Rapeseed, whole

Whole rapeseed (Brassica napus L., Brassica rapa L. and Brassica juncea L., and their crosses) from varieties having a low content in erucic acid and glucosinolates ("00" in Europe, canola in North America). Other name: full-fat rapeseed, full-fat canola seed.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.4 100 % - 1.1 83.7 -95.6 1401 1.7
Crude protein 18.6 20.1 % - 1.3 14.5 -23.1 1735 1.4 16.4 -25.2 1391
Crude fibre 8.5 9.2 % - 1.8 4.5 -15.4 745 1.9 6.2 -16.7 402
Crude fat 44.1 47.7 % - 2.3 34.8 -49.7 478 2.5 37.3 -53.3 468
Ash 4 4.3 % - 0.3 3.1 -4.8 517 0.3 3.3 -5.1 337
Insoluble ash 0.2 0.3 % - 0.8 0 -2.9 13 0.9 0 -3.1 13
NDF 18.5 20 % - 4.7 11.6 -28.7 107 5.1 12.3 -30.5 91
ADF 13 14.1 % - 3.3 8.4 -20.4 105 3.6 8.9 -21.7 90
Lignin 5.9 6.4 % - 1.5 4.1 -9.9 112 1.6 4.1 -10.8 95
Water insoluble cell walls 17.7 19.2 % - 10.4 -20.8 3 11.2 -22.6 3
Starch 3.5 3.7 % - 0.8 2.5 -5.3 14 0.8 2.7 -5.7 12
Starch, enzymatic method 1.5 1.6 % -
Total sugars 5.4 5.9 % - 0.7 4.4 -6.4 35 0.7 4.8 -7.1 20
Gross energy (kcal) 6420 6940 kcal/kg - 210 6040 -6800 16 210 6520 -7310 16
Gross energy (MJ) 26.9 29.1 MJ/kg - 0.9 25.3 -28.5 16 0.9 27.3 -30.6 16
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 4.5 4.9 g/kg - 0.7 2.6 -7.2 381 0.8 3 -7.3 350
Phosphorus 6.7 7.2 g/kg - 0.7 4 -8.3 403 0.8 4.3 -9.2 367
Phytate phosphorus 4.7 5.1 g/kg 70 % P 1
Magnesium 2.4 2.6 g/kg - 0.3 1.9 -2.9 12 0.4 2 -3.1 12
Potassium 7.6 8.2 g/kg - 0.7 6.1 -10.2 59 0.8 7 -10.9 29
Sodium 0.06 0.07 g/kg - 0.11 0 -0.5 95 0.12 0 -0.54 65
Chlorine 0.5 0.6 g/kg - 0.3 0.04 -1.8 56 0.4 0.3 -1.9 27
Sulfur 3.3 3.6 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -23 -25 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 183 198 mEq/kg -
Manganese 38 41 mg/kg - 6 32 -48 6
Zinc 34 37 mg/kg - 9 27 -50 6 29 -38 2
Copper 3 3 mg/kg - 0.8 2 -4 6 3 -3 2
Iron 79 85 mg/kg - 16 52 -92 5 1
Selenium 0.8 0.8 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 0.02 % FA 0.04 0-0.1 46
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.03 % FA 1 1 0.05 0-0.2 61
C16:0 palmitic acid 19.7 21.3 g/kg 4.7 % FA 1.6 15 -20 8 1.7 16.6 -21.4 8 0.9 3.9-11.5 78
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.8 0.8 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1 1 0.09 0-0.4 63
C18:0 stearic acid 6.8 7.4 g/kg 1.6 % FA 0.7 5.2 -7.3 9 0.8 5.6 -8.1 9 0.3 1.4-3.6 78
C18:1 oleic acid 253 274 g/kg 60.4 % FA 2.7 43.6-64.2 78
C18:2 linoleic acid 83.7 90.5 g/kg 20 % FA 4.1 74.5 -87.8 9 4.3 82.1 -94.1 9 1.4 17.3-24.9 81
C18:3 linolenic acid 38.6 41.7 g/kg 9.2 % FA 2.9 36.3 -44.6 9 3.1 40 -49.5 9 1.9 1.2-12.5 77
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 3.2 3.5 g/kg 0.8 % FA 2.5 2.3 -10.8 8 2.7 2.5 -11.6 8 0.9 0-4.6 70
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 8.6 9.3 g/kg 2 % FA 1 1 1.9 0-9.1 63
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.8 0-4.7 37
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0 % FA 0.02 0-0.1 37
C22:0 behenic acid 1.3 1.4 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.09 0-0.5 55
C22:1 erucic acid 1.6 1.7 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1 1 0.4 0-1.5 51
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0 37
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1 0-0.3 37
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.08 % FA 0.05 0-0.2 39
Fatty acids 41.9 45.3 g/kg 95 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 117 127 mg/kg - 1 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.88 2.04 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.94 2.1 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 34 36 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 80 86 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 59 64 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.25 0.271 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 4860 5260 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3310 3580 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3420 3700 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 20.2 21.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 13.8 14.9 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 14.2 15.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 81.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 86 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 77 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.93 2.09 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 2 2.16 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 28 31 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 76 82 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 63 68 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.8 1.94 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.83 1.98 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 41 45 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 87 94 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 50 55 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.7 1.84 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.71 1.85 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.7 1.84 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.71 1.85 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 35 38 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 117 126 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 58 63 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 4560 4930 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 19.1 20.7 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 19 20.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 82.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 87.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 74.4 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 40 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 55 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.145 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 65 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.9 5.3 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.5 2.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1710 1850 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1877 2030 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 46 50 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 105 114 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 2.4 2.6 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0.8 0.9 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 118 128 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 5.2 5.62 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 3.34 3.61 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 3.18 3.44 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 3.04 3.29 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.21 2.39 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 19 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 24 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 12.1 13.1 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 241 260 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -9 -9 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 5280 5710 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 5130 5550 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 4100 4430 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 5400 5840 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 5220 5650 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 4180 4520 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 22.1 23.9 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 22.1 23.9 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 21.5 23.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 21.5 23.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 17.1 18.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 17.1 18.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 22.6 24.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 22.6 24.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 21.8 23.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 21.9 23.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 17.5 18.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 17.5 18.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 82.2 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 84.1 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 81 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 83.7 %
N digestibility growing pig - 78.9 % 66.5-79.1 3
N digestibility adult pig - 82.8 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 72 % 66.6-77.1 2
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2 2.2 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 3 3.3 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3560 3850 kcal/kg - 3370 -4460 3 3590 -4790 3
AMEn cockerel, ground (kcal) 3550 3840 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (kcal) 4620 4990 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3310 3580 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (kcal) 3300 3570 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (kcal) 4370 4730 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.9 16.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel, ground (MJ) 14.9 16.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (MJ) 19.3 20.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.9 15 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (MJ) 13.8 15 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (MJ) 18.3 19.8 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.7 1.8 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 1.7 1.8 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 72.8 %
Energy digestibility horse - 70.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.28 1.39 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 141 153 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 5320 5750 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 5140 5560 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 22.2 24.1 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 22.3 24.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 21.5 23.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 21.5 23.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 82.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 71.2 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 4390 4750 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 18.4 19.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 68.4 %
N digestibility salmonids - 84.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 11.5 12.5 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.2 9.7 -14.1 40 1.3 10.3 -15.3 32 0.4 5.2-6.8 34
Threonine 8.9 9.6 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.7 7.2 -9.8 21 0.8 7.8 -10.1 14 0.3 4.1-5 16
Methionine 4.1 4.4 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.4 3.3 -4.7 39 0.4 3.6 -5 31 0.1 1.8-2.3 33
Cystine 4.7 5 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.5 3.9 -5.9 35 0.6 4.3 -6.4 29 0.2 2.2-2.9 30
Methionine + cystine 8.7 9.5 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 0.7 7.4 -10.1 34 0.8 8 -10.9 28 0.2 4.2-4.9 29
Tryptophan 2.4 2.6 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.4 2.2 -3.2 7 0.4 2.4 -3.5 5 0.1 1.3-1.6 7
Isoleucine 7.7 8.3 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.2 5.3 -9.4 21 1.3 5.6 -10 14 0.5 2.9-5 16
Valine 9.9 10.7 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 1.3 7.1 -11.8 21 1.4 7.5 -12.2 14 0.4 3.8-5.7 16
Leucine 12.8 13.9 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 1.4 11 -15.9 20 1.5 11.8 -16.1 13 0.5 6-7.6 15
Phenylalanine 7.2 7.8 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 0.9 6.4 -9.4 21 0.9 6.9 -9.8 14 0.3 3.6-4.5 16
Tyrosine 5.3 5.7 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 12.5 13.5 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Histidine 4.7 5.1 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.7 4.3 -6.3 20 0.7 4.7 -6.9 13
Arginine 11 11.9 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 1.3 9.5 -14.4 19 1.4 10.1 -14.1 12 0.4 5.3-6.6 14
Alanine 8.4 9.1 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.6 7.2 -10.2 18 0.7 7.8 -9.8 11 0.1 4.2-4.7 13
Aspartic acid 13.9 15 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 1.4 11.8 -17.8 19 1.5 12.8 -18.2 12 0.4 6.8-8.4 14
Glutamic acid 30.7 33.2 g/kg 16.5 g/16g N 3.4 27.4 -37.6 17 3.7 29.7 -41.1 10 1.1 16.1-19.1 12
Glycine 9.2 10 g/kg 5 g/16g N 0.9 8.2 -11.6 18 1 8.9 -11.6 11 0.3 4.4-5.5 13
Serine 8.1 8.8 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.6 7 -9.6 18 0.7 7.6 -9.7 11 0.2 4.2-4.8 13
Proline 11.5 12.5 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1 9.5 -13.1 16 1.1 10.3 -14.3 9 0.4 5.6-6.9 11
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 9 9.7 g/kg 78 % 1 1 74-81 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 6.3 6.8 g/kg 71 % 1 1 66-75 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.6 g/kg 81 % 1 1 79-82 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 4 g/kg 80 % 1 1 77-83 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.6 g/kg 80 % 1 1 80-81 2
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 1.9 g/kg 73 % 1 1 67-78 2
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 5.7 g/kg 68 % 1 1 63-74 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 6.9 7.4 g/kg 70 % 1 1 65-75 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 9.1 9.9 g/kg 71 % 1 1 66-76 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 5.2 5.6 g/kg 73 % 1 1 68-77 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.2 g/kg 74 % 1 1 71-76 2
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 9.1 9.8 g/kg 73 % 1 1 69-77 2
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.7 g/kg 73 % 1 1 69-77 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 8.9 9.7 g/kg 81 % 1 1 80-82 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 6.1 6.6 g/kg 72 % 1 1 67-78 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 10 10.8 g/kg 72 % 1 1 68-77 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 25.1 27.2 g/kg 82 % 1 1 79-85 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 6.7 7.2 g/kg 72 % 1 1 65-80 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 5.7 6.2 g/kg 71 % 1 1 65-76 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 9.4 10.2 g/kg 82 % 1 1 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 9 9.7 g/kg 78 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.7 7.2 g/kg 75 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 3.9 g/kg 88 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.7 g/kg 73 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.6 g/kg 80 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.1 g/kg 81 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.3 6.8 g/kg 82 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.6 g/kg 81 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.5 11.4 g/kg 82 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.5 g/kg 84 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.5 g/kg 80 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.3 11.1 g/kg 82 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.2 g/kg 83 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.3 10 g/kg 84 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.3 g/kg 81 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 10.9 g/kg 73 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 25.8 27.9 g/kg 84 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 7.9 g/kg 79 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.4 7 g/kg 79 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 8.3 9 g/kg 72 %
Origin France, conventional farming, organic fertilizers, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.56 3.86 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 7.64 8.27 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 669 723 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0181 0.0196 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 80.23 86.8 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0003 0.0003 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, cover cropping, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 4.55 4.92 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 16.74 18.11 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 707 765 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0202 0.0219 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 87.63 94.8 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0003 0.0004 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, protein crop, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 4.52 4.89 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 16.37 17.71 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 715 774 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0202 0.0219 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 87.61 94.78 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0003 0.0004 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, average, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 4.55 4.92 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 16.74 18.11 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 715 774 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0202 0.0219 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 87.63 94.8 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0003 0.0004 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 5.16 5.59 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 6.08 6.58 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 899 973 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0206 0.0222 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 89.44 96.76 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0003 0.0003 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, ex storage agency
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 5.37 5.81 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 6.08 6.58 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 910 985 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0206 0.0223 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 89.7 97.05 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0003 0.0003 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML