Cereal offal, crude fibre 5-14%

Byproduct of the processing of cereal grains of undetermined species. This product contains 5-14% (as fed) of crude fibre.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.9 100 % - 1.4 85.1 -92.7 197 2.2
Crude protein 10.4 11.7 % - 1.6 6.5 -16.9 227 1.7 7.4 -18.8 195
Crude fibre 11.8 13.3 % - 1.7 5.2 -13.9 230 1.9 6 -15.9 197
Crude fat 4.7 5.3 % - 1.7 1.6 -9.4 156 1.9 1.8 -10.9 128
Ash 6 6.7 % - 1.6 1.3 -12.6 193 1.8 1.5 -14.1 164
Insoluble ash 2.1 2.3 % - 0.9 0.6 -3.1 6 1 0.7 -3.5 5
NDF 33.3 37.4 % - 7.5 16.7 -41.9 18 8.4 18.6 -49.9 18
ADF 12.8 14.4 % - 2.5 6.3 -17.4 18 2.8 7 -20.1 18
Lignin 3 3.4 % - 1.1 0.9 -7 118 1.2 1 -7.9 118
Water insoluble cell walls 32.5 36.6 % -
Starch 30.8 34.7 % - 7 19.9 -56.8 180 7.8 21.4 -64.9 148
Starch, enzymatic method 26.8 30.1 % -
Total sugars 6.5 7.3 % - 1.4 0.6 -8.4 52 1.5 0.7 -9.6 52
Gross energy (kcal) 3990 4490 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16.7 18.8 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 5.1 5.8 g/kg - 3 0.3 -13.3 158 3.4 0.3 -15.3 157
Phosphorus 3.4 3.8 g/kg - 1.6 1.8 -10.7 155 1.8 2 -12.2 154
Phytate phosphorus 2.7 3.1 g/kg 80 % P
Magnesium 3.5 4 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 13.9 15.7 g/kg -
Sodium 0.47 0.53 g/kg - 1.35 0.01 -7.9 54 1.52 0.01 -9.06 54
Chlorine 1.2 1.4 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 1.7 1.9 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 239 269 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 343 386 mEq/kg -
Manganese 94 106 mg/kg -
Zinc 90 101 mg/kg -
Copper 7 8 mg/kg - 1
Iron 149 167 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.07 0.08 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.9 1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.08 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.05 0.06 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0-0.3 4
C16:0 palmitic acid 6.8 7.6 g/kg 17.8 % FA 0.9 15.5-18.3 9
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.07 0.7-0.9 8
C18:1 oleic acid 5.8 6.5 g/kg 15.2 % FA 2.7 11.3-20.4 11
C18:2 linoleic acid 21.4 24.1 g/kg 56.4 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 2.2 2.5 g/kg 5.9 % FA 1 5.4-8.5 9
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-1.9 3
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 3.8 4.3 g/kg 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 2 mL/g
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.73 0.82 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.67 0.75 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 24 27 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 67 76 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -4 -5 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.257 0.289 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2070 2330 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1290 1450 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1180 1320 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.5 9.6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.3 5.9 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.8 5.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 64.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 61.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 73 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.6 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.75 0.85 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.69 0.78 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 21 24 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 66 74 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -4 -4 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.69 0.78 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.62 0.7 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 28 32 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 71 80 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -8 -9 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.72 0.81 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.71 0.8 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.65 0.74 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.64 0.72 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 25 29 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 68 77 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 67 76 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2080 2340 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.7 9.8 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.5 9.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 65.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 63 %
N digestibility ruminants - 56.2 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 87 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 75 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 35 % 15 13-55 7
Potentially degradable N (b) - 54 % 15 41-78 7
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.165 h-1 0.09 0.083-0.307 7
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 78 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 22 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.205 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 64 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 44 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 38 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.065 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 74.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.6 2.9 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.8 3.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 722 813 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 716 806 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 46 52 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 6 7 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 2.8 3.2 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.1 1.2 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 65 73.2 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.87 3.23 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.44 1.62 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.35 1.52 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.54 1.73 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.99 1.12 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 24 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 28 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 5.1 5.7 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 116 130 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -2 -2 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2080 2340 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2000 2250 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1550 1750 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2340 2630 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2230 2510 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1680 1890 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.7 9.8 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.7 9.8 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.4 9.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.4 9.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.5 7.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.5 7.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 9.8 11 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 9.8 11 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.4 10.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.4 10.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.1 7.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 52.1 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 58.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 56.4 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 62.6 %
N digestibility growing pig - 58.2 %
N digestibility adult pig - 73.1 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 66.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 54.9 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.9 1 g/kg 25 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 1.7 1.9 g/kg 50 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2020 2270 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1930 2170 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8.4 9.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8.5 9.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8.1 9.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8.1 9.1 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.9 1 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.9 1 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 67.6 %
Energy digestibility horse - 65.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.83 0.94 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 55 62 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2660 2990 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2580 2910 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.1 12.5 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.1 12.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.8 12.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.8 12.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 66.6 %
N digestibility rabbit - 53.4 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2110 2380 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 8.8 10 MJ/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 7.4 8.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 53 %
N digestibility salmonids - 80.9 %
Digestible P salmonids 1.6 1.8 g/kg 48 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.4 3.8 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N
Threonine 2.9 3.2 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N
Methionine 1.5 1.7 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Cystine 2.1 2.4 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 3.6 4 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1.1 1.2 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.2 3.6 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N
Valine 4.6 5.2 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Leucine 6.9 7.8 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 4.5 5 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Tyrosine 3.4 3.8 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7.9 8.9 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N
Histidine 2.8 3.2 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Arginine 4.5 5.1 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N
Alanine 3.8 4.3 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 5.1 5.7 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 20.9 23.5 g/kg 20.2 g/16g N
Glycine 4.9 5.5 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Serine 4.5 5 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Proline 6.9 7.8 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 67 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2.1 g/kg 64 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.3 g/kg 75 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.7 g/kg 70 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.9 g/kg 72 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.8 0.9 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 73 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.7 g/kg 71 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.7 g/kg 74 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 3.9 g/kg 78 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 3 g/kg 79 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 6.9 g/kg 78 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.2 2.5 g/kg 77 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.2 g/kg 83 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.8 g/kg 64 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 4 g/kg 69 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 17.8 20.1 g/kg 85 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.5 g/kg 63 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.6 g/kg 72 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.7 g/kg 74 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.9 g/kg 75 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.2 g/kg 67 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.3 g/kg 78 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.7 g/kg 71 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3 g/kg 74 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 0.9 g/kg 73 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.7 g/kg 76 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 71 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.7 g/kg 74 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 74 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.6 g/kg 67 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6.3 g/kg 71 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.3 g/kg 71 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 3.9 g/kg 77 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 72 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.2 g/kg 73 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 17.4 19.6 g/kg 83 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 67 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.6 g/kg 71 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.6 g/kg 72 %
CSVXLSXXML