Liquid potato feed

Liquid byproduct of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) processing, consisting of peels and discarded potato pieces.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 17 100 % - 4.5 9.9 -24.6 14 37.6
Crude protein 2.2 12.8 % - 0.8 1.4 -3.4 14 3.1 7.1 -18.5 16
Crude fibre 0.8 4.7 % - 0.3 0.6 -1.3 8 1.6 2.7 -6.8 11
Crude fat 0.2 1.3 % - 0.3 0.06 -0.9 7 1.8 0.2 -5.7 8
Ash 1.2 7.1 % - 0.6 0.7 -3 11 3.2 2.8 -12.2 14
Insoluble ash 0.4 2.4 % -
NDF 1.9 11 % - 7.4 7 -24.2 5
ADF 1 5.9 % - 4.7 -8.1 3
Lignin 0.3 1.6 % - 0.6 -1.7 3
Water insoluble cell walls 1.7 10.1 % -
Starch 7.7 45.5 % - 2.5 3.5 -10.2 8 8.4 30.9 -55.9 8
Starch, enzymatic method 7.4 43.5 % -
Total sugars 0.4 2.1 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 690 4020 kcal/kg - 480 -770 2
Gross energy (MJ) 2.9 16.8 MJ/kg - 2 -3.2 2
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.3 1.9 g/kg - 1.4 -2.4 2
Phosphorus 0.4 2.3 g/kg - 0.3 -0.5 4 2 -2.6 4
Phytate phosphorus 0.06 0.3 g/kg 15 % P
Magnesium 0.3 1.6 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 6 35.1 g/kg - 1 1
Sodium 0.05 0.3 g/kg - 1 1
Chlorine 0.4 2.5 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 0.03 0.2 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 142 832 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 143 841 mEq/kg -
Manganese 5 28 mg/kg -
Zinc 7 40 mg/kg -
Copper 2 12 mg/kg -
Iron 163 955 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.01 0.03 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0.02 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.3-0.3 4
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.2 1.3 g/kg 18 % FA 1.1 15.6-20.3 27
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.01 0.08 g/kg 1.2 % FA 0.8 0.3-4 27
C18:0 stearic acid 0.07 0.4 g/kg 5.3 % FA 0.6 3.9-6.6 27
C18:1 oleic acid 0.02 0.1 g/kg 1.9 % FA 0.8 0.9-4.8 27
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.7 4 g/kg 55.5 % FA 3.7 49.2-60.7 27
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 1.3 g/kg 17.4 % FA 2.5 13.4-24 27
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.03 0.2 g/kg 2.2 % FA 2-2.3 4
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.01 0.05 g/kg 0.7 % FA 0.5-0.7 4
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0.01 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.1-0.3 4
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.02 0.1 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1.1-1.5 4
Fatty acids 0.1 0.7 % 55 % fat 9 42-77 22
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.16 0.96 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.16 0.94 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 6 36 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 15 90 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -2 -14 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.046 0.268 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 440 2580 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 290 1680 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 280 1650 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 2 11.4 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 1.3 7.5 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 1.3 7.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 80.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 76.5 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 67 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 81 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 67 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.3 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.17 0.97 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.16 0.96 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 5 32 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 15 88 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -2 -12 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.16 0.92 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.15 0.89 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 7 42 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 16 95 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -3 -18 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.17 1.01 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.18 1.01 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.17 1 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.18 1 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 7 43 g/kg - 1
PDIN INRA 2007 15 87 g/kg - 1
PDIE INRA 2007 19 111 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 460 2730 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 1.9 11.4 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 2 11.4 MJ/kg - 1 1
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.5 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 81.6 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 69.8 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 49 % 1
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 65 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 6 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 80 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.165 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 64 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 6 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 90 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.11 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 50 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0.3 1.6 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.2 1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.2 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 172 1010 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 186 1094 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 16 92 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -3 -19 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 1 6 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0.3 1.9 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 13.5 79 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 0.59 3.49 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.3 1.77 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 0.28 1.67 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.33 1.91 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.22 1.27 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 33 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 39 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 1.2 7.1 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 26 155 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -0.7 -4 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 620 3610 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 590 3470 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 430 2520 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 630 3670 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 590 3480 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 440 2570 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 2.6 15.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 2.5 14.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 1.8 10.5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 2.6 15.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 2.5 14.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 1.8 10.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 89.8 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 91.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 90.6 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 92 %
N digestibility growing pig - 73.7 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 76.6 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.1 0.7 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0.2 1 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 430 2500 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 420 2490 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 1.8 10.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 1.8 10.4 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.1 0.6 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.1 0.6 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 81.4 %
Energy digestibility horse - 78.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.17 0.98 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 15 90 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 550 3260 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 540 3150 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 2.3 13.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 2.2 13.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 81 %
N digestibility rabbit - 62.9 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 350 2070 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 1.5 8.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 51.5 %
N digestibility salmonids - 81.6 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.1 6.6 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Threonine 0.9 5.1 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 0.3 2 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N
Cystine 0.3 1.7 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 0.6 3.7 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 0.2 1.3 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 0.8 4.6 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Valine 1.1 6.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Leucine 1.3 7.8 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 0.9 5.4 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Tyrosine 0.9 5.3 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 1.8 10.7 g/kg 8.4 g/16g N
Histidine 0.4 2.2 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Arginine 0.8 4.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Alanine 0.8 4.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 3.3 19.3 g/kg 15.1 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 3.1 18 g/kg 14.1 g/16g N
Glycine 0.7 4.4 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Serine 0.8 4.9 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Proline 0.7 4.2 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 5.6 g/kg 84 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 4.2 g/kg 82 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0.3 1.7 g/kg 87 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.2 1.4 g/kg 83 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 3.1 g/kg 85 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.2 1 g/kg 83 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 3.9 g/kg 85 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 5.5 g/kg 84 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 6.8 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 0.8 4.7 g/kg 88 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 0.8 4.6 g/kg 87 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.6 9.3 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 0.3 1.9 g/kg 87 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 4.4 g/kg 91 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 4 g/kg 84 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 16.2 g/kg 84 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 16.1 g/kg 89 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 0.6 3.7 g/kg 84 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 4.2 g/kg 85 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 0.6 3.6 g/kg 86 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 5.5 g/kg 83 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 4 g/kg 79 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.3 1.7 g/kg 86 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 1.3 g/kg 75 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 3 g/kg 81 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 1 g/kg 82 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 3.9 g/kg 83 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 5.4 g/kg 83 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 6.6 g/kg 85 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 4.6 g/kg 85 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 4.5 g/kg 84 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 9 g/kg 84 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.3 1.8 g/kg 82 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 4.1 g/kg 86 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 4 g/kg 83 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 15.2 g/kg 79 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 15.6 g/kg 87 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 3.5 g/kg 80 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 4 g/kg 81 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 3.5 g/kg 83 %
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