Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 48%

Humid byproduct of the production of bakery yeast from molasses. It should contain about 48% of crude protein (as fed, calculated as nitrogen x 6.25). It has been partly depotassified by action of ammonium sulfate.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 70.6 100 % - 4.1 62 -76.5 516 4.7
Crude protein 46.7 66.2 % - 2.6 44 -52 512 2.9 56.1 -76.4 495
Crude fibre 0 0 % -
Crude fat 1 1.4 % -
Ash 6.8 9.6 % - 2.4 3 -13.9 396 3.4 4.1 -19 396
Insoluble ash 0.01 0.01 % - 1 1
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 2.1 3 % - 0.8 1 -4.4 78 1.1 1.5 -6.3 78
Gross energy (kcal) 3290 4660 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 13.8 19.5 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.4 2 g/kg - 0.8 0.3 -4.3 78 1.1 0.4 -6 78
Phosphorus 1.5 2.1 g/kg - 0.9 0.1 -3.9 79 1.3 0.1 -5.6 79
Phytate phosphorus 0.1 0.2 g/kg 10 % P
Magnesium 0.6 0.8 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 14.6 20.7 g/kg - 7.5 1.5 -44.9 239 10.6 2 -61.4 238
Sodium 8.7 12.32 g/kg - 3.08 4.68 -18.22 79 4.34 6.54 -24.51 79
Chlorine 12.2 17.3 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 10.9 15.4 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -270 -382 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 409 580 mEq/kg -
Manganese 23 32 mg/kg -
Zinc 98 138 mg/kg - 1 1
Copper 9 13 mg/kg -
Iron 181 256 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Fatty acids 0.8 1.1 g/kg 80 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.69 0.97 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.65 0.92 per kg -
PDIA Systali 13 18 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 52 74 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 364 516 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.027 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1900 2690 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1210 1710 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1150 1620 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.9 11.2 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.1 7.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.8 6.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 76.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 77.4 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 93 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.6 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.7 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.7 1 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.67 0.95 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 8 11 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 48 68 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 375 531 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.65 0.93 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.61 0.86 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 20 29 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 59 84 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 346 490 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.65 0.92 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.61 0.86 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 269 381 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 45 64 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1840 2610 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.7 10.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 77.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.6 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 100 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 60.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.1 1.5 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.8 1.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2470 3490 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2230 3160 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1330 1880 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2470 3490 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2230 3150 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1320 1870 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.3 14.6 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.3 13.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 5.6 7.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.3 14.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.3 13.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.5 7.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 75 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 75 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 75 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 75 %
N digestibility growing pig - 75 %
N digestibility adult pig - 75 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 75 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4 5.6 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N
Threonine 1.9 2.6 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 3 4.3 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 0.08-0.7 2
Cystine 0.9 1.3 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 1.1 -1.3 2 0.2-0.2 2
Methionine + cystine 3.9 5.5 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 1 0.2-0.9 2
Tryptophan 1.9 2.6 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N
Isoleucine 2.6 3.7 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 2.4 3.3 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 3 4.3 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 0.9 1.3 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 2.8 3.9 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 3.7 5.2 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 1.6 2.3 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 2.1 3 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 4 5.6 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 7.5 10.6 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 140 198 g/kg 29.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 4.2 6 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 3.5 5 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 1.4 2 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N 1 1
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 0.59 0.84 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0.08 0.11 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 37 52 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0004 0.0006 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 0.14 0.2 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.06 0.09 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML