Maize germs

Dehydrated maize germs (Zea mays L.). Maize germs contain usually more than 30% oil (as fed). Other name: corn germs (USA).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 95.3 100 % - 2.4 90.7 -98.2 37 2
Crude protein 12.8 13.5 % - 2 8.9 -17.5 37 2.1 9.2 -18.5 37
Crude fibre 9.1 9.5 % - 2.9 4.5 -17.9 21 3.1 4.7 -14.9 18
Crude fat 46.1 48.4 % - 3.3 38.6 -50.2 20 3.4 41.4 -52.4 20
Ash 1.2 1.2 % - 0.4 0.8 -2.2 23 0.4 0.8 -2.3 23
NDF 38.9 40.8 % - 31.8 -40 3 33.6 -44.1 3
ADF 10.8 11.3 % - 9.5 -12 2 9.9 -12.7 2
Lignin 2.1 2.2 % - 1 1
Water insoluble cell walls 39.6 41.5 % -
Starch 11.5 12 % - 1.6 8.5 -14.2 18 1.7 8.8 -15.3 18
Total sugars 0.4 0.4 % - 0.4 -0.5 2 0.4 -0.5 2
Gross energy (kcal) 6580 6910 kcal/kg - 1 1
Gross energy (MJ) 27.6 28.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1 1 g/kg - 1 1
Phosphorus 4.2 4.4 g/kg - 1 1
Phytate phosphorus 3.2 3.3 g/kg 75 % P
Magnesium 0.3 0.3 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 1.2 1.2 g/kg - 0.2 0.9 -1.4 11 0.2 0.9 -1.5 11
Sodium 0.12 0.12 g/kg - 0.06 0.1 -0.29 11 0.06 0.1 -0.3 11
Chlorine 0.4 0.5 g/kg - 0.1 0.3 -0.6 9 0.1 0.3 -0.6 9
Sulfur 2.3 2.4 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -123 -129 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 23 24 mEq/kg -
Manganese 13 13 mg/kg -
Copper 14 14 mg/kg -
Iron 227 238 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.5 0.5 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 38.9 40.8 g/kg 10.5 % FA 1 1 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 1.5 1.5 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 6.7 7 g/kg 1.8 % FA 1 1 1
C18:1 oleic acid 96.4 101 g/kg 26.1 % FA 1 1 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 219 230 g/kg 59.5 % FA 1 1 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 4.9 5.2 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1 1 1
Fatty acids 36.9 38.7 g/kg 80 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.91 2 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.96 2.06 per kg -
PDIA Systali 33 35 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 81 85 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 2 3 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.352 0.37 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 4940 5180 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3360 3520 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3450 3620 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 20.7 21.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 14.1 14.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 14.5 15.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 79 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 84.2 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 73 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 55 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 9.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.96 2.05 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 2.02 2.12 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 29 31 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 79 83 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 4 5 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.82 1.91 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.85 1.94 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 39 41 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 86 91 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -3 -3 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.75 1.83 per kg - 1 1
UFV INRA 2007 1.75 1.84 per kg - 1 1
PDIA INRA 2007 35 37 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 86 90 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 54 57 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 4660 4890 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 19.5 20.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 80.3 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.6 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 67.7 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 88 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 79 % 1
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 72 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 6 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 83 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.075 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.9 3 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 9.7 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.5 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 4560 4790 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 4450 4670 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 3830 4020 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 4760 4990 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 4610 4830 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 3920 4110 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 19.1 20 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 18.6 19.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 16 16.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 19.9 20.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 19.3 20.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 16.4 17.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 69.3 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 72.2 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 71.6 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 76 %
N digestibility growing pig - 63.8 %
N digestibility adult pig - 72.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 78.9 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.8 0.9 g/kg 20 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 4030 4220 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3830 4020 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 16.9 17.7 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 16 16.8 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 65 %
Energy digestibility horse - 63.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.39 1.46 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 82 86 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 5710 5990 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 5580 5860 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 23.9 25.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 23.4 24.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 86.7 %
N digestibility rabbit - 62.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4.6 4.8 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Threonine 4.7 5 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 2.2 2.3 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cystine 2.6 2.7 g/kg 2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 4.8 5.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 0.9 0.9 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N
Isoleucine 4.2 4.4 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 6.2 6.5 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 12 12.6 g/kg 9.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 5.2 5.5 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 3.8 4 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 9 9.5 g/kg 7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 3.8 4 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 8 8.4 g/kg 6.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 8.5 9 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 8.5 8.9 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 19.7 20.6 g/kg 15.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 5.7 6 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 5.6 5.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 7.6 7.9 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
CSVXLSXXML