Biscuit byproduct

Byproduct of biscuit manufacture, consisting of broken biscuits or of biscuits unfit for human consumption. This is a highly variable product, as its composition depends on that of the original material. However, there are commercial biscuit byproducts that have been homogenized to make their composition less variable.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 91.2 100 % - 4 73.5 -98.1 378 3.5
Crude protein 9.7 10.6 % - 1.5 4.2 -14 466 1.7 4.6 -15.4 368
Crude fibre 1.3 1.4 % - 0.9 0 -4.7 324 1 0 -5.2 241
Crude fat 11.2 12.3 % - 4.2 0.5 -25.5 264 4.6 1 -27.5 252
Ash 2.4 2.6 % - 1 0.6 -10.1 419 1.1 0.6 -11.5 338
Insoluble ash 0.2 0.2 % - 1 1
NDF 8.6 9.4 % - 13.1 4.3 -31 16 14.4 4.5 -46.1 11
ADF 1.9 2.1 % -
Lignin 0.7 0.7 % - 3.2 0.7 -7.9 10 3.5 0.7 -9 10
Water insoluble cell walls 8 8.7 % - 1
Starch 41.2 45.2 % - 5.3 24.9 -71.2 448 5.7 27.1 -64.8 358
Total sugars 21.4 23.5 % - 7.3 1.2 -53.8 426 7.9 2 -61.8 304
Gross energy (kcal) 4480 4910 kcal/kg - 1 1
Gross energy (MJ) 18.7 20.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 1 g/kg - 4.4 0.1 -22.9 84 4.8 0.1 -24.9 81
Phosphorus 5.4 5.9 g/kg - 1.1 0.1 -6.2 100 1.2 0.1 -6.9 94
Phytate phosphorus 3.5 3.9 g/kg 65 % P
Magnesium 1.5 1.6 g/kg - 0.7 0.4 -2.3 7 0.8 0.5 -2.6 7
Potassium 9.3 10.2 g/kg - 10.4 1.3 -34.1 9 11.4 1.4 -37.3 9
Sodium 6.05 6.63 g/kg - 7.22 0.7 -49.8 141 7.92 0.78 -58.04 135
Chlorine 5.6 6.2 g/kg - 5.5 0.6 -19.6 41 6 0.6 -25 37
Electrolyte balance 344 377 mEq/kg -
Manganese 41 45 mg/kg - 23 7 -70 5 25 8 -78 5
Zinc 45 50 mg/kg - 9 29 -51 5 10 32 -56 5
Copper 6 7 mg/kg - 2 4 -8 6 2 4 -9 6
Iron 274 301 mg/kg - 148 60 -389 6 162 65 -425 6
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 0.2 0.07 -0.6 5 0.2 0.07 -0.6 5
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 4.5 5 g/kg 5.4 % FA 1 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 30.4 33.4 g/kg 36.3 % FA 1 1
C18:0 stearic acid 7 7.6 g/kg 8.3 % FA 1 1
C18:1 oleic acid 26.2 28.8 g/kg 31.3 % FA 1 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 5.8 6.3 g/kg 6.9 % FA 1 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1 1
Fatty acids 8.4 9.2 g/kg 75 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.34 1.47 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.39 1.52 per kg -
PDIA Systali 23 25 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 78 85 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -27 -30 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.134 0.147 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3440 3770 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2350 2580 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2440 2670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 14.4 15.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.9 10.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.2 11.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 88.4 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 74 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 86 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 75 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.36 1.49 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.41 1.55 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 20 22 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 76 84 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -26 -29 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.29 1.42 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.33 1.46 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 27 30 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 81 89 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -30 -33 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.29 1.42 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.31 1.44 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 23 25 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 64 70 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 83 91 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3380 3710 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 14.2 15.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 89.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 70.4 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 76 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 89 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 77 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.1 4.5 g/kg 75 % P
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 4100 4490 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 4000 4390 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 3090 3390 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 4140 4540 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 4030 4420 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 3130 3430 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 17.2 18.8 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 16.7 18.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 12.9 14.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 17.3 19 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 16.9 18.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 13.1 14.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 91.6 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 92.5 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 93.7 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 95 %
N digestibility growing pig - 86.4 %
N digestibility adult pig - 88.8 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 94.2 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 74.8 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.4 1.5 g/kg 25 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.7 3 g/kg 50 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3390 3720 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3420 3750 kcal/kg - 3400 -3480 2 3700 -3800 2
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.2 15.6 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 14.3 15.7 MJ/kg - 14.2 -14.6 2 15.5 -15.9 2
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 87 %
Energy digestibility horse - 83.4 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.1 1.21 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 73 80 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3640 3990 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3540 3880 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 15.2 16.7 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 14.8 16.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 81.3 %
N digestibility rabbit - 69.1 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3 3.3 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1.3 1.6 -5.4 10 1.5 1.7 -6.1 7 0.8 1.9-4.3 8
Threonine 2.6 2.8 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.5 2.3 -3.7 5 2.5 -4 4
Methionine 1.4 1.5 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.3 1.2 -4.9 10 0.4 1.3 -2.4 7 0.1 1.4-1.7 8
Cystine 2 2.1 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.1 1.7 -2.9 9 0.2 1.8 -2.2 6 0.2 1.5-2.2 7
Methionine + cystine 3.3 3.6 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 0.5 3 -7.8 9 0.5 3.2 -4.6 6 0.3 3.2-3.9 7
Tryptophan 0.9 1 g/kg 1 g/16g N 1
Isoleucine 3 3.3 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1
Valine 4.3 4.8 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 4.2 -5.3 2 1 4.4-5.1 2
Leucine 6.6 7.2 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 6.6 -8.8 2 1
Phenylalanine 4.3 4.7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1
Tyrosine 3.4 3.7 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7.7 8.4 g/kg 7.9 g/16g N
Histidine 2.7 2.9 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 2 -3 2 1 2.1-2.9 2
Arginine 3.7 4 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1
Alanine 3.4 3.7 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1
Aspartic acid 4.3 4.7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1
Glutamic acid 19.6 21.4 g/kg 20.2 g/16g N 1
Glycine 4.5 5 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 3.8 -4.6 2 1
Serine 6.6 7.2 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 1
Proline 6.5 7.1 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 1 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.3 g/kg 70 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2 g/kg 72 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.2 g/kg 81 % 3 78-85 5
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.7 g/kg 77 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.9 g/kg 79 % 2 75-81 5
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 0.8 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.6 g/kg 79 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.6 g/kg 76 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 5.9 g/kg 81 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 78 % 2 77-83 5
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.9 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.9 6.5 g/kg 78 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.2 g/kg 74 % 2 70-76 5
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.2 g/kg 79 % 2 76-83 5
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.8 g/kg 75 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.4 g/kg 72 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 17.2 18.9 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.5 g/kg 71 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.6 g/kg 78 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 5.7 g/kg 81 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 0.28 0.31 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0 0 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 17 19 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0001 0.0001 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 0.01 0.02 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0 0 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML