Beet pulp, pressed

Humid byproduct of sugar manufacture, obtained after extracting the juice from sugar beet roots (Beta vulgaris L.). The resulting solids are pressed to reduce water content down to 70-80%.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 24.3 100 % - 3 15 -35.1 112 17.4
Crude protein 2.1 8.7 % - 0.3 1.7 -3.5 30 0.7 6.7 -12.3 680
Crude fibre 5.1 20.8 % - 0.7 3 -7.3 25 1.4 17.3 -26 672
Crude fat 0.1 0.5 % - 0.05 0.03 -0.2 4 0.2 0.2 -0.8 9
Ash 1.7 6.8 % - 0.4 0.8 -2.8 86 1.6 3.9 -14.3 754
Insoluble ash 0.4 1.5 % - 1 1.3 0.2 -7.4 647
NDF 12 49.5 % - 1 2.9 48.4 -55.7 6
ADF 6 24.8 % - 1 1.6 22.4 -26.6 6
Lignin 0.4 1.8 % - 1 0.1 1.7 -2 6
Water insoluble cell walls 16.3 66.9 % - 2.2
Starch 0.1 0.5 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0.1 0.4 % - 1 1
Total sugars 1.3 5.2 % - 0.6 0.4 -3.3 2 2.2 0.4 -11.8 639
Gross energy (kcal) 990 4080 kcal/kg - 1 1
Gross energy (MJ) 4.1 17.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.5 14.3 g/kg - 0.8 1.5 -6.4 19 2.7 5 -29.5 674
Phosphorus 0.2 1 g/kg - 0.07 0.07 -0.4 8 0.3 0.3 -1.5 27
Phytate phosphorus 0.02 0.1 g/kg 10 % P
Magnesium 0.4 1.7 g/kg - 0.4 1.2 -2.4 13
Potassium 1.1 4.7 g/kg - 1 1.4 2.4 -8.1 15
Sodium 0.8 3.31 g/kg - 0.11
Chlorine 0.1 0.5 g/kg -
Sulfur 0.5 1.9 g/kg - 0.1 0.6 0.6 -4.9 766
Dietary cation-anion difference 32 133 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 60 249 mEq/kg -
Manganese 17 70 mg/kg - 3 10 52 -85 11
Zinc 4 17 mg/kg - 1 4 13 -26 11
Copper 1 5 mg/kg - 0.4 1 3 -7 11
Iron 114 471 mg/kg - 42 161 221 -767 11
Selenium 0.03 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 0.03 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Molybdenum 0.03 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.02 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.1 0.4 g/kg 20.6 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.01 0.03 g/kg 1.4 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 0.05 0.2 g/kg 9.7 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.3 1.2 g/kg 57.8 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.05 0.2 g/kg 10.5 % FA
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 0.05 0.2 % 40 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.25 1.03 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.25 1.02 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 7 29 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 21 88 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -13 -54 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.076 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 670 2740 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 440 1810 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 440 1800 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 2.8 11.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 1.8 7.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 1.8 7.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 82.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 78.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 61 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 57 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.3 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.25 1.05 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.25 1.05 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 6 26 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 21 87 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -13 -53 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.24 0.99 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.24 0.98 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 8 34 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 22 92 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -14 -59 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.24 0.99 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.24 0.99 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.24 0.97 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.24 0.97 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 8 33 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 15 60 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 25 102 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 660 2700 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 2.7 11.3 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 2.7 11.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 83.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 80.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 70 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 83 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 0 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0.2 0.9 g/kg 91 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.7 2.9 g/kg 20 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 241 992 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 259 1065 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 22 89 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -15 -63 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 1.7 7 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0.5 2.2 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 16.8 69.1 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 0.73 3.01 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.35 1.46 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 0.33 1.37 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.38 1.58 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.24 0.98 Mcal/kg -
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 1.7 7 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 34 140 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -2 -8 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 690 2820 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 650 2660 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 390 1590 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 790 3250 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 720 2950 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 450 1860 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 2.9 11.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 2.7 11.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 1.6 6.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 3.3 13.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 3 12.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 1.9 7.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 69.2 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 79.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 72.9 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 81.9 %
N digestibility growing pig - 49.4 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 78.6 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.1 0.6 g/kg 60 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0.2 0.9 g/kg 90 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 140 580 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 140 580 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 0.6 2.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 0.6 2.4 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.06 0.2 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.06 0.2 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 76.7 % 74.3-79 2
Energy digestibility horse - 73.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.21 0.86 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 7 27 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 580 2400 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 570 2330 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 2.4 10 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 2.4 9.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 58.7 %
N digestibility rabbit - 55.7 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 480 1990 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 2 8.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 48.7 %
N digestibility salmonids - 77.9 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.2 5 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 0.2 1.1 4.3-7.3 7
Threonine 1 3.9 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.1 0.6 3.2-5.1 8
Methionine 0.4 1.4 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.06 0.3 0.9-2 8
Cystine 0.2 1 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 0.04 0.1 0.9 -1.4 9 0.2 0.9-1.4 7
Methionine + cystine 0.6 2.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 0.09
Tryptophan 0.2 0.9 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 0.03 0.04 1-1.2 5
Isoleucine 0.9 3.8 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.1 0.4 3 -4.1 9 0.5 3.3-4.4 9
Valine 1.5 6 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 0.2 0.4 5 -6.3 9
Leucine 1.5 6.1 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 0.2 0.4 5.3 -6.6 9 0.5 5.8-7.1 9
Phenylalanine 1 3.9 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.2 0.4 3.2 -4.4 9 0.5 3.5-4.7 9
Tyrosine 1.1 4.7 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 0.2 0.8 3.4 -5.7 9 1 3.6-6.1 9
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 2.1 8.6 g/kg 10 g/16g N 0.4 1.2 6.7 -10 9 1.5 7.3-10.6 9
Histidine 0.8 3.3 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 0.1 0.3 2.7 -3.5 9 0.4 2.9-4.2 9
Arginine 0.9 3.6 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.2 0.4 3.3 -4.8 9 0.7 3-5.1 9
Alanine 1.1 4.6 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 0.2 0.3 4.2 -5.1 9 0.2 4.5-5.3 9
Aspartic acid 1.7 6.9 g/kg 8 g/16g N 0.3 0.6 6.6 -8.3 9 0.2 7.6-8.3 9
Glutamic acid 2.1 8.8 g/kg 10.2 g/16g N 0.3 0.6 8.3 -10 9 0.4 9.2-10.5 9
Glycine 1 4.1 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 0.1 0.3 3.9 -4.6 9 0.2 4.2-4.8 9
Serine 1.2 4.9 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 0.2 0.3 4.6 -5.4 9 0.3 5-5.8 9
Proline 1 4.2 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.2 0.4 3.7 -5 9 0.1 4.5-4.9 9
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 0.6 2.5 g/kg 50 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 0.3 1.2 g/kg 31 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0.2 0.9 g/kg 61 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.05 0.2 g/kg 22 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.3 1.1 g/kg 45 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.1 0.4 g/kg 41 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 2.2 g/kg 59 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 0.6 2.5 g/kg 42 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 3.6 g/kg 59 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 2 g/kg 52 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 0.6 2.5 g/kg 53 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 4.5 g/kg 52 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 2 g/kg 61 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 2.1 g/kg 58 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 2.2 g/kg 48 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 1 4.1 g/kg 59 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 7.4 g/kg 84 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 0.2 1 g/kg 25 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 1.9 g/kg 38 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 2.8 g/kg 68 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 3.5 g/kg 69 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 2.6 g/kg 65 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.3 1.1 g/kg 76 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 0.6 g/kg 65 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.4 1.7 g/kg 72 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 0.7 g/kg 69 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 2.8 g/kg 73 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 4.2 g/kg 71 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 4.4 g/kg 72 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 2.9 g/kg 73 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 3.2 g/kg 68 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 6.1 g/kg 70 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 2.3 g/kg 70 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 2.7 g/kg 74 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 3.2 g/kg 70 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 4.7 g/kg 68 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 6.6 g/kg 75 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 2.7 g/kg 66 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 3.4 g/kg 69 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 3 g/kg 71 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 0.81 3.35 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0.2 0.8 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 56 233 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0009 0.0036 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 3.71 15.28 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0 0.0001 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML