Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of rapeseeds (Brassica napus L., Brassica rapa L. and Brassica juncea L., and their crosses) from varieties having a low content in erucic acid and glucosinolates ("00" in Europe, canola in North America). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only. Other names: rapeseed cake, "00" rapeseed meal, canola cake, canola meal (for North American rapeseed cultivars).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92 100 % - 2.4 84.6 -98.1 508 3.7
Crude protein 31 33.7 % - 2.4 20.2 -41 550 2.4 22.6 -44 510
Crude fibre 11.6 12.7 % - 1.3 6.8 -16 469 1.4 8 -17.2 420
Crude fat 11.8 12.8 % - 3.5 5 -20.5 421 3.8 5.6 -25.6 390
Ash 6.2 6.7 % - 0.5 4.7 -10.1 189 0.6 5.2 -11.4 169
Insoluble ash 0.3 0.3 % -
NDF 26.9 29.3 % - 4.3 18.6 -37.5 46 4.6 18.1 -40.4 48
ADF 18 19.5 % - 1.8 12 -20.9 42 1.9 12.9 -22.4 45
Lignin 8.3 9 % - 1.9 3.9 -10.5 34 2 4.3 -13.7 30
Water insoluble cell walls 31.4 34.1 % - 27.3 -33.1 2
Starch 6 6.6 % - 1.4 4.7 -7 15 1.5 1.7 -7.1 11
Starch, enzymatic method 1.4 1.6 % - 1 1.5 -6.7 2
Total sugars 9.2 10 % - 1.2 7.6 -11.6 8 1.3 8.2 -12.2 9
Gross energy (kcal) 4710 5120 kcal/kg - 310 3940 -5150 25 310 4420 -5800 32
Gross energy (MJ) 19.7 21.4 MJ/kg - 1.3 16.5 -21.5 25 1.3 18.5 -24.3 32
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 7.5 8.2 g/kg - 1.3 5.2 -10.4 52 1.4 5.7 -10.9 52
Phosphorus 10.9 11.9 g/kg - 1 8.1 -12.6 57 1 8.8 -14 56
Phytate phosphorus 6.6 7.1 g/kg 60 % P 6.3 -9.1 3 6.8 -9.7 3 9 54-86 13
Magnesium 4.8 5.3 g/kg - 4.1 -5.4 3 4.5 -5.8 4
Potassium 11.5 12.5 g/kg - 1 10 -13.7 15 1.1 11.1 -13.6 5
Sodium 0.52 0.56 g/kg - 0.04 0 -2.7 16
Chlorine 0.7 0.8 g/kg - 0.4 0.06 -2 12 0.07 -0.9 2
Sulfur 7.7 8.3 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -184 -200 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 296 321 mEq/kg -
Manganese 58 63 mg/kg - 12 36 -72 5 13 40 -72 5
Zinc 59 64 mg/kg - 9 51 -59 5 10 57 -80 5
Copper 5 5 mg/kg - 0.7 4 -5 5 0.8 4 -6 5
Iron 172 187 mg/kg - 97 -180 2 107 -258 3
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0.03 -0.4 2 0.04 -0.4 2
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.01 0.02 g/kg 0.02 % FA 0.04 0-0.1 46
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.03 % FA 0.05 0-0.2 61
C16:0 palmitic acid 4.4 4.8 g/kg 4.7 % FA 0.9 3.9-11.5 78
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.09 0-0.4 63
C18:0 stearic acid 1.5 1.7 g/kg 1.6 % FA 0.3 1.4-3.6 78
C18:1 oleic acid 56.9 61.8 g/kg 60.4 % FA 2.7 43.6-64.2 78
C18:2 linoleic acid 18.8 20.5 g/kg 20 % FA 1.4 17.3-24.9 81
C18:3 linolenic acid 8.7 9.4 g/kg 9.2 % FA 1.9 1.2-12.5 77
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.7 0.8 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.9 0-4.6 70
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 1.9 2.1 g/kg 2 % FA 1.9 0-9.1 63
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.8 0-4.7 37
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0.02 0-0.1 37
C22:0 behenic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.09 0-0.5 55
C22:1 erucic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.4 0-1.5 51
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0 37
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1 0-0.3 37
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.08 0.08 g/kg 0.08 % FA 0.05 0-0.2 39
Fatty acids 9.4 10.2 % 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 10 10 IU/kg - 0 -40 2 0 -40 2
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.1 1.2 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.08 1.17 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 75 82 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 123 133 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 128 139 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.288 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2980 3250 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1940 2110 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1900 2060 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 12.5 13.6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.1 8.9 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.9 8.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 76.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 77.2 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 69 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.13 1.23 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.11 1.21 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 64 70 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 113 123 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 139 151 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.05 1.14 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.01 1.1 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 90 98 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 137 149 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 110 120 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.04 1.14 per kg - 1
UFL INRA 2007 1.04 1.13 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.99 1.09 per kg - 1
UFV INRA 2007 1 1.08 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 85 92 g/kg - 1
PDIN INRA 2007 201 219 g/kg - 1
