Linseed meal, oil < 5%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of linseeds (Linum usitatissimum L.). This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. Other names: flaxseed meal, flaxseed oil meal.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.8 100 % - 2.5 84.9 -93.5 141 2.3
Crude protein 32.1 36.6 % - 1.8 26.9 -37.1 159 2 30.8 -41.5 140
Crude fibre 9.8 11.1 % - 1.3 7.2 -12.5 146 1.4 8.2 -14.3 129
Crude fat 3.4 3.9 % - 1.1 1.1 -5 69 1.3 1.2 -5.7 68
Ash 5.7 6.5 % - 0.4 4.5 -7.7 111 0.5 5 -8.5 110
Insoluble ash 0.8 0.9 % - 1 1
NDF 21.8 24.8 % -
ADF 13.6 15.5 % -
Lignin 5.8 6.6 % - 1 3 -6.5 29 1.1 3.4 -7.5 29
Starch 8.2 9.4 % - 2 4.2 -10.7 27 2.3 4.8 -12.2 27
Total sugars 4.5 5.1 % - 0.5 3.2 -5.8 28 0.6 3.7 -6.8 28
Gross energy (kcal) 4080 4650 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 17.1 19.5 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 4 4.5 g/kg - 0.7 2.3 -6 38 0.8 2.6 -6.4 38
Phosphorus 8.5 9.7 g/kg - 0.8 6.1 -10.6 39 0.9 7 -12.3 39
Phytate phosphorus 5.5 6.3 g/kg 65 % P
Sodium 0.95 1.08 g/kg - 0.6 -1.25 2 0.68 -1.44 2
Chlorine 0.6 0.7 g/kg -
Sulfur 3.6 4.1 g/kg -
Manganese 42 48 mg/kg -
Zinc 59 67 mg/kg -
Copper 19 21 mg/kg -
Iron 288 328 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.5 0.6 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 1 1 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.2 0.3 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 2 2.2 g/kg 6.4 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 1 1.2 g/kg 3.4 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 5.8 6.6 g/kg 18.7 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 4.5 5.2 g/kg 14.7 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 16.7 19 g/kg 54.2 % FA
Fatty acids 3.1 3.5 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 13 15 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.9 1.03 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.87 0.99 per kg -
PDIA Systali 118 135 g/kg -
PDI Systali 162 185 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 101 115 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.323 0.368 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2470 2810 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1590 1810 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1530 1740 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 10.3 11.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.7 7.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.4 7.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 76 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 75.4 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 57 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 54 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 7.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 6.5 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.93 1.05 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.9 1.02 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 103 117 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 149 170 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 116 132 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.86 0.98 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.82 0.93 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 138 157 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 180 205 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 80 91 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.87 0.99 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.83 0.94 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 138 157 g/kg - 1 1
PDIN INRA 2007 229 261 g/kg - 1 1
PDIE INRA 2007 180 205 g/kg - 1 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2430 2770 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.2 11.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 77.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 76.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 76.8 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 61 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 55 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 16 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 77 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.06 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 53 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 21 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 60 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.07 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 73.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 5.7 6.5 g/kg 67 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.2 2.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.8 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.3 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3140 3570 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2890 3300 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1850 2110 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3260 3710 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2970 3380 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1930 2200 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.1 14.9 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 12.1 13.8 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.8 8.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.7 15.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.4 14.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.1 9.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 76.8 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 79.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 78.7 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 82 %
N digestibility growing pig - 88.5 %
N digestibility adult pig - 90.8 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 51.5 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1 1.2 g/kg 12 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1400 1600 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 5.9 6.7 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 76 %
Energy digestibility horse - 73.6 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.78 0.89 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 249 283 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2900 3300 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2600 2960 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.1 13.8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.9 12.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 71 %
N digestibility rabbit - 76.5 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 12.6 14.3 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Threonine 12.3 14 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 11 -12.7 2 12.3 -14 2 3.6-3.9 2
Methionine 6 6.8 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N
Cystine 5.9 6.8 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 11.9 13.6 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 4.8 5.5 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N
Isoleucine 13.7 15.6 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Valine 16.3 18.6 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Leucine 19.2 21.8 g/kg 6 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 15.5 17.7 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 7.8 8.8 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 23.3 26.5 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 21 -24.7 2 23.5 -27.3 2 6.8-7.6 2
Histidine 8.6 9.8 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 7 -10.1 2 7.8 -11.2 2 2.3-3.1 2
Arginine 30 34.2 g/kg 9.4 g/16g N
Alanine 15 17.1 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 30.9 35.2 g/kg 9.6 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 64.3 73.2 g/kg 20 g/16g N
Glycine 19 21.6 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N
Serine 15.1 17.2 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Proline 11.9 13.5 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.5 11.9 g/kg 83 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.6 10.9 g/kg 78 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 6 g/kg 88 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.5 g/kg 67 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.3 10.5 g/kg 78 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.4 g/kg 80 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.5 12 g/kg 77 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.6 14.3 g/kg 77 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.7 16.8 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 12 13.6 g/kg 77 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.8 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.9 20.4 g/kg 77 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.4 7.3 g/kg 74 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 22.2 25.3 g/kg 74 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.6 13.2 g/kg 77 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 22.9 26 g/kg 74 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 47.6 54.1 g/kg 74 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.3 16.2 g/kg 75 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 11 12.6 g/kg 73 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 9.1 10.4 g/kg 77 %
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