Molasses, beet

Syrupy byproduct of sugar manufacture, obtained from the crystallisation of beet sugar (Beta vulgaris L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 75.4 100 % - 2.7 56.6 -82.8 599 5
Crude protein 10.7 14.2 % - 1.5 5.4 -14.6 535 2 8.9 -19.3 529
Crude fibre 0 0 % - 0.07 0 -0.2 8 0.09 0 -0.3 9
Crude fat 0.2 0.2 % - 0.1 -0.3 4
Ash 9.6 12.7 % - 1.5 6.2 -16.6 531 2 8 -21.1 527
Insoluble ash 0.01 0.01 % - 0.01 -0.01 2
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 47.9 63.5 % - 3.9 36.8 -57.8 466 4.7 49.1 -76.8 464
Gross energy (kcal) 2790 3690 kcal/kg - 140 2630 -3190 9 120 3520 -3970 10
Gross energy (MJ) 11.7 15.5 MJ/kg - 0.6 11 -13.3 9 0.5 14.7 -16.6 10
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 1.1 g/kg - 0.6 0 -3.2 120 0.8 0 -4.2 119
Phosphorus 0.2 0.3 g/kg - 0.2 0.03 -0.8 121 0.2 0.04 -1.1 120
Phytate phosphorus 0.02 0.03 g/kg 10 % P
Magnesium 0.2 0.3 g/kg - 0.2 0.05 -0.6 8 0.2 0.06 -0.7 8
Potassium 38.6 51.1 g/kg - 9.1 9.7 -61.3 72 12 13.2 -81.6 70
Sodium 5.15 6.83 g/kg - 1.53 2.27 -8.7 136 2.02 3.24 -11.56 134
Chlorine 4 5.3 g/kg - 1.6 1.6 -7.9 52 2.1 2.2 -10.1 52
Sulfur 4.2 5.6 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 836 1109 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 1100 1458 mEq/kg -
Manganese 29 38 mg/kg -
Zinc 16 22 mg/kg -
Copper 13 17 mg/kg -
Iron 116 154 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Iodine 1 1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.1 0.3-0.8 10
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.3 0.2-1.1 10
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.4 0.6 g/kg 30.7 % FA 1.6 26.8-32.7 10
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0 0.01 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.1 0.2-0.5 10
C18:0 stearic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 2.2 % FA 0.4 1.9-3.2 10
C18:1 oleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 12.1 % FA 1 10.8-13.9 10
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.6 0.8 g/kg 42.2 % FA 0.6 41.6-43.4 10
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 11.2 % FA 0.3 10.8-11.6 9
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 9.1 % FA 1
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 0.1 0.2 % 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 3.8 5 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 2.5 3.4 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.72 0.95 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.72 0.95 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 7 9 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 52 70 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 18 24 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.029 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1910 2530 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1260 1680 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1270 1680 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8 10.6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.3 7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.3 7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 87.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 81.8 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 93 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.1 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.7 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.73 0.97 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.73 0.97 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 4 6 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 51 67 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 20 26 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.7 0.92 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.69 0.91 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 12 15 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 56 75 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 14 19 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.75 0.99 per kg - 0.08 0.64 -0.84 7 0.09 0.85 -1.11 7
UFL INRA 2007 0.75 0.99 per kg - 0.07 0.68 -0.85 7 0.09 0.9 -1.13 7
UFV INRA 2007 0.75 1 per kg - 0.09 0.62 -0.86 7 0.12 0.82 -1.14 7
UFV INRA 2007 0.75 1 per kg - 0.09 0.67 -0.89 7 0.11 0.89 -1.18 7
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 62 82 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 54 72 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1990 2640 kcal/kg - 150 1870 -2220 6 180 2460 -2870 6
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.3 11.1 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.3 11.1 MJ/kg - 0.6 7.8 -9.3 6 0.7 10.3 -12 6
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.7 % 6.1 80.8-96.3 7
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.9 % 7 79.7-97.5 7
N digestibility ruminants - 71.9 % 16.2 34.3-87.2 8
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 100 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 100 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 0 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.05 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 0 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0.2 0.2 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 748 991 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 822 1090 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 48 63 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 19 26 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 3.8 5.1 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.3 1.7 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 59.6 79.1 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.74 3.63 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.4 1.86 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.33 1.76 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.52 2.01 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.02 1.36 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 0 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 0 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 5.3 7 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 99 132 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 1 2 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2370 3140 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2300 3050 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1580 2100 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2440 3230 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2370 3140 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1630 2160 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 9.9 13.1 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.6 12.8 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.6 8.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.2 13.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.9 13.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 6.8 9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 87.5 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 87.1 %
N digestibility growing pig - 50 %
N digestibility adult pig - 54 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.1 0.2 g/kg 60 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0.2 0.3 g/kg 90 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2220 2950 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2220 2950 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.3 12.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.3 12.3 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.06 0.07 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.06 0.07 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 87.8 %
Energy digestibility horse - 84.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.9 1.19 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 84 111 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2690 3560 kcal/kg - 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 2590 3430 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.3 14.9 MJ/kg - 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.8 14.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 96.5 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 70 % 1
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1440 1900 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 6 8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 51.5 %
N digestibility salmonids - 82.4 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.6 2.1 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1 1
Threonine 0.7 0.9 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine 0.2 0.3 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N 1 1
Cystine 0.7 0.9 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 0.9 1.2 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 0.8 1.1 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N
Isoleucine 2.7 3.6 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 1 1
Valine 1.9 2.5 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Leucine 2.8 3.7 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine 0.5 0.6 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1
Tyrosine 2.8 3.8 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 3.3 4.4 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 0.6 0.8 g/kg 0.5 g/16g N 1 1
Arginine 0.8 1.1 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 1 1
Alanine 1.9 2.5 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Aspartic acid 5.8 7.7 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 51.2 67.8 g/kg 47.9 g/16g N 1 1
Glycine 1.8 2.4 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 1
Serine 2.2 2.9 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 1 1
Proline 1 1.3 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.9 g/kg 94 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 0.6 0.9 g/kg 93 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0.2 0.3 g/kg 95 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 0.9 g/kg 95 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 1.1 g/kg 95 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.8 1 g/kg 95 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 3.4 g/kg 95 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2.3 g/kg 94 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 3.5 g/kg 94 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 0.4 0.6 g/kg 92 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 3.6 g/kg 95 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 4.2 g/kg 95 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 0.7 g/kg 91 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 1 g/kg 93 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2.4 g/kg 95 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 5.4 7.2 g/kg 94 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 48.6 64.4 g/kg 95 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 2.3 g/kg 94 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 2.1 2.7 g/kg 94 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 1.2 g/kg 92 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 2 g/kg 96 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 0.8 g/kg 92 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 0.3 g/kg 98 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 0.8 g/kg 92 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 1.1 g/kg 93 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 1 g/kg 95 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3.5 g/kg 96 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2.4 g/kg 95 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3.5 g/kg 95 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.6 g/kg 94 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3.5 g/kg 93 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 4.1 g/kg 93 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.7 g/kg 88 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 0.9 g/kg 89 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2.4 g/kg 98 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 7.3 g/kg 95 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 48.1 63.7 g/kg 94 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 2.3 g/kg 94 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.6 g/kg 91 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 1.1 g/kg 84 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 1.39 1.85 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0.33 0.44 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 97 128 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0015 0.002 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 6.35 8.42 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0 0 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML