Rapeseed, whole, extruded

Extruded whole rapeseed (Brassica napus L., Brassica rapa L. and Brassica juncea L., and their crosses) from varieties having a low content in erucic acid and glucosinolates ("00" in Europe, canola in North America). Other name: full-fat rapeseed, full-fat canola seed.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.4 100 % - 1.9 83.7 -95.6 1401 1.7
Crude protein 18.6 20.1 % - 1.3 14.5 -23.1 1735 1.4 16.4 -25.2 1391
Crude fibre 8.5 9.2 % - 1.8 4.5 -15.4 745 1.9 6.2 -16.7 402
Crude fat 44.1 47.7 % - 2.3 34.8 -49.7 478 2.5 37.3 -53.3 468
Ash 4 4.3 % - 0.3 3.1 -4.8 517 0.3 3.3 -5.1 337
Insoluble ash 0.2 0.3 % - 0.8 0 -2.9 13 0.9 0 -3.1 13
NDF 18.5 20 % - 4.7 11.6 -28.7 107 5.1 12.3 -30.5 91
ADF 13 14.1 % - 3.3 8.4 -20.4 105 3.6 8.9 -21.7 90
Lignin 5.9 6.4 % - 1.5 4.1 -9.9 112 1.6 4.1 -10.8 95
Water insoluble cell walls 17.7 19.2 % - 10.4 -20.8 3 11.2 -22.6 3
Starch 3.5 3.7 % - 0.8 2.5 -5.3 14 0.8 2.7 -5.7 12
Starch, enzymatic method 1.5 1.6 % -
Total sugars 5.4 5.9 % - 0.7 4.4 -6.4 35 0.7 4.8 -7.1 20
Gross energy (kcal) 6420 6940 kcal/kg - 210 6040 -6800 16 210 6520 -7310 16
Gross energy (MJ) 26.9 29.1 MJ/kg - 0.9 25.3 -28.5 16 0.9 27.3 -30.6 16
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 4.5 4.9 g/kg - 0.7 2.6 -7.2 381 0.8 3 -7.3 350
Phosphorus 6.7 7.2 g/kg - 0.7 4 -8.3 403 0.8 4.3 -9.2 367
Phytate phosphorus 4.7 5.1 g/kg 70 % P 1
Magnesium 2.4 2.6 g/kg - 0.3 1.9 -2.9 12 0.4 2 -3.1 12
Potassium 7.6 8.2 g/kg - 0.7 6.1 -10.2 59 0.8 7 -10.9 29
Sodium 0.06 0.07 g/kg - 0.11 0 -0.5 95 0.12 0 -0.54 65
Chlorine 0.5 0.6 g/kg - 0.3 0.04 -1.8 56 0.4 0.3 -1.9 27
Sulfur 3.3 3.6 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -23 -25 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 183 198 mEq/kg -
Manganese 38 41 mg/kg - 6 32 -48 6
Zinc 34 37 mg/kg - 9 27 -50 6 29 -38 2
Copper 3 3 mg/kg - 0.8 2 -4 6 3 -3 2
Iron 79 85 mg/kg - 16 52 -92 5 1
Selenium 0.8 0.8 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 0.02 % FA 0.04 0-0.1 46
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.03 % FA 1 1 0.05 0-0.2 61
C16:0 palmitic acid 19.7 21.3 g/kg 4.7 % FA 1.6 15 -20 8 1.7 16.6 -21.4 8 0.9 3.9-11.5 78
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.8 0.8 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1 1 0.09 0-0.4 63
C18:0 stearic acid 6.8 7.4 g/kg 1.6 % FA 0.7 5.2 -7.3 9 0.8 5.6 -8.1 9 0.3 1.4-3.6 78
C18:1 oleic acid 253 274 g/kg 60.4 % FA 2.7 43.6-64.2 78
C18:2 linoleic acid 83.7 90.5 g/kg 20 % FA 4.1 74.5 -87.8 9 4.3 82.1 -94.1 9 1.4 17.3-24.9 81
C18:3 linolenic acid 38.6 41.7 g/kg 9.2 % FA 2.9 36.3 -44.6 9 3.1 40 -49.5 9 1.9 1.2-12.5 77
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 3.2 3.5 g/kg 0.8 % FA 2.5 2.3 -10.8 8 2.7 2.5 -11.6 8 0.9 0-4.6 70
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 8.6 9.3 g/kg 2 % FA 1 1 1.9 0-9.1 63
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.8 0-4.7 37
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0 % FA 0.02 0-0.1 37
C22:0 behenic acid 1.3 1.4 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.09 0-0.5 55
C22:1 erucic acid 1.6 1.7 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1 1 0.4 0-1.5 51
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0 37
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1 0-0.3 37
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.08 % FA 0.05 0-0.2 39
Fatty acids 41.9 45.3 g/kg 95 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 117 127 mg/kg - 1 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.88 2.04 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.94 2.1 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 75 81 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 119 129 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 18 20 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.289 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 4860 5260 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3310 3580 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3420 3700 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 20.2 21.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 13.8 14.9 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 14.2 15.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 81.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 86 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 54 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 57 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.93 2.09 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 2 2.16 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 68 74 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 114 123 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 23 25 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.8 1.94 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.83 1.98 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 86 93 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 129 139 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 7 7 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.7 1.84 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.71 1.85 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.71 1.85 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.7 1.84 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 86 93 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 136 147 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 105 114 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 4560 4930 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 19 20.5 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 19.1 20.