Whey, dehydrated, with added fat 4-15%

Dried byproduct of the manufacturing of cheese, non skimmed or to which milk fat has been reincorporated up to a content of 4-15% (as fed). Whey is the liquid that separates from the curd.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 95.7 100 % - 1.1 91 -97.5 101 1.6
Crude protein 14.4 15 % - 3.5 7 -26.4 202 3.6 9.2 -27.7 100
Crude fibre 0 0 % -
Crude fat 9.9 10.4 % - 1.7 4.8 -10.9 10
Ash 8.5 8.8 % - 1.9 2.8 -16 201 2 3.3 -14.1 101
Insoluble ash 0.6 0.6 % - 1 1
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 44.8 46.8 % -
Lactose 44.8 46.8 % - 6.7 25.5 -67 82 7 29.2 -63.5 40
Gross energy (kcal) 4150 4330 kcal/kg - 3820 -4190 2 3940 -4430 2
Gross energy (MJ) 17.4 18.1 MJ/kg - 16 -17.6 2 16.5 -18.6 2
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 8.8 9.2 g/kg - 2.5 2.2 -15.9 76 2.6 2.3 -13.5 62
Phosphorus 7.2 7.6 g/kg - 1.4 3 -9.6 76 1.5 3.1 -10.1 62
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 1.4 1.5 g/kg -
Potassium 20.6 21.5 g/kg - 1 1
Sodium 6.41 6.7 g/kg - 1.95 2.1 -10.2 58 2.04 2.18 -10.83 57
Chlorine 14.4 15 g/kg - 5.7 4.8 -27.5 62 5.9 5 -28.6 62
Sulfur 4.6 4.8 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 112 117 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 402 420 mEq/kg -
Manganese 2 2 mg/kg - 1 1
Zinc 63 65 mg/kg -
Copper 2 2 mg/kg -
Iron 9 9 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 5 5 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 3.7 3.9 g/kg 3.9 % FA 1
C12:0 lauric acid 3.1 3.3 g/kg 3.3 % FA 1
C14:0 myristic acid 10.2 10.7 g/kg 10.8 % FA 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 27.7 28.9 g/kg 29.3 % FA 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 2.6 2.7 g/kg 2.7 % FA 1
C18:0 stearic acid 12.1 12.6 g/kg 12.8 % FA 1
C18:1 oleic acid 20.5 21.4 g/kg 21.7 % FA 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 3.8 4 g/kg 4 % FA 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 1 % FA 1
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 1 1.1 g/kg 1.1 % FA 1
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.8 0.8 g/kg 0.8 % FA 1
Fatty acids 9.5 9.9 % 95 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Biotin 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.23 1.29 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.28 1.33 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 18 18 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 77 80 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 20 21 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.036 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3180 3320 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2170 2270 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2250 2350 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 13.3 13.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.1 9.5 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.4 9.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 92.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.6 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 87 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.7 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.25 1.31 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.3 1.36 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 14 15 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 75 78 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 21 22 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.19 1.25 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.23 1.28 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 23 24 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 81 85 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 15 15 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.23 1.28 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.23 1.28 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.26 1.32 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.26 1.32 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 8 9 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 86 90 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 75 78 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3200 3340 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.4 14 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.4 14 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 94 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 92.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 75.3 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 95 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 90 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 10 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.05 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 77.1 %
Absorbable P ruminants 6 6.3 g/kg 83 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.8 5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.5 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1228 1283 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1379 1441 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 70 73 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 28 30 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.3 5.5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.7 1.8 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 89.9 93.9 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 4 4.18 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.18 2.28 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 2.07 2.16 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.27 2.37 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.59 1.66 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 5 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 6 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 8.7 9.1 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 163 170 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -3 -3 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3950 4130 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3830 4000 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 3030 3160 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3950 4130 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3820 3990 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 3020 3150 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.5 17.3 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 16 16.7 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 12.7 13.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.5 17.3 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 16 16.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 12.6 13.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 95.3 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 95.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 98.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 98.9 %
N digestibility growing pig - 95 %
N digestibility adult pig - 95 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 81 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 88 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 6.5 6.8 g/kg 90 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 6.5 6.8 g/kg 90 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2530 2640 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2530 2640 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10.6 11.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 10.6 11.1 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 6.2 6.4 g/kg 85 % P
Available P broiler 6.2 6.4 g/kg 85 % P
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3570 3730 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3450 3600 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 14.9 15.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 14.4 15.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 86.1 %
N digestibility rabbit - 64.3 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3430 3580 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 14.3 15 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 82.6 % 71.5-93.7 2
N digestibility salmonids - 88.2 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 10.7 11.2 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 1 1
Threonine 8.2 8.6 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine 2.2 2.3 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 1 1
Cystine 2.6 2.7 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 4.8 5 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 2 2.1 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1 1
Isoleucine 7.7 8.1 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1 1
Valine 7.4 7.7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1 1
Leucine 12.3 12.8 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine 4.2 4.4 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 1 1
Tyrosine 2.5 2.6 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 6.7 7 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 2.8 2.9 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 1 1
Arginine 3.3 3.4 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1 1
Alanine 6 6.2 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 1
Aspartic acid 12.7 13.3 g/kg 8.8 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 22.3 23.3 g/kg 15.5 g/16g N 1 1
Glycine 2.7 2.8 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 1 1
Serine 6.5 6.8 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1
Proline 5.1 5.4 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 9.5 10 g/kg 89 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.3 g/kg 85 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.1 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.4 g/kg 88 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 4.5 g/kg 90 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 1.8 g/kg 87 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.1 g/kg 88 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 6.4 6.7 g/kg 87 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 11.1 11.6 g/kg 91 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4 g/kg 90 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.2 2.3 g/kg 90 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.3 g/kg 90 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.6 g/kg 91 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3 g/kg 88 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 5 5.2 g/kg 84 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 11.4 11.9 g/kg 89 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 20.4 21.3 g/kg 91 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.1 g/kg 75 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 5.2 5.5 g/kg 81 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 4.5 4.7 g/kg 87 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 10.5 g/kg 94 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.2 7.5 g/kg 88 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.3 g/kg 97 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.3 g/kg 86 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 4.6 g/kg 91 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 1.9 g/kg 90 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.3 g/kg 90 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.6 6.9 g/kg 90 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 11 11.5 g/kg 90 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4 g/kg 90 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.3 g/kg 90 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.3 g/kg 90 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.6 g/kg 89 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3 g/kg 89 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 5.8 g/kg 93 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 11.3 11.8 g/kg 89 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 19.6 20.5 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.5 g/kg 90 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 5.9 g/kg 88 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 4.6 g/kg 86 %
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