Vinasse, from the production of glutamic acid

Humid byproduct of the production of glutamic acid obtained after fermentation of organic substances, particularly molasses. This product has been concentrated and demineralised.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 69.9 100 % - 6.5 59.3 -78.7 459 7.6
Crude protein 49.1 70.3 % - 4.3 41.8 -55.2 442 4.9 56.9 -84.8 414
Crude fibre 0 0 % -
Crude fat 0.6 0.9 % - 0.2 -1 2 0.3 -1.4 2
Ash 4.1 5.9 % - 0.5 3 -5.3 285 0.6 4.2 -7.8 282
Insoluble ash 0.7 1 % - 1
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 3.2 4.6 % - 1.2 1.7 -6.6 43 1.7 2.2 -8.9 43
Gross energy (kcal) 3390 4850 kcal/kg - 1 1
Gross energy (MJ) 14.2 20.3 MJ/kg - 1 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.7 0.9 g/kg - 0.4 0.1 -1.5 41 0.5 0.1 -2.1 41
Phosphorus 2.9 4.1 g/kg - 1.2 0.4 -5.1 41 1.7 0.6 -7 41
Phytate phosphorus 0.3 0.4 g/kg 10 % P
Magnesium 1.7 2.5 g/kg - 0.5 -3.9 3
Potassium 2.6 3.7 g/kg - 0.7 1.5 -3.6 22 1 2.1 -5.2 21
Sodium 10.12 14.47 g/kg - 2.8 5.21 -17.28 49 3.93 7.31 -24.98 48
Chlorine 9.5 13.5 g/kg - 1.5 6.1 -11.1 12 2.1 9.5 -16.5 12
Electrolyte balance 239 342 mEq/kg -
Selenium 2 3 mg/kg - 1 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Fatty acids 0.5 0.7 g/kg 80 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.68 0.97 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.63 0.9 per kg -
PDIA Systali 11 16 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 50 72 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 387 554 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.027 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1880 2690 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1190 1700 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1110 1590 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.9 11.3 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5 7.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.7 6.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 73.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 75.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 93 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.1 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.69 0.99 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.65 0.93 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 7 9 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 47 67 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 399 570 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.64 0.92 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.59 0.84 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 18 25 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 56 80 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 368 526 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.64 0.91 per kg - 1 1
UFV INRA 2007 0.59 0.84 per kg - 1 1
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 283 405 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 45 65 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1820 2610 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.6 10.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 75 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 74.9 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 78.3 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 100 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 48.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.1 3 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.4 0.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2540 3640 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2300 3280 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1360 1940 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2540 3640 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2290 3280 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1350 1930 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.6 15.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.6 13.7 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 5.7 8.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.6 15.2 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.6 13.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.6 8.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 75 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 75 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 75 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 75 %
N digestibility growing pig - 75 %
N digestibility adult pig - 75 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 75 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1 1.4 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 0.5 -3.9 2 0.07-0.6 4
Threonine 0.3 0.5 g/kg 0.07 g/16g N -1.2 2 -0.2 4
Methionine 0.6 0.9 g/kg 0.1 g/16g N 1 -1.8 2 -0.3 2
Cystine 0.7 1.1 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 -2.1 2 -0.3 2
Methionine + cystine 1.4 2 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N 1 -3.9 2 -0.5 2
Tryptophan 2 2.8 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N
Isoleucine 1.6 2.2 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N 0.8 -5.7 2 0.1-0.8 4
Valine 3.2 4.6 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 2.7 -10.7 2 0.3-1.5 4
Leucine 2.3 3.2 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1.4 -6.8 2 0.2-1 4
Phenylalanine 0.4 0.6 g/kg 0.08 g/16g N -1.1 2 -0.2 3
Tyrosine 1.7 2.4 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N 1.4 -4.6 2 0.2-0.7 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 2.1 3 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N 1 -2.3 2 1.4 -4.6 2 0.2-0.7 3
Histidine 0.4 0.6 g/kg 0.09 g/16g N 1 -1.2 2 -0.2 2
Arginine 0.9 1.3 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 -2.5 2 -0.4 2
Alanine 21.4 30.6 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 27.2 -47.5 2 2.9-6.6 4
Aspartic acid 5.7 8.2 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 3.4 -8 3 0.7-1.6 4
Glutamic acid 110 158 g/kg 22.5 g/16g N 75 -127 3 102 -194 2 15.1-27.1 4
Glycine 2.1 3 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N 1.6 -7.1 2 0.2-1 4
Serine 0.8 1.1 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 0.7 -2.9 2 0.07-0.4 4
Proline 7.2 10.3 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0 -13.1 3 0-2.7 4
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