Maize bran, starch production

Byproduct of the manufacture of starch obtained from maize grain (Zea mays L.) by wet milling. It consists principally of the bran with some germ fragments.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.4 100 % - 1 84.6 -89.3 80 1.6
Crude protein 10.7 12.3 % - 1 8.7 -12.7 79 1.1 9.9 -14.6 81
Crude fibre 10.3 11.7 % - 1.3 7.1 -13.1 73 1.4 8 -14.8 75
Crude fat 2.3 2.7 % - 0.4 1.6 -4.1 41 0.5 1.8 -4.7 43
Ash 1.8 2.1 % - 0.8 0.6 -4.6 52 0.9 0.7 -5.3 56
Insoluble ash 0.3 0.4 % - 1 1
NDF 45.3 51.8 % - 4.3 40.5 -52.2 5 4.9 51.4 -67.2 8
ADF 12.1 13.9 % - 1.2 9.8 -12.2 4 1.4 13.4 -17 7
Lignin 1.1 1.3 % - 0.3 0.7 -1.6 4 0.3 0.9 -1.8 7
Water insoluble cell walls 43.3 49.5 % - 1
Starch 29.2 33.4 % - 5.4 17 -40.4 59 6.1 19.5 -46.7 59
Starch, enzymatic method 27.2 31.1 % -
Total sugars 0.7 0.9 % - 0.2 0.5 -1 5 0.2 0.6 -1.1 7
Gross energy (kcal) 3910 4480 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16.4 18.7 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.7 0.7 g/kg - 0.4 0.03 -1.4 14 0.5 0.03 -1.6 14
Phosphorus 1.8 2.1 g/kg - 0.8 0.7 -2.9 14 0.9 0.8 -3.4 14
Phytate phosphorus 1.2 1.3 g/kg 65 % P 23-77 4
Magnesium 3.7 4.2 g/kg -
Potassium 5.3 6.1 g/kg -
Sodium 1.45 1.66 g/kg - 0.93 -2.23 3 1.06 -2.57 3
Chlorine 2.1 2.4 g/kg -
Sulfur 2.7 3.1 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -32 -37 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 139 159 mEq/kg -
Manganese 10 11 mg/kg - 1 1
Zinc 25 29 mg/kg - 1 1
Copper 3 3 mg/kg - 1 1
Iron 150 171 mg/kg - 1 1
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.2 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1 0.1-0.4 18
C16:0 palmitic acid 2 2.3 g/kg 10.5 % FA 0.8 8.6-13.6 202
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 1.8 % FA 0.2 1.3-2.7 201
C18:1 oleic acid 4.9 5.6 g/kg 26.1 % FA 3 20-35.4 202
C18:2 linoleic acid 11.1 12.7 g/kg 59.5 % FA 3.4 49.4-67.6 208
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 0.3 g/kg 1.3 % FA 0.3 0.3-1.9 202
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.6 % FA 0.2 0.1-1.2 186
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 1.9 2.1 % 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.93 1.07 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.92 1.05 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 26 30 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 75 86 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -12 -14 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.274 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2510 2880 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1640 1880 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1610 1840 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.3 11.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.7 7.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.5 7.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 77.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 75.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 53 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 9.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.95 1.09 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.94 1.07 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 23 26 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 73 84 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -11 -13 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.9 1.02 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.87 0.99 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 31 36 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 79 90 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -16 -18 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.89 1.01 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.91 1.04 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.88 1.01 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.85 0.97 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 27 31 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 70 81 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 73 84 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2500 2850 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.2 11.7 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.4 11.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 77.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 65.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 79 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 74 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 49 % 45-54 3
Potentially degradable N (b) - 43 % 37-44 2
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.08 h-1 0.03 0.026-0.108 5
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 85 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 56 % 1
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 44 % 1
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.115 h-1 1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 55 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 69.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.2 1.4 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.4 0.4 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 9.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 910 1041 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 966 1105 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 68 78 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -11 -13 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.4 5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.6 1.8 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 66.7 76.3 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.94 3.37 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.47 1.69 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.39 1.59 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.6 1.83 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.05 1.2 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 25 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 29 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6.4 7.4 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 135 154 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -4 -5 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2080 2380 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1980 2270 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1450 1660 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2690 3070 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2520 2880 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1810 2070 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.7 9.9 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.7 9.9 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.3 9.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.3 9.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.1 7 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.1 7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.2 12.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.2 12.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 10.5 12.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 10.5 12.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.6 8.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.6 8.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 53.1 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 68.7 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 57.4 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 71.6 %
N digestibility growing pig - 49.6 %
N digestibility adult pig - 83.6 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 69 % 3.4 63.4-74.8 13
Crude fat digestibility pig - 17.1 % 15-28 3
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.4 0.5 g/kg 22 % 20-22 2
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0.6 0.7 g/kg 33 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2240 2570 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2200 2520 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 7.2 8.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.4 10.7 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 7 8 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.2 10.5 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.5 0.5 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.5 0.5 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 67.7 %
Energy digestibility horse - 65.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.77 0.89 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 61 70 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2780 3180 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2710 3100 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.6 13.3 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.6 13.3 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.3 13 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.3 13 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 71.1 %
N digestibility rabbit - 47.9 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2040 2330 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 8.5 9.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 52.1 %
N digestibility salmonids - 81.3 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4.2 4.8 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1
Threonine 4 4.6 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1
Methionine 1.9 2.2 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1
Cystine 2.4 2.7 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1
Methionine + cystine 4.3 4.9 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1
Tryptophan 0.7 0.8 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 1
Valine 5.2 6 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1
Leucine 10.4 11.9 g/kg 9.7 g/16g N 1
Phenylalanine 4.5 5.1 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1
Tyrosine 3.3 3.8 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7.8 8.9 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N
Histidine 3.2 3.7 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1
Arginine 5.8 6.7 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1
Alanine 7.3 8.3 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 1
Aspartic acid 7.3 8.4 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 1
Glutamic acid 16.8 19.2 g/kg 15.7 g/16g N 1
Glycine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1
Serine 4.7 5.4 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1
Proline 6 6.8 g/kg 5.6 g/16g N 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.9 g/kg 60 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.8 g/kg 62 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.6 g/kg 75 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.5 g/kg 57 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.2 g/kg 65 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.4 0.5 g/kg 63 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.9 g/kg 71 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 4 g/kg 68 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 7.5 8.6 g/kg 72 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.9 g/kg 75 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.7 g/kg 71 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 5.7 6.5 g/kg 73 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 70 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.4 g/kg 81 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.3 g/kg 64 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 5 5.7 g/kg 69 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 13 14.9 g/kg 77 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 3 g/kg 55 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.6 g/kg 67 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.6 g/kg 67 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.3 g/kg 68 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3 g/kg 64 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.6 g/kg 76 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.8 g/kg 64 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.4 g/kg 69 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.5 g/kg 69 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.9 g/kg 72 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4.2 g/kg 70 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.4 8.4 g/kg 71 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 73 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.5 g/kg 67 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.3 g/kg 70 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.6 g/kg 69 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.9 g/kg 73 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.8 g/kg 70 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.6 g/kg 67 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 12.4 14.2 g/kg 74 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.6 g/kg 65 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.7 g/kg 69 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.8 g/kg 71 %
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