Barley rootlets, dried

Dried byproduct of brewery consisting of the rootlets and germs of sprouted barley grains (Hordeum vulgare L.) obtained after cleaning the malted barley. Other name: malt culms.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 89.8 100 % - 4.4 70.8 -96 340 4
Crude protein 20.5 22.9 % - 2.9 12 -30.9 445 3.2 13.5 -32.7 335
Crude fibre 12.3 13.7 % - 1.6 7.2 -19.4 400 1.8 9.2 -20.7 303
Crude fat 1.6 1.8 % - 0.4 0.7 -3.6 545 0.4 0.7 -3.9 539
Ash 5.3 5.9 % - 0.7 3.3 -10 269 0.7 3.7 -8 189
Insoluble ash 1.2 1.3 % - 0.5 0.3 -1.9 10 0.6 0.4 -2.1 9
NDF 39.6 44.1 % - 4.9 30.6 -48.2 53 5.3 35.5 -53.7 47
ADF 14.6 16.3 % - 1.9 10.4 -18 52 2 12.4 -19.9 46
Lignin 2.2 2.5 % - 0.5 0.4 -2.5 73 0.5 0.5 -3 74
Water insoluble cell walls 37.9 42.2 % - 34.9 -41 2
Starch 14.8 16.5 % - 5.6 2.9 -34.6 410 6.2 3.3 -38.4 316
Total sugars 9.7 10.8 % - 2.9 4.7 -17.1 45 3.2 5.3 -18.8 42
Gross energy (kcal) 3940 4390 kcal/kg - 160 3910 -4380 7 130 4140 -4680 13
Gross energy (MJ) 16.5 18.4 MJ/kg - 0.7 16.4 -18.3 7 0.5 17.3 -19.6 13
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.1 2.3 g/kg - 0.7 0.8 -3.9 97 0.8 0.9 -4.5 94
Phosphorus 5.3 5.9 g/kg - 1 3.1 -8.5 119 1.1 3.5 -12.2 111
Phytate phosphorus 1.3 1.5 g/kg 25 % P
Magnesium 1.5 1.7 g/kg - 0.4 1.4 -2.5 6 0.4 1.5 -2.6 6
Potassium 12 13.4 g/kg - 3.6 9.1 -19.4 7 4 10.3 -21.9 7
Sodium 0.26 0.29 g/kg - 0.14 0.06 -0.58 40 0.16 0.07 -0.66 38
Chlorine 3.7 4.1 g/kg - 1.7 2.2 -7.4 6 1.9 2.5 -7.7 6
Sulfur 3.3 3.7 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 8 9 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 216 241 mEq/kg -
Manganese 71 80 mg/kg - 20 55 -115 6 22 62 -119 6
Zinc 93 104 mg/kg - 15 72 -125 7 17 80 -130 7
Copper 12 13 mg/kg - 3 9 -17 7 3 10 -18 7
Iron 446 497 mg/kg - 225 122 -748 7 250 134 -824 7
Selenium 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 1 1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1.2-1.4 2
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.6 1.8 g/kg 22.5 % FA 0.3 1 -1.7 5 0.3 1 -1.9 5 1.7 19.6-23.9 5
C18:0 stearic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1.2-1.4 3
C18:1 oleic acid 0.7 0.8 g/kg 9.9 % FA 0.2 0.4 -0.9 5 0.2 0.4 -1 5 1.5 7.8-11.9 5
C18:2 linoleic acid 3.1 3.4 g/kg 42.2 % FA 0.6 2 -3.4 5 0.6 2.3 -3.8 5 3.8 35.9-45.2 5
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.7 1.9 g/kg 23.5 % FA 0.2 1.3 -1.8 5 0.2 1.4 -2 5 5.6 17.9-31.3 5
Fatty acids 0.7 0.8 g/kg 45 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.79 0.88 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.74 0.83 per kg -
PDIA Systali 43 48 g/kg -
PDI Systali 90 100 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 59 66 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.255 0.284 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2200 2450 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1390 1550 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1310 1450 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.2 10.3 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.8 6.5 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.5 6.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 70.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 68.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 71 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 89 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 62 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.6 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.81 0.9 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.77 0.85 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 38 42 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 86 96 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 64 71 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.75 0.84 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.69 0.77 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 51 56 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 97 108 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 50 56 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.78 0.87 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.72 0.81 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 44 48 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 127 141 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 91 101 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2200 2450 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.2 10.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 71.5 % 64.5-79.5 2
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 69.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 71.3 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 72 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 73 % 63-79 4
Immediately degradable N (a) - 50 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 40 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.085 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 64 % 56-65 4
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 42 % 1
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 48 % 1
