Vinasse, from yeast production, protein 30 %

Humid byproduct of the production of bakery yeast from molasses. It should contain about 30% of crude protein (as fed, calculated as nitrogen x 6.25). It has been partly depotassified by action of ammonium sulfate.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 62.4 100 % - 7.6 56.4 -73.5 136 9.9
Crude protein 30.1 48.2 % - 6.4 20.2 -36 133 9.7 34.1 -76.4 115
Crude fibre 0 0 % -
Crude fat 0.9 1.4 % - 0.4 -1.5 4 0.6 -2.3 4
Ash 8.8 14.1 % - 3.5 4.5 -23.6 66 5.5 6.4 -35.8 68
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 1.9 3 % - 1 1
Gross energy (kcal) 2610 4190 kcal/kg - 4180 -4380 2
Gross energy (MJ) 10.9 17.5 MJ/kg - 17.5 -18.3 2
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.2 3.5 g/kg - 1.2 -3.8 3 1.8 -5.2 3
Phosphorus 1.4 2.2 g/kg - 0.9 -2.5 4 1.2 -3.4 4
Phytate phosphorus 0.1 0.2 g/kg 10 % P
Magnesium 0.4 0.7 g/kg - 0.3 -0.5 2 0.5 -0.8 2
Potassium 35.8 57.4 g/kg - 18.1 2.8 -77.6 105 28.8 4 -117 104
Sodium 12.23 19.61 g/kg - 2.03 10.39 -17.84 12 2.96 16 -25 12
Chlorine 15.9 25.5 g/kg - 25 -26 2
Sulfur 9.6 15.4 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 402 644 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 1002 1606 mEq/kg -
Manganese 20 32 mg/kg -
Zinc 86 138 mg/kg -
Copper 8 13 mg/kg -
Iron 160 256 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Fatty acids 0.7 1.1 g/kg 80 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.54 0.87 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.51 0.82 per kg -
PDIA Systali 8 13 g/kg -
PDI Systali 42 68 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 218 350 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.024 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 1500 2410 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 950 1530 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 900 1450 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.3 10.1 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 4 6.4 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 3.8 6.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 76.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 74.5 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 93 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 89 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 7.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 4.4 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 1.7 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.4 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.56 0.89 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.53 0.85 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 5 8 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 40 64 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 225 361 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.52 0.83 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.48 0.77 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 13 21 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 47 75 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 207 331 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.54 0.87 per kg - 0.51 -0.59 2 0.76 -0.91 2
UFV INRA 2007 0.51 0.82 per kg - 0.46 -0.56 2 0.69 -0.86 2
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 173 278 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 38 61 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1520 2430 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 6.3 10.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78 % 70.6-80.7 2
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 76.9 % 71.5-78.3 2
N digestibility ruminants - 77.4 % 76.8-86.4 2
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 100 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 60.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1 1.6 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.2 1.9 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1960 3140 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1800 2890 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1090 1750 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1960 3140 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1800 2880 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1100 1760 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.2 13.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 7.5 12.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.6 7.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 8.2 13.2 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7.5 12.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4.6 7.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 75 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 75 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 75 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 75 %
N digestibility growing pig - 75 %
N digestibility adult pig - 75 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 75 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 2.6 4.1 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Threonine 1.2 1.9 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 1.9 3.1 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1
Cystine 0.6 0.9 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 2.5 4 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 1.2 1.9 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N
Isoleucine 1.7 2.7 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 1.5 2.4 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 1.9 3.1 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 0.6 0.9 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 1.8 2.9 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 2.4 3.8 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 1 1.7 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 1.4 2.2 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 2.6 4.1 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 4.8 7.7 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 89.9 144 g/kg 29.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 2.7 4.4 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 2.3 3.6 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 0.9 1.4 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N 1 1
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