Rapeseed meal, oil 5-20%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of rapeseeds (Brassica napus L., Brassica rapa L. and Brassica juncea L., and their crosses) from varieties having a low content in erucic acid and glucosinolates ("00" in Europe, canola in North America). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only. Other names: rapeseed cake, "00" rapeseed meal, canola cake, canola meal (for North American rapeseed cultivars).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 91.5 100 % - 4.1 84.6 -98.1 389 3.7
Crude protein 30.7 33.6 % - 2.5 20.2 -41 434 2.6 22.6 -44 389
Crude fibre 11.8 12.9 % - 1.4 6.8 -16 357 1.5 8 -17.2 308
Crude fat 12 13.1 % - 3.8 5 -20.5 303 4.2 5.6 -22.4 267
Ash 6.2 6.8 % - 0.6 4.7 -10.1 165 0.6 5.2 -11.4 140
NDF 26.8 29.3 % - 4.3 18.6 -37.5 36 4.6 19.9 -40.4 36
ADF 18 19.6 % - 1.9 12 -20.9 32 2.1 12.9 -22.4 34
Lignin 8.3 9 % - 1.9 3.9 -10.5 31 2.1 4.3 -13.7 27
Water insoluble cell walls 32 35 % - 27.3 -33.1 2
Starch 6 6.6 % - 0.7 4.7 -7 15 0.7 5.3 -7.1 10
Total sugars 9 9.8 % - 1.2 7.6 -11.6 7 1.3 8.2 -12.2 8
Gross energy (kcal) 4700 5140 kcal/kg - 340 3940 -5150 14 350 4420 -5800 18
Gross energy (MJ) 19.7 21.5 MJ/kg - 1.4 16.5 -21.5 14 1.5 18.5 -24.3 18
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 7.5 8.2 g/kg - 1.2 5.2 -10.4 48 1.3 5.7 -10.9 48
Phosphorus 10.8 11.8 g/kg - 0.9 8.1 -12.2 52 1 8.8 -14 51
Phytate phosphorus 6.5 7.1 g/kg 60 % P 6.3 -9.1 3 6.8 -9.7 3
Magnesium 4.8 5.3 g/kg - 4.1 -5.4 3 4.5 -5.8 4
Potassium 11.5 12.5 g/kg - 1 10 -13.7 15 1.1 11.1 -13.6 5
Sodium 0.52 0.56 g/kg - 0.04 0 -2.7 16
Chlorine 0.7 0.8 g/kg - 0.4 0.06 -2 12 0.07 -0.9 2
Sulfur 7.7 8.5 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -188 -205 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 296 323 mEq/kg -
Manganese 57 63 mg/kg - 12 36 -72 5 13 40 -72 5
Zinc 58 64 mg/kg - 9 51 -59 5 10 57 -80 5
Copper 5 5 mg/kg - 0.7 4 -5 5 0.8 4 -6 5
Iron 171 187 mg/kg - 97 -180 2 107 -258 3
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0.03 -0.4 2 0.04 -0.4 2
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.03 % FA 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 4.6 5 g/kg 4.8 % FA 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
C18:0 stearic acid 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1.6 % FA 1
C18:1 oleic acid 57.6 63 g/kg 59.9 % FA 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 19.6 21.4 g/kg 20.4 % FA 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 8.8 9.6 g/kg 9.2 % FA 1
Fatty acids 9.6 10.5 g/kg 80 % fat
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 10 10 IU/kg - 0 -40 2 0 -40 2
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.1 1.2 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.08 1.18 per kg -
PDIA Systali 74 81 g/kg -
PDI Systali 122 133 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 126 138 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.286 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2980 3250 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1940 2120 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1890 2070 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 12.5 13.6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.1 8.9 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.9 8.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 76.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 77.1 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 69 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 60 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.13 1.23 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.11 1.21 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 64 69 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 112 123 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 137 150 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.05 1.15 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.01 1.11 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 90 98 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 136 148 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 109 119 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.04 1.14 per kg - 1
UFV INRA 2007 0.99 1.09 per kg - 1
PDIA INRA 2007 84 91 g/kg - 1
PDIN INRA 2007 200 218 g/kg - 1
PDIE INRA 2007 125 137 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2880 3140 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12 13.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 77.9 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78.4 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 76.9 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 79 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 69 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 27 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 67 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.1 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 28 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 55 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 77.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 7.6 8.4 g/kg 71 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.2 4.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3330 3630 kcal/kg - 320 3230 -4270 7 340 3480 -4540 8
ME growing pig (kcal) 3120 3410 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2160 2360 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3520 3850 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3270 3570 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2270 2480 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.9 15.2 MJ/kg - 1.3 13.5 -17.9 7 1.4 14.6 -19 8
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.1 14.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9 9.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.7 16.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.7 15 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.5 10.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 70.7 % 7.1 69.6-90.8 8
Energy digestibility adult pig - 74.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 72.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 77 %
N digestibility growing pig - 78.9 % 4.1 75-87.6 8
N digestibility adult pig - 82.7 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 79 % 75.4-83.2 3
Crude fat digestibility pig - 72.2 % 1
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 3.5 3.8 g/kg 32 % 1
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2090 2280 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1930 2110 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8.7 9.6 MJ/kg - 1 1
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8.1 8.8 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 2.7 2.9 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 75 %
Energy digestibility horse - 71.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.91 1 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 233 254 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3110 3400 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2840 3100 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13 14.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.9 13 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 66.1 %
N digestibility rabbit - 71.8 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 16.8 18.4 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1.7 15.3 -21.6 40 1.8 16.5 -24 41 0.4 4.4-6.4 43
Threonine 13.4 14.7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1 12.5 -16.4 25 1 13.7 -17.7 26 0.3 3.8-5 28
Methionine 6.2 6.8 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.6 5.2 -7.7 35 0.7 5.8 -8.6 35 0.2 1.6-2.4 37
Cystine 7.4 8.1 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1.1 6.2 -10.8 30 1.2 6.7 -11 30 0.3 1.9-2.9 32
Methionine + cystine 13.6 14.9 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.4 13.3 -18.5 25 1.5 14.5 -19.1 25 0.4 3.7-5.2 27
Tryptophan 3.8 4.2 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 0.5 3.3 -4.7 13 0.5 3.6 -5.6 12 0.07 1.2-1.4 14
Isoleucine 12.4 13.5 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1.1 10.7 -15.4 29 1.2 11.8 -17.3 29 0.2 3.5-4.5 31
Valine 15.8 17.2 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.3 15 -20.1 29 1.4 16.2 -22.3 30 0.3 4.7-5.9 32
Leucine 21 22.9 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 1.9 17.7 -26.7 29 2 19.5 -29.8 30 0.3 6.5-7.7 32
Phenylalanine 11.8 12.9 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.5 10.3 -15.5 29 1.6 11.1 -16.5 30 0.3 3.3-4.5 32
Tyrosine 8.7 9.5 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 0.7 2.3-5 15
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 20.6 22.5 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 0.4 6.2-7.5 9
Histidine 8.3 9.1 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1.3 7.2 -11 25 1.4 8 -14.6 26 0.3 2.5-3.6 28
Arginine 17.9 19.5 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 2.1 16.1 -23.6 29 2.2 17.7 -26.8 30 0.3 5.6-6.9 32
Alanine 13.4 14.6 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.2 11.9 -17 25 1.3 13.1 -19.1 25 0.2 4.2-5 27
Aspartic acid 21.9 23.9 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 1.7 20.7 -28.1 25 1.7 22.7 -30.9 25 0.5 6.4-9.1 27
Glutamic acid 52 56.8 g/kg 16.9 g/16g N 6.7 42.7 -71 25 7.2 47 -76.5 25 1.1 15.6-19.5 27
Glycine 15.2 16.7 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.3 14.3 -19.7 25 1.4 15.7 -21.4 25 0.2 4.8-5.6 27
Serine 13.4 14.7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1 12.1 -17 25 1 13.3 -18 24 0.3 3.4-5 26
Proline 18.6 20.3 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 2.2 15.6 -24.6 24 2.3 17.1 -26.6 24 0.3 5.6-6.7 26
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 12.5 13.7 g/kg 75 % 11.8 -15.1 4 12.7 -16.3 4 4 70-78 5
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 10.1 11 g/kg 75 % 8.7 -11.4 4 9.6 -12.4 4 4 70-80 5
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6.1 g/kg 90 % 5.5 -6.5 4 5.9 -7.1 4 3 87-93 5
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.6 g/kg 81 % 2 79-84 5
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 11.6 12.7 g/kg 85 % 12.7 -13.6 2 83-87 3
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.8 g/kg 67 % 56-75 3
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 9.6 10.5 g/kg 78 % 7.7 -13.2 4 8.4 -14.3 4 8 68-86 5
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 12.1 13.2 g/kg 76 % 10.5 -16.9 4 11.6 -18.3 4 8 68-85 5
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 17 18.6 g/kg 81 % 13.4 -22.8 4 14.7 -24.7 4 7 73-88 5
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 10 10.9 g/kg 85 % 8 -13.8 4 8.8 -15 4 8 75-94 5
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.3 7.9 g/kg 83 % 10 73-98 5
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 17.3 18.9 g/kg 84 % 83-96 3
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 7.1 7.7 g/kg 85 % 6.1 -8.9 4 6.7 -9.7 4 2 82-88 5
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 15.7 17.2 g/kg 88 % 13.5 -20.6 4 14.8 -22.3 4 6 80-93 5
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 11.2 12.3 g/kg 84 % 80-87 3
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 17.7 19.4 g/kg 81 % 78-83 3
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 46.5 50.8 g/kg 89 % 87-92 3
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 12.5 13.6 g/kg 82 % 78-86 3
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 11 12 g/kg 82 % 10.9 -11.8 2 11.8 -12.8 2 77-85 3
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 17 18.5 g/kg 91 % 82-100 2
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.1 14.3 g/kg 78 % 2 76-83 8
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 11 g/kg 75 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6 g/kg 88 % 2 84-91 8
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.4 5.9 g/kg 73 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.9 11.9 g/kg 80 % 1 78-83 8
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.4 g/kg 81 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 11.1 g/kg 82 % 1 80-83 8
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.8 14 g/kg 81 % 1 79-84 8
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.2 18.8 g/kg 82 % 2 80-86 8
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 10.9 g/kg 84 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.6 g/kg 80 % 80-84 2
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.9 18.5 g/kg 82 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.9 7.6 g/kg 83 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 15 16.4 g/kg 84 % 2 84-89 8
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.8 11.8 g/kg 81 % 0.8 80-82 7
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 16 17.5 g/kg 73 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 43.7 47.7 g/kg 84 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 12 13.2 g/kg 79 % 1 79-83 8
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.6 11.6 g/kg 79 % 2 78-83 8
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 13.4 14.6 g/kg 72 %
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