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 82.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 87.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 74.4 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 87 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.9 5.3 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.5 2.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.4 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1710 1850 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1877 2030 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 92 100 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 58 63 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 3.6 3.9 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.3 1.4 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 118 128 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 5.2 5.62 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 3.34 3.61 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 3.18 3.44 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 3.04 3.29 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.21 2.39 Mcal/kg -
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 12.1 13.1 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 257 278 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -11 -12 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 5280 5710 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 5130 5550 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 4100 4430 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 5400 5840 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 5220 5650 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 4180 4520 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 22.1 23.9 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 21.5 23.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 17.1 18.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 22.6 24.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 21.9 23.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 17.5 18.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 82.2 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 84.1 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 81 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 83.7 %
N digestibility growing pig - 78.9 % 66.5-79.1 3
N digestibility adult pig - 82.8 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 72 % 66.6-77.1 2
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2 2.2 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 3 3.3 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3560 3850 kcal/kg - 3370 -4460 3 3590 -4790 3
AMEn cockerel, ground (kcal) 3550 3840 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (kcal) 4620 4990 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3310 3580 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (kcal) 3300 3570 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (kcal) 4370 4730 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.9 16.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel, ground (MJ) 14.9 16.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (MJ) 19.3 20.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.9 15 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (MJ) 13.8 15 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (MJ) 18.3 19.8 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.7 1.8 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 1.7 1.8 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 72.8 %
Energy digestibility horse - 70.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.28 1.39 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 141 153 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 5320 5750 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 5140 5560 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 22.3 24.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 21.5 23.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 82.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 71.2 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 4970 5370 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 20.8 22.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 77.4 %
N digestibility salmonids - 84.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 11.5 12.5 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.2 9.7 -14.1 40 1.3 10.3 -15.3 32 0.4 5.2-6.8 34
Threonine 8.9 9.6 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.7 7.2 -9.8 21 0.8 7.8 -10.1 14 0.3 4.1-5 16
Methionine 4.1 4.4 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.4 3.3 -4.7 39 0.4 3.6 -5 31 0.1 1.8-2.3 33
Cystine 4.7 5 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.5 3.9 -5.9 35 0.6 4.3 -6.4 29 0.2 2.2-2.9 30
Methionine + cystine 8.7 9.5 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 0.7 7.4 -10.1 34 0.8 8 -10.9 28 0.2 4.2-4.9 29
Tryptophan 2.4 2.6 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.4 2.2 -3.2 7 0.4 2.4 -3.5 5 0.1 1.3-1.6 7
Isoleucine 7.7 8.3 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.2 5.3 -9.4 21 1.3 5.6 -10 14 0.5 2.9-5 16
Valine 9.9 10.7 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 1.3 7.1 -11.8 21 1.4 7.5 -12.2 14 0.4 3.8-5.7 16
Leucine 12.8 13.9 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 1.4 11 -15.9 20 1.5 11.8 -16.1 13 0.5 6-7.6 15
Phenylalanine 7.2 7.8 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 0.9 6.4 -9.4 21 0.9 6.9 -9.8 14 0.3 3.6-4.5 16
Tyrosine 5.3 5.7 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 12.5 13.5 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Histidine 4.7 5.1 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.7 4.3 -6.3 20 0.7 4.7 -6.9 13
Arginine 11 11.9 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 1.3 9.5 -14.4 19 1.4 10.1 -14.1 12 0.4 5.3-6.6 14
Alanine 8.4 9.1 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.6 7.2 -10.2 18 0.7 7.8 -9.8 11 0.1 4.2-4.7 13
Aspartic acid 13.9 15 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 1.4 11.8 -17.8 19 1.5 12.8 -18.2 12 0.4 6.8-8.4 14
Glutamic acid 30.7 33.2 g/kg 16.5 g/16g N 3.4 27.4 -37.6 17 3.7 29.7 -41.1 10 1.1 16.1-19.1 12
Glycine 9.2 10 g/kg 5 g/16g N 0.9 8.2 -11.6 18 1 8.9 -11.6 11 0.3 4.4-5.5 13
Serine 8.1 8.8 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.6 7 -9.6 18 0.7 7.6 -9.7 11 0.2 4.2-4.8 13
Proline 11.5 12.5 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1 9.5 -13.1 16 1.1 10.3 -14.3 9 0.4 5.6-6.9 11
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 9 9.7 g/kg 78 % 1 1 74-81 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 6.3 6.8 g/kg 71 % 1 1 66-75 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.6 g/kg 81 % 1 1 79-82 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 4 g/kg 80 % 1 1 77-83 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.6 g/kg 80 % 1 1 80-81 2
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 1.9 g/kg 73 % 1 1 67-78 2
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 5.7 g/kg 68 % 1 1 63-74 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 6.9 7.4 g/kg 70 % 1 1 65-75 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 9.1 9.9 g/kg 71 % 1 1 66-76 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 5.2 5.6 g/kg 73 % 1 1 68-77 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.2 g/kg 74 % 1 1 71-76 2
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 9.1 9.8 g/kg 73 % 1 1 69-77 2
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.7 g/kg 73 % 1 1 69-77 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 8.9 9.7 g/kg 81 % 1 1 80-82 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 6.1 6.6 g/kg 72 % 1 1 67-78 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 10 10.8 g/kg 72 % 1 1 68-77 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 25.1 27.2 g/kg 82 % 1 1 79-85 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 6.7 7.2 g/kg 72 % 1 1 65-80 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 5.7 6.2 g/kg 71 % 1 1 65-76 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 9.4 10.2 g/kg 82 % 1 1 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 9 9.7 g/kg 78 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.7 7.2 g/kg 75 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 3.9 g/kg 88 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.7 g/kg 73 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.6 g/kg 80 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.1 g/kg 81 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.3 6.8 g/kg 82 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.6 g/kg 81 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.5 11.4 g/kg 82 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.5 g/kg 84 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.5 g/kg 80 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.3 11.1 g/kg 82 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.2 g/kg 83 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.3 10 g/kg 84 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.3 g/kg 81 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 10.9 g/kg 73 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 25.8 27.9 g/kg 84 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 7.9 g/kg 79 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.4 7 g/kg 79 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 8.3 9 g/kg 72 %
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