PDIE INRA 2007 127 138 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2880 3140 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12 13.2 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.1 13.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78.5 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 77 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 79 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 69 % 48-72 3
Immediately degradable N (a) - 27 % 7 8-27 6
Potentially degradable N (b) - 67 % 14 54-89 6
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.1 h-1 0.045 0.02-0.14 6
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 % 1
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 28 % 5 19-36 6
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 55 % 13 48-79 6
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1 0.028 0.018-0.09 6
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 77.2 %
Absorbable P ruminants 7.8 8.4 g/kg 71 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.1 4.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1041 1132 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1091 1187 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 111 121 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 136 148 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4 4.4 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.4 1.6 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 70.3 76.5 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.36 3.66 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.8 1.96 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.7 1.85 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.87 2.03 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.26 1.37 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 29 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 35 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.4 8 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 218 237 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 15 16 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3340 3630 kcal/kg - 490 2500 -4270 9 520 2740 -4540 10
ME growing pig (kcal) 3130 3400 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2160 2350 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3530 3840 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3280 3560 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2270 2460 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14 15.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.1 14.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9 9.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.8 16.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.7 14.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.5 10.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 70.8 % 10 55-90.8 10
Energy digestibility adult pig - 74.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 73 % 59-79.6 4
OM digestibility adult pig - 77.5 %
N digestibility growing pig - 79 % 6.6 65-87.6 10
N digestibility adult pig - 82.8 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 79 % 2.3 71.6-79.2 16
Crude fat digestibility pig - 71.9 % 63-78.6 3
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 3.5 3.8 g/kg 32 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 5.3 5.7 g/kg 48 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2460 2680 kcal/kg - 1 2120 -3430 4
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2110 2290 kcal/kg - 340 1930 -2680 12 370 1850 -3170 15
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10.3 11.2 MJ/kg - 1
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8.8 9.6 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 2.7 3 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 2.7 3 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 74.8 %
Energy digestibility horse - 72 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.92 1 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 235 256 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3120 3390 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2850 3100 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.1 14.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.9 13 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 66.2 %
N digestibility rabbit - 71.8 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2900 3160 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 12.2 13.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 61.6 %
N digestibility salmonids - 86.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 16.9 18.4 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1.7 15.3 -21.6 50 1.8 16.3 -24 52 0.4 4.4-6.4 54
Threonine 13.5 14.7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.1 12.5 -16.4 29 1.1 12.8 -17.7 31 0.3 3.8-5 33
Methionine 6.3 6.8 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.7 5.2 -7.7 39 0.7 5.6 -8.6 40 0.2 1.6-2.4 42
Cystine 7.4 8.1 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1.1 6.2 -10.8 34 1.2 6.7 -11 35 0.3 1.9-2.9 37
Methionine + cystine 13.7 14.9 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.4 13.3 -18.5 32 1.5 14.5 -19.1 32 0.4 3.7-5.2 34
Tryptophan 3.8 4.2 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 0.5 3.3 -4.7 16 0.6 3.6 -5.6 15 0.09 1.1-1.4 17