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.05 h-1 1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 53.1 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.2 4.6 g/kg 78 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.1 1.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.8 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2410 2690 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 2260 2520 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1500 1670 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2590 2890 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2400 2670 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1590 1770 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.1 11.3 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.5 10.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.3 7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.9 12.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 10 11.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 6.7 7.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 61.3 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 65.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 64.7 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 69 %
N digestibility growing pig - 73.9 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 79.1 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1420 1580 kcal/kg - 220 1240 -1960 6 240 1370 -2030 6
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6 6.6 MJ/kg - 0.9 5.2 -8.2 6 1 5.7 -8.5 6
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 66 %
Energy digestibility horse - 63.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.71 0.79 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 141 157 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2670 2970 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2510 2790 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.2 12.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.5 11.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 67.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 63.7 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 9.2 10.3 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1.9 8 -15.3 12 2.1 9.1 -16 11 0.3 4-5.3 12
Threonine 7 7.8 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 0.2 3-3.5 8
Methionine 3.1 3.5 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0.4 2.8 -4.4 11 0.5 3.1 -4.5 10 0.2 1.1-1.6 11
Cystine 3.4 3.8 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.5 2.7 -4.4 10 0.5 3.1 -4.5 9
Methionine + cystine 6.6 7.3 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 0.9 5.6 -8.7 10 1 6.3 -9 8
Tryptophan 2.3 2.6 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 1 1 0.9-1.4 2
Isoleucine 7.4 8.2 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.6 8.2 -10.1 7 0.3 3-3.8 7
Valine 9.9 11 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.3 4.2-5 7
Leucine 14.1 15.7 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 2.2 11.2 -17.8 7 2.4 12.5 -20 8
Phenylalanine 9.2 10.2 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.8 6.7 -9.7 6
Tyrosine 5.9 6.6 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 0.9 4.7 -7.3 6 1 5.3 -7.9 7
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 15.1 16.8 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 1.8 11.4 -17 6 1.9 12.9 -17.6 6
Histidine 4.4 4.9 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 0.1 1.8-2.2 7
Arginine 9.5 10.5 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1.8 8.8 -13.3 6 2 9.9 -14.8 7 0.4 3.6-4.9 7
Alanine 9.4 10.5 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 0.3 4.1-4.7 6
Aspartic acid 13.6 15.1 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 38.5 42.9 g/kg 18.8 g/16g N
Glycine 7.8 8.7 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.2 3.4-3.9 6
Serine 8.2 9.1 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1.5 7.2 -11.4 6 1.6 8.1 -12.8 7
Proline 17.6 19.6 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6.3 g/kg 61 % 1 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.8 g/kg 49 % 1 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.5 g/kg 73 % 1 1
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.2 g/kg 30 % 1 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.7 g/kg 50 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5.2 g/kg 63 % 1 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 5.8 6.5 g/kg 59 % 1 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 8.2 9.1 g/kg 58 % 1 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 5 5.5 g/kg 54 % 1 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.2 g/kg 18 % 1 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.7 g/kg 40 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.8 g/kg 58 % 1 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 6.7 7.5 g/kg 71 % 1 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 5 5.6 g/kg 53 % 1 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 10 11.2 g/kg 74 % 1 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 25 27.9 g/kg 65 % 1 1
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.2 g/kg 37 % 1 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.2 g/kg 46 % 1 1
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 11.6 12.9 g/kg 66 % 1 1
CSVXLSXXML