Oat hulls

Outer envelopes of the oat grain (Avena sativa L.) and byproduct of oat processing.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.4 100 % - 2.4 86.6 -93.8 191 2.1
Crude protein 5 5.5 % - 1.7 2 -10.7 189 1.9 2 -11.6 209
Crude fibre 26.8 29.7 % - 4 14.7 -37.9 182 4.4 16.7 -40.4 186
Crude fat 2.3 2.6 % - 1.1 0.9 -5.4 79 1.2 0.5 -6 81
Ash 4.3 4.8 % - 1.4 2.5 -16.9 125 1.5 2.8 -18.4 144
Insoluble ash 2.6 2.9 % - 1.8 -3.2 3 2 -3.5 3
NDF 63.7 70.4 % - 9.2 44.5 -74.7 44 10.1 49.7 -90.3 66
ADF 32.5 36 % - 4 22.2 -42.3 48 4.4 24.7 -46.9 52
Lignin 6.4 7.1 % - 1.7 3.9 -10.3 49 1.9 2.2 -12.1 70
Water insoluble cell walls 61.8 68.4 % - 1 1
Starch 12.6 13.9 % - 7.9 1.2 -32.6 84 8.7 1.3 -37.1 83
Total sugars 1.6 1.8 % - 1.3 0.5 -5 16 1.4 0.5 -5.6 19
Gross energy (kcal) 3990 4420 kcal/kg - 1 4360 -4440 2
Gross energy (MJ) 16.7 18.5 MJ/kg - 1 18.3 -18.6 2
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.9 2.1 g/kg - 1.4 0.9 -6.2 21 1.6 1 -7.1 20
Phosphorus 1.8 1.9 g/kg - 0.8 0.6 -3.7 22 0.9 0.6 -4.1 22
Magnesium 1.3 1.5 g/kg - 1 0.6 -2.3 2
Potassium 5.3 5.9 g/kg - 4.1 -5.5 3 4.6 -7 3
Sodium 0.15 0.16 g/kg - 0.1 0.1 -0.33 5 0.11 -0.36 4
Chlorine 0.9 1 g/kg - 0.6 -1.8 4 0.7 -1.9 3
Electrolyte balance 117 129 mEq/kg -
Manganese 60 66 mg/kg - 1 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 3.5 3.8 g/kg 16.6 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.2 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 7.8 8.6 g/kg 37.1 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 7.9 8.7 g/kg 37.5 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Fatty acids 2.1 2.3 g/kg 90 % fat 0.06
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 2 mL/g
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.5 0.55 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.4 0.44 per kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.445 0.493 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1490 1650 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 880 970 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 700 770 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.2 6.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 3.7 4.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 2.9 3.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 47.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 44.7 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 39 %
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.52 0.57 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.42 0.47 per kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.46 0.51 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.35 0.39 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.5 0.55 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.4 0.44 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1510 1670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 6.3 7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 48.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 46.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 12.5 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 65 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 93 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 40 % 1
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 30 % 1
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 26 % 1
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.041 h-1 1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 70.2 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.1 1.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1550 1710 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1460 1610 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 920 1020 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1840 2030 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1690 1870 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1070 1180 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 6.5 7.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 6.1 6.8 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 3.9 4.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.7 8.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7.1 7.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4.5 4.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 38.8 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 46 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 43.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 51 %
N digestibility growing pig - 39.8 %
N digestibility adult pig - 74.2 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0.09 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.6 0.6 g/kg 32 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1050 1160 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 970 1080 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 4.4 4.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 4.1 4.5 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 0.4 0.5 g/kg 24 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 59 %
Energy digestibility horse - 56.6 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.57 0.63 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 14 15 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1860 2060 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1830 2020 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.7 8.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 46.6 %
N digestibility rabbit - 37.9 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 2.3 2.5 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1
Threonine 1.9 2.1 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1
Methionine 1.1 1.2 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1
Cystine 2.3 2.5 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1
Methionine + cystine 3.3 3.7 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 1
Tryptophan 0.7 0.8 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1
Isoleucine 1.8 2 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1
Valine 2.7 3 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1
Leucine 3.7 4 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 1
Phenylalanine 2.2 2.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1
Tyrosine 1.8 2 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 4 4.4 g/kg 7.9 g/16g N 1
Histidine 0.9 1 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1
Arginine 2.9 3.2 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 1
Alanine 2.6 2.9 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 4.3 4.7 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 6.8 7.5 g/kg 13.6 g/16g N
Glycine 2.9 3.2 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 1
Serine 2.6 2.9 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N
Proline 3 3.4 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
CSVXLSXXML