Barley distillers grains, dried

Byproduct of alcohol (ethanol) manufacture, obtained from the distillery of barley grains (Hordeum vulgare L.), and consisting of spent grains with the soluble fraction added. Alternative spellings: barley distiller's grains, barley distillers' grains.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 91.3 100 % - 3.9 87.5 -96.8 18 3.5
Crude protein 25.7 28.2 % - 3.5 21.5 -36.5 24 3.8 21 -37.9 28
Crude fibre 10.1 11.1 % - 3.9 0.9 -15.2 17 4.3 0.9 -16.1 18
Crude fat 6.6 7.3 % - 1.7 4.4 -10.6 16 1.8 4.2 -11.7 18
Ash 4.9 5.3 % - 1.2 2.7 -6.3 16 1.3 3 -8.4 18
Insoluble ash 1 1.1 % - 0.2 0.8 -1.3 5 0.2 0.9 -1.4 5
NDF 39.2 42.9 % - 7.3 24.2 -49.3 9 7.9 26.4 -56.3 10
ADF 16.3 17.8 % - 6.1 6.3 -25.6 9 6.7 6.9 -33.9 14
Lignin 3.2 3.5 % - 1.7 0.8 -8.1 13 1.9 0.9 -9.3 17
Water insoluble cell walls 36.1 39.5 % -
Starch 2.3 2.5 % - 0.8 0.8 -3.4 14 0.8 0.9 -3.8 12
Total sugars 3.2 3.5 % - 2.6 0.8 -10.2 10 2.9 0.8 -11 12
Gross energy (kcal) 4600 5040 kcal/kg - 220 4550 -4830 9 200 4420 -5210 12
Gross energy (MJ) 19.3 21.1 MJ/kg - 0.9 19 -20.2 9 0.8 18.5 -21.8 12
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.6 1.8 g/kg - 0.6 0.6 -1.9 7 0.7 0.7 -3.3 11
Phosphorus 7.8 8.5 g/kg - 1.8 4.8 -10.3 7 1.9 5.1 -11.1 11
Magnesium 2.8 3 g/kg - 0.6 1.5 -3.5 6 0.7 1.6 -3.8 8
Potassium 9 9.9 g/kg - 1.1 7.1 -10.9 6 1.2 7.6 -11.9 8
Sodium 1.19 1.3 g/kg - 1.06 0.37 -3.25 6 1.16 0.4 -3.5 8
Chlorine 2.9 3.2 g/kg - 0.4 2.6 -3.7 5 0.4 3 -4 5
Sulfur 3.3 3.6 g/kg - 0.3 3.3 -3.6 5 0.3 3.1 -3.9 6
Dietary cation-anion difference -6 -7 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 201 220 mEq/kg -
Manganese 32 36 mg/kg - 1 30 -36 6 1 34 -38 8
Zinc 52 57 mg/kg - 6 47 -63 6 6 48 -67 8
Copper 34 38 mg/kg - 16 6 -50 6 18 7 -54 8
Iron 205 225 mg/kg - 32 167 -256 6 35 189 -276 6
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0.2 0.09 -0.5 5 0.2 0.1 -0.5 5
Cobalt 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 0.09 -0.09 4 0.1 -0.1 4
Molybdenum 1 2 mg/kg - 0.6 1 -2 5 0.6 1 -3 5
Iodine 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0.05 0.2 -0.3 5 0.05 0.2 -0.3 5
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C16:0 palmitic acid 11 12 g/kg 22.3 % FA 2.3 7.9 -13 5 2.5 8.5 -14.4 5 1.9 19.2-23.6 6
C18:0 stearic acid 0.7 0.8 g/kg 1.5 % FA 0.1 0.5 -0.8 5 0.1 0.6 -0.9 5 0.5 1-2.2 6
C18:1 oleic acid 5.9 6.5 g/kg 12 % FA 0.7 5 -7 5 0.8 5.4 -7.5 5 2.8 10-17 6
C18:2 linoleic acid 28.2 30.9 g/kg 57.3 % FA 3.8 23.2 -31.7 5 4.1 25 -34.8 5 2.3 54.8-61.7 6
C18:3 linolenic acid 3.5 3.9 g/kg 7.2 % FA 1 2.1 -4.4 5 1.1 2.3 -4.9 5 1.3 5.2-8.2 5
Fatty acids 4.9 5.4 g/kg 74 % fat 3 70-77 5
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.93 1.01 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.87 0.95 per kg -
PDIA Systali 108 119 g/kg -
PDI Systali 152 167 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 48 52 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.333 0.365 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2580 2820 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1630 1790 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1530 1670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 10.8 11.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.8 7.5 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.4 7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 68.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 68.4 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 50 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 48 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 84 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.7 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.4 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.95 1.04 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.9 0.99 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 99 109 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 145 159 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 56 61 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.87 0.95 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.8 0.87 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 125 137 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 167 183 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 31 34 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.9 0.99 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.83 0.91 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 126 138 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 189 207 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 162 177 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2550 2790 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.7 11.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 69.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 73.1 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 48 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 84 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 50 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 75.3 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.9 1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2910 3180 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2700 2950 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1730 1900 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3080 3380 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2810 3080 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1850 2030 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 12.2 13.3 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 11.3 12.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.3 7.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 12.9 14.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11.8 12.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.8 8.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 63.2 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 67 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 66 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 70 %
N digestibility growing pig - 83.6 %
N digestibility adult pig - 87.7 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 82.8 % 1
Crude fat digestibility pig - 60.5 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1950 2130 kcal/kg - 660 2110 -3580 6
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1900 2080 kcal/kg - 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8.2 8.9 MJ/kg - 2.8 8.8 -15 6
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8 8.7 MJ/kg - 1
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 65 %
Energy digestibility horse - 63.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.75 0.82 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 190 208 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2950 3230 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 2740 3000 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.4 13.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.5 12.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 64.1 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 68.4 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 8.2 9 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 3 3.4 -12.1 9 3.2 3.9 -13.2 10 1.2 1.4-4.8 10
Threonine 9.3 10.2 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 6.7 -10.4 9 1 7.3 -11 10 0.2 3.1-3.9 10
Methionine 3.7 4.1 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.6 2.5 -4.6 8 0.7 2.9 -5 9 0.2 1-1.7 9
Cystine 4.5 4.9 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.5 3.5 -5 7 0.5 4 -5.3 8 0.2 1.5-2 8
Methionine + cystine 8.2 9 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 0.8 6.6 -9.6 7 0.8 7.5 -10.3 8 0.3 2.9-3.7 8
Tryptophan 3.5 3.8 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Isoleucine 9.8 10.7 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1.2 7.2 -11.5 9 1.3 8.2 -12.2 10 0.4 2.9-4.1 10
Valine 13.5 14.7 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 2.2 9.6 -18.8 9 2.4 11 -19.9 10 0.7 3.8-6.5 10
Leucine 18.6 20.3 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N 2.8 14.3 -23.7 9 3 15.6 -25.6 10 0.7 6.4-8.8 10
Phenylalanine 12.2 13.3 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1.4 10.1 -14.4 9 1.5 11.5 -15.5 10 0.5 4-5.5 10
Tyrosine 7.6 8.4 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1.3 6 -9.5 8 1.4 6.6 -11 9 0.4 2.5-3.8 9
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 19.8 21.7 g/kg 7.7 g/16g N 2.4 17 -23.9 8 2.5 19.2 -25.8 9 0.7 6.8-8.8 9
Histidine 6.1 6.7 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1.4 2.9 -8.2 9 1.6 3.3 -8.8 10 0.5 1.1-3 10
Arginine 11.9 13 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 2.4 9.5 -15.8 9 2.6 10.1 -18.1 10 0.9 3.3-6.3 10
Alanine 12.7 14 g/kg 5 g/16g N 2.3 7.8 -14.7 9 2.5 8.5 -16 10 0.9 3.6-6.2 10
Aspartic acid 15.9 17.5 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 2.2 11.2 -18.1 9 2.3 12.2 -19.5 10 0.8 4.9-7 10
Glutamic acid 50.5 55.3 g/kg 19.6 g/16g N 8.9 38.6 -60 9 9.6 42.6 -69.3 10 3.5 15.4-24.4 10
Glycine 10.6 11.6 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.4 7.5 -12 9 1.5 8.2 -12.9 10 0.5 3.3-4.7 10
Serine 10.8 11.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.1 9 -12 9 1.1 9.8 -13.6 10 0.4 3.9-5 10
Proline 24 26.3 g/kg 9.3 g/16g N 1.7 22.1 -25.7 6 1.7 23.2 -28 7 0.9 8-10.7 7
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.6 g/kg 73 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.6 g/kg 84 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.6 g/kg 89 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.2 g/kg 87 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 7.9 g/kg 88 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3 3.3 g/kg 86 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 8.8 9.6 g/kg 89 % 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 11.6 12.7 g/kg 86 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 16.7 18.2 g/kg 90 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 11.2 12.3 g/kg 92 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.1 7.8 g/kg 93 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 18.3 20.1 g/kg 93 % 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 5.8 g/kg 87 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 11 12.1 g/kg 93 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 10.2 11.1 g/kg 80 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 13.3 14.6 g/kg 83 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 46.8 51.3 g/kg 93 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 8.7 9.5 g/kg 82 % 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 9.6 10.6 g/kg 89 % 1
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