Molasses, beet

Syrupy byproduct of sugar manufacture, obtained from the crystallisation of beet sugar (Beta vulgaris L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 75.5 100 % - 4.5 56.6 -82.8 595 4.9
Crude protein 10.7 14.2 % - 1.5 5.4 -14.6 531 2 8.9 -19.3 525
Crude fibre 0 0 % - 0.07 0 -0.2 8 0.09 0 -0.3 9
Crude fat 0.2 0.2 % - 0.1 -0.3 4
Ash 9.6 12.7 % - 1.5 6.2 -16.6 531 2 8 -21.1 527
Insoluble ash 0.01 0.01 % - 0.01 -0.01 2
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 47.8 63.3 % - 3.9 36.8 -57.8 462 4.7 49.1 -75 460
Gross energy (kcal) 2790 3690 kcal/kg - 130 2630 -3190 9 120 3520 -3970 10
Gross energy (MJ) 11.7 15.5 MJ/kg - 0.6 11 -13.3 9 0.5 14.7 -16.6 10
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 1.2 g/kg - 0.6 -3.2 120 0.8 -4.2 119
Phosphorus 0.2 0.3 g/kg - 0.2 0.03 -0.8 121 0.2 0.04 -1.1 120
Phytate phosphorus 0.02 0.03 g/kg 10 % P
Magnesium 0.2 0.3 g/kg - 0.2 0.05 -0.6 8 0.2 0.06 -0.7 8
Potassium 38.6 51.2 g/kg - 9.1 9.7 -61.3 72 12 13.2 -81.6 70
Sodium 5.21 6.9 g/kg - 1.53 2.27 -8.7 136 2.02 3.24 -11.56 134
Chlorine 4 5.3 g/kg - 1.6 1.6 -7.9 52 2.1 2.2 -10.1 52
Sulfur 4.2 5.6 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 840 1113 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 1104 1463 mEq/kg -
Manganese 29 38 mg/kg -
Zinc 16 22 mg/kg -
Copper 13 17 mg/kg -
Iron 116 154 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Iodine 1 1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 0.1 0.2 g/kg 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 4 5 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 3 3 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.72 0.95 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.72 0.95 per kg -
PDIA Systali 7 10 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 52 70 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 19 25 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.029 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1910 2530 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1270 1680 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1270 1680 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8 10.6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.3 7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.3 7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 87.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 81.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 93 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.1 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.7 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.73 0.97 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.73 0.97 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 4 6 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 51 67 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 20 27 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.7 0.92 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.69 0.91 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 12 15 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 57 75 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 15 20 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.75 0.99 per kg - 0.07 0.68 -0.85 7 0.09 0.9 -1.13 7
UFV INRA 2007 0.75 1 per kg - 0.09 0.67 -0.89 7 0.11 0.89 -1.18 7
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 62 82 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 54 72 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1990 2640 kcal/kg - 150 1870 -2220 6 180 2460 -2870 6
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.3 11.1 MJ/kg - 0.6 7.8 -9.3 6 0.7 10.3 -12 6
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.7 % 6.1 80.8-96.3 7
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.9 % 7 79.7-97.5 7
N digestibility ruminants - 72 % 16.2 34.3-87.2 8
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 100 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - -29.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0.2 0.2 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2370 3140 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2300 3050 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1580 2100 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2440 3230 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2370 3140 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1630 2160 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 9.9 13.1 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.6 12.8 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.6 8.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.2 13.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.9 13.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 6.8 9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 87.5 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 87 %
N digestibility growing pig - 50 %
N digestibility adult pig - 53.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2220 2940 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.3 12.3 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 88 %
Energy digestibility horse - 84.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.9 1.19 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 84 111 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2570 3410 kcal/kg - 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 2470 3280 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 10.8 14.3 MJ/kg - 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.4 13.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 92.3 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 70 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.6 2.1 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1 1
Threonine 0.7 0.9 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine 0.2 0.3 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 1
Cystine 0.7 0.9 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 0.9 1.2 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 0.8 1.1 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N
Isoleucine 2.7 3.6 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 1 1
Valine 1.9 2.5 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Leucine 2.8 3.7 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine 0.5 0.6 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1
Tyrosine 2.8 3.8 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 3.3 4.4 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 0.6 0.8 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1
Arginine 0.8 1.1 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 1 1
Alanine 1.9 2.5 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Aspartic acid 5.8 7.7 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 51.4 68.1 g/kg 47.8 g/16g N 1 1
Glycine 1.8 2.4 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 1
Serine 2.2 2.9 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 1 1
Proline 1 1.3 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 2 g/kg 96 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 0.9 g/kg 92 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 0.3 g/kg 98 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 0.9 g/kg 92 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1.1 g/kg 93 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 1 g/kg 95 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3.5 g/kg 96 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2.4 g/kg 95 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3.5 g/kg 95 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.6 g/kg 94 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3.5 g/kg 93 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 4.1 g/kg 93 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.7 g/kg 88 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 1 g/kg 89 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2.4 g/kg 98 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 7.3 g/kg 95 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 48.3 64 g/kg 94 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 2.3 g/kg 94 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.7 g/kg 91 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 1.1 g/kg 84 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 1.4 1.85 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0.31 0.41 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 100 132 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0015 0.002 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 0.57 0.75 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.26 0.34 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML