Maize germ meal, oil 5-20%

Byproduct of oil manufacture, obtained by extraction of maize germs (Zea mays L.), consisting of spent germs to which parts of the endosperm and outer skins may still adhere. This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only. Other name: corn germ meal (USA).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 96.8 100 % - 2.1 88.4 -98.2 147 1.7
Crude protein 25.6 26.5 % - 1.9 20.3 -30.3 215 1.9 20.8 -31.1 146
Crude fibre 9.2 9.5 % - 1 7.4 -14.4 194 1 7.7 -13.8 134
Crude fat 9.3 9.6 % - 2.2 5.2 -14.2 63 2.3 5.6 -14.8 66
Ash 2.2 2.2 % - 0.8 1.3 -7.9 181 0.8 1.4 -8.9 183
Insoluble ash 0.09 0.1 % - 0.1 -0.1 2
NDF 39.4 40.7 % - 11 19 -57 10
ADF 10.9 11.3 % - 2.2 10.6 -17.8 8
Lignin 2.6 2.7 % - 0.9 1.5 -3.4 6 0.9 1.6 -4 6
Water insoluble cell walls 40.1 41.4 % - 1 1
Starch 21.7 22.4 % - 2.5 9.7 -37.2 177 2.5 11 -38.8 119
Total sugars 0.7 0.7 % - 0.08 0.6 -0.7 4 0.08 0.6 -0.8 5
Gross energy (kcal) 4860 5020 kcal/kg - 1 4990 -5130 3
Gross energy (MJ) 20.4 21 MJ/kg - 1 20.9 -21.5 3
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.3 0.3 g/kg - 0.1 0.1 -0.4 6 0.1 0.1 -0.4 6
Phosphorus 5.3 5.4 g/kg - 1 3.3 -5.8 8 1 3.5 -6.6 8
Phytate phosphorus 4 4.1 g/kg 75 % P
Magnesium 3.1 3.2 g/kg -
Potassium 1.5 1.6 g/kg -
Sodium 0.74 0.76 g/kg - 0.26 0.34 -1.11 8 0.27 0.35 -1.14 8
Sulfur 2.4 2.4 g/kg -
Manganese 13 13 mg/kg -
Copper 14 14 mg/kg -
Iron 230 238 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.9 8.1 g/kg 10.5 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 1.3 1.4 g/kg 1.8 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 19.5 20.1 g/kg 26.1 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 44.4 45.8 g/kg 59.5 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 1 1 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Fatty acids 7.5 7.7 g/kg 80 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.22 1.26 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.22 1.26 per kg -
PDIA Systali 64 66 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 116 120 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 89 92 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.358 0.37 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3260 3370 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2160 2230 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2140 2210 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 13.7 14.1 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9 9.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9 9.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 79.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 80.4 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 72 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 66 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 55 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 9.1 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.7 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.25 1.29 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.25 1.29 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 55 56 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 109 112 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 96 99 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.17 1.21 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.15 1.19 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 78 80 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 128 132 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 76 78 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.17 1.21 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.14 1.18 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 70 72 g/kg - 1
PDIN INRA 2007 172 177 g/kg - 1
PDIE INRA 2007 115 118 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3190 3290 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.3 13.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 81.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 81.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 75.2 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 88 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 79 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 72 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 36 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 59 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.095 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 39 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 61 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.05 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 1
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 6 % 1
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 83 % 1
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.075 h-1 1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.5 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.6 3.7 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.2 0.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 9 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.6 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3370 3490 kcal/kg - 1 3450 -3680 2
ME growing pig (kcal) 3190 3290 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2260 2340 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3560 3680 kcal/kg - 1
ME adult pig (kcal) 3320 3430 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2370 2450 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.1 14.6 MJ/kg - 1 14.4 -15.4 2
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.3 13.8 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.5 9.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.9 15.4 MJ/kg - 1
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.9 14.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.9 10.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 69.4 % 69-73.5 2
Energy digestibility adult pig - 73.3 % 1
OM digestibility growing pig - 72.1 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 76 % 1
N digestibility growing pig - 73.3 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 77.7 % 1
Crude fat digestibility pig - 66.3 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1 1.1 g/kg 20 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2410 2490 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2350 2420 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10.1 10.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.8 10.1 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 72 %
Energy digestibility horse - 69.7 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.84 0.87 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 189 196 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3560 3670 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3330 3440 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 14.9 15.4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.9 14.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 73.1 %
N digestibility rabbit - 71.1 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 7.7 7.9 g/kg 3 g/16g N
Threonine 8.6 8.9 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Methionine 4.2 4.4 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Cystine 4.6 4.8 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 8.9 9.2 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 9.1 -9.7 2 3.3-3.6 2
Tryptophan 1.9 1.9 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Isoleucine 7.9 8.2 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N
Valine 11.9 12.3 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N
Leucine 18.8 19.4 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 18.9 -19.6 2 6.7-7.4 2
Phenylalanine 8.9 9.2 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Tyrosine 6.1 6.3 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 15 15.5 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 7.2 7.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 7.4 -9.3 2
Arginine 11.1 11.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Alanine 15.7 16.2 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 14 14.5 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 34.7 35.8 g/kg 13.5 g/16g N 11.7-13.7 2
Glycine 10.9 11.2 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Serine 10.2 10.6 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Proline 19.4 20 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 4.8 g/kg 61 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 6.1 6.3 g/kg 71 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.5 g/kg 80 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.2 g/kg 66 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 6.5 6.7 g/kg 73 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.4 g/kg 71 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.9 6.1 g/kg 74 % 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 8.5 8.8 g/kg 72 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 14.4 14.8 g/kg 76 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 7.4 g/kg 81 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 4.9 g/kg 78 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 12 12.4 g/kg 80 % 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.2 g/kg 84 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 9.3 9.6 g/kg 84 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 11.2 11.5 g/kg 71 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 8.4 8.7 g/kg 60 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 26.1 26.9 g/kg 75 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7 g/kg 62 % 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 7.7 8 g/kg 75 % 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.7 4.8 g/kg 61 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.3 g/kg 59 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.1 g/kg 71 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.5 g/kg 53 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 5.7 g/kg 62 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.3 g/kg 66 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 5.3 g/kg 65 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 7.7 g/kg 63 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.4 12.8 g/kg 66 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.1 6.3 g/kg 68 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.2 g/kg 67 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.2 10.5 g/kg 68 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.4 g/kg 59 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.2 7.4 g/kg 65 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 10.4 g/kg 64 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 8.6 8.8 g/kg 61 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 20.8 21.5 g/kg 60 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.6 6.9 g/kg 61 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.2 g/kg 59 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 12.2 12.6 g/kg 63 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.26 3.37 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0.72 0.75 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 222 229 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.004 0.0042 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 1.06 1.1 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.32 0.33 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML