Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein > 25% dry matter

Dehydrated aerial part of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) containing more than 25% protein (in dry matter).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.4 100 % - 2.5 85.3 -97.9 365 2.3
Crude protein 23.8 26.4 % - 1 22.5 -26.6 202 1 25 -30 203
Crude fibre 21.9 24.3 % - 5.3 10.8 -36.9 402 5.9 11.9 -35.9 294
Crude fat 3.6 3.9 % - 0.6 1.8 -4.8 40 0.6 2 -5.3 41
Ash 11.7 12.9 % - 1.6 7.4 -16.8 149 1.8 9.1 -18 134
Insoluble ash 0.7 0.8 % - 0.3 -1 4
NDF 37 41 % - 5.2 28.8 -54 77 5.7 32 -54.5 71
ADF 25.8 28.5 % - 3.6 8.6 -41.2 78 4 21.3 -39 71
Lignin 6.9 7.7 % - 1.5 3.3 -11.7 49 1.7 5.2 -13 48
Water insoluble cell walls 38.5 42.6 % - 1
Starch 2.6 2.9 % - 1.6 -3.7 2 1.7 -4.1 2
Total sugars 4 4.4 % - 1 1
Gross energy (kcal) 4130 4560 kcal/kg - 4560 -4610 2
Gross energy (MJ) 17.3 19.1 MJ/kg - 19.1 -19.3 2
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 21.8 24.1 g/kg - 5.7 9.2 -32.9 47 6.3 10.5 -35.8 41
Phosphorus 2.9 3.2 g/kg - 0.4 1.7 -3.6 45 0.5 1.9 -4 40
Phytate phosphorus 0.1 0.2 g/kg 5 % P
Magnesium 1.9 2.1 g/kg - 0.4 1.2 -2.2 6 0.4 1.3 -2.4 6
Potassium 24.2 26.8 g/kg - 5 13 -29.2 16 5.5 15 -28.1 7
Sodium 0.54 0.6 g/kg - 0.68 0.09 -1.79 16 0.75 0.1 -2 7
Chlorine 4.8 5.3 g/kg - 2.4 1 -8.7 20 2.7 1.1 -7 5
Sulfur 3.1 3.4 g/kg - 1
Dietary cation-anion difference 318 352 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 510 564 mEq/kg -
Manganese 33 36 mg/kg - 13 26 -60 6
Zinc 29 32 mg/kg - 9 18 -41 10 9 21 -45 8
Copper 6 7 mg/kg - 2 3 -9 9 2 4 -11 9
Iron 375 415 mg/kg - 335 -647 3 178 -737 4
Selenium 0.04 0.04 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 1
Molybdenum 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C12:0 lauric acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 2 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 1.9 % FA 1 0.5-2.6 5
C16:0 palmitic acid 4.6 5 g/kg 25.6 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.3 g/kg 1.4 % FA 0.7 0.2-1.9 5
C18:0 stearic acid 0.7 0.7 g/kg 3.8 % FA 1.1 1.9-4.8 5
C18:1 oleic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 4.4 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 3.4 3.8 g/kg 19.3 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 6.6 7.3 g/kg 37 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 3.6 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 1 1.1 g/kg 2.9 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.7 % FA 0.5 0-1.2 5
Fatty acids 1.8 2 g/kg 50 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.74 0.82 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.67 0.74 per kg -
PDIA Systali 75 83 g/kg -
PDI Systali 118 130 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 65 72 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.347 0.383 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2110 2330 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1310 1440 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1180 1310 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.8 9.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.5 6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 5 5.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 65.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 63 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 60 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 52 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 6.3 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 9.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.77 0.85 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.7 0.78 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 68 75 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 112 123 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 72 80 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.7 0.77 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.62 0.69 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 86 95 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 128 141 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 53 58 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.71 0.79 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.64 0.7 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 84 93 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 161 178 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 121 134 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2060 2280 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.6 9.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 67.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 64.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 73.8 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 65.7 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 26 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 57 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.09 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 50-71 3
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 25-39 2
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 47 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.075 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 68.6 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.1 2.3 g/kg 74 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 6.5 7.2 g/kg 30 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.8 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 9 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2000 2210 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1850 2050 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1080 1190 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2260 2500 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2050 2270 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1210 1340 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.4 9.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.5 5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 9.5 10.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 8.6 9.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.1 5.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 48.4 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 54.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 53.4 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 60 %
N digestibility growing pig - 47 %
N digestibility adult pig - 53.6 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 43.4 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1170 1290 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 4.9 5.4 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 66 %
Energy digestibility horse - 61.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.63 0.7 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 152 168 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1980 2190 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1800 2000 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.3 9.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.6 8.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 48.1 %
N digestibility rabbit - 62 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 12.3 13.6 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N
Threonine 10.1 11.1 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 4-4.3 2
Methionine 3.7 4.1 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1 3.9 -4.8 3 1.5-1.6 3
Cystine 2.7 2.9 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 6.4 7 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Tryptophan 3.5 3.9 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Isoleucine 10.6 11.7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1 11 -11.8 3
Valine 14.3 15.9 g/kg 6 g/16g N 1
Leucine 18.7 20.7 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 1 7.6-8 3
Phenylalanine 12.3 13.6 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1
Tyrosine 8.5 9.4 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 7.2 -9.7 3
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 20.8 23 g/kg 8.7 g/16g N 1
Histidine 4.6 5.1 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 1 2.9 -6.5 3 1.1-2.2 3
Arginine 11.6 12.9 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 12.1 -13.3 2
Alanine 12.8 14.1 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1 11.2 -19.2 3 4.2-6.5 3
Aspartic acid 23.7 26.2 g/kg 9.9 g/16g N 1 22.3 -31.9 3 8.3-11.1 3
Glutamic acid 23.3 25.8 g/kg 9.8 g/16g N 1 24.8 -27.7 3
Glycine 11.3 12.4 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 12.1 -13.6 3 4.5-4.8 3
Serine 9.9 10.9 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 10.3 -11.7 2
Proline 10.2 11.2 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 9.9 -13.8 3 3.7-4.6 3
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 8.9 9.8 g/kg 72 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 8 g/kg 72 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.2 g/kg 78 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 7.9 8.8 g/kg 75 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 10.3 11.3 g/kg 72 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 14.3 15.8 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 9.2 10.2 g/kg 75 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.5 7.2 g/kg 76 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 15.7 17.3 g/kg 75 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.5 g/kg 68 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 10 11.1 g/kg 86 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 9.4 10.4 g/kg 74 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 19.9 22 g/kg 84 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 17.5 19.3 g/kg 75 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 6.6 7.3 g/kg 59 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.7 g/kg 71 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.1 12.3 g/kg 91 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.8 9.7 g/kg 87 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.7 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.5 g/kg 84 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6.2 g/kg 89 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.3 g/kg 85 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.5 10.5 g/kg 90 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.5 13.8 g/kg 87 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.1 17.8 g/kg 86 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.6 11.7 g/kg 86 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 8.3 g/kg 89 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.1 20 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.4 g/kg 86 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 11 g/kg 85 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.4 12.6 g/kg 89 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 20.4 22.6 g/kg 86 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 20.4 22.5 g/kg 87 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 11 g/kg 88 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.5 9.4 g/kg 86 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 8.9 9.8 g/kg 87 %
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