Rapeseed, whole

Whole rapeseed (Brassica napus L., Brassica rapa L. and Brassica juncea L., and their crosses) from varieties having a low content in erucic acid and glucosinolates ("00" in Europe, canola in North America). Other name: full-fat rapeseed, full-fat canola seed.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.4 100 % - 1.9 83.7 -95.6 1339 1.7
Crude protein 18.7 20.2 % - 1.3 14.5 -23.1 1667 1.4 16.4 -25.2 1330
Crude fibre 8.5 9.2 % - 1.8 4.5 -15.4 681 2 6.2 -16.7 378
Crude fat 44 47.6 % - 2.4 34.8 -49.7 470 2.5 37.3 -53.3 460
Ash 4 4.3 % - 0.3 3.1 -4.8 501 0.3 3.3 -5.1 326
Insoluble ash 0.2 0.3 % - 0.8 0 -2.9 13 0.9 0 -3.1 13
NDF 18.5 20 % - 4.7 11.6 -28.7 105 5.1 12.3 -30.5 89
ADF 13 14.1 % - 3.4 8.4 -20.4 103 3.6 8.9 -21.7 88
Lignin 5.9 6.4 % - 1.5 4.1 -9.9 110 1.6 4.1 -10.8 93
Water insoluble cell walls 24.9 26.9 % -
Starch 3.6 3.9 % - 0.8 2.5 -5.3 14 0.8 2.7 -5.7 12
Total sugars 5.5 5.9 % - 0.7 4.4 -6.4 33 0.7 4.8 -7.1 18
Gross energy (kcal) 6410 6940 kcal/kg - 190 6040 -6800 14 190 6520 -7310 14
Gross energy (MJ) 26.8 29 MJ/kg - 0.8 25.3 -28.5 14 0.8 27.3 -30.6 14
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 4.5 4.9 g/kg - 0.7 2.6 -7.2 380 0.8 3 -7.3 349
Phosphorus 6.7 7.2 g/kg - 0.7 4 -8.3 398 0.8 4.3 -9.2 366
Phytate phosphorus 4.7 5.1 g/kg 70 % P
Magnesium 2.4 2.6 g/kg - 0.3 1.9 -2.9 11 0.3 2 -3.1 11
Potassium 7.6 8.2 g/kg - 0.6 6.1 -9.2 58 0.6 7 -9.7 28
Sodium 0.06 0.07 g/kg - 0.11 0 -0.5 95 0.12 0 -0.54 65
Chlorine 0.5 0.6 g/kg - 0.3 0.04 -1.8 56 0.4 0.3 -1.9 27
Sulfur 3.3 3.6 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -24 -26 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 182 196 mEq/kg -
Manganese 37 40 mg/kg - 7 32 -48 5 1
Zinc 35 38 mg/kg - 9 27 -50 5 1
Copper 3 3 mg/kg - 0.9 2 -4 5 1
Iron 85 92 mg/kg - 80 -92 4
Selenium 0.8 0.8 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.03 % FA 1 1 0.04 0-0.2 37
C16:0 palmitic acid 19.9 21.5 g/kg 4.8 % FA 1.6 15 -20 8 0.9 3.9-10.4 47
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.9 0.9 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1 1 0.04 0.09-0.3 37
C18:0 stearic acid 6.8 7.3 g/kg 1.6 % FA 0.7 5.2 -7.3 9 0.8 5.6 -8.1 9 0.3 1.3-3.3 48
C18:1 oleic acid 250 271 g/kg 59.9 % FA 1.7 53.5-63.7 47
C18:2 linoleic acid 85.2 92.1 g/kg 20.4 % FA 4.1 74.5 -87.8 9 4.3 82.1 -94.1 9 1.2 17.1-23.6 66
C18:3 linolenic acid 38.3 41.5 g/kg 9.2 % FA 2.9 36.3 -44.6 9 3.1 40 -49.5 9 1.8 2.9-11.6 48
Fatty acids 41.8 45.2 g/kg 95 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 117 127 mg/kg - 1 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.87 2.02 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.92 2.08 per kg -
PDIA Systali 34 37 g/kg -
PDI Systali 80 86 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 60 65 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.25 0.271 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 4830 5230 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 3290 3560 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 3390 3660 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 20.2 21.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 13.8 14.9 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 14.2 15.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 81 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 85.6 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 77 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 62 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.91 2.07 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.98 2.15 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 29 31 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 76 82 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 64 69 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.78 1.93 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.82 1.97 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 42 45 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 87 94 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 51 56 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.7 1.84 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.7 1.84 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 35 38 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 117 127 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 58 63 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 4540 4910 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 19 20.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 82.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 87 %
N digestibility ruminants - 74.2 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 40 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 55 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.145 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 65 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.9 5.3 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.5 2.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 5280 5710 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 5130 5550 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 4090 4430 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 5400 5840 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 5220 5650 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 4180 4520 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 22.1 23.9 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 21.5 23.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 17.1 18.5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 22.6 24.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 21.8 23.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 17.5 18.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 82.2 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 84.1 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 81 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 84 %
N digestibility growing pig - 79 % 66.5-79.1 3
N digestibility adult pig - 82.9 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 72 % 66.6-77.1 2
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2 2.2 g/kg 30 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel, ground (kcal) 3550 3840 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (kcal) 4620 4990 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (kcal) 3300 3570 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (kcal) 4370 4730 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, ground (MJ) 14.9 16.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (MJ) 19.3 20.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (MJ) 13.8 15 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (MJ) 18.3 19.8 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 73 %
Energy digestibility horse - 70.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.28 1.39 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 142 154 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 5310 5750 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 5130 5550 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 22.2 24.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 21.5 23.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 82.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 71.3 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids, extruded (kcal) 4960 5370 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids, extruded (MJ) 20.8 22.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility salmonids, extruded - 77.4 %
N digestibility salmonids, extruded - 80.6 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 11.6 12.5 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.1 9.9 -14.1 38 1.2 10.7 -15.3 30 0.3 5.5-6.8 32
Threonine 8.9 9.6 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.7 7.2 -9.8 19 0.7 7.8 -10.1 12 0.2 4.2-5 14
Methionine 4.1 4.4 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.3 3.3 -4.7 37 0.4 3.6 -5 29 0.1 1.8-2.3 31
Cystine 4.7 5.1 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.5 3.9 -5.9 33 0.6 4.3 -6.4 27 0.2 2.2-2.9 28
Methionine + cystine 8.8 9.5 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 0.7 7.4 -10.1 32 0.8 8 -10.9 26 0.2 4.2-4.9 27
Tryptophan 2.4 2.6 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.1 1.3-1.6 5
Isoleucine 7.7 8.4 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.9 6.2 -9.4 19 0.9 6.7 -10 12 0.3 3.6-5 14
Valine 9.9 10.7 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 0.9 8.2 -11.8 19 1 8.9 -12.2 12 0.2 4.9-5.7 14
Leucine 12.9 14 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 1.2 11.1 -15.9 18 1.3 12 -16.1 11 0.4 6.3-7.6 13
Phenylalanine 7.2 7.8 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 0.8 6.4 -9.4 19 0.9 6.9 -9.8 12 0.3 3.6-4.5 14
Tyrosine 5.3 5.7 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 12.5 13.5 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Histidine 4.7 5.1 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.6 4.3 -6.3 18 0.6 4.7 -6.9 11
Arginine 11.1 12 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 1.1 9.7 -14.4 17 1.2 10.5 -14.1 10 0.3 5.8-6.6 12
Alanine 8.4 9.1 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.6 7.2 -10.2 18 0.7 7.8 -9.8 11 0.1 4.2-4.7 13
Aspartic acid 13.9 15.1 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 1.4 11.8 -17.8 19 1.5 12.8 -18.2 12 0.4 6.8-8.4 14
Glutamic acid 30.8 33.4 g/kg 16.5 g/16g N 3.4 27.4 -37.6 17 3.7 29.7 -41.1 10 1.1 16.1-19.1 12
Glycine 9.3 10 g/kg 5 g/16g N 0.9 8.2 -11.6 18 1 8.9 -11.6 11 0.3 4.4-5.5 13
Serine 8.2 8.9 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.6 7 -9.6 18 0.7 7.6 -9.7 11 0.2 4.2-4.8 13
Proline 11.6 12.5 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1 9.5 -13.1 16 1.1 10.3 -14.3 9 0.4 5.6-6.9 11
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 9 9.7 g/kg 78 % 1 1 74-81 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 6.3 6.8 g/kg 71 % 1 1 66-75 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.6 g/kg 81 % 1 1 79-82 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 4 g/kg 80 % 1 1 77-83 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.6 g/kg 80 % 1 1 80-81 2
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 1.9 g/kg 73 % 1 1 67-78 2
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 5.7 g/kg 68 % 1 1 63-74 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 6.9 7.5 g/kg 70 % 1 1 65-75 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 9.2 9.9 g/kg 71 % 1 1 66-76 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 5.2 5.7 g/kg 73 % 1 1 68-77 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.2 g/kg 74 % 1 1 71-76 2
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 9.1 9.9 g/kg 73 % 1 1 69-77 2
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 3.7 g/kg 73 % 1 1 69-77 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 9 9.7 g/kg 81 % 1 1 80-82 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 6.1 6.6 g/kg 72 % 1 1 67-78 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 10 10.9 g/kg 72 % 1 1 68-77 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 25.2 27.3 g/kg 82 % 1 1 79-85 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 6.7 7.3 g/kg 72 % 1 1 65-80 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 5.8 6.2 g/kg 71 % 1 1 65-76 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 9.4 10.2 g/kg 82 % 1 1 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 9 9.8 g/kg 78 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.7 7.2 g/kg 75 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 3.9 g/kg 88 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.7 g/kg 73 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.6 g/kg 80 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.1 g/kg 81 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.3 6.9 g/kg 82 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.7 g/kg 81 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.6 11.4 g/kg 82 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.1 6.6 g/kg 84 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.6 g/kg 80 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.3 11.1 g/kg 82 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.2 g/kg 83 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.3 10.1 g/kg 84 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.4 g/kg 81 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 10.2 11 g/kg 73 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 25.9 28 g/kg 84 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 7.9 g/kg 79 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.5 7 g/kg 79 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 8.3 9 g/kg 72 %
Origin France, conventional farming, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.97 3.21 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0.01 0.01 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 749 811 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0188 0.0203 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 7.26 7.85 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 3.11 3.36 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, ex storage agency
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.17 3.43 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0.01 0.01 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 760 822 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0188 0.0204 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 7.27 7.86 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 3.11 3.36 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML