Processed animal proteins, poultry, protein 45-60%

Slaugherhouse byproduct obtained from healthy poultry slaughtered for human consumption. The product is ground, sterilized by cooking, and dried. The product must be substantially free of feathers. Note: it is recommended to check the regulatory status of this product before using it for livestock feeding.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 91.9 100 % - 2.5 80.3 -98.7 1495 3.9
Crude protein 52.9 57.5 % - 4.2 45 -60 1633 4.3 47.3 -72.4 1516
Crude fibre 1.2 1.3 % - 0.8 0.3 -3.6 24 0.8 0.3 -3.8 31
Crude fat 28.3 30.8 % - 4.5 8.8 -43.1 1113 4.9 9.5 -44.2 1124
Ash 10.1 10.9 % - 4.3 1.9 -25.9 1578 4.7 2.1 -28 1483
Insoluble ash 0.4 0.5 % - 0.3 0.02 -0.7 5 0.3 0.02 -0.7 5
NDF 4.7 5.1 % - 3.2 -7.6 4 3.5 -8.5 4
ADF 3.1 3.4 % - 1.2 1.5 -4.7 5 1.3 1.7 -5.2 5
Lignin 0.5 0.5 % - 0.2 0.3 -0.7 8 0.2 0.3 -0.8 8
Water insoluble cell walls 3.9 4.2 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 0.4 0.4 % - 0.2 0.2 -0.6 8 0.2 0.2 -0.6 8
Gross energy (kcal) 5580 6070 kcal/kg - 720 4300 -7030 15 760 4490 -7200 23
Gross energy (MJ) 23.4 25.4 MJ/kg - 3 18 -29.4 15 3.2 18.8 -30.1 23
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 19.2 20.9 g/kg - 9.8 3.9 -84.7 1278 10.7 4.3 -88.4 1164
Phosphorus 9.6 10.4 g/kg - 4.7 1.3 -39.4 1261 5.1 1.3 -42.7 1171
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 0.8 0.9 g/kg - 0.2 0.4 -2.1 8 0.2 0.5 -0.9 5
Potassium 5.2 5.7 g/kg - 1.7 2.4 -16.6 22 1.8 2.9 -8.5 8
Sodium 2.37 2.58 g/kg - 0.69 1 -8.3 220 0.75 1.38 -5.88 136
Chlorine 2.8 3 g/kg - 1 0.07 -9.5 434 1.1 0.08 -9.8 329
Sulfur 10 10.9 g/kg - 7.4 -14 4 8.3 -15.2 4
Dietary cation-anion difference -467 -508 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 159 173 mEq/kg -
Manganese 23 25 mg/kg - 9 10 -80 20 9 11 -34 5
Zinc 74 81 mg/kg - 37 11 -162 19 40 16 -126 5
Copper 14 15 mg/kg - 33 7 -83 17 36 8 -89 5
Iron 4717 5131 mg/kg - 4675 83 -14657 110 5084 90 -15593 91
Selenium 0.5 0.5 mg/kg - 0.3 -0.5 4 0.3 -0.6 4
Cobalt 1 1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.9 1 mg/kg - 0.9 -0.9 3 1 -1 3
Iodine 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 0.2 -0.4 4 0.2 -0.4 4
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1-0.1 2
C14:0 myristic acid 2 2.2 g/kg 1 % FA 1.6 -2 3 1.8 -2.2 3 0.3 0.7-1.6 10
C16:0 palmitic acid 42.2 46 g/kg 21.3 % FA 1.7 18.1-23.6 10
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 9.2 10 g/kg 4.7 % FA 0.7 4.1-5.9 6
C18:0 stearic acid 14.7 16 g/kg 7.4 % FA 1.3 4.6-9.4 10
C18:1 oleic acid 85.7 93.3 g/kg 43.3 % FA 3.4 39.3-50.9 10
C18:2 linoleic acid 37.8 41.2 g/kg 19.1 % FA 3.9 10-23.3 10
C18:3 linolenic acid 2.9 3.2 g/kg 1.5 % FA 1.7 -5.3 3 1.8 -5.9 3 0.9 0-2.9 10
C18:4 stearidonic acid 2.2 2.4 g/kg 1.1 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 2.2 2.4 g/kg 1.1 % FA 0.5 0.4-1.8 7
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.4-0.5 2
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 19.8 21.6 % 70 % fat 61-81 3
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.5 1.63 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.51 1.65 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 214 233 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 255 277 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 185 201 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.362 0.393 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3940 4290 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2630 2870 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2660 2900 kcal/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 83.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 87.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 49 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 50 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.5 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.4 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.53 1.67 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.56 1.7 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 203 220 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 245 267 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 196 214 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.43 1.55 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.43 1.55 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 230 250 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 270 293 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 166 181 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.35 1.46 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.31 1.43 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 230 250 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 369 401 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 244 265 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3660 3980 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 15.3 16.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 89.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 79.3 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 51 % 46-53 3
Immediately degradable N (a) - 34 % 28-40 3
Potentially degradable N (b) - 31 % 21-47 3
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.072 h-1 0.04-0.093 3
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 45-54 3
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 33 % 26-42 3
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 32 % 20-48 3
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1 0.04-0.115 3
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 8.6 9.4 g/kg 90 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 10.6 11.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.4 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.3 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1343 1461 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1438 1564 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 233 253 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 221 241 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 2.6 2.8 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0.9 0.9 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 81.1 88.2 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 4.58 4.98 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.76 3 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 2.62 2.85 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.65 2.89 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.91 2.08 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 48 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 50 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 9.5 10.3 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 398 433 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 21 23 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3980 4330 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3720 4050 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2770 3010 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3980 4330 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3710 4040 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2760 3000 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.7 18.1 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 15 16.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.8 15 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 15.6 16.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.2 11.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 11.6 12.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15 16.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.7 18.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.8 15 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 15.5 16.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.1 11 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11.5 12.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 71.4 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 71.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 72.4 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 72.4 %
N digestibility growing pig - 71.4 %
N digestibility adult pig - 71.4 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 76.5 % 76-77 2
Crude fat digestibility pig - 71.4 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 7.2 7.8 g/kg 75 % 74-85 3
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 7.2 7.8 g/kg 75 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 4520 4920 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 4350 4740 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 18.9 20.6 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 18.2 19.8 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 8.1 8.8 g/kg 85 % P
Available P broiler 8.1 8.8 g/kg 85 % P
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 5000 5440 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 4520 4920 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 20.9 22.8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 18.9 20.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 89.6 %
N digestibility rabbit - 74.5 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 4980 5420 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 20.8 22.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 89.2 %
N digestibility salmonids - 87.6 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 24.2 26.4 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 6.3 17.8 -41.4 28 6.8 18.7 -40.6 23 1.1 3-7.4 26
Threonine 21.1 23 g/kg 4 g/16g N 3.1 15.7 -33.6 24 3.3 16.1 -28 21 0.4 3.2-4.6 23
Methionine 7.5 8.1 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 2.7 3.1 -12.8 25 3 3.4 -15 22 0.5 0.6-2.5 24
Cystine 13.8 15.1 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 4.9 4.8 -22.2 21 5.3 5.2 -25 18 1 0.9-4 20
Methionine + cystine 21.3 23.2 g/kg 4 g/16g N 4.1 13.9 -29.9 21 4.4 15 -33.6 18 0.7 2.6-5 20
Tryptophan 4.6 5 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 0.6 4 -5.5 7 0.7 4.2 -6.2 7 0.2 0.7-1.2 9
Isoleucine 21.3 23.1 g/kg 4 g/16g N 2.9 16.7 -26 24 3.1 18 -29 21 0.4 3.1-4.8 23
Valine 29 31.6 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 4.8 19.6 -37.1 24 5.1 21.1 -38.8 21 0.8 3.7-6.9 23
Leucine 36.9 40.1 g/kg 7 g/16g N 4.7 30.4 -49.6 24 5 31.6 -48.4 21 0.5 5.9-8 23
Phenylalanine 20.8 22.6 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 3.4 16.1 -27.2 24 3.6 16.7 -29.7 21 0.5 3.1-4.7 23
Tyrosine 13.8 15 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 2.6 9.8 -17.8 21 2.8 10.2 -21 19 0.3 2-3.5 21
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 34.6 37.6 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 5.6 25.9 -44.1 21 6 26.9 -49.7 19 0.7 5.4-7.8 21
Histidine 9.4 10.3 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 4.4 5.2 -21.4 24 4.7 5.5 -24.3 21 0.8 1-4 23
Arginine 34.8 37.9 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 4.8 27.7 -45.6 24 5.1 28.4 -48.1 21 0.5 5.5-7.7 23
Alanine 29.5 32 g/kg 5.6 g/16g N 3.9 25.8 -45.9 19 4.1 27 -43 15 0.6 5.1-7.1 16
Aspartic acid 37.8 41.2 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N 5.7 32.1 -54.3 20 6.1 33.3 -55 17 0.7 6.5-9.1 18
Glutamic acid 60.7 66 g/kg 11.5 g/16g N 10.5 50.4 -83.7 20 11.3 53.4 -91 17 1.4 10-15.1 18
Glycine 47 51.2 g/kg 8.9 g/16g N 8.6 38.6 -64.2 20 9.2 43 -77.6 18 1.5 7.7-12.7 20
Serine 34 37 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N 7.7 18.1 -48.6 22 8.3 19.5 -50 19 1.5 3.4-8.1 20
Proline 42.1 45.8 g/kg 8 g/16g N 4.2 36.4 -51.8 15 4.4 37.9 -52.6 12 1 6.3-9.4 13
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 19.1 20.7 g/kg 79 % 76-82 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 16.2 17.6 g/kg 77 % 77-77 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.6 g/kg 81 % 80-81 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 9.6 10.4 g/kg 69 % 7.8 -15 2 8.8 -16.9 2 66-72 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 16 17.4 g/kg 73 % 13.1 -19 2 14.9 -21.5 2 71-74 2
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.7 g/kg 74 % 1 1 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 17.2 18.7 g/kg 81 % 80-81 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 21.7 23.6 g/kg 75 % 75-75 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 29.4 32 g/kg 80 % 79-80 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 16.7 18.1 g/kg 80 % 79-82 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 10.4 11.4 g/kg 76 % 10.4 -12 2 75-77 2
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 27.1 29.5 g/kg 78 % 77-80 2
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.7 g/kg 75 % 6 -15.3 2 6.8 -17.4 2 72-78 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 29.8 32.4 g/kg 86 % 29.4 -29.9 2 86-86 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 23.4 25.4 g/kg 79 % 25.2 -26.4 2 79-80 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 24.9 27.1 g/kg 66 % 24.2 -25.8 2 64-68 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 46.9 51 g/kg 77 % 76-78 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 37.4 40.7 g/kg 80 % 79-80 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 26.8 29.1 g/kg 79 % 79-79 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 32.2 35.1 g/kg 77 % 30.6 -34.1 2 34.7 -38.6 2 76-77 2
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.5 14.7 g/kg 56 % 45-67 2
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.7 14.9 g/kg 65 % 64-65 2
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.4 g/kg 66 % 56-76 2
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.4 9.2 g/kg 61 % 56-66 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.7 14.9 g/kg 63 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.2 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.5 15.8 g/kg 68 % 67-69 2
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.9 20.5 g/kg 65 % 64-67 2
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 27.1 29.4 g/kg 73 % 66-81 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.6 15.9 g/kg 70 % 66-74 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.3 11.2 g/kg 74 % 71-78 2
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 24.9 27.1 g/kg 72 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.3 6.8 g/kg 67 % 63-70 2
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 24.8 27 g/kg 71 % 66-76 2
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 20.4 22.2 g/kg 69 % 67-72 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 17.8 19.3 g/kg 47 % 40-54 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 42.9 46.6 g/kg 71 % 64-78 2
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 38.7 42.1 g/kg 82 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 23 25 g/kg 68 % 64-72 2
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 30.9 33.6 g/kg 74 % 1
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