Biscuit byproduct

Byproduct of biscuit manufacture, consisting of broken biscuits or of biscuits unfit for human consumption. This is a highly variable product, as its composition depends on that of the original material. However, there are commercial biscuit byproducts that have been homogenized to make their composition less variable.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 91.3 100 % - 2.1 73.5 -98.1 482 3.3
Crude protein 9.3 10.2 % - 1.4 4.2 -14 561 1.6 4.6 -15.4 463
Crude fibre 1 1.1 % - 0.9 0 -4.7 406 1 0 -5.2 323
Crude fat 11.3 12.4 % - 4.2 0.5 -25.5 270 4.6 1 -27.5 258
Ash 2.3 2.5 % - 0.9 0.6 -10.1 516 1 0.6 -11.5 435
Insoluble ash 0.2 0.2 % - 1 1
NDF 7.6 8.3 % - 13.2 4.3 -31 16 14.4 4.5 -46.1 11
ADF 1.6 1.7 % -
Lignin 0.6 0.6 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 7 7.6 % - 1
Starch 40.4 44.3 % - 5.1 24.9 -71.2 542 5.4 27.1 -64.8 449
Starch, enzymatic method 38.8 42.5 % - 37.6 -60.5 2
Total sugars 19.9 21.7 % - 4.2 2.1 -34.3 143 4.5 7.2 -33.2 135
Gross energy (kcal) 4480 4910 kcal/kg - 1 1
Gross energy (MJ) 18.8 20.6 MJ/kg - 1 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 0.9 g/kg - 4.3 0.1 -22.9 85 4.8 0.1 -24.9 82
Phosphorus 5.3 5.8 g/kg - 1.1 0.1 -6.2 101 1.2 0.1 -6.9 95
Phytate phosphorus 2.3 2.5 g/kg 43 % P 40-46 2
Magnesium 1.5 1.6 g/kg - 0.7 0.4 -2.3 7 0.8 0.5 -2.6 7
Potassium 9.3 10.2 g/kg - 10.4 1.3 -34.1 9 11.4 1.4 -37.3 9
Sodium 5.6 6.14 g/kg - 6.27 0.7 -49.8 190 6.87 0.78 -58.04 183
Chlorine 5.7 6.3 g/kg - 5.5 0.6 -19.6 41 6 0.6 -25 37
Sulfur 1.7 1.9 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 215 236 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 322 353 mEq/kg -
Manganese 41 45 mg/kg - 23 7 -70 5 25 8 -78 5
Zinc 45 50 mg/kg - 9 29 -51 5 10 32 -56 5
Copper 6 7 mg/kg - 2 4 -8 6 2 4 -9 6
Iron 275 301 mg/kg - 148 60 -389 6 162 65 -425 6
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 0.2 0.07 -0.6 5 0.2 0.07 -0.6 5
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 6.1 6.7 g/kg 7.2 % FA 1 1
C14:0 myristic acid 4.6 5 g/kg 5.4 % FA 1 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 30.8 33.7 g/kg 36.3 % FA 1 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 7 7.7 g/kg 8.3 % FA 1 1
C18:1 oleic acid 26.6 29.1 g/kg 31.3 % FA 1 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 5.9 6.4 g/kg 6.9 % FA 1 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1 1
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.3 % FA 1 1
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 1.1 1.2 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 8.5 9.3 g/kg 75 % fat 2 71-76 7
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.25 1.37 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.28 1.4 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 22 24 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 75 82 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -27 -30 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.134 0.147 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3260 3580 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2200 2410 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2240 2460 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 14.4 15.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.9 10.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.2 11.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 85.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 83.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 74 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 86 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 75 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.27 1.4 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.3 1.43 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 19 21 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 74 81 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -26 -29 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.2 1.32 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.22 1.33 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 26 29 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 78 86 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -30 -33 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.29 1.42 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.21 1.33 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.31 1.44 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.22 1.33 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 22 24 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 62 67 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 78 86 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3220 3530 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 14.2 15.5 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.5 14.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 86.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 65.7 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 76 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 89 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 77 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4 4.3 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1211 1326 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1333 1460 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 70 76 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -21 -23 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.5 5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.6 1.8 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 86.2 94.4 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.74 4.09 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.05 2.24 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.94 2.12 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.12 2.32 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.48 1.62 Mcal/kg -
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 8.6 9.4 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 162 177 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -11 -12 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 4150 4550 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 4050 4440 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 3120 3410 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 4190 4590 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 4070 4450 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 3160 3460 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 17.4 19 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 17.2 18.8 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 17 18.6 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 16.7 18.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 12.9 14.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 13 14.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 17.3 19 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 17.5 19.2 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 16.9 18.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 17 18.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 13.1 14.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 13.2 14.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 92.6 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 93.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 94.7 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 95.5 %
N digestibility growing pig - 87 %
N digestibility adult pig - 89.2 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 95 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 75 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.3 1.4 g/kg 25 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.6 2.9 g/kg 50 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3440 3770 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3420 3750 kcal/kg - 3400 -3480 2 3700 -3800 2
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.2 15.6 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.4 15.8 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 14.3 15.7 MJ/kg - 14.2 -14.6 2 15.5 -15.9 2
AMEn broiler (MJ) 14.3 15.7 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.3 1.4 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 1.3 1.4 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 85.3 %
Energy digestibility horse - 81.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.09 1.19 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 70 77 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3660 4010 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3570 3910 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 15.2 16.7 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 15.3 16.8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 14.9 16.4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 14.8 16.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 81.7 %
N digestibility rabbit - 68.9 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2470 2710 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 10.4 11.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 55.2 %
N digestibility salmonids - 79.6 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 2.8 3 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1.3 1.4 -5.4 12 1.4 1.6 -6.1 9 0.7 1.9-4.3 10
Threonine 2.4 2.6 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 0.8 1.5 -3.7 6 0.8 1.7 -4 5
Methionine 1.3 1.4 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.4 0.7 -4.9 11 0.5 0.8 -2.4 8 0.1 1.4-1.7 9
Cystine 1.9 2.1 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.4 0.8 -2.9 10 0.4 0.9 -2.2 7 0.3 1.5-2.2 8
Methionine + cystine 3.2 3.5 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 0.8 1.5 -7.8 10 0.9 1.7 -4.6 7 0.3 2.9-3.9 8
Tryptophan 0.9 0.9 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1
Isoleucine 2.8 3.1 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1.7 -4.1 3 1.9 -4.4 2
Valine 4.2 4.6 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 2 -5.3 3 2.3 -5.7 2 3.9-5.1 3
Leucine 6.4 7 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 3.6 -8.8 3 4.1 -9.5 2 6.9-8.5 3
Phenylalanine 4.2 4.5 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 2.2 -5.1 3 2.5 -5.5 2 4.3-4.9 3
Tyrosine 3.3 3.6 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7.5 8.2 g/kg 8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 2.6 2.8 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1 -3 3 1.1 -3.2 2 2-2.9 3
Arginine 3.3 3.6 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 2.8 -6.6 4 3.2 -5.6 2
Alanine 3.2 3.5 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 2.2 -5.5 3 2.5 -5.9 2
Aspartic acid 3.9 4.3 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 3.6 -7 3 4.1 -7.5 2
Glutamic acid 18.8 20.5 g/kg 20.1 g/16g N 10.7 -25.4 3 12 -27.3 2
Glycine 4.3 4.8 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1.9 -4.6 3 2.1 -5 2
Serine 4 4.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 2.1 -6.1 3 2.4 -6.6 2 4.1-5.9 3
Proline 6.2 6.8 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 3.3 -7.8 2 1 6.5-8.1 2
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 61 % 48-74 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 72 % 62-82 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.2 g/kg 82 % 77-88 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.6 g/kg 77 % 69-84 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.7 g/kg 79 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 0.8 g/kg 83 % 83-83 2
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.2 2.5 g/kg 79 % 71-87 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.5 g/kg 78 % 70-86 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.4 5.9 g/kg 84 % 78-90 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 3.8 g/kg 84 % 78-90 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.8 g/kg 77 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.1 6.6 g/kg 81 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.2 g/kg 80 % 73-87 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 3 3.3 g/kg 91 % 91-92 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.7 g/kg 79 % 73-84 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 3 g/kg 70 % 62-79 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 16.4 18 g/kg 87 % 82-93 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.2 g/kg 88 % 87-89 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.6 g/kg 81 % 76-86 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 6.8 g/kg 100 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.1 g/kg 70 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.9 g/kg 72 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.1 g/kg 81 % 3 78-85 5
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.6 g/kg 77 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.7 g/kg 79 % 2 75-81 5
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 0.7 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.5 g/kg 79 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.5 g/kg 76 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 5.7 g/kg 81 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.5 g/kg 78 % 2 77-83 5
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.8 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.4 g/kg 78 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.1 g/kg 74 % 2 70-76 5
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.8 g/kg 79 % 2 76-83 5
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.6 g/kg 75 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 72 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 16.5 18.1 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.4 g/kg 71 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.4 g/kg 78 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 5 5.5 g/kg 81 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 0.28 0.31 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0 0 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 17 19 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0001 0.0001 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 0.38 0.41 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0 0 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML