Liquid potato feed

Liquid byproduct of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) processing, consisting of peels and discarded potato pieces.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 17.6 100 % - 7.3 11.1 -24.6 13 33.8
Crude protein 2.2 12.7 % - 0.8 1.6 -3.4 13 3.2 7.1 -18.5 15
Crude fibre 0.8 4.7 % - 0.3 0.6 -1.3 8 1.6 2.7 -6.8 11
Crude fat 0.2 1.3 % - 0.3 0.06 -0.9 7 1.8 0.2 -5.7 8
Ash 1.2 7.1 % - 0.7 0.9 -3 10 3.3 2.8 -12.2 13
Insoluble ash 0.4 2.4 % -
NDF 1.9 11 % - 7.4 7 -24.2 5
ADF 1 5.9 % - 4.7 -8.1 3
Lignin 0.3 1.6 % - 0.6 -1.7 3
Starch 8.3 47 % - 2.4 7.6 -10.2 7 7.9 30.9 -55.9 7
Total sugars 0.4 2.1 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 710 4020 kcal/kg - 480 -770 2
Gross energy (MJ) 3 16.8 MJ/kg - 2 -3.2 2
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.3 1.9 g/kg - 1.4 -2.4 2
Phosphorus 0.4 2.3 g/kg - 0.3 -0.5 4 2 -2.6 4
Phytate phosphorus 0.06 0.3 g/kg 15 % P
Magnesium 0.3 1.6 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 6.2 35.1 g/kg - 1 1
Sodium 0.05 0.3 g/kg - 1 1
Chlorine 0.4 2.5 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 0.03 0.2 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 146 832 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 148 841 mEq/kg -
Manganese 5 28 mg/kg -
Zinc 7 40 mg/kg -
Copper 2 12 mg/kg -
Iron 168 955 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.03 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.2 1.3 g/kg 17.8 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.02 0.09 g/kg 1.3 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.07 0.4 g/kg 5.4 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 0.02 0.1 g/kg 1.9 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.7 4.1 g/kg 56.5 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 1.2 g/kg 17.2 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.01 0.07 g/kg 1 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.01 0.08 g/kg 0.6 % FA
Fatty acids 0.1 0.7 g/kg 55 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.18 1.02 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.18 1.02 per kg -
PDIA Systali 6 36 g/kg -
PDI Systali 16 92 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -3 -17 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.047 0.268 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 480 2720 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 320 1800 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 310 1790 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 2 11.4 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 1.3 7.5 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 1.3 7.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 84.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 80.2 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 67 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 67 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 81 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7.3 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.18 1.04 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.18 1.04 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 6 31 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 16 89 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -3 -15 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.17 0.98 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.17 0.97 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 7 42 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 17 96 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -4 -21 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.18 1.01 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.18 1 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 7 42 g/kg - 1
PDIN INRA 2007 15 87 g/kg - 1
PDIE INRA 2007 19 111 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 480 2730 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 2 11.4 MJ/kg - 1 1
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.5 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 81.6 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 69.7 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 49 % 1
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 65 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 6 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 80 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.165 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 64 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 6 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 90 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.11 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 50 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.2 1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.2 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 640 3610 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 610 3470 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 450 2540 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 650 3700 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 620 3500 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 460 2600 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 2.7 15.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 2.6 14.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 1.9 10.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 2.7 15.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 2.6 14.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 1.9 10.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 89.9 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 91.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 90.7 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 93 %
N digestibility growing pig - 73.6 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 77.5 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 82 %
Energy digestibility horse - 78.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.17 0.99 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 16 89 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 570 3260 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 550 3150 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 2.4 13.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 2.3 13.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 81 %
N digestibility rabbit - 62.8 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.1 6.5 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Threonine 0.9 5 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 0.3 2 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N
Cystine 0.3 1.7 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 0.6 3.7 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 0.2 1.2 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 0.8 4.6 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Valine 1.1 6.4 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Leucine 1.4 7.7 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 0.9 5.3 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Tyrosine 0.9 5.3 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 1.9 10.6 g/kg 8.3 g/16g N
Histidine 0.4 2.1 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Arginine 0.8 4.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Alanine 0.8 4.7 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 3.4 19.1 g/kg 15.1 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 3.1 17.9 g/kg 14.1 g/16g N
Glycine 0.8 4.3 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Serine 0.9 4.9 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Proline 0.7 4.1 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N
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