Mustard bran

Byproduct of mustard manufacture obtained from the processing of the seeds of mustard (Sinapis alba L., Brassica juncea (L.) Czern., Brassica nigra L.), consisting of seed hulls and other seed fractions.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 89.5 100 % - 2.4 77 -96.5 115 3.8
Crude protein 16.3 18.2 % - 1.8 12.9 -24.6 115 2 14.8 -27.6 116
Crude fibre 18.8 21 % - 2.5 12.4 -23.2 113 2.8 14.1 -33.3 114
Crude fat 13.9 15.6 % - 2.8 9.8 -17 28 3 11 -27.4 29
Ash 12.7 14.2 % - 0.6 10.7 -14.2 115 0.6 12.6 -15.7 116
Insoluble ash 1 1.1 % -
NDF 42 46.9 % - 5.8 34.6 -49.8 5 6.4 37.4 -55.5 5
ADF 30.3 33.9 % - 27.1 -32.3 4 29.3 -36.1 4
Lignin 14.5 16.2 % - 1.2 10.5 -18.2 76 1.3 13.7 -20.1 76
Water insoluble cell walls 43.2 48.2 % - 1 1
Starch 5.4 6 % - 0.6 1.7 -7.2 77 0.7 2 -7.8 78
Starch, enzymatic method 1.4 1.6 % -
Total sugars 4 4.5 % - 0.5 2.5 -5 73 0.6 2.8 -5.3 73
Gross energy (kcal) 4280 4790 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 17.9 20 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 8.4 9.4 g/kg - 8.4 4.8 -26.8 8 9.4 5.3 -30.7 7
Phosphorus 3.7 4.2 g/kg - 0.4 3 -4.4 5 0.5 3.4 -4.8 5
Phytate phosphorus 2.2 2.5 g/kg 60 % P
Magnesium 2.3 2.6 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 3.7 4.1 g/kg - 4 -4.2 2
Sodium 38.99 43.54 g/kg - 7.81 7.87 -81.3 99 8.64 8.69 -88.08 96
Chlorine 54.4 60.8 g/kg - 13.7 0 -69.6 24 15.3 0 -76.7 22
Sulfur 7.2 8 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -191 -214 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 256 286 mEq/kg -
Manganese 61 68 mg/kg -
Zinc 70 78 mg/kg -
Copper 8 9 mg/kg -
Iron 164 183 mg/kg -
Selenium 1 1 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.4 2.7 g/kg 2.2 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 1.3 1.5 g/kg 1.2 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 11.3 12.6 g/kg 10.2 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 17.4 19.4 g/kg 15.6 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 13 14.6 g/kg 11.7 % FA
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 1.1 1.2 g/kg 1 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 6.1 6.8 g/kg 5.5 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1.4 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 57 63.7 g/kg 51.2 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 11.1 12.4 % 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.81 0.9 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.74 0.83 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 39 44 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 80 90 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 37 41 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.28 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2270 2540 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1420 1590 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1310 1460 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.7 10.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.1 6.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.7 6.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 65.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 63.2 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 69 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.83 0.93 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.77 0.86 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 34 38 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 76 85 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 42 47 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.76 0.85 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.69 0.77 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 48 53 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 88 98 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 27 30 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.77 0.86 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.79 0.88 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.69 0.77 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.72 0.8 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 45 50 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 106 118 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 75 83 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2210 2470 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.4 10.6 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.2 10.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 66.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 64.6 %
N digestibility ruminants - 71.1 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 79 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 69 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 27 % 7 8-27 6
Potentially degradable N (b) - 67 % 14 54-89 6
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.1 h-1 0.045 0.02-0.14 6
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 28 % 5 19-36 6
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 55 % 13 48-79 6
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1 0.028 0.018-0.09 6
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 77.6 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.6 2.9 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.6 5.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 766 856 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 758 847 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 51 57 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 59 66 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 2.5 2.8 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0.8 0.9 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 50.4 56.3 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.33 2.6 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.15 1.28 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.08 1.2 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.14 1.28 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.63 0.71 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 29 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 35 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 5.4 6.1 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 143 160 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 3 4 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2440 2730 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2330 2600 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1680 1880 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2700 3010 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2530 2820 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1810 2020 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.2 11.4 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.2 11.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.7 10.9 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.8 10.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.1 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7 7.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.3 12.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.3 12.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 10.6 11.8 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 10.6 11.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.6 8.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.6 8.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 57.1 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 62.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 60.8 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 67.3 %
N digestibility growing pig - 40.9 %
N digestibility adult pig - 50.1 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 71.5 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.1 1.3 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 1.7 1.9 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1610 1800 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1440 1610 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6.7 7.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6.7 7.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6 6.7 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6 6.7 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.9 1 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.9 1 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 67.7 %
Energy digestibility horse - 65.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.79 0.88 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 81 91 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2100 2340 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1990 2220 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.8 9.8 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.8 9.8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 8.3 9.3 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 8.3 9.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 49 %
N digestibility rabbit - 52.4 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2590 2900 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 10.9 12.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 60.5 %
N digestibility salmonids - 83.9 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 8.5 9.5 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Threonine 7.2 8.1 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 2 2.3 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cystine 3.7 4.1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 5.7 6.3 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 2.2 2.4 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 5.9 6.6 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 7.7 8.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 9.4 10.5 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 5.7 6.3 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 4.9 5.4 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 10.5 11.8 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 3.8 4.3 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 8.8 9.8 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 6.1 6.9 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 9.6 10.7 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 23.4 26.1 g/kg 14.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 7.3 8.2 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 6.8 7.6 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 10.4 11.6 g/kg 6.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 5.4 6 g/kg 63 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.2 g/kg 64 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.7 g/kg 77 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.2 2.4 g/kg 60 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.4 g/kg 66 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.6 g/kg 65 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 4.7 g/kg 72 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 5.4 6 g/kg 70 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.8 g/kg 74 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 4.9 g/kg 76 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.6 4 g/kg 73 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 8.4 9.3 g/kg 75 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.1 g/kg 72 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 8.1 g/kg 82 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.6 g/kg 67 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.6 g/kg 71 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 18.4 20.6 g/kg 79 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 4.8 g/kg 58 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.2 g/kg 69 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 8 g/kg 69 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.7 g/kg 70 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.4 g/kg 66 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.7 g/kg 77 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.7 g/kg 66 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.7 g/kg 70 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.7 g/kg 70 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.8 g/kg 74 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.1 g/kg 71 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.6 g/kg 72 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.7 g/kg 74 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 69 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.9 g/kg 72 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3 g/kg 70 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.6 7.3 g/kg 75 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 4.9 g/kg 71 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 6.6 7.4 g/kg 68 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 17.6 19.7 g/kg 75 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.5 g/kg 67 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.3 g/kg 70 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 8.3 g/kg 72 %
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