Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 40%

Humid byproduct of the production of bakery yeast from molasses. It should contain about 40% of crude protein (as fed, calculated as nitrogen x 6.25). It has been partly depotassified by action of ammonium sulfate.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 68.1 100 % - 5.1 59.1 -77 333 6.1
Crude protein 41.3 60.6 % - 2.8 36 -44 391 3.2 51.3 -76.4 314
Crude fibre 0 0 % -
Crude fat 0.7 1.1 % - 0.3 -1.3 2 0.4 -1.7 2
Ash 7 10.3 % - 2.1 2.7 -13 228 3.1 3.8 -19.3 229
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 2.4 3.5 % - 1.7 1 -7.5 29 2.4 1.4 -10.2 29
Gross energy (kcal) 3080 4520 kcal/kg - 1 1
Gross energy (MJ) 12.9 18.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.7 2.5 g/kg - 1.1 0.4 -4.6 28 1.6 0.6 -6.4 28
Phosphorus 1 1.5 g/kg - 0.3 0.7 -2.5 29 0.5 1 -3.4 29
Phytate phosphorus 0.1 0.2 g/kg 10 % P
Magnesium 1.4 2 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 16.7 24.6 g/kg - 8.8 2.7 -37.7 94 12.8 4 -53.3 93
Sodium 10.4 15.27 g/kg - 3.59 4.16 -17.84 50 5.23 5.85 -25.4 50
Chlorine 30 44 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 10.5 15.4 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -618 -907 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 37 55 mEq/kg -
Manganese 22 32 mg/kg -
Zinc 94 138 mg/kg -
Copper 9 13 mg/kg -
Iron 175 256 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Fatty acids 0.6 0.8 g/kg 80 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.64 0.94 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.61 0.89 per kg -
PDIA Systali 11 16 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 49 72 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 316 464 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.026 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1780 2610 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1130 1660 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1070 1570 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.4 10.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.7 7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.5 6.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 76.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 76.6 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 93 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.1 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.7 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.66 0.97 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.63 0.92 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 7 10 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 46 67 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 325 478 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.61 0.9 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.57 0.84 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 18 26 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 55 81 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 300 440 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.62 0.91 per kg - 1 1
UFV INRA 2007 0.58 0.85 per kg - 1 1
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 238 349 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 44 64 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1750 2560 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.3 10.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 77.5 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 78.3 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 100 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 54.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0.8 1.1 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.9 1.4 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2310 3390 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2100 3080 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1250 1840 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2310 3390 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2090 3070 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1250 1840 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 9.7 14.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.8 12.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 5.2 7.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 9.7 14.2 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 8.8 12.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.2 7.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 75 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 75 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 75 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 75 %
N digestibility growing pig - 75 %
N digestibility adult pig - 75 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 75 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.5 5.2 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Threonine 1.7 2.4 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 2.7 3.9 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1
Cystine 0.8 1.2 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 3.4 5.1 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 1.7 2.4 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N
Isoleucine 2.3 3.4 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 2.1 3.1 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 2.7 3.9 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 0.8 1.2 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 2.4 3.6 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 3.2 4.8 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 1.4 2.1 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 1.9 2.7 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 3.5 5.2 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 6.6 9.7 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 123 181 g/kg 29.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 3.7 5.5 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 3.1 4.5 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 1.2 1.8 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N 1 1
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