.4 11.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.8 10.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 5.1 5.5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.6 12.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 10.6 11.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.9 6.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 51.9 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 57.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 56.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 62.4 %
N digestibility growing pig - 39.2 %
N digestibility adult pig - 47.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.4 1.6 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.2 2.3 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1600 1720 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1490 1610 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6.7 7.2 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6.2 6.7 MJ/kg - 1 1
Available P cockerel 1.2 1.3 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 1.2 1.3 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 54.7 %
Energy digestibility horse - 53 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.72 0.77 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 83 89 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1850 2000 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1720 1860 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 7.7 8.4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.2 7.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 38.5 %
N digestibility rabbit - 54.4 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2860 3080 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 12 12.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 59.5 %
N digestibility salmonids - 84.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 9.7 10.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Threonine 6.4 6.9 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 1 6.5 -8.1 2 3.3-3.4 2
Methionine 3.6 3.9 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 1 3.6 -4.4 2 1.5-2.3 2
Cystine 3.2 3.5 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 3.2 -3.9 2 1.4-2 2
Methionine + cystine 6.8 7.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 6.8 -8.3 2 2.9-4.3 2
Tryptophan 1.9 2.1 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 7.3 7.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1 3.6-4.1 2
Valine 8.1 8.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 8.6 -9.7 2 4.1-4.4 2
Leucine 12.3 13.3 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 1 5.8-7.1 2
Phenylalanine 9.6 10.3 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1 10 -11.4 2 4.2-5.8 2
Tyrosine 10.4 11.2 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 19.9 21.4 g/kg 10.4 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 5.6 6 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 1 4.6 -7.7 2 2-3.9 2
Arginine 17.8 19.2 g/kg 9.4 g/16g N 1 17 -22.5 2 7.2-11.5 2
Alanine 8.2 8.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 19 20.5 g/kg 10 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 27 29.1 g/kg 14.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 9.8 10.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1 10.4 -11.7 2 4.9-5.3 2
Serine 8.6 9.3 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 9.1 9.8 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6.1 g/kg 58 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.2 g/kg 60 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 2.9 g/kg 74 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 54 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.5 4.9 g/kg 65 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.3 g/kg 61 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 5 5.4 g/kg 70 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 5.4 5.8 g/kg 66 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 8.8 9.4 g/kg 71 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 7.1 7.6 g/kg 74 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.3 7.9 g/kg 70 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 14.3 15.4 g/kg 72 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.1 g/kg 68 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 14.2 15.4 g/kg 80 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.5 g/kg 63 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 12.8 13.8 g/kg 67 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 20.6 22.3 g/kg 76 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.5 g/kg 52 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6 g/kg 65 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.4 g/kg 66 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.5 7 g/kg 67 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.4 g/kg 63 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 2.9 g/kg 75 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.2 g/kg 63 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.3 g/kg 69 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 1.4 g/kg 68 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 5.6 g/kg 71 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6 g/kg 69 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.6 9.2 g/kg 70 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.9 7.4 g/kg 72 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.3 g/kg 65 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.6 14.7 g/kg 69 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.1 g/kg 68 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.8 13.8 g/kg 72 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6 g/kg 69 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 12.5 13.5 g/kg 66 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 19.6 21.2 g/kg 73 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 6.7 g/kg 63 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.3 g/kg 68 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 6.3 6.8 g/kg 70 %
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