Mustard bran

Byproduct of mustard manufacture obtained from the processing of the seeds of mustard (Sinapis alba L., Brassica juncea (L.) Czern., Brassica nigra L.), consisting of seed hulls and other seed fractions.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 89.5 100 % - 4.2 77 -96.5 114 3.8
Crude protein 16.3 18.2 % - 1.8 12.9 -24.6 114 2 14.8 -27.6 115
Crude fibre 18.8 21 % - 2.6 12.4 -23.2 112 2.8 14.1 -33.3 113
Crude fat 13.9 15.6 % - 2.8 9.8 -17 27 3.1 11 -27.4 28
Ash 12.7 14.1 % - 0.6 10.7 -14.2 114 0.6 12.6 -15.7 115
NDF 42 46.9 % - 5.8 34.6 -49.8 5 6.4 37.4 -55.5 5
ADF 30.3 33.9 % - 27.1 -32.3 4 29.3 -36.1 4
Lignin 14.5 16.2 % - 1.2 10.5 -18.2 76 1.3 13.7 -20.1 76
Water insoluble cell walls 43.2 48.2 % - 1 1
Starch 5.3 6 % - 0.6 1.7 -6.3 76 0.7 2 -7 77
Total sugars 4 4.5 % - 0.5 2.5 -5 73 0.6 2.8 -5.3 73
Gross energy (kcal) 4280 4790 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 17.9 20 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 8.4 9.4 g/kg - 9.1 4.8 -26.8 7 10.2 5.3 -30.7 6
Phosphorus 3.6 4 g/kg - 3 -4 4 3.4 -4.3 4
Phytate phosphorus 2.2 2.4 g/kg 60 % P
Potassium 3.8 4.2 g/kg - 1 1
Sodium 38.93 43.49 g/kg - 7.85 7.87 -81.3 98 8.69 8.69 -88.08 95
Chlorine 56.9 63.6 g/kg - 6.6 46.7 -69.6 23 7.1 53.4 -76.7 21
Electrolyte balance 185 207 mEq/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.03 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 5.3 5.9 g/kg 4.8 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.3 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 1.8 2 g/kg 1.6 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 66.8 74.6 g/kg 59.9 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 22.7 25.4 g/kg 20.4 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 10.2 11.4 g/kg 9.2 % FA
Fatty acids 11.1 12.4 g/kg 80 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.83 0.93 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.77 0.86 per kg -
PDIA Systali 39 44 g/kg -
PDI Systali 81 90 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 36 40 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.28 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2330 2600 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1460 1640 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1360 1520 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.7 10.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.1 6.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.7 6.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 66.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 64.7 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 69 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 60 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.86 0.96 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.8 0.9 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 34 38 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 76 85 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 41 46 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.78 0.88 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.72 0.8 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 48 53 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 88 99 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 26 29 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.79 0.88 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.72 0.8 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 44 50 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 106 118 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 75 84 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2260 2520 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.4 10.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 68.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 66 %
N digestibility ruminants - 71.8 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 79 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 69 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 27 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 67 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.1 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 28 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 55 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 77.6 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.6 5.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2440 2730 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2320 2590 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1690 1890 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2700 3010 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2520 2820 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1810 2020 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.2 11.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.7 10.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.1 7.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.3 12.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 10.6 11.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.6 8.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 57.1 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 63 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 60.7 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 67 %
N digestibility growing pig - 52.2 %
N digestibility adult pig - 61.5 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 71.5 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1610 1800 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1440 1610 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6.7 7.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6 6.7 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 67 %
Energy digestibility horse - 64.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.77 0.86 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 81 91 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2100 2340 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1990 2220 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.8 9.8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 8.3 9.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 49 %
N digestibility rabbit - 52.4 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 8.5 9.5 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Threonine 7.2 8.1 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 2 2.3 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cystine 3.7 4.1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 5.7 6.3 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 2.2 2.4 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 5.9 6.6 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 7.7 8.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 9.4 10.5 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 5.7 6.3 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 4.9 5.4 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 10.5 11.8 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 3.8 4.3 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 8.8 9.8 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 6.1 6.9 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 9.6 10.7 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 23.4 26.1 g/kg 14.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 7.3 8.2 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 6.8 7.6 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 10.4 11.6 g/kg 6.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
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