Isoleucine 12.5 13.6 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1.5 9.1 -15.4 33 1.6 10 -17.3 34 0.3 3.1-4.6 36
Valine 15.9 17.3 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.8 12.3 -20.1 33 1.9 13.5 -22.3 35 0.4 4.2-5.9 37
Leucine 21.1 23 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 2.3 17.7 -26.7 33 2.4 19.5 -29.8 35 0.3 6.3-7.7 37
Phenylalanine 12 13 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.5 10.3 -15.5 33 1.6 11.1 -16.5 35 0.3 3.3-4.5 37
Tyrosine 8.8 9.6 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 0.6 2.3-5 18
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 20.7 22.6 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 0.7 6.2-8.9 15
Histidine 8.4 9.1 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1.3 7.2 -11 29 1.4 8 -14.6 31 0.3 2.5-3.6 33
Arginine 18 19.6 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 2.1 16.1 -23.6 33 2.3 17.7 -26.8 35 0.4 5.6-6.9 37
Alanine 13.5 14.7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.3 11.9 -17 28 1.4 13.1 -19.1 28 0.2 4.2-5 30
Aspartic acid 22.1 24 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 1.7 20.7 -28.1 28 1.8 22.7 -30.9 29 0.5 6.4-9.1 31
Glutamic acid 52.4 57 g/kg 16.9 g/16g N 7.1 42.7 -71 28 7.6 47 -76.5 29 1 15.6-19.5 31
Glycine 15.4 16.7 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.5 14.3 -19.7 28 1.6 15.3 -21.4 29 0.2 4.8-5.6 31
Serine 13.6 14.7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.2 12.1 -17 28 1.2 12.6 -18 28 0.3 3.4-5 30
Proline 18.8 20.4 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 2.5 15.6 -24.6 27 2.6 15.5 -26.6 28 0.3 5.5-6.7 30
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 13 14.1 g/kg 77 % 1.3 11.8 -15.1 4 1.4 12.7 -16.3 5 6 70-87 6
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 10.2 11.1 g/kg 76 % 1.1 8.7 -11.4 4 1.2 9.6 -12.4 5 4 70-80 6
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6.1 g/kg 89 % 0.8 5.5 -6.5 4 0.8 4.8 -7.1 5 3 87-93 6
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.5 g/kg 80 % 1.1 5.1 -8.2 5 3 76-84 6
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 11.6 12.6 g/kg 84 % 83-87 3
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.8 g/kg 67 % 56-75 3
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 9.8 10.6 g/kg 78 % 2.4 7.7 -13.2 4 2.6 8.4 -14.3 5 8 68-86 6
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 12.3 13.4 g/kg 77 % 2.6 10.5 -16.9 4 2.8 11.6 -18.3 5 7 68-85 6
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 17.3 18.8 g/kg 82 % 3.7 13.4 -22.8 4 4 14.7 -24.7 5 6 73-88 6
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 10.1 11 g/kg 84 % 2.4 8 -13.8 4 2.6 8.8 -15 5 7 75-94 6
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.3 7.9 g/kg 83 % 2.2 7.8 -13.8 5 9 73-98 6
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 17.4 18.9 g/kg 84 % 83-96 3
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 7.1 7.7 g/kg 85 % 1.2 6.1 -8.9 4 1.3 6.7 -9.7 5 2 82-88 6
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 15.8 17.2 g/kg 88 % 2.8 13.5 -20.6 4 3 14.8 -22.3 5 5 80-93 6
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 11.3 12.3 g/kg 84 % 80-87 3
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 18 19.5 g/kg 81 % 19.5 -22.4 3 78-83 4
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 46.8 50.9 g/kg 89 % 42.6 -70.1 3 87-92 4
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 12.4 13.5 g/kg 81 % 11.9 -17.4 3 78-86 4
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 11 12 g/kg 81 % 10.9 -11.8 2 10 -12.8 3 77-85 4
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 16.1 17.5 g/kg 86 % 11.6 -29.1 3 75-100 3
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.2 14.4 g/kg 78 % 1 1 2 76-83 8
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 11 g/kg 75 % 1 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6 g/kg 88 % 1 1 2 84-91 8
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.4 5.9 g/kg 73 % 1 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 11 11.9 g/kg 80 % 1 78-83 8
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.4 g/kg 81 % 1 1 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.2 11.1 g/kg 82 % 1 1 1 80-83 8
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.9 14 g/kg 81 % 1 1 1 79-84 8
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.3 18.8 g/kg 82 % 1 1 2 80-86 8
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10 10.9 g/kg 84 % 1 1 2 80-87 9
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.6 g/kg 80 % 1 1 80-84 2
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.1 18.6 g/kg 82 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.6 g/kg 83 % 1 1 7 66-87 9
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.1 16.4 g/kg 84 % 1 1 2 84-89 8
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.9 11.9 g/kg 81 % 1 1 0.8 80-82 7
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 16.1 17.5 g/kg 73 % 1 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 44 47.9 g/kg 84 % 1 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.1 13.2 g/kg 79 % 1 1 1 79-83 8
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.7 11.6 g/kg 79 % 1 1 2 78-83 8
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 13.5 14.7 g/kg 72 % 1 